Free Essay

A Culture Briefing of Japan

In: Business and Management

Submitted By gadams
Words 2431
Pages 10
A Culture Briefing of Japan
University of Maryland University College
MGMT615,
April 09, 2012

Turnitin.com = Abstract
Japan is located off the North Pacific Ocean and the Sea of Japan. Japan civilization dates back more than 30,000 years. Japan has four main islands, Hokkaido, Honshu, Shikoku and Kyushu. Japan’s capital city of Tokyo is one of the largest metropolitan areas in the world. Japan has four main season and climate mirrors that of a southern state in the US. Japan is slightly smaller than California. It is widely known for its reserved demeanour and politeness. Japan’s political system is somewhat similar to the United States, with three branches of government, Executive, Judicial and Legislative. Japan’s capital city of Tokyo has the largest economy in the world and the second largest in automobile manufacturing. Japan is well known for its export, import and manufacturing industry. Japan host several languages, Japanese, Korean and Okinawan. Japan is rich in tradition emphasizing harmonious relationships with others. Japanese culture is very group oriented and people prefer and it is customary to work in teams/groups. Japanese are very accommodating people and usually keep their opinion of others to themselves to avoid offending
Japanese employees traditionally stay with an employer for a lifetime. Changing jobs is viewed as a lack of loyalty to an organization and is frowned upon by a different company when seeking a new opportunity.

A Culture Briefing of Japan
Location
Japan is located off the eastern edge of the Asian continent, within an island chain between the North Pacific Ocean and the Sea of Japan and east of the Korean Peninsula. The islands include Bonin Island, Daito-Shoto, Mina Mi-Jima, Okino-tori-shima, Ryukyu Island and Volcano Island.
The four main islands of Japan are Hokkaido, Honshu, Shikoku and Kyushu. Japan’s capital city Tokyo is located on the east coast of the island of Honshu and has the largest metropolitan area globally. Honshu is also the largest island of Japan and is where the most populated cities are located
Japan is slightly smaller than California with a total area of 145,883 sq. miles and has a coastline that spans 18,486 miles.
Japan like the US has four seasons. The climate varies from tropical in the south to colder temperatures in the north. Spring in Japan is the ideal time to visit either on vacation or business due to the warm temperatures and little rain. Spring also brings the famous cherry blossoms to bloom in Japan and in Washington, DC.
History
Japan’s history dates back more than 30,000 years.
• Prehistoric Japan
• Kufun Period (ca. AD 300-710)
• Nara Period (710-794)
• Heiam Period (794-1185
• Kamakura Period (1185-1333)
• Muromachi Period (1333-1568)
• Asuchi – Momoyama (1568-1600)
• EDO Period (1600-1868)
• Meiji Period (1868 – 1912)
• Taisho Period (1912 – 1926)
• Showa Period (1926-1989)
• Heisei Period (1989 to present)

