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Shanti Business School
PGDM
Batch 2015-17
Semester II

Course Outline

1

Shanti Business School, Ahmedabad
PGDM 2015-17: Program Structure
Semester-1

Semester-2

Semester-3

Semester-4

Course

credit

Course

credit

Course

credit

Language
Skills

@

Written
Analysis &
Communication

@

Soft skills II

@

Employability
Skills

@

IT & MIS

2

Soft skills I

@

Computing skills 2

Social Media
Marketing

@

2

Legal Aspects of Business

2

Business
Strategy

3

Management
Control
Systems

3

Micro
Economics

3

Macro
Economics

3

Business
Environment

3

Business
Ethics &
Corporate
Governance

2

Quantitative
Methods-1

3

Business
Research
Methods

3

Quantitative
Methods-2

3

Core
Elective-1

3

Core Elective1

3

Core
Elective-2

3

Core Elective2

3

Elective-1

3

Elective-1

3

Elective-2

3

Elective-2

3

Grand
Project-1

3

Grand
Project-2

3

Principles of
Management

Basic Building
Blocks

Autumn Break

Executive Skills

Organisational
Behavior

Human
Resources
Management

3

Marketing
Management 1

3

Marketing
Management -2

3

Understanding
Financial
Statements

3

Financial Mgt

3

Operation
Management

Management
Domain

3

3

Basics of
Business
Planning

2

Electives

Credits

Autumn Break

credit

SUMMER INTERNSHIP

Course

S 1

22

S 2

24

Total Credits

2

8

S 3

21

S 4

20
95

Index
Sr.No

Subject

Faculty

Credits

1

Written Analysis &
Communication

Prof. Dhriti Banerjee

@

2

Soft Skills

Prof. Dhriti Banerjee

@

3

Computing Skills

Dr. Nidhi Arora

2

8

4

Macro economics

Prof. Nasheman
Bandookwala

3

10

Dr. Vipul Patel

3

13

Dr. Neera Singh & Prof.
Mansi Vahia

3

18

Prof. Sandeep Makawana

3

21

Dr. Abhay Raja & Prof.
Raviraj Gohil

3

23

Prof. Tirthank Shah

2

26

Dr. Rinki Rola

3

29

Prof. Vivek Banerjee

2

34

5
6
7
8
9
10
11
*

*

Business Research
Methods
Human Resources
Management
Marketing
Management -2
Financial
Management
Basics of Business
Planning
Quantitative
Methods-2
Legal Aspects of
Business

Page
4
7

Semester II Duration

37

List of Holidays during Semester II

38

3

Shanti Business School
PGDM 2015-17

Semester II

Course: Written Analysis and Communication
Faculty: Prof. Dhriti Bhattacharjee (dhriti@scs.edu.in)
Credits: @

Total no. of sessions: 19

Course Objective:
Upon completion of this course the student will be able to:
1. Demonstrate an understanding of the communication process.
2. Develop skill in applying planning and writing techniques to the solution of business problems.
4. Analyze business communication situations and produce letters in language and style appropriate to specific situations.
5. Produce an analytical report based on original research with comprehensive documentation.
Learning Outcome:
Upon completion of this course the student will be able to:
1. Write, proofread and revise common business communications.
2. Identify proper types of messages, the purpose for writing, steps in the writing process, how to adapt to the audience and choosing the best delivery channel.
3. Recall the best practices for business communication while recognizing the importance of non-verbal cues, effective listening and workforce diversity.
Course Outline:
1. Effective Communication in Business
Definition, characteristics, process, importance of communication in business, different kinds of communication
2. Process of Business Communication
Elements of communication, barriers to communication, non verbal Communication, listening skills, effective communication principles
3. Types of Correspondence
Writing memos, notice, agenda and meeting minutes, customer relations letters, letters of instruction, persuasive messages, bad news messages
4. Communication at Workplace
Writing memos, notice, agenda and meeting minutes
5. Business Report
Meaning and classification of business reports, preparation before writing reports, writing abstracts and summaries, main parts of the report, organisation and outline of report body, visual aids, formal report, working plans, prefatory parts: documentation and other notes, supplemental parts, presentation of the formal report.
6. Business Proposals
Types of business