Premium Essay

A Good E-Book on Various Religions Across the World

In: Religion Topics

Submitted By annerosario
Words 245202
Pages 981
THE

HANDY
RELIGION
AN SWE R
BOOK
JOHN RENARD

Detroit

The Handy Religion
Answer Book™
C O P Y R I G H T © 2002

BY

VI S I B LE I N K PRE SS®

This publication is a creative work fully protected by all applicable copyright laws, as well as by misappropriation, trade secret, unfair competition, and other applicable laws.
No part of this book may be reproduced in any form without permission in writing from the publisher, except by a reviewer who wishes to quote brief passages in connection with a review written for inclusion in a magazine or newspaper.
All rights to this publication will be vigorously defended.
Visible Ink Press®
43311 Joy Rd. #414
Canton, MI 48187-2075
Visible Ink Press and The Handy Religion Answer Book are trademarks of Visible Ink Press LLC.
Most Visible Ink Press books are available at special quantity discounts when purchased in bulk by corporations, organizations, or groups. Customized printings, special imprints, messages, and excerpts can be produced to meet your needs.
For more information, contact Special Markets Director, Visible Ink Press, at www.visibleink.com or (734) 667-3211.
Art Director: Mary Claire Krzewinski
Typesetting: Graphix Group

Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data
Renard, John, 1944The handy religion answer book / John Renard.
p. cm.
ISBN 1-57859-125-2 (pbk.)
1. Religions--Miscellanea. I. Title.
BL80.2 .R46 2001
291--dc21

Printed in the United States of America
All rights reserved
10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1

2001004052
CIP

Contents
I NTRODUCTION ix
ACKNOWLEDGMENTS xiii
C HRONOLOGY OF MAJOR EVENTS

xv

GE N E RAL BAC KGROU N D
DE FI N ITION S AN D
M ETHODS . . . 3
History and Sources . . . Religious Beliefs . . .
Signs and Symbols . . . Membership, Community,
Diversity . . . Leadership, Authority, Organization
. . . Personalities and Powers . . ....

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Scrap

...The culture of India refers to the way of life of the people of India. India's languages, religions, dance, music, architecture, food, and customs differ from place to place within the country. The Indian culture, often labelled as an amalgamation of several cultures, spans across the Indian subcontinent and has been influenced by a history that is several millennia old.[1][2] Many elements of India's diverse cultures, such as Indian religions, yoga, and Indian cuisine, have had a profound impact across the world ‘Religions” Main article: Religion in India India is the birthplace of Hinduism, Buddhism, Jainism and Sikhism, collectively known as Indian religions Indian religions, also known as Dharmic religions are a major form of world religions along with Abrahamic one. Today, Hinduism and Buddhism are the world's third and fourth-largest religions respectively, with over 2 billion followers altogether, and possibly as many as 2.5 or 2.6 billion followers India is one of the most religiously diverse nations in the world, with some of the most deeply religious societies and cultures. Religion still plays a central and definitive role in the life of many of its people. According to a 2001 census of India, the religion of 80% of the people is Hinduism. Islam is practised by around 13% of all......

Words: 4683 - Pages: 19

Premium Essay

Religious Expression in New Zealand

...Analyse Religious expression in New Zealand I am an experienced sociologist who has many years of teaching within the country. Being New Zealand born I have watched the steady changes in religious make up within Aotearoa/New Zealand and seeing how the society and government responds to the changes. I am preparing an analytic report outlining the changes in the past basing my main focus on Scientology (cult), Quakers or Society of Friends (sect) and the Catholic Church. The reports have been specifically based upon the changes within New Zealand. Quakerism “Quakers”, also knows as Society of Friends, is a sect which is Christian in its origin and inspiration but is open to ideas from other religious groups. Quakers cover the three components which exists in a Christian group, conservative, mainline and liberal. Quakerism was found by George Fox in the mid 17th century. He believed that there is “that of God in everyone”. He believed that each human being has the potential to succeed and accomplish their most outright goals in life by following the example of God. The sect had an early involvement with New Zealand and began with regular meetings and Worship in Nelson in 1842 but stopped after 20 years then continued in Auckland in 1885. Quaker congregations are almost completely autonomous. There exist no main assemblies or medial authority within the sect, although there is a committee in London. In New Zealand they follow a non-hierarchical organisation having no...