Political System The Japanese political system may at first glance look similar to US democracies, but is very different. Japan is a democratic country, however very different kind of democracy to that prominent in Germany and France. The reason for this is one party’s dominant position, the Liberal Democratic Party, in power for more than 50 years. Similar to the United States, Japan has three branches of government, the Executive Branch, the Legislative Branch and the Judicial Branch.
Executive Branch Japan is a constitutional monarchy and a parliamentary democracy, where the power of the Emperor is very limited. Japan’s Prime Minister is chosen for a term of four years, however he rarely serves a full term, due to the never-ending tumultuous Japanese political system. The Prime Minister must win a majority in the Diet (House of Representatives) in a single signed ballot. The decision of the House of Representatives always reins, if an agreement cannot be reached between the two houses. Currently, Yoshihiko Noda serves as the Prime Minister of the Democratic Party of Japan, chosen by the Emperor is the seventh Prime Minister in six years. The Prime Minister choses his Cabinet which consist of 14 regular members with the as well as three special members. In any case half of the Cabinet are required to be members of the Diet.
Legislative Branch The Japanese legislature is a bicameral structure called the Kokkai or Diet. For the most part decisions are made on a majority vote, however a majority two-thirds vote is required in special cases. The Shugi-in is the lower house in the Japanese political system, consist of 480 seats with members serving a four-year term, although the average is two and a half years. Of the 480 seats, 300 are elected from single-member constituencies and the other 180 are elected from 11 multi-member constituencies by a system of relative representation.
Judicial Branch Also, compared to the United States, the Supreme Court is the highest court in the land. The Emperor appoints the Chief Justice followed by selection of the Cabinet. The Cabinet also selects and appoints fourteen other judges. A justice's tenure has to be confirmed every 10 years by referendum. Generally, the justices are nearly always reselected and allowed to serve until age 70.
Historically, Japan’s Supreme Court has played a subdued role in Japanese society thereby, maintaining status quo and avoiding potential controversy. As a result, individual members of the Court are for the most part unknown to the general public. Since the late 19th century, the Japanese judicial system has been largely based on European civil law, notably that of France and Germany. With post-World War II modifications, this legal code remains in effect in present-day Japan. http://www.rogerdarlington.me.uk/Japanesepoliticalsystem.html
Economic System Followed by the United States and china, the Japanese economy is the third largest in the world. The Japanese currency is the Yen. Japan is the world's second largest automobile manufacturing country, with the largest electronics goods industry, and often ranked among the world's most innovative countries. Facing increasing competition from China and South Korea, manufacturing in Japan’s main focus today is mainly on high-tech and precision goods, such as optical equipment, hybrid cars, and robotics.
Japan is the world's largest crediting nation, generally running an annual trade surplus and having a considerable net international investment surplus. As of 2010, Japan possesses 13.7% of the world's private financial assets (the 2nd largest in the world) at an estimated $14.6 trillion. As of 2011, 68 of the Fortune 500 companies are based in Japan. The economy of Tokyo is the largest metropolitan economy in the world.
Japan's primary export goods are cars, electronic devices and computers. Trade partners include China and the United States, accompanied by South Korea, Taiwan, Hong Kong, Singapore, Thailand and Germany. Japan’s export import balance is at an all-time high. The surplus includes materials such as oil, food items and wood.
Japan major industries today include manufacturing, construction, distribution, real estate, services, and communication. Agriculture follows with about two percent of the Gross National Product. Japan’s most important agricultural product is rice, while resources of raw materials are very limited and their mining industry is quite small. http://www.japan-guide.com/e/e644.html
Language
Japan host many languages including, Japanese, Korean and Okinawan. The Japanese language has several dialects, Kagoshima being one dialect that is spoken by nearly 84% of Japanese people. Japanese is believed to be linked to the Altaic language family, which includes Turkish and Mongolian. The Japanese writing system consists of three different writing systems, Kanji (several thousands of Chinese characters) and Hiragana and. Japanese
Japanese pronunciation compared with other languages, possess few sounds, and poses little problems to most learners. The largest difficulty are accents, which do exist, but to a much lower extent than in the Chinese language. Different words and expressions are used when talking to a child, family member or a close friend versus when talking to an unknown person or a superior. For example, there are more than five different words for the English word "I", which are used depending on the context. http://www.japan-guide.com/e/e621.html
