Premium Essay

A Framework for Jainism

In: Religion Topics

Submitted By jacovens
Words 557
Pages 3
Running head: A Framework for Understanding

A Framework for Understanding and Comparing Jainism
Jacoven M. Staton
Grand Canyon University
INT 43
April 20, 2009

A Framework for Understanding and Comparing Jainism
Jainism was the first religion that was formed from Hinduism. Jainism bares some similarities to Hinduism it eventually managed to become a religion all of its own. This reformation movement turned independent religion was based upon the teachings of its founder Mahavira. With the lessons taught by Mahavira and my interpretation of his lessons I was able to create the following framework for understanding and comparing of Jainism.
What Does It Mean To Be Human? In Jainism the soul is thought of as uncreated and eternal, and is capable of obtaining a perfect divinity. Followers of Jainism should gain liberation from the continuous cycle of rebirth, by not stirring up any bad karma, particularly any bad karma stemmed from causing harm to any and all conscious beings.

What Is the Basic Human Problem? The basic human problem as seen by the followers of Jainism is finding a way of finally stopping the continuous wheel of reincarnation. In short, how does one impede this circle of endless lives and come to an end so that they can live?

What Is the Cause Of the Problem? The cause of the basic human problem is the continuous wheel of reincarnation, viewed by followers of Jainism, is the karma that they create.

What Is the End or Goal of Transformation? The goal of transformation for the followers of Jainism is accomplished when the soul is liberated from matter.

What Are the Means of This Transformation? The means of transformation are obtained for the followers of Jainism when they follow the following vows: 1. They vow non-injury of life (ahisma). 2. They vow to always speak the truth. 3. They vow to…...

Similar Documents

Free Essay

Framework

...A Framework for Linking the Structure of Information Systems with Organizational Requirements for Information Sharing Author(s): Sunro Lee and Richard P. Leifer Reviewed work(s): Source: Journal of Management Information Systems, Vol. 8, No. 4 (Spring, 1992), pp. 27-44 Published by: M.E. Sharpe, Inc. Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/40397996 . Accessed: 18/03/2013 20:56 Your use of the JSTOR archive indicates your acceptance of the Terms & Conditions of Use, available at . http://www.jstor.org/page/info/about/policies/terms.jsp . JSTOR is a not-for-profit service that helps scholars, researchers, and students discover, use, and build upon a wide range of content in a trusted digital archive. We use information technology and tools to increase productivity and facilitate new forms of scholarship. For more information about JSTOR, please contact support@jstor.org. . M.E. Sharpe, Inc. is collaborating with JSTOR to digitize, preserve and extend access to Journal of Management Information Systems. http://www.jstor.org This content downloaded on Mon, 18 Mar 2013 20:56:30 PM All use subject to JSTOR Terms and Conditions A Framework Linking Structure for the of with Information Systems Organizational for Requirements Information Sharing LEE P. SUNRO ANDRICHARD LEDFER in candidate Management Information at Sunro Lee is a doctoral Systems Rensselaer His research interests include Institute. current issuesin methodological Polytechnic andtesting, decision......

Words: 6895 - Pages: 28

Premium Essay

Framework

...Theoretical Framework Operations management is the business function that plans, organizes, coordinates, and controls the resources needed to produce a company’s goods and services. It involves the responsibility of ensuring that business operations are efficient in terms of using the least possible resources as needed, and effective in terms of meeting the customer needs. Needs are the basic forces that drives consumers to take actions and engaged in exchanges. The desire to satisfy these needs is what motivates a man to act, but the satisfaction of these needs must be done in the order of their priority so that a higher need does not strongly motivate a person unless the next preceding lower need has been substantially satisfied. For each society there is a set of needs perceived by the people that they feel should be satisfied as part of the development process. It is usually recognized that needs could be generated by physiological deprivation or by a positive desire to have something. It is also recognized that those needs generated by deprivation are typical and that usually one of needs is based on attaining certain goals. The humanistic approach espoused by Abraham Maslow, leader in Humanistic Psychology believes that Thus man is perpetually wanting animal. Ordinarily the satisfaction of these wants is not altogether mutually exclusive, but only tends to be. The average member of society is most often partially satisfied and partially unsatisfied in all of......

