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Essay #3)What is the history behind the 9/11 attacks? Explain how the US intervention in Afghanistan contributed to the formation of the Taliban and Al Qaeda. What three reasons were given for the 9/11 attacks and why is US involvement in Iraq, Israel, and Saudi Arabia a factor?

The history behind the 9/11 attacks include issues between countries in the Middle East and the United States. Issues included the importance and interest in Middle East oil, the United States support for Israel in providing them with military equipment, and the presence of the United States army in the Middle East. The attack consisted of two airplanes that were led by terrorists who were associated with the al Qaeda which was led by Osama bin Landen. Their purpose to do this was to slam the World Trade Center which is located in New York.

Terrorists that attacked the American interests were usually trained by the U.S but they became part of the Taliban which was founded with Osama bin Ladens’s money. He was determined in spreading conservative forms of Islam, with religious laws. In 2001 al Qaeda was recognized as the most dangerous terror network in the world. They were planning actions against the U.S. In September 11 of 2001 it hit the World Trade Center. This was never felt before in America. The Taliban or Al Qaeda were both violent groups that at the end of everything became enemies of the United States. The people in the groups were originally

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...Porsche Consulting – THE MAGAZINE ThREE STEPS To AN EFFECTIvE STRATEGY “Of course we have a strategy,” is the answer any business leader would give when asked whether he or she has set mid- to long-term goals. Our captain of industry may even have his or her own strategist. And the strategy can surely be read somewhere; it’s been summarized in a presentation and announced to staff. but is that enough? porsche consulting’s observations have shown that many companies’ strategies do not have the desired effects. poor implementation is the most frequent cause. “Employees, in particular those on the lower rungs of the hierarchy, are not involved enough in implementation,” says Dirk pfitzer, a partner at porsche consulting. In many cases, poor communication is at fault. And: “Resolute and continuous control quickly falls by the wayside,” adds principal Fabian piontek. porsche consulting demonstrates how to develop an effective strategy in three steps. 60 Porsche Consulting – THE MAGAZINE STeP 1: CoRPoRaTe STRaTegy The company needs to define its vision and mission for the company as a whole as well as objectives in the customer, finance, employee, and market dimensions. The product strategy and core and cross-departmental strategies are then derived from the overarching company and brand strategy. market Sales vISIon/mISSIon STRaTegIC objeCTIveS Customer Customer enthusiasm Finance Return on capital employees Top employer and partner CoRPoRaTe STRaTegy...

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...Porsche: Guarding the Old While Bringing in the New Background on Porsche The Porsche Company was founded by Ferdinand Porsche who credited himself for the design of the original Volkswagen Beetle and Adolf Hitler’s people’s car. He had already gathered over 30 years of valuable experience before designing the Porsche. The first result of this work in automobile development was an electric car called the Lohner Porsche which was powered by wheel-hub motors. In 1948 Porsche engineering office started working under its own steam on the Type 356 VW Sports Car it marked the birth of the Porsche sports car. Today the Porsche engineering continues to take on engineering challenges of the future. The Problem The Porsche Company started to decline in sales due to its’ exclusive customers. Porsche became concerned about if there were enough products to keep the company afloat. The company tried to extend its brand outside of the box with making cars that were affordable to individuals who didn’t represent the Porsche brand. What factors are important to understanding this problem? The Porsche customers were upset, because there were different classes of people who owned this product. The customers exemplified attitude toward the product. “A customer’s attitude fit into a pattern changing ones attitude may require difficult adjustments in many others” (Kotler and Armstrong). Brand personality is a unique concept with this case. “Brand personality is the specific mix of human...