Traditions, Values and Beliefs
Contemporary Japan is a secular society. Japanese according to (Adler,2008,pg 59), primarily strive to achieve maximum quality, i.e. career success and high uncertainty avoidance. Creating and maintaining harmonious relationships with others and fulfillment of social obligations is more important for most Japanese than an individual's relationship to a transcendent being. Three of the most important values that underlie Japanese social interaction are harmony, order, and self-development.
Japan is a society that emphasizes the benefits of harmony and strongly rely on social rather than supernatural sanctions. Japanese children learn early that human fulfillment comes from close association with others and taught to recognize that they are part of mutually beneficial society, beginning in the family. In Japan dependence on others is a natural part of the human conditioning in Japanese society. Japanese are taught early on that their actions and behavior reflect on themselves, their family and the country as a whole. Japanese are generally shy and loath being embarrassed. Avoiding embarrassment and maintaining dignity are very important in Japan. Japanese morality is based on trust, mutual respect and inner reflection. http://factsanddetails.com/japan.php?itemid=615
Japanese culture - Key concepts and values
• WA - The most valued principle still alive in Japanese society today is the concept of 'wa', or 'harmony'. The preservation of social harmony dates back to the first constitution in 604 AD and the teamwork needed when living and working on collective farms. In business terms, 'wa' is reflected in the avoidance of self-assertion and individualism and the preservation of good relationships despite differences in opinion. When doing business with the Japanese it is also important to remember the effect of 'wa' on many patterns of Japanese behavior, in particular their indirect expression of 'no'.
• Kao - One of the fundamental factors of the Japanese social system is the notion of 'face'. Face is a mark of personal pride and forms the basis of an individual's reputation and social status. Preservation of face comes through avoiding confrontations and direct criticism wherever possible. In Japan, causing someone to lose face can be disastrous for business relationships.
• Omoiyari - Closely linked to the concepts of 'wa' and 'kao', 'omoiyari' relates to the sense of empathy and loyalty encouraged in Japanese society and practiced in Japanese business culture. In literal terms it means "to imagine another's feelings", therefore building a strong relationship based on trust and mutual feeling is vital for business success in Japan. http://www.communicaid.com/%5Ccross-cultural-training%5Cculture-for-business-and-management%5Cdoing-business-in%5CJapanese-business-and-social-culture.php
Doing Business in Japan
The late 19th and early 20th centuries saw Japan swiftly embrace the numerous influences of western technology. Following the country's defeat in WWII, Japan experienced a remarkable growth in its economy and fast became the world's most successful exporter. Since then, Japan's business and economy has witnessed a wavering of strengths, however today, Japan is one of the world's leading industrial powers with a new, stable and exciting business market open to foreign investment and trade.
Japan Business Practices
Working practices in Japan
• Due to the strong contemporary business competition in Asia, the old concept of the 'unhurried' Japanese negotiation process is no longer applicable. Decisions are made swiftly and efficiently.
• When arranging a business appointment, making a personal call will be more effective than sending a letter and seen as good manners.
• Punctuality is essential in Japan; lateness is as sign of disrespect. Arriving 5 minutes prior to an appointment is good practice.
Structure and hierarchy in Japanese companies.
• The strong hierarchical structure in Japanese business is reflected in the negotiation process. They begin at the executive level and continue at the middle level. However, decisions will often be made within the group.
• Generally speaking, in business meetings the Japanese will line up in order of seniority, with the most senior person at the front and the least senior person closest to the door. In addition to this rule however, you may find that the most senior person chooses where to sit.
• It is important to bear in mind that in contemporary Japan, even a low ranking individual can become a manager if his or her performance is good.
Working relationships in Japan
• Due to the influence of Confucianism, it is important to show greater respect to the eldest members in Japanese business culture. Age and rank are strongly connected, however a change in today's business climate means that educational background and ability are often considered over age.
• Personal space is highly valued in Japan due to the densely populated areas in which they live. Physical contact, other than a handshake, is never displayed in public. http://www.communicaid.com/%5Ccross-cultural-training%5Cculture-for-business-and-management%5Cdoing-business-in%5CJapanese-business-and-social-culture.php