Words: 835 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Comparison of Jainism and Hinduism

...Comparison of Jainism and Hinduism REL212 – World Religions July 28, 2013 Comparison of Jainism and Hinduism The two religions that we are comparing are going to be Jainism and Hinduism. The origin of Jainism is India which was formed in 550 BCE (Gunn). It is one of the oldest religions in the world and is taught by Tirthankaras which are also known as Jina. The origin of Hinduism is also India. It has no founders and the earliest forms date to 1500 BC or earlier. Three of Jainism foundational spiritual beliefs are non-violence (ahimsa), non-absolutism (anekanta), and non-possession (apraigraha). The first foundational spiritual belief is the principle of non-violence, which is strong in Jain teachings. It embraces the well-being of all animals that are visible and invisible. According to Akaranga Sutra, IV: Lesson 1, it says: one should not injure, subjugate, enslave, torture or kill any animal, living being, organism or sentient being (Fisher). The second, non-absolutism, is another principle in Jainism that encourages avoiding anger and judgment. A person has to remain open-minded by remembering that any issue can be seen from many angles, all partially true (Fisher). Last but not least, non-possession is a principle that teaches to let go of things and people. It states that acquiring material things possess us by driving our emotions. The more a person is attached to worldly things the more they are likely to commit sin to obtain that possession......

Words: 932 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Jainism

...JAINISM:- Jainism traditionally known as Jaina dharma,[1] is an Indian religion that prescribes a path of non-violence towards all living beings and emphasises spiritual independence and equality between all forms of life. Practitioners believe that non-violence and self-control are the means by which they can obtain liberation. Currently, Jainism is divided into two major sects —Digambara and Śvētāmbara. The word Jainism is derived from a Sanskrit verb Jin which means to conquer. It refers to a battle with the passions and bodily pleasures that the jaina ascetics undertake. Those who win this battle are termed as Jina (conqueror). The term Jaina is therefore used to refer to laymen and ascetics of this tradition alike. Jainism is one of the oldest religions in the world.[2] Jains traditionally trace their history through a succession of twenty-four propagators of their faith known as tirthankara with Ādinātha as the first tirthankara and Mahāvīra as the last of the current era. For long periods of time Jainism was the state religion of Indian kingdoms and widely adopted in the Indian subcontinent. The religion has been in decline since the 8th century CE due to the growth, and oppression by the followers, of Hinduism and Islam.[3][4] LITERATURE:- The tradition talks about a body of scriptures preached by all the tirthankara of Jainism. These scriptures were contained in fourteen parts and were known as Purva. It was memorized and passed on through the ages, but became......

Words: 968 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

A Brief Look Into Jainism and Judaism

...Running head: A Brief Look into Jainism and Judaism A Brief Look into Jainism and Judaism Tammy Chace Strayer University REL212 Dr. Travien L. Capers July 31, 2013 A Brief Look into Jainism and Judaism While studying different religions I became fascinated with Jainism and I have always been interested in Judaism. In this paper we will take a look at the basic origin of each religion and several of their foundational spiritual beliefs. We will then look at a few spiritual practices of each religion. We will look at an example of how each religion is practiced today. Jainism Jainism dates backs to the 6th century B.C.E. in India. The religion derives its name from the jinas, meaning conquerors, a title given to twenty-four great teachers , through whom their faith was revealed. Mahavira, the last of the tirthankaras, is considered the founder of Jainism. The ultimate goal of Jainism is the liberation of one’s self from rebirth, which is attained through the elimination of accumulated karma. This occurs through both the disciplined cultivation of knowledge and control of bodily passions. When the passions have been utterly conquered and all karma has been removed, one becomes a Jina, or “conqueror", and is no longer subject to rebirth. Jainism conceives of a multi-layered universe containing both heavens and hells. Movement through these levels of the universe requires adherence to the Jainism doctrines emphasizing a peaceful and disciplined life. These......

