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: a Study to Evaluate the Body Composition Parameter Changes Among Young Male and Female Competitive Swimmers and Non-Swimmers

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Title: A study to evaluate the body composition parameter changes among young male and female competitive swimmers and non-swimmers

Background and Purpose: Researches showed that estimation of body composition parameters in competitive swimmers were affected by swimming when compared to their respective age-matched non-swimmers. These results encouraged us to re-estimate the body composition parameters in our athletes with competitive swimming as their main sport. Thus the purpose of this study was to evaluate the body composition parameters among young male and female competitive swimmers and non-swimmers. The study aims towards interpretation and estimation of basic body composition parameter differences, which persist among young male and female competitive swimmers and non-swimmers.

Design and Setting: An Observational Randomized Experimental study. This study was conducted at Multispecialty Department of Physiotherapy, Bombay Hospital-Indore.

Subjects: The study was conducted on 40 young male and female competitive swimmers and non-swimmers. The selection had a specific inclusion & exclusion criteria. Subjects were divided in two experimental groups and two control groups. 10 individuals were included in each group. Experimental groups - A and B had young male and female competitive swimmers and control groups - C and D had young male and female non-swimmers.

Materials and Methods: The swimmers and Non- swimmers were subjected towards their individualised body composition analysis, for interpreting and analysing the body composition parameter variations among young competitive swimmers and non-swimmers of both the experimental and control groups respectively. The technique used for body composition analysis was based on the principal of bioelectrical impedance and the machine used in the study was body composition analyser Tanita BC-418.

Outcome Measures: Height, Weight, Body fat %, Fat Mass, Fat Free Mass/Lean Body Mass, Basal Metabolic Rate, Right and Left Leg Fat Mass, Right and Left Arm Fat Mass, Trunk Fat Mass.

Results: Results of the statistical analysis showed significant difference in body composition parameters among young competitive swimmers and non-swimmers. Body Fat percentage (p

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