Closing
Japan is a secular society rich in culture and traditions. Japan lineage dates back to prehistoric times. Japan over the centuries has maintained their value and belief system, teaching their children early on fulfillment comes from close associations with other and the importance of representing family values in and outside of the home. Japan is the land of peace and harmony, avoiding open competition and confrontation at all times. When doing business with Japanese it is extremely important to be well aware of nonverbal communication. Japan made vehicles are some of the top sellers in the United States, as well as high-end electronic devices. Japan currently has a good relationship with the United States government. The Cherry Blossoms (gift from Japan) are a prime example of how two nation can form an alliance to create harmony, something Japan is know for.

References
Adler, N. (2008). International Dimensions of Organizational Behavior (5th ed.). Mason, OH: South-Western
Maps of the World. (2012). Retrieved April 1, 2012, from, http://www.mapsofworld.com/japan/culture/traditions-in-japan.html
Country Studies. (2012). Retrieved April 1, 2012, from, http://www.country-studies.com/japan/values-and-beliefs.html
Japanese Political System (2012). Retrieved April 1, 2012, from, http://www.rogerdarlington.me.uk/Japanesepoliticalsystem.html
FactsAboutJapan. (2012). Retrieved April 1, 2012, from, http://www.facts-about-japan.com/japanese-culture.html
Intelligence Bridges. (2012 ). Retrieved April 2, 2012, from, http://www.intelbridges.com/historicalanalysisuk.html
Communicade.com (2012 ). Retrieved Aril 9, 2012, from, . http://www.communicaid.com/%5Ccross-cultural-training%5Cculture-for-business-and-management%5Cdoing-business-in%5CJapanese-business-and-social-culture.php

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Scenario: a Social Alliance Team

...ICE Blocks 5 & 6—Comm 306 2008—Professor J. Martin Cross-Cultural Communication Group Briefing Assignment Information is communicated across cultures, and if it breaks down, business fails. E.T. Hall David A. Ricks, author of Blunders in International Business, says, "Cultural differences are the most significant and troublesome variables… the failure of managers to fully comprehend these disparities has led to most international business blunders." Donaldson, in the “Case of the Floundering Expatriate” is an unfortunate example of someone who has failed to learn about the cultures around him. When people in organizations cross borders, whether geographic, cultural, or social, communication issues are crucial. The cross-cultural communication assignment will allow us to learn more about these “troublesome variables” and share that learning with the class. The briefings will receive a group grade. Scenario: A social alliance team (for-profit, NGO, social entrepreneurs) will soon head to a regional office in a particular country to meet alliance members there and prepare for work on a poverty project. At headquarters in Charlottesville, your group will brief the team on Monday, April 21st, on communication norms in that country’s culture. The briefing may cover some of the following—dress, time, family and business, meetings, conversations, writing and/or e-mail conventions, gift-giving, taboos, and entertaining/entertainment. We’ll select countries in......

Words: 684 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Japanese Culture

...Culture Identification Paper Japanese Culture April Bane Culture is a way of life. It is invisible like the air, but as obvious as the ground below. It is dynamic and evolving. Culture is defined as an accumulated pattern of values, beliefs, and behaviors, shared by an identifiable group of people with a common history and verbal and nonverbal symbol systems (Neulip, 2012). One such identifiable group is the Japanese. They have selectively adapted to outside influences yet their evolving culture constantly remains sensitive to nature, time, space, honor, loyalty and sincerity. As a result of this adaptive style, the Japanese culture is distinctive and as a group they are survivors. Japan is a very homogenous culture with 98.5 percent of the population being ethnic Japanese (Martin, 2012). This factor alone identifies the Japanese as a macroculture, or group, which is not to be confused with a microculture. Microcultures are those identifiable groups of people who share a set of values, beliefs, behaviors and who possess a common history and a verbal and nonverbal symbol system that is similar to the dominant culture but varies in some way, perhaps subtly. Microcultures can be different from the larger culture in a variety of ways, most often because of race, ethnicity, language, or behavior. Generally, they are the result of immigration, annexation or colonization. Microcultures also inhabit the same geographical area as the macroculture. It......

Words: 1323 - Pages: 6

Free Essay

Mcdonald's India

...MANAGING EXPATRIATE FOR AN INTERNATIONAL ASSIGNMENT Referring to the case study, there are gaps identified in the Kline & Associate international human resources management practices in terms of expatiate management. Before sending an employee to an international assignment there are certain skills an employee must acquire and it is the duty for the HRM of the firm to prepare the employee for any international assignment. However this was not done by Kline & and Associate before sending Fred Bailey to Tokyo which caused the culture shock and the challenges faced by Fred and his family in Japan. Firms use a variety of HR practices to manage their expatriates (Mendenhall et al., 1987; Brewster and Scullion, 1997). As successful expatriate assignments are indispensable to MNCs for strategy implementation, researchers and practitioners alike are interested in determining how to facilitate the success of expatriates’ assignments (Stroh and Caligiuri, 1998; Dowling and Welch, 2004; Scullion and Collings, 2006). However, MNCs differ on the extent to which these practices are used in managing expatriates (Tung, 1982; Kopp, 1994; Peterson et al., 1996; Scullion and Starkey, 2000) and how effectively they are designed (Mendenhall et al., 1987). According to Adler and Ghadar (1990), expatriate management practices, namely who the firm considers as possible expatriates, how the firm selects and trains them, what criteria the firm uses to assess their performance, and what impact......