Words: 2528 - Pages: 11

Free Essay

Comparisons and Contrast of Jainism and Daoism

...Comparisons and Contrast of Jainism and Daoism Both Jainism and Daoism (Taoism) have ancient roots going back a few thousand years. Statues and yogic seals found in the Indus Valley show that Jainism was practiced by civilizations as far back as around 2500 BCE, while Daoism appears to have originated around 2000 years ago. Although Jainism is older by about 4500 years both have continued to have to be practiced by numerous followers seeking a level of enlightenment. Although having over 6 million followers little has been known about Jainism outside of India. This may be due in part to there being no written scriptures in regards to this religion for a large part of its history. Rather the teachers of Jain would orally spread their knowledge whilst wandering the land. While Jainism was more or less “contained” in India, Daoism teachings are widespread throughout the world. Unlike Jainism, Daoism is a philosophical teaching and not a religion. This may help explain why so many people around the world choose to follow it as an escape from the “industrial rat race.” Yet when compared side to side, it is easier to understand how one would choose to follow Daoism over Jainism. To say that Jainism is strict is an understatement. To follow Jainism successfully one would have to adhere to teachings such as the teachings of Mahivira, the man credited with giving Jainism the form that is practiced today. These teachings include the three jewels: Right belief, Right knowledge,...

Words: 575 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Framework

...Operations Exam Framework Exam writing * Use headings and titles * Be short and clear * Executive summary is useful * Use exhibits + quantitative analysis * Don’t repeat case facts Strong Exams * Support claims with evidence * Are specific * Address root causes * Prioritize time and actions * Impact of actions * Organization of report * Use exhibits for assumptions * Actions consistent with analysis Read the Case Executive Summary – must do Think of Decision and make analysis lead to it Context * Role * Limitations of the role * Other stakeholders? * Issue: Write a sentence outlining the core problem * Prioritize the issues * Key issues symptoms outcomes (financial concerns = revenue/profit) * (Design (product/process matrix), Capacity, Inventory (SCM), Quality) * Goal: Long term plans and goals – motivation * Decision * Constraints and other considerations * Time, money, scope – tradeoffs External Economy: Implications Industry Size-up * Trends in the industry (growth?) Stage of growth (prospect if start-up but low revenues, if mature there is competition and revenues grow slower, if stable cost control is important and maybe look to differentiate) * What are customers looking for? * Political, Social, Technology * Where do we fit in the industry? * Nature of industry volume or niche? Operational......

Words: 2426 - Pages: 10

Premium Essay

Jainism Religion

...Jainism Religion Augustine Saysay Prof. Lewis Wilkerson Religion 212 March 21, 2014 Strayer University Jainism Region: For the purpose of the paper, I will first begin by defining what do we mean by religion, which is the belief in and worship of a superhuman controlling power especially a personal God or gods. With this in mind, I decided to write my paper on the religion called Jainism; which was established in reaction to the believes and teachings of the Orthodox Brahmanism. Founder of Jainism( Guru) Dating back to the 6th century B.C.E. in India, the religion derives its name from the Jonas (“conquerors”), a title given to twenty four great teachers (tirhankaras or “Ford-makers”). Through whom their faith was revealed. Mahavira, the last of the tirhankaras, is considered the founder of Jainism. The ultimate goal of Jainism is the liberation of the self (jiva) from rebirth, which attained through the elimination of accumulated karma (the consequences of the previous actions). This occurs through both disciplined cultivation of knowledge and control of bodily passions. When the passions have been utterly conquered and all karma has been removed, one ...