Words: 3300 - Pages: 14

Free Essay

Android Os

...| Religion | Art[show] | Literature[show] | Music and performing arts[show] | Media[show] | Sport | Monuments[show] | Symbols[show] | *  India portal | * v * t * e | The culture of India is the way of living of the people of India. India's languages, religions, dance, music, architecture, food, and customs differ from place to place within the country. The Indian culture, often labeled as an amalgamation of several cultures, spans across the Indian subcontinent and has been influenced by a history that is several millennia old.[1][2] Many elements of India's diverse cultures, such as Indian religions, yoga and Indian cuisine, have had a profound impact across the world. Contents   [hide]  * 1 Religions * 2 Perceptions of Indian culture * 2.1 Arranged marriage * 2.2 Wedding rituals * 3 Greetings * 4 Festivals * 5 Animals * 6 Cuisine * 7 Clothing * 8 Languages and literature * 8.1 History * 8.2 Epics * 9 Performing arts * 9.1 Dance * 9.2 Drama and theatre * 9.3 Music * 10 Visual arts * 10.1 Painting * 10.2 Sculpture * 10.3 Architecture * 11 Sports and martial arts * 11.1 Sports * 11.2 Indian martial arts * 12 Popular media * 12.1 Television * 12.2 Cinema * 13 See also * 14 References * 15 Further reading * 16 External......

Words: 10182 - Pages: 41

Free Essay

Syncretism

... ALL RIGHTS TO A. T. K. THIS LITTLE BOOK OF EASTERN WISDOM IS LOVINGLY INSCRIBED " OUR JOURNEY is TO THE ROSE-GARDEN OF UNION jALA"LU'D-DfN PREFACE to thank Mr. R. A. Nicholson for kind and generous permission to use selections from his Dwani Shamsi Tabriz, and I DESIRE his also his publishers, the Cambridge Press. I am deeply indebted to Mr. E. H. Whinfield for allowing me to use quotations from his rendering I of the Masnavi (Triibner's Oriental Series). also cordially thank Mr. John Hastie for giving permission to quote a few passages from the " " Festival of Spring late Rev. Professor Hastie's (James Maclehose and Sons, Glasgow). The poems quoted from this volume are entitled : "Thy Rose," "I saw the Winter weaving," " " Love sounds the Music of the Spheres," The " The Beloved All in Souls Love-moved," and All the other translations from the lyrical All." poetry of Jalalu'd-Din Rumi are by Mr. R. A. me Nicholson. To these gentlemen, 7 and to those 8 I have left PREFACE unnamed, I tender my warmest thanks my for their help, sympathy, and interest in " attempt to popularise the wisest of the Persian Stiffs." F. LONDON, January 22, 1907. HADLANB DAVIS. CONTENTS INTRODUCTION I. 11 . . . ORIGIN OF SUFHSM. .11 14 II. III. IV. V. THE EARLY SUFIS THE NATURE OF SUFIISM THE INFLUENCE OF SUFIISM ANALYSIS OF THE RELIGION OF LOVE . . . . -20......

Words: 4057 - Pages: 17

Premium Essay

Paper #1- Social Influences of the Analects in the Modern World

...the modern world Confucius and his teachings had contributed a lot to the Chinese philosophy and shaped the Chinese culture and society remarkably, especially in education and how people should behave themselves. With guidelines telling people what is acceptable, how to act like a nobleman and what is unethical, Confucianism shaped modern social norms in China, and its impact is also spreading to other countries that are beginning to practice Confucianism. The Analects was composed by Confucius’s student after his death to pass on his great teachings and completed in the Warring States period. It contained fundamental ideas and beliefs of Confucianism; across dynasties and generations, people have been implementing Confucian thoughts and the sayings from Analects as guidelines to their behaviors. In this paper, we will look at the meanings of several Analects’ passages, how they relate to Confucianism and what are their social significance to descendants. Perhaps one of the most famous sections from the Analects, the following saying from Analects of Confucius Book 1(Xue Er), verse 1 told us a little bit about how he thought about learning and how people should behave in certain circumstances: The Master said, "Is it not pleasant to learn with a constant perseverance and application? Is it not delightful to have friends coming from distant quarters? Is he not a man of complete virtue, who feels no discomposure though men may take no note of him?" (Legge, book 1) This......