Words: 9681 - Pages: 39

Premium Essay

Internation Business Opportunity for Garson

...economic boundaries become blurred because of the rapid development of technology which shortens the distance between countries. As different countries have different culture, language, political, geographical and economic factors, we should know how to take advantages from other countries to maintain competitiveness to gain success in the global marketplace (Rothenberg LE 2003). GARSON Corporation is one of the most famous automobile accessories companies in Japan and it already expanded its business to United State as the first step of internationalization. In this report, we are going to explore the possibilities of expanding business in China. The report includes the analysis of the existing automobile accessories market in China, and the country analysis from different perspectives is used to see if China is a good environment to expand the business in it. It is then recommended with the internationalization process, market entry strategy, human resources management strategy in investing in China. All the analysis can help GARSON to confirm its move to investing in China as its 2nd country for business expansion. It also raises some points for GARSON to pay attention to when investing in China. 1. Company Background GARSON Corporation is an automotive accessories company which is originated in Japan. It is established in July 1990 and is dedicated to research and development of high-grade automobile accessories and advocates a luxurious and high-quality life......

Words: 3415 - Pages: 14

Free Essay

Audience Analysis

...Businesses are constantly looking to expand and out source to other countries so this brings a lot of diversity to the way we do our business and how we present it. According to Locker and Kienzler(2008), "IBM has 43,000 employees in India staffing data centers, call centers, software development, and research" (Page 2). If you are giving the presentation to investors or customers from other countries by learning a little bit about their culture you can avoid any miscommunication or misunderstandings. What is appropriate in american culture might be considered offensive in another and vice versa. Learning how to change the way we communicate isn't easier said than done but in most cases the effort wont go unnoticed, in some cultures that can speak louder than the figures you presented. In the military if a higher ranking individual enters the room everyone stands until given order to sit down, we are taught as young men to open doors for women. Eye contact can mean so many different things to certain cultures. According to the text, in Japan it is impolite to maintain eye contact when speaking to someone superior. In the North America maintaining eye contact is a sign of attention and can be considered rude if you don't look someone in the eyes when talking to them. In Sweden a typical posture for a listener is to fold the arms in front of the torso and to hold the back erect. This position is a sign of respectful attention. An American speaker might interpret such body......

Words: 1125 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Truman

...Truman During his few weeks as Vice President, Harry S Truman scarcely saw President Roosevelt, and received no briefing on the development of the atomic bomb or the unfolding difficulties with Soviet Russia. Suddenly these and a host of other wartime problems became Truman's to solve when, on April 12, 1945, he became President. Truman was born in Lamar, Missouri, in 1884. He grew up in Independence, and for 12 years prospered as a Missouri farmer. He went to France during World War I as a captain in the Field Artillery. Returning, he married Elizabeth Virginia Wallace, and opened a haberdashery in Kansas City. Active in the Democratic Party, Truman was elected a judge of the Jackson County Court in 1922. He became a Senator in 1934. During World War II he headed the Senate war investigating committee, checking into waste and corruption and saving perhaps as much as 15 billion dollars. As President, Truman made some of the most crucial decisions in history. Soon after the war against Japan had reached its final stage. An urgent plea to Japan to surrender was rejected. Truman, after consultations with his advisers, ordered atomic bombs dropped on cities devoted to war work. Two were Hiroshima and Nagasaki. Japanese surrender quickly followed. The first use of an atomic bomb in warfare took place on August 6, 1945. The weapon was dropped on the Japanese city of Hiroshima by the U.S. bomber Enola Gay, instantaneously destroying four square miles in the middle of the......