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...Big as it is, Canepa Design is easy to miss. The discreet boxy building sits just off a busy street in the quiet northern California town of Scotts Valley, just up the winding highway from Santa Cruz. But for car lovers, this place beams like St. Peter’s, an inviting treasure chest stuffed with classic automobiles worthy of pilgrimage. Vintage racing Porsches rub sheetmetal shoulders with iconic ‘60s Ferraris, which sit mere wheel-wells away from the last Shelby Cobra to exit the factory gates. Some vehicles are being restored for their wealthy owners, others are being spiffed up to hit Canepa Design’s showroom, while a few enjoy some mechanical pampering before being returned to their places of honor upstairs in the on-site motorsports museum. “I never get tired of coming to work,” says Bruce Canepa, the racing driver who since 1980 — the heyday of his professional exploits behind the wheel of all manner of Porsche beasts — has quietly turned Canepa Design into one of the foremost auto restoration and classic car sales shops in the nation. “Besides, I’m too obsessed with being in control of all the details to stop coming in.” Obsession and control can be a dangerous cocktail. But not in Canepa’s case. His hands-on personality means the cars coming out of this 70,000-square-foot shop often exceed the exacting standards of his monied clientele. When Canepa leans over the exposed engine bay of the aforementioned 1967 Cobra 427, he points out that “everything on this car...

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...Unit 2 DB Subjective Probability “ A probability derived from an individual's personal judgment about whether a specific outcome is likely to occur. Subjective probabilities contain no formal calculations and only reflect the subject's opinions and past experience.” (investopedia.com, 2013) There are three elements of a probability which combine to equal a result. There is the experiment ,the sample space and the event (Editorial board, 2012). In this case the class is the experiment because the process of attempting it will result in a grade which could vary from an A to F. The different grades that can be achieved in the class are the sample space. The event or outcome is the grade that will be received at the end of the experiment. I would like to achieve an “A” in this class but due to my lack of experience in statistical analysis, my hesitation towards advanced mathematics, and the length of time it takes for me to complete my course work a C in this class may be my best result. I have a 1/9 chance or probability to receive an “A” in the data range presented to me which is (A,A-,B,B-,C,C-,D,D- AND F). By the grades that have been posted I would say that the other students have a much better chance of receiving a better grade than mine. I have personally use subjective probability in my security guard business in bidding on contracts based on the clients involved , the rates that I charge versus the rates other companies charge and the amount of work involved...

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...Permutations The word ‘coincidence’ is defined as an event that might have been arranged though it was accidental in actuality. Most of us perceive life as a set of coincidences that lead us to pre-destined conclusions despite believing in a being who is free from the shackles of time and space. The question is that a being, for whom time and space would be nothing more than two more dimensions, wouldn’t it be rather disparaging to throw events out randomly and witness how the history unfolds (as a mere spectator)? Did He really arrange the events such that there is nothing accidental about their occurrence? Or are all the lives of all the living beings merely a result of a set of events that unfolded one after another without there being a chronological order? To arrive at satisfactory answers to above questions we must steer this discourse towards the concept of conditional probability. That is the chance of something to happen given that an event has already happened. Though, the prior event need not to be related to the succeeding one but must be essential for it occurrence. Our minds as I believe are evolved enough to analyze a story and identify the point in time where the story has originated or the set of events that must have happened to ensure the specific conclusion of the story. To simplify the conundrum let us assume a hypothetical scenario where a man just became a pioneer in the field of actuarial science. Imagine him telling us his story in reverse. “I became...

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...presence with probability 0.99. If it is not present, the radar falsely registers an aircraft presence with probability 0.10. We assume that an aircraft is present with probability 0.05. What is the probability of false alarm (a false indication of aircraft presence), and the probability of missed detection (nothing registers, even though an aircraft is present)? A sequential representation of the sample space is appropriate here, as shown in Fig. 1. Figure 1: Sequential description of the sample space for the radar detection problem Solution: Let A and B be the events A={an aircraft is present}, B={the radar registers an aircraft presence}, and consider also their complements Ac={an aircraft is not present}, Bc={the radar does not register an aircraft presence}. The given probabilities are recorded along the corresponding branches of the tree describing the sample space, as shown in Fig. 1. Each event of interest corresponds to a leaf of the tree and its probability is equal to the product of the probabilities associated with the branches in a path from the root to the corresponding leaf. The desired probabilities of false alarm and missed detection are P(false alarm)=P(Ac∩B)=P(Ac)P(B|Ac)=0.95∙0.10=0.095, P(missed detection)=P(A∩Bc)=P(A)P(Bc|A)=0.05∙0.01=0.0005. Application of Bayes` rule in this problem. We are given that P(A)=0.05, P(B|A)=0.99, P(B|Ac)=0.1. Applying Bayes’ rule, with A1=A and A2=Ac, we obtain P(aircraft present | radar registers) =...

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