Words: 1673 - Pages: 7

Free Essay

Karma in Hinduism, Jainism, and Buddhism

...The Nature of Karma in Hinduism, Jainism, and Buddhism People of all religions partake in traditional ceremonies, have special symbols to represent what they worship, peruse different sacred writings and hold diverse theological beliefs. One tradition that is very common among Hindus, Buddhists and Jains, is the law of karma. The religious tradition is defined as the “universal causal law by which good or bad actions determine the future modes of an individual’s existence (Olivelle). This tradition has inimitable meaning in Hinduism, Jainism and Buddhism, with slight differences. Hindus believe that people are reborn into another life after this one and that the law of karma suggests that a person’s mental and physical actions are binding to the cycle of birth and death. The idea of karma states that actions in one’s present life will determine the condition of the next life. When people begin their current life, karma accumulates because of their actions. And when they die, they will be reborn into another life, as either a human again or in another form, depending on the quality of the former life. The ultimate goal of Hindus is to attain liberation by escaping what is known as samsara, through a process called moksha (Frisch). In Hinduism, “a man becomes pure through pure deeds, impure through impure deeds (Fisher 77). Like the Hindus, the Jain believe that one’s behaviors and motives entice karma. A person's karma from past lives determines the quality of present......

Words: 617 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Jainism Sikhism

...Jainism vs. Sikhism Worksheet Rebecca Viramontes REL 133 June 2, 2015 Rev Dr Dwight Cooper ------------------------------------------------- University of Phoenix Material Jainism vs. Sikhism Part I Read the assigned chapters for the week and complete the following table. Be as specific as possible when identifying practices, beliefs, rituals, and historical elements. Cite sources in APA formatting. Core Beliefs | Jainism | Sikhism | | 1. Ahimsa- nonviolence belief means extremely gentle or harmless. This is the core belief in Jainism. It includes avoiding occupations that may harm other living animals including insects, using items made from animals such as leather and feathers. | 1. Have allowed for the religion to develop military defense. Because on the early Gurus was murdered as a martyr the military or body guard sect was formed. These soldiers are known as the Khalsa. | | 2. Non-Lying- Jains must practice telling truths. This means avoiding exaggeration and falsehoods. Nonstealing- It is practicing the basic concept of not taking any possession that is not one. Items must be giving freely. This is caused by desire and wanting to inflict pain on others. | 2. Sikhs are allowed to eat meat and do not have a diet system as strict as other Hindu religions. | | 3. Rejects the belief in a creator, instead believe that the universe was created by natural forces in motion | 3. Sikhs believe that the universe was created by one God. ...

Words: 863 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Jainism

...JAINISM 2 Abstract This paper will explore the Jain religion both past and present. Jainism, also known as Jain Dharma, which is one of the most ancient religions in the world still existing today, was traditionally developed in ancient India in the 6th century B.C. . The paper goes on to describe the history of Jainism, the life of its founder, Mahavira, and the beliefs and philosophical tenets of Jainism. This paper will also go on to describe the deities of Jainism and also the importance of their places of worship. This paper will explore several articles on the Jain religion and how it has changed over time. Keywords: Jina, Tirthankaras, Ahisma, Mahavira, Shvetambara, Digambara JAINISM 3 Jainism The word Jainism is derived from Jina, meaning victor or conqueror. The universal message of Jainism is that of non-violence. There is no creator or God in this religion. It all started with Mahavira who was born around 599 BCE. He decided to abandon his well known life and take a not so traveled path of an ascetic life. He gave away his possessions, and embarked on a new journey. He endured vigorous discipline, including bodily and......