Words: 1041 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

Israel

...Israel Preface Israel is a country with a rich history and very prominent future ahead of them. The current on going political and territorial battles have not prevented the country to excel in their quest to build a strong economic infrastructure. Throughout all the turmoil in the country Israel has been able to establish a name for them in the global market. The way the world see Israel in the media is not the culture in which they live. This image that the media has placed on Israel put them at a disadvantage in gaining the attention of multinational corporations to do business in Israel. Though out the course of this paper we will explore the history, culture, geography, social, political, and economics aspects of the country. The growth and strides that Israel has made within the last 62 years of the formal existence proves that they are a contender to be a power player in the world.            History The government recognition of Israel date back to the year 1948, but Israel through the Jewish faith existed long before this date. Many would say that Israel was their land through the biblical teaching according to the Torah. The Torah states that “ The Lord appeared to Abraham and said, To your offspring I will give this land. So he built an alter there to the Lord, who had appeared to him”. (Torah Genesis 12:7) The land in which Israel reside currently was occupied by the Palestine’s. This was the origin of many of the wars that take place in Israel......

Words: 2081 - Pages: 9

Premium Essay

Macao Economy

...capital goods, oil and mineral fuels. China, Hong Kong, USA, UK, Japan, Germany and Chile are the notable trade partners of Macau. Economic parameters of Macau The following are some of the key economic parameters of Macau: * GDP based on purchasing power parity (ppp) – US $12.5 billion * GDP calculated at official exchange rate – US $14.3 billion * Per capita GDP (ppp) – US $ 28,400 * Real growth rate of GDP – 16.6% * Total revenues- US $4.6 billion * Total expenditure – US $3.4 billion * Export earnings – US $2.557 billion f.o.b. (free on board) * Import expenditure – US $4.559 billion c.i.f. (cost inclusive of freight) * Electricity consumption – 2.37 billion kWh * Oil consumption – 13,920 bbl (billion barrels) per day * Currency – Pataca All figures are based on year 2006. Macau’s Import and Export Indicators and Statistics at a Glance (2010) Total value of exports: US$870 million Primary exports - commodities: clothing, textiles, footwear, toys, electronics, machinery and parts Primary exports partners: Hong Kong (38.7 percent), US (17.9 percent), China (14.4 percent), Germany (4 percent) Total value of imports: US$5.5 billion Primary imports - commodities: raw materials and semi-manufactured goods, consumer goods (foodstuffs, beverages, tobacco), capital goods, mineral fuels and oils Primary imports partners: China (31.1 percent), Hong Kong (10.8 percent), Japan (8.1 percent), France (8 percent), US (6.2......

Words: 1774 - Pages: 8

Premium Essay

Singapore and Macau Economy

...capital goods, oil and mineral fuels. China, Hong Kong, USA, UK, Japan, Germany and Chile are the notable trade partners of Macau. Economic parameters of Macau The following are some of the key economic parameters of Macau: * GDP based on purchasing power parity (ppp) – US $12.5 billion * GDP calculated at official exchange rate – US $14.3 billion * Per capita GDP (ppp) – US $ 28,400 * Real growth rate of GDP – 16.6% * Total revenues- US $4.6 billion * Total expenditure – US $3.4 billion * Export earnings – US $2.557 billion f.o.b. (free on board) * Import expenditure – US $4.559 billion c.i.f. (cost inclusive of freight) * Electricity consumption – 2.37 billion kWh * Oil consumption – 13,920 bbl (billion barrels) per day * Currency – Pataca All figures are based on year 2006. Macau’s Import and Export Indicators and Statistics at a Glance (2010) Total value of exports: US$870 million Primary exports - commodities: clothing, textiles, footwear, toys, electronics, machinery and parts Primary exports partners: Hong Kong (38.7 percent), US (17.9 percent), China (14.4 percent), Germany (4 percent) Total value of imports: US$5.5 billion Primary imports - commodities: raw materials and semi-manufactured goods, consumer goods (foodstuffs, beverages, tobacco), capital goods, mineral fuels and oils Primary imports partners: China (31.1 percent), Hong Kong (10.8 percent), Japan (8.1 percent), France (8 percent), US (6.2......

