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A Review of the Positivist and Interpretive Paradigms

In: Philosophy and Psychology

Submitted By manfredwu
Words 7379
Pages 30
A review of the positivist and interpretive paradigms and discussion on how they are both related to the proposed study 'Chinese culture on learning and the use of meta-cognitive language-learning strategies at an institute of vocational education in Hong Kong'.

Manfred Wu

"I certify that this work is entirely my own and has not been accepted as part of a submission to another degree course"


Word Length: 5,964 Abstract
This paper begins with a review of the positivist and interpretive paradigms. After the description of a proposed study on Chinese values on learning and use of meta-cognitive language-learning strategies (MCLLS), how the study emerges from the two paradigms is discussed. Discussions show that the aims of the study of gathering descriptive data and exploring relationships between the two variables as well as the use of survey method are more pertained to the positivist paradigm as it shares features with the paradigm including a high degree of control over responses, use of statistics both for descriptive and for determining relationships and researchers being detached by adopting the role of an objective and passive informant. Other aims of generating insights on the two selected concepts, collecting information from respondents' frame of reference, focusing on the whole institutional setting and the use of semi-structured interview are more pertained to the interpretive paradigm. It is because the design focuses on the subjective meanings of respondents, the reasons for observable behaviours, and finally the researcher being involved by taking the role of active collaborators. However, as the study is limited to a particular setting, it does not share the aims of generalization and discovering universal laws of the positivist paradigm. Similarly, the interview part focuses on…...

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