Words: 1471 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

No Paper Now

...gives an extensive view at the accompanying beliefs: Buddhism and Christianity. The reader will see the way Buddhism is even more a reasoning than a religion that spotlights on the brain similar to the inventor of disease and wellbeing. The reader will likewise find that Christianity is a religion that has confidence in one God, the inventor of all. This paper records the different segments that each of these religions may use at some time to impact mending including petition to God, reflection, droning, the utilization of healers, and so on. This paper additionally characterizes what is essential to individuals when watched over by suppliers whose convictions contrast from their own. Introduction Religious practice is one of the oldest traditional practices of the world till date, times may change, technology may advance, but vital beliefs of the people never alter. Before the advent of these religions, people believed in different things among the history. Some believed the sun, fire, evil god or gods, and sculptures. Some do not belief on anything at all. Their beliefs was due to their weaknesses under the nature and lack of understanding of natural events. They thought of a supernatural power that controls the universe. This led to the acceptance of religion....

Words: 1659 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Gandhi

...During the 19th and 20th centuries, there were many people who rose to power and demonstrated themselves as leaders with strong influences over their followers. This time period consisted of a few historically significant leaders such as Lenin, Hitler, Mussolini, and Mao Zedong. The main objective of these leaders was to spread their version of totalitarian ideas. Yet, another leader was prominent during the same time period, but unlike Hitler, Lenin, and Zedong, his goal was the spreading of democracy using nonviolent tactics throughout his nation as well as across the world; this leader was Gandhi. Mahatma Gandhi was a rebel, who successfully gained a large following and much support without formulating any violent war plans, or issuing violent attacks on the opposition. According to many of his writings, nonviolence and morality are the keys to achieving unity. Various peoples, such as Muslims and Jews, have encountered various situations throughout history where Gandhi felt as if using tactics other than war would be considerably effective and beneficial to the overall goal of unity and liberty as long as a strong following aided in the process. Mahatma Gandhi: Selected Political Writing focuses on the different values that Gandhi practiced, as well as preached. Much of these values were critical during a time period when many nations were experiencing turmoil, and many people were not sure how and who to trust. The writings cast Gandhi as more than a spiritual......

Words: 1697 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Financial Ratio for P&G for Year Ended Dec 2011 and 2010

...[pic] BACHELOR OF BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION WITH HONOURS MAY / 2012 MPW2153 MORAL STUDIES MATRICULATION NO : 740704125850-001 IDENTITY CARD NO. : 740704-12-5850 TELEPHONE NO. : 016-3699817 E-MAIL : : madelinaj@maybank.com.my LEARNING CENTRE : SABAH LEARNING CENTRE Tables Of Contents 1.0 INTRODUCTION 1.1 Drug Laws 2.0 DISCUSSION 2.1 Global Overview on the Status of the Death Penalty for Drug Offences 2.2 The Pros of Death Penalty 2.2.1 Precedent Server 2.2.2 Just Punishment 2.2.3 Society Safety Concerns 2.2.4 Excess Sympathy 2.3 The Cons Of Death Penalty 2.3.1 Wrong Convictions 2.3.2 Costs 2.3.3 Deterrence 2.3.4 Rehabilitation 2.4 Religious Views On Death Penalty 2.4.1 Buddhism 2.4.2 Hinduism 2.4.3 Christianity 2.4.4 Islam 3.0 SUGGESTION TO REPLACE DEATH PENALTY 3.1 Life Imprisonment 3.2 Prison with Parole 3.3 Rehabilitation or Reformatories 3.4 Community Service Orders 4.0 SUMMARY REFERENCE 1.0 INTRODUCTION Law is a system of rules and guidelines which are enforced through social institutions to govern behavior. Laws are made by governments,......

