Premium Essay

A Research on the Management Accounting Environment

In: Business and Management

Submitted By JimKen
Words 1766
Pages 8
Management Accounting Environment

Introduction

Every organization small, medium and large needs someone to be in charge of day to day activities that is going to be responsible for decision making, planning, controlling, directing personnel, outlining organization structure and will be responsible for taking strategies in competitive advantages. In today’s business environment, corporate organizations need to take every advantage they can to remain competitive due to highly increasing competition in the market, i.e. electronics commerce ( e-commerce) and introduction of new technology day by day.

Customers need specialized products and service and accurate information convening product they are purchasing, product availability, order status, delivering time. Shareholders expect greater value from their investment and accurate information of the financial status of the company. This new competitive environment requires companies ability to create value for their customers and to differentiate themselves from their competitors through the formulation of clear business strategy.

In today's business environment, knowledge is power so business strategy must be supported by appropriate organizational factors such as accounting information systems, organizational design and effective manufacturing process Management Accounting deals with provision of information inside the company - that is, the process of identifying, measuring and forecasting, analyzing, interpreting, an communicatinginformation for the pursuit of an organization's goals.

Business Environment, Management Processes, and Management Accounting

The combination of internal and external factors that influence a company’s operating situation. The business environment can include factors such as clients and suppliers, its competition and owners, improvements in technology, laws and...

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Business

...Standardization of Management Accounting Li-qun Pang Department of accounting, Jilin Business and Technology College 130062, Changchun, China pangliqun1965@126.com Abstract. In order to solve the apparent lack of standardization problem of management accounting theory, because this problem is not only restricted the management accounting application and promotion in China's enterprises, but also hindered their own theory the depth development and research efficiency. This paper describes the standardization of management accounting principles, this paper discusses the basic theory that the standardization of management accounting, Analysis of building management accounting theoretical framework the various elements and the logical relationship between them, and select the appropriate logical starting point as a starting point to build the foundation of management accounting theoretical framework. Keywords: management accounting, standardization, basic principles, basic theoretical system, theoretical framework. 1 Introduction Management accounting as one of the two branches of modern accounting, after decades of development, both in theory and practice have made some development, its important role of business management has gradually been of concern to the community, and follow-up is considered the accounting industry development. But in general, Management accounting in China there are still many problems, as opposed to the development of more sophisticated financial......

Words: 2228 - Pages: 9

Premium Essay

Contingecy Theory

...is perceived by some scholars as a fragmentation of various ideals patched together into a theory of management accounting, nevertheless, it should be recognised that it provides a wealth of knowledge into contemporary management accounting practices. Contingency theory provides enhanced information to the individual which ultimately improves decision making and assists in achieving organisational objectives (Hamas and Lääts, 2002, p. 379). This theory has invaluably provided research evidence that are attributable to contemporary management accounting knowledge and designs. It has provided a profound method to adjust to ever changing external environments and the need for changes in internal factors (Otley, 1980, p. 413). Strengths of contingency theory style research Challenging the criticisms of contingency theory for being fragmentary and contradictory due to its methodological limitations, it is the failure of critiques in realising the many different forms of management accounting designs under the contingency approach and the relationships between those design which have perpetuated this idea (Gerdin and Greves, 2004, p.303). Attention should be shifted to the concepts under which contingency theory has been applied. Contingency theory in its simplest form highlights that an organisation’s structure is conditional upon contextual factors such as environment, strategy and size. One of its key strengths is a congruence approach that it represents, whereby......