Words: 1774 - Pages: 8

Free Essay

Pr Plan for the Launch of Inscope Produced for Belcher Rollins by Cloud Public Relations

...of researchers and a strong link with financial reporting. The report concludes by outlining the required resources, potential budgets and evaluation criteria. Recommendations are made on necessary internal structure to manage the multi-national nature of the campaign. The campaign theme: ‘A New Generation of Research’, draws heavily on stakeholder opinion and product features. Ongoing testing of messages and material with customers will ensure the integrity of this approach. BACKGROUND TO THE BRIEF Belcher Rollins, the world’s largest academic publisher, is headquartered in London, England and has 7,000 employees in 25 offices, led by teams in: the US (Washington); Canada (Montreal); Australia (Sydney); New Zealand (Auckland); Japan (Tokyo) and China (Shanghai). It is listed on the London, New York and Tokyo stock exchanges. The company has a clearly stated corporate strategy (see Appendix I). The annual economic impact of academic publishing within the UK alone is £7.7 billion[1]. Internationally, scientific, technical and medical (STM) publishing dominates the sector and generates in the region of $19 billion (£13 billion)[2]. With an annual turnover of £5.5 billion, Belcher Rollins is the market leader. The company serves over 30 million scientists, academics and information professionals worldwide, and works with global academic communities to publish over 5,000 journals and 1,900 books per year. As with all major academic publishers, around a third of......

Words: 12728 - Pages: 51

Premium Essay

Marina Case China

...Subject: Case 2-9 Coping with Corruption in Trading with China Prof - 24/02/2014 Assume you are the CEO of a new firm that has perfected a package of software applications for medium and large sized companies to help manage intellectual property applications (patents, trademarks, copyrights). Licenses for companies in the United States have sold briskly, at $ 2000 per company for more than a year. Now you have heard rumors that your software is being pirated in China. Ironic, isn’t it? Write a briefing for your board of directors with a specific plan of action to address this leakage of your intellectual property into the Chinese market. We all know that there are lots of challenges entering the China market for international companies. First, we need to consider the two broader issues, establishing if the company either should or not bring its products to China. We have to consider that China is evolving in technology and innovation, and that provides a measure of hope for all technology owners. It is a risk and the company should be prepared to fight it. I am here to address this piracy problem that our company may have and address some certain precautions that can substantially lessen the risk. For example, setting up a solely owned foreign company where possible to manufacture the product is a better alternative, rather than entering into a joint venture. I say that once it provides more control over who has access to the technology and......

Words: 541 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Xyz

...expansion and development. Required Texts 1. Global Business Today (6th Edition), Charles W. Hill (McGraw Hill, 2009) ISBN: 007338139x. 2. FOUR (4) Case studies ARE REQUIRED and available to download from Harvard Business School Press, Ref. Number: http://harvardbusinessonline.hbsp.harvard.edu/relay.jhtml?name=cp&c=c22021. You will need to register first and use a credit card to download the cases. It is not permissible to photocopy another student’s cases: this is infringement of copyright and it is illegal. Highly Recommended: • There are also three (3) additional OPTIONAL readings available at the same Harvard Business School site. These readings will give you some background information on Japan (the focal company for the class project) and the medical industry in Japan. • The Economist (A 12-week student subscription is available at http://www.EconomistAcademic.com/ Enter the faculty ID: 1676. This identifies you as a bona fide student and gets you the discounted student rate) Course Requirements Assignment % of Grade Team Case Analyses 30% Global Business Plan (10% Time 1, 20% Time 2) 30% Text on-line quizzes (via BB) 10% Constructive Engagement 5% Midterm Exam 20% Individual Written Assignments 5% PERCENTAGE DESCRIPTION A 90-100 Indicates consistently excellent work, executed to a professional standard. In other words, someone would pay you for it. A- 87-89 Indicates consistently excellent work, superior to the expectations of......