Words: 3083 - Pages: 13

Premium Essay

International Marketing

...over Spain for more than two hundred years. Spain, officially known as Kingdom of Spain is a sovereign state and a member of the European Union. Spain is located in the Iberian peninsula in Southwestern part of Europe. Spain has an area of 505992 sq kilometers, making it the 2nd largest country in Western Europe and the 5th largest in Europe. Spain is a democratic country with a parliamentary government under constitutional monarchy. It is the 13th largest economy in the world in terms of nominal GDP. According to a survey in 2012, total population in Spain is 47.27 million and its official language is Castilian Spanish (spoken by 75% of the population). Spain is located in Southwestern Europe bordering Mediterrainian Sea, North Atlantic Mountains, Southwest of France, Pyrenees Mountains and Bay of Biscay. ‘La Tomatina’ or ‘World’s biggest Food Fight’ is held on the last Wednesday of August, every year outside Valencia in a small town called Bunol. Spain has one of the largest gold deposits in the world and also biggest producers of marble and granite. Source: http://facts.randomhistory.com/interesting-facts-about-spain.html http://www.abroadwithsws.com/new-programs/Spain_Country_Description[1].pdf...

Words: 3622 - Pages: 15

Free Essay

Influence of Writing

...INFLUENCE OF WRITING ON PEOPLE Prepared by: Lamia Rahman Chowdhury ENG 105, SECTION: 12 Prepared for: Assistant Professor English Department Date: 10 August 2011 ACKNOWLEDGEMENT I wish to acknowledge and express my deepest gratitude to the following people, who, in many ways, have contributed and inspired me to complete my research paper. First person in order is to Dr. AQB for providing his guidance and support in the preparation of the research paper. I am very much grateful to the NSU students, who have cooperated and taken their time to participate in answering my research questions. To my family and friends who have extended their efforts and understanding by helping me find respondents for the questionnaires, albeit some of them were prodded into doing so. A special mention goes to my dear friend, SK, who lent me her laptop when my own laptop sadly stopped functioning in my time of need. Lastly, to Almighty Allah for giving the strength to compile information needed to input into completing the research paper in due time. It has been a difficult topic to research on. ABSTRACT Writing has been playing an essential role in our lives since we learnt how to read and write. This research paper, hence, emphasizes on how writing has influenced a person and how it has managed to change his or her life. The research highlights the points on the origins of writing and how an author’s style of writing affects our personality. My hypothesis consists of how......

Words: 5716 - Pages: 23

Free Essay

Blue Beam Project

...of Thought ©   Current News | Introduction | Colloidal Silver | Chemtrails | Sylphs | Emerging Diseases | Forbidden Cures |Ozone | Immunity Boosting | Nutrition | The CIA Mind-Body Connection | Ozone | Bioelectrification | Story on Drugs | Vaccine Dangers | Cancer | Newsletter | New World Order | NWO News | Pam Schuffert  James Casbolt | Phil Schneider | Al Bielek | Trevor James Constable | Mind Control | Brice Taylor | Ted Gunderson | The Relfes | Free Energy || Montalk Dr. Robert Bitzer | T. Lobsang Rampa | Ruth Drown | ZS Livingstone | David Brandt | Red Elk | Phil Ledoux | Gary Wade | BBB | The Draft | Veterans Awaken Tone Gen | Depleted Uranium | Discussion | Dowsing | Police & Tasers | Rev. Sun Myung Moon | British Israel | The End Times | Amy Goodman Gatekeeper 'Peak Oil' | Amitakh Stanford | Military Draft | Rosie's Predictions | Project Blue Beam | Otto Skorzeny  | Insights on Aliens | Cell Towers | Cell Phone Dangers CPS/DCF Tyranny | Adrenal Burnout | The Women Warriors | Orgone Adventures | Dr. John Coleman | Railroading Dr. Jeffrey MacDonald | Henry Makow Bush Family & Nazis | Holistic Dentists | Metal Free Dentistry | Water Supply Sabotage | Dr. Hulda Clark Books | Planet X Sequel | 'Undocumented Immigrants' War on Terror | Tavistock | U.S. Concentration Camps | FEMA | Aliens Are Coming! | Guiding Principles | Global Warming | Gang Stalking | Monoatomic Gold Spiritualsim | Hope | Healing Thought Forms | Vanquish Fear | Prevent Alien/Demonic......