Words: 1966 - Pages: 8

Premium Essay

Environmental Accounting

...Environmental Accounting Management Practices in Japan COURSE: INTERNATIONAL MANAGERIAL ACCOUNTING(C31IM) MOHAMMED MUBEER.C HOO175198 Contents 1. Introduction: What is Environmental Management Accounting (EMA)? 3 1.1 Environmental Accounting 3 1.2 Environment-related Management Accounting 3 2. Environmental Accounting Management Practices in Japan 4 2.1 Japanese Government Initiatives on Environment Accounting 5 2.1.1 MOE Initiative 5 2.1.2 METI Initiative 6 2.2 Environmental Management Accounting Practices in Japanese Manufacturing Sites 7 3. Conclusion 8 Bibliography 10 1. Introduction: What is Environmental Management Accounting (EMA)? Organizations and the managers mainly believe that the environmental costs are not important for the business operations, however, it does not come to their mind that there are several production costs which do have vital environmental component. For example the purchase cost of raw materials or the unused portion which is emitted as waste is not considered to be environmentally related cost. By identifying as well as controlling these environmental costs, using Environmental Management Accounting (EMA) Systems, it can help environmental managers justify the cleaner production and along with this justify totally new methods of saving money as well as improving their environmental performance also at the same time (Magarinos, 2005) . Thus EMA can be defined as: “ EMA serves business managers in making......

Words: 2932 - Pages: 12

Free Essay

Environmental Reporting

...The need for Environmental Accounting has become the concern and focus of nations and responsible corporate managements. It became one of the foremost issues on the agenda of nations and businesses earlier in the 1990s and the reasons for this were varied emanating from both within and outside of the firm and particularly at the global level (Okoye and Ngwakwe:2004:220-235). A lot of government enactments, laws and regulations on environmental protection have been made in several nations of the world. In the light of the awakening to environment protection, various laws and regulations such as the Environmental Impact Assessment Act, 1992 have been enacted. These require corporate managements to consider the environmental implications of all internal decisions of their managements. Also, all organizations monitored by environmental policy agencies in Kenya are expected to demonstrate much consideration in decision making. Environmentalists agree that it could be more cost effective and beneficial for companies to acquire pollution prevention or clean technology than those of pollution clean-up. It is also observed that in environmental regulations, there is a shift from the ‘command and control’ approach to market-driven forms in which pollution prevention alternatives are replacing pollution cleaning approach. It follows therefore, that determining the appropriate pollution prevention approach may lead to additional decisions to be taken by management. Such decisions may......

Words: 5970 - Pages: 24

Free Essay

Critical Anlysis

...Critical Analysis of a Research Paper Towards an integrated contingency framework for MAS sophistication Case studies on the scope of accounting instruments in Dutch power and gas companies By Sandra Tillema Title The title suggests that the article will give guidance towards a contingency framework for MAS sophistication. The Contingency framework states that there is no one right way to manage an organisation, so the part “towards integrated [...] framework” with the word “contingency” seems like a paradox. We feel that we might not have chosen this article if we were looking at the title only because it seemingly contradicts itself. The group agreed that the title is quite long. We have analysed it by defining the main words of which we used the Macmillan Dictionary (2002) (See appendix B). After understanding the words and theory explanation, the title became quite easy to understand. Abstract and Introduction We feel that the abstract provides concise and simple information. It is a good explanation and expansion of the title. We have chosen this article because it can be easily understood. The abstract states that many companies are being convinced to implement newly developed management accounting systems and also comments on its inappropriateness. The author states the reason for this is due to the contingency theory perspective. She also highlights that this article is based on the cases of two power and gas companies. The......

Words: 2321 - Pages: 10

Premium Essay

Dvances in Management Accounting Research over the Last 30 Years.

...The Journal of Applied Business Research – July/August 2010 Volume 26, Number 4 A New Look At Management Accounting Mohammad Talha, King Fahd University of Petroleum & Minerals, Saudi Arabia John B. Raja, Multimedia University, Melaka, Malaysia A. Seetharaman, S P Jain Center of Management, Singapore ABSTRACT This paper presents a comparison of the traditional management accounting with the new approach of management accounting with the use of latest information technology and manufacturing technologies. The information and data of the research were gathered from various sources of secondary data. Many online articles and journals were available through these search engines such as Google, Infoseek, Lycos, Excites and Altavista. These articles were downloaded from Internet Websites including IFAC library, CPA online newsletters, Institute of Management Accountants, CIMA (Chartered Institute of Management Accountants), Technical Bulletin and Institute of Commercial and Financial Accountants. The modern techniques used in Management Accounting are discussed. TQM (Total Quality Management), ABC (Activity Based Costing) and BSC (Balanced score card) are some of the tools that are introduced in management accounting to keep up with the latest technology. This research highlights the emergence of new, more proactive management accounting that increasingly becomes part of the management team with the business process. The future roles and expectations of these accountants......