Words: 3413 - Pages: 14

Free Essay

Design History

...unsustainable on societies. The latter is pronounced in Australian design history. When modernity and its cultural manifestations are understood as European inventions, admitting limited scope for cultural exchange, claiming historical significance for Australian design inevitably involves the uncritical application of imported principles.[2] The halting attempts to write Australian design history are mostly bound up in proselytizing for the values and benefits of the modern and eulogising designers’ efforts to force change in the face of conservative cultural establishments and indifferent publics. Even the most recent treatments continue to be engulfed by discussions of derivativeness, marginality and uniqueness.[3] Elsewhere, however, the culture of ‘peripheral’ localities is seen to disrupt fundamental suppositions about the modern, challenging the totality and uniformity generally ascribed to it. A key text here is Arjun Appadurai’s Modernity at Large (1996).[4] Appadurai accepts modernity as virtually omnipresent, but sees its localised expression creating an assortment of corrupted, discontinuous and mixed forms. In this vein, Tony Fry argues the historical examination of the material, social and cultural effects of Australia’s economic development "can and should provide useful and critical transformatory knowledges" in relation to the condition of modernity.[5] Following Fry, this paper explores the proposition that when the perceived unevenness of cultural......

Words: 6224 - Pages: 25

Free Essay

Social and Ethical Values of Teamwork and Diversity: the Benefits of Diverse Teams

...use from 1972-1982, and imported into the US from Japan. This vehicle would probably have never been built in the US because of the myopic view of the world and the product solution that we would have developed. Ford, GM and Chrysler all use European and Asian based engineering entities to develop global products (Ford in Germany, England, Brazil, Japan and Australia; GM in Germany, Japan and Australia; Chrysler in Italy). Both Ford and GM are now in China, designing vehicles, Ford just built an Indian factory. Ideas germinate from different perspectives, and surely smaller, efficient power trains from Europe and Asia are part of that equation. These are real world examples of the need for products that are designed and built around the world, yet tailored for local markets by making the best talent available to collaborate on products, that, when built, will satisfy the needs of customers on a global basis. What theories or models address these specific needs of social and ethical values from a teamwork or diversity perspective? One could say that globalization after WWII accelerated the need for incorporating local needs into new products and services. Knowledge Wharton reports that having a strategic partner in Latin America is crucial to success. In fact, it could be argued that to address one of the largest Spanish bloc speaking markets in the world (South America) requires an understanding of local cultures, as they all do not speak the same Spanish,......

Words: 1278 - Pages: 6

Free Essay

Trends

...trendwatching.com’s free Monthly Trend Briefing How will YOU deliver on consumer expectations in the next 12 months? 10 crucial consumer trends 2013 December 2012 / January 2013 trendwatching.com/trends/10trends2013 Introduction: 2013 will be the perfect storm of necessity and opportunity: some economies will do OK(-ish), others will be shaky, but in whatever market or industry you’re in, those who understand & cater to changing consumer needs, desires and expectations will forever have plenty of opportunity to profit. A remapped global economy, new technologies (or ‘old’ technologies applied in new ways), new business models... hey, what’s not to like? Hence this overview of 10 crucial consumer trends (in random order) for you to run with in the next 12 months. Onwards and upwards » 1. PRESUMERS & CUSTOWNERS 2. EMERGING2 3. MOBILE MOMENTS 4. NEW LIFE INSIDE 5. APPSCRIPTIONS 6. CELEBRATION NATION 7. DATA MYNING 8. AGAIN MADE HERE 9. FULL FRONTAL 10. DEMANDING BRANDS 11. MORE-ISM w w w. t r e n d w a t c h i n g . c o m 10 crucial consumer trenDs for 2013 2 1. PRESUMERS & CUSTOWNERS “Consumers will embrace even more ways to participate in the funding and (pre-)launch of new products and brands.” 2013 will see passionate consumers embrace two innovative new ‘consumption’ models: becoming PRESUMERS and CUSTOWNERS. PRESUMERS love to get involved with, push, fund, and promote products and services before they are...

Words: 7369 - Pages: 30