Words: 7410 - Pages: 30

Free Essay

Essay

......................................................................................................... 2 Introduction ......................................................................................................................... 3 ESSAYS ....................................................................................................................... 5 1. Social & Cultural Diversity............................................................................................... 6 2. Citizenship ...................................................................................................................... 7 3. What Is A Good Pakistani Citizen? Define His/Her Responsibilities & Rights. ............... 8 4. What Is A Good Pakistani Citizen? Define His / Her Rights And Responsibilities .......... 9 5. What Is A Good Pakistani Citizen? Define His / Her Rights And Responsibilities ........ 11 6. Sectarian Violence: Implications for Citizens and Country............................................ 12 7. Becoming A Responsible Citizen: Can Education Help? .............................................. 13 8. Becoming A Responsible Citizen: Can Education Help? .............................................. 15 9. Becoming A Responsible Citizen Can Education Help? ............................................... 16 10. Becoming a Responsible Citizen? Can Education Help ............................................. 20 11. Will Peace Education In Pakistan Reduce......

Words: 12061 - Pages: 49

Free Essay

Corn and the Native Americans: a Brief Journey Through the Maize

...Corn and the Native Americans: A brief journey through the maize Humanities 215-V1 Native American Cultures Larry Jent April 12, 2012 Throughout the history of Native American culture corn has played a vital role in many facets of life for a multitude of people in various ways. It is not merely a simple grain or vegetable, it is a sacred gift to all people. Not only does it nourish one physically and provide for material use, but it is also an important spiritual tool. Corn plays a vital role in Native American culture. It is an agricultural mainstay, is integral to many ceremonies, honored in many celebrations throughout many tribes, and is credited with nourishing the nation physically as well as spiritually through various myths and legend. Food for Thought Corn was one of the first domesticated crops by the native people. “Over a seven-thousand-year period, Indian people domesticated hundreds of kinds of maize, beginning in the semiarid highlands of Mexico with a common wild grass called teosinte” (Ballantine 60). “The teosinte pollen, carried by the wind to other corn like grasses, produced a hybrid whose cultivation helped ensure a stable food supply” (Maxwell 44). With the ability to reproduce food in a single location it was easier for people to settle in certain areas. This provided for a more domesticated way of living and a steady source of nourishment. Corn could be used immediately,......

Words: 2949 - Pages: 12

Premium Essay

Understanding Islam

...Understanding Islam Name Course Tutor Date Understanding Islam Christianity, Islam and Judaism Religious beliefs, traditions of social behavior, governmental structures and laws of today discover their foundation in the progress of three major belief classifications - Christianity, Islam and Judaism. Even though, number of various spiritual movements has increased all over the years, these three belief classification have mad the most influence on development of the West. To better appreciate this influence, it is essential to draw the progress of Christianity, Islam and Judaism, and assess the correlations between them. Whereas, each belief category is distinctive, there are several similarities because of their common foundations. According to Smith, (1991), Christianity, Islam and Judaism are all referred to as Abrahamic religions because they all mention Abraham as their originator. As such, they have several general beliefs. Christians and Jews share some of the similar Holy Scriptures that is the first five books of the Old Testament in the bible. There are a not many common foundations and several common aspects of Christianity, Islam and Judaism –in what is referred to as Abrahamic spiritual heritage. Similarities The beliefs and practices of Christianity, Islam and Judaism most significantly starts with the originator of the Hebrews called Abraham ca 1800 B.C.E. Historically, these ideas were also pledged to by nomadic tribes, who settled...

Words: 3103 - Pages: 13

Premium Essay

Policies of Tcs

...Edition 1989 Sixth impression 1994 Printed at Rekha Printers Pvt. Ltd., New Delhi 110020 and published by Neil O'Brien, Oxford University Press YMCA Library Building, Jai Singh Road, New Delhi 110001 To my colleagues and co-prisoners in the A h m a d n a g a r Fort Prison C a m p from 9 August 1942 to 28 March 1945 FOREWORD My father's three books — Glimpses of World History, An Autobiograpy and The Discovery of India — have been my companions through life. It is difficult to be detached about them. Indeed Glimpses was' written for me. It remains t h e best introduction to the story of man for young and growing people in India and all over the world. The Autobiography has been acclaimed as not merely the quest of one individual for freedom, b u t as an insight into the making of the mind of new India. I h a d to correct the proofs of Discovery while my father was away, I think in Calcutta, and I was in Allahabad ill with mumps! The Discovery delves deep into the sources- of India's national personality. Together, these books have moulded a whole generation of Indians and inspired persons from m a n y other countries. Books fascinated Jawaharlal Nehru. He sought out ideas. He was extraordinarily sensitive to literary beauty. In his writings he aimed at describing his motives a n d...

Words: 198694 - Pages: 795