Words: 8445 - Pages: 34

Premium Essay

Class Schedule

...Principles of Accounting (11:30-1:00), Textile | Investment Theory | Financial Management | Operations Management | MON | Research Method | Legal Environment of Business | Strategic Management | | | | TUES | Principles of Accounting (10:00-11:30), Textile | Legal Environment of Business | | | | WED | | Strategic Management | Operations Management | | | | THURS | | Research Method | Operations Management | Investment Theory | | | FRI | | | | | Legal Environment in Business (7:30-9:30) | Class Schedule | 9:30 To 11:00 | 11:00 To 12:30 | 12:30 To 2:00 | 2:30 To 4:00 | 6:00 TO 8:00 | 8:00 TO 10:00 | SAT | | Principles of Accounting (11:30-1:00), Textile | Investment Theory | Financial Management | Operations Management | MON | Research Method | Legal Environment of Business | Strategic Management | | | | TUES | Principles of Accounting (10:00-11:30), Textile | Legal Environment of Business | | | | WED | | Strategic Management | Operations Management | | | | THURS | | Research Method | Operations Management | Investment Theory | | | FRI | | | | | Legal Environment in Business (7:30-9:30) | Class Schedule | 9:30 To 11:00 | 11:00 To 12:30 | 12:30 To 2:00 | 2:30 To 4:00 | 6:00 TO 8:00 | 8:00 TO 10:00 | SAT | | Principles of Accounting (11:30-1:00), Textile | Investment Theory | Financial Management | Operations Management | MON | Research Method | Legal Environment of Business | Strategic Management | | |......

Words: 271 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Changes in Accounting Research over the Last 30 Years

...1970’s was a time where there was an emergence of new research directions around the organizational and social aspects of accounting. During this time the accountancy profession was rapidly growing and moving into many new areas, there was a new standard-setting process, greater use of accounting controls in both private and public-sector enterprises, new forms of social accounting, intervention by government in the inflation accounting debate and calls on accounting to change in diverse directions. All of these rapid changes were forcing accounting academics to analysis the changing world of accounting more closely. (p454 30 years of historical accounting research) One of the changes in accounting analysis was a move towards accounting history. Hopwood (1976)called for historical studies in terms that would later be labelled as “traditional”, despite the label it would receive in the future, it still represented an awareness that historical studies would soon be an important source of understanding of the roles of accounting in organizations and society (reference 30 years of historical accounting research). Historical research was slow to emerge, as was highlighted in the Accounting, Organizations and Society journal where between 1976 and 1985 only 13 historical papers were published. Historical research came to the fore during the period from 1986 and 1990 where 22 historical papers were published in the journal Accounting, Organizations and Society, this period was also......

Words: 1874 - Pages: 8

Premium Essay

Acc 803: Leo’s Four-Plex Theater Case

...Accounting, Organizations and Society 28 (2003) 127–168 www.elsevier.com/locate/aos Management control systems design within its organizational context: findings from contingency-based research and directions for the future Robert H. Chenhall Department of Accounting and Finance, Monash University, Clayton, Victoria 3168, Australia Abstract Contingency-based research has a long tradition in the study of management control systems (MCS). Researchers have attempted to explain the effectiveness of MCS by examining designs that best suit the nature of the environment, technology, size, structure, strategy and national culture. In recent years, contingency-based research has maintained its popularity with studies including these variables but redefining them in contemporary terms. This paper provides a critical review of findings from contingency-based studies over the past 20 years, deriving a series of propositions relating MCS to organizational context. The paper examines issues related to the purpose of MCS, the elements of MCS, the meaning and measurement of contextual variables, and issues concerning theory development. A final section considers the possibility that contingency-based ideas could encompass insights from a variety of theories to help understand MCS within its organizational context. # 2002 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved. 1. Introduction The three purposes of this paper are to provide a review of empirical, contingency-based research as it has......

