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A Christmas Carol Symbolism

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In A Christmas Carol, Charles Dickens uses symbolism to enhance his themes. In this novella, Scrooge was excluded ever since he was a boy. As he grew up, he started to isolate himself from society, and bought a cold, dark, and lonely house in which people wouldn’t enter. Dickens also used Robinson Crusoe to show how miserable an excluded life can be. Charles Dickens employs symbolism to reinforce the theme of social exclusion in A Christmas Carol.
Scrooge was initially excluded by his father from his own house. Scrooge was kept away from the home and stayed at school even during Christmas time. The Ghost of Christmas Past showed Scrooge a scene of him as a little boy, watching all the other children have fun during the holidays with their families.
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His house is mainly empty, keeping it lonely for Scrooge. Scrooge doesn’t live with many accessories, and he makes up for it by filling the house with a vibe of coldness and darkness. Scrooge enjoys this instead of accessories because it is cheap. In his house, Scrooge barely lit a single candle. Charles Dickens states in the novella that Scrooge does this because, “darkness was cheap, and Scrooge liked it” (11). Scrooge was in love with money and didn’t want to spend it. He liked to conserve energy in the house with candles and therefore also conserved money also. Scrooge’s house was also very melancholy. This also relates to how Scrooge acts. His life can be viewed sad from an outside perspective. He lives alone and tries to isolate himself from others as much as he can. He dislikes conversation and tries his hardest to keep it as short as possible. In the novella, Scrooge had a conversation with two men about donating to the poor to give them necessities. Scrooge replied with, “Since you ask me what I wish, gentlemen, that is my answer. I don't make merry myself at Christmas and I can't afford to make idle people merry. I help to support the establishments I have mentioned -- they cost enough; and those who are badly off must go there” (Dickens 7). Scrooge refused to donate money to the poor because he thought that his taxes, that go into Union workhouses and prison, would be his donation. Scrooge rudely shut down these two men in a dark way. By living in his uninviting counting-house, he has succumbed to ignorance and want. Charles Dickens makes a reference to another book named The Farther Adventures of Robinson Crusoe. Robinson was stranded on an island for 28 years, excluded from all of society. Robinson Crusoe was left on an island with only the company of his parrot. Dickens made

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