Words: 2161 - Pages: 9

Free Essay

Jainism and Aboriginal Spirituality

...Jainism is an ancient immanent religion from India that teaches that the way to liberation and bliss. The religion still lives on today and has around 5-6 million believers. The religion is traced back to over 8000 years old. Below is an image and explanation of the Jain symbol. Aboriginal spirituality is an ancient transcendent religion from Australia. It consists of the Dreaming belief that spiritual ancestors of the people. Dreaming is the environment the Aboriginal people lived in and it still exists today “all around us”. Below is an image of the aboriginal flag that represents the traditional aboriginal religion and is still present in Australia today. Black: represents the aboriginal people of Australia. Yellow: represents the sun, the giver of life and protector. Red: represents the red earth, the red ochre used in ceremonies and aboriginal peoples spiritual relationship to the land. Black: represents the aboriginal people of Australia. Yellow: represents the sun, the giver of life and protector. Red: represents the red earth, the red ochre used in ceremonies and aboriginal peoples spiritual relationship to the land. Origins of the universe: Jainism believes that universe and all its substances are eternal (everlasting). Jain cosmology states the world was created perfect but has steadily decayed ever since. All substances continually undergo changes. Previous forms give way to new ones without loosing their own inherent qualities. The Jain belief is......

Words: 3508 - Pages: 15

Premium Essay

Jainism and Sikhism

...University of Phoenix Material Jainism vs. Sikhism Part I Read the assigned chapters for the week and complete the following table. Be as specific as possible when identifying practices, beliefs, rituals, and historical elements. Cite sources in APA formatting. |Core Beliefs |Jainism |Sikhism | | |1.Belief in no violence |1.Belief in self defense | | |2.Vegeterian as an expression of their faith |2.Express Faith by praying daily prayers and singing Guru’s | | | |hymns | | |3.Truth; honesty |3.Belief in one creator | | |4.Natural focus in motion is seen at the Universe |4.Belief to do good onto others | | |5.Karma |5.Karma | Part 2 Respond to the following questions in 150 to 200 words: 1. What do you think is the most important similarity and which is the most important......

Words: 447 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Jainism vs. Sikhism

...Jainism vs. Sikhism Part I Read the assigned chapters for the week and complete the following table. Be as specific as possible when identifying practices, beliefs, rituals, and historical elements. Cite sources in APA formatting. Core Beliefs Jainism Sikhism 1. Nonviolence towards all living things, even small bugs are respected. The Jains are very strict vegetarians and will not use products that come from animals. 1.There is only one God ( the same God for all people and religions) 2. Non stealing 2. Rejects the practice of rituals and ceremonies. Rituals can take the focus away from God. Chastity is expected. Celibacy is required for monks and nuns, remaining faithful to the spouse is expected. 3. All people no matter what race, religion, gender, etc. are equal. 4. Nonattachment is very important. The Jains believe that humans can become too attached to material possessions and even family. These attachments can influence spiritual progress. 4. Reincarnation is a core belief for Sikhism. The belief is that humans are both physical and spiritual and seek the spiritual divine. This process may take several lifetimes. 5. Non lying is a core belief in Jainism. The Jains are very mindful of their speech, even in humor as it could cause hurt. Even exaggeration is discouraged. 5. God is a part of every individual and may be approached by the individual. Part 2 Respond to the following questions in 150 to 200 words: 1. What do you......

Words: 670 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

It Frameworks

...comes in to play. As highlighted in Dr. Steven Hornik’s September 22nd presentation on frameworks, there is a disconnect between the need for IT Governance and the practices of corporate executives. This research paper will be geared toward the education of corporate executives on IT Governance, various frameworks available for use, and the importance of knowledge and implementation due to accounting regulations. There will be 4 key elements covered: Introduction to Enterprise and IT Governance and the frameworks available, the importance of integrating accounting compliance regulations with IT security due to the Sarbanes-Oxley (SOX) act, a compare and contrast of the top frameworks with a compiled list of best practices from all the various frameworks, and finally a recommendation to executives. PART I. Stakeholders becoming increasingly concerned about the sound management of their interests have led to the emergence of governance principles and standards for overall enterprise governance. (Board Briefing on IT Governance) ITGI defines Enterprise (Corporate) Governance as, “a set of responsibilities and practices exercised by the board and executive management with the goal of providing strategic direction, ensuring that objectives are achieved, ascertaining that risks are managed appropriately and verifying that the enterprise’s resources are used responsibly.” Widely used frameworks for enterprise governance due to requirement for SOX compliance are the Committee......

Words: 1341 - Pages: 6