Words: 26957 - Pages: 108

Premium Essay

Article

...THE APPLICATION OF INNOVATIVE MANAGEMENT ACCOUNTING PRINCIPLES FOR ENHANCING PROFITABILITY AND COMPETITIVENESS: AN EXPLORATORY STUDY OF JAMAICAN MANUFACTURERS Phillip C. James University of Technology, Jamaica College of Business and Management School of Business Administration ABSTRACT This study represents the first in management accounting research in Jamaica which seeks to determine the extent to which innovative management accounting principles (IMAPs) are applied in the manufacturing sector. The aim is to determine if manufacturers in Jamaica are using IMAPs to improve export competitiveness and enhance profitability .The study also seek to determine the factors that prevent manufacturers from adopting these management accounting principles. Five manufacturing organizations were examined using an exploratory case study approach. Results indicate that companies adopting IMAPs have more reliable information for decision making, higher levels of profitability and competitiveness when compared with non- adopting companies. Key Words: Innovative Management Accounting Principles, Profitability, Competitiveness 1. INTRODUCTION The manufacturing environment of the twenty-first century has changed considerably when compared with what existed decades ago. Arising from this development and with the increase in global competition, the need for accurate cost information has become an imperative. Manufacturers worldwide have suddenly realized that the continued...

Words: 7284 - Pages: 30

Premium Essay

Flexible Budget

...JOURNAL OF MANAGEMENT ACCOUNTING RESEARCH Volume Fifteen 2003 pp. 95–116 Practice Developments in Budgeting: An Overview and Research Perspective Stephen C. Hansen The George Washington University David T. Otley Lancaster University Wim A. Van der Stede University of Southern California Abstract: Practitioners in Europe and the U.S. recently have proposed two distinct approaches to address what they believe are shortcomings of traditional budgeting practices. One approach advocates improving the budgeting process and primarily focuses on the planning problems with budgeting. The other advocates abandoning the budget and primarily focuses on the performance evaluation problems with budgeting. This paper provides an overview and research perspective on these two recent developments. We discuss why practitioners have become dissatisfied with budgets, describe the two distinct approaches, place them in a research context, suggest insights that may aid the practitioners, and use the practitioner perspectives to identify fruitful areas for research. INTRODUCTION udgeting is the cornerstone of the management control process in nearly all organizations, but despite its widespread use, it is far from perfect.1 Practitioners express concerns about using budgets for planning and performance evaluation. The practitioners argue that budgets impede the allocation of organizational resources to their best uses and encourage myopic decision making and other dysfunctional budget games....

Words: 12311 - Pages: 50

Free Essay

Institutional Theory

...Institutional Theory Part One Introduction of Institutional Theory What are institutions? The general understanding of institutions can be defined as a set of formal and informal rules of conduct, made by humans that facilitate coordination or govern relationships between individuals, organizations or government. Examples of institutions include laws, regulations, customs, social and professional norms, culture, and ethics. Selznick (1949) notes that "the most important thing about organizations is that, though they are tools, each nevertheless has a life of its own". While he acknowledges rational view that organizations are designed to attain goals, he notes that the formal structures can never conquer the non-rational dimensions of organizational behaviour. Individuals do not act purely based on their formal roles. Organizations do not act purely based on formal structures. Selznick notes that individuals bring other commitments to the organization that can restrict rational decision-making. Institutions exert a constraining influence over organizations, called isomorphism that forces organizations in the same population to resemble other organizations that face the same set of environmental conditions (Hawley, 1968). Then, the isomorphism was further discussed by DiMaggio and Powell (1983) where the analysis of institutions exert three types of isomorphic pressure on organizations: coercive, normative, and mimetic. Coercive isomorphism......

Words: 6106 - Pages: 25

Premium Essay

Abc System

...International Journal of Trade, Economics and Finance, Vol. 1, No. 2, August, 2010 2010-023X Factors Influencing Activity-Based Costing Success: A Research Framework Zhang Yi Fei and Che Ruhana Isa becoming more and more popular [3-7] ABC aims to provide accurate costing information to managers to allocate activity costs to products and services by applying cost drivers [8]. Academics who advocate ABC, such as, Cooper and Kaplan [9], and Swenson [10] argue that it provides more accurate cost data needed to make appropriate strategic decisions about product mix, sourcing, pricing, process improvement, and evaluation of business process performance. These claims have led many firms to adopt ABC systems [8]. The benefits of ABC and its positive impact on firm’s performance motivated a numerous studies which examined various aspects of ABC. Among such studies are McGowan [11] who assessed the integrity of ABC success, Innes and Mitchell [4, 12] and Yanren [13] who conducted research on factors affecting ABC adoption, and Shield [3], Shields and McEwen [14], Gosselin [15] and Baired et al.[16, 17]who concentrated on factors influencing ABC success especially at the implementation stage. However, there is mounting evidence that suggests most of firms are experiencing problems in implementing ABC and, in some extreme cases, ABC implementation is not successful [3], which later resulted in abandoning the ABC systems altogether [15]. Questions arise as to why ABC implementation......

Words: 6138 - Pages: 25

Premium Essay

Discussing the Role of Organization Analysis, Person Analysis, and Task Analysis in Needs Assessment

...A competitive business environment is a combination of internal and external factors that influence a company‘s operations positively. The business environment factors include: clients and suppliers, its competitor and owners, market, social and economic trends. competitive business environment has developed the management accounting system by increasing use of timely information in the planning and control functions to a place which has the best view of existing and potential competitor activity ,by creating a strong information base on competition, all with the aim of creating added value and making strategic decision in improving the business and its operations. Because of globalization, the business environment has become increasingly competitive, just following the traditionally management accounting system will lead to low efficiency and loss of customer loyalty and satisfaction. So it is vital to develop new management accounting system in order to solve this problem. The Balanced Scorecard is one of the new approaches in the contemporary development in management accounting. It provides a frame work that translates the aims and objectives of the business into series of key performance measures and targets. from using a balanced scorecard ,each company/business can find out its performance contributes to their goals and objectives. PERFORMANCE MEASUREMENT SYSTEMS Measurement must support the company`s strategy and operation. it also helps employees......

Words: 907 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Evolution of Management Accounting

...1940. He is an American accounting academic, and a Professor of Accounting at Carnegie-Mellon University and Arthur Lowes Dickinson Professor of Accounting at the Harvard Business School. He had wrote a journal entitled “The Evolution of Management Accounting” in 1983. The purpose of this article is to summarize the development of management accounting, including the new demands for management information, and to develop a research strategy to meet these demands i) THE EVOLUTION OF MANAGEMENT ACCOUNTING (From Robert S. Kaplan point of view) In his paperwork, he divided it into five sections. • Section 1 - Development of cost accounting practices from the early textile mills and railroads (circa 1850) through the formation of the great industrial enterprises in the U.S. and the emergence of the scientific management approach. • Section 2 - Management control innovations of the DuPont Corporation and the General Motors Corporation after its reorganization by Pierre du Pont and Alfred Sloan in 1920. • Section 3 - Development in cost accounting and managerial control form 1925 to the present. • Section 4 - Challenges from the contemporary environment that may not be met by the accounting practices developed more than 60 years ago for a substantially different competitive situation. • Section 5 - Agenda for field based research to document or develop innovative management control practices appropriate for the changing industrial environment. ii) A......

Words: 2288 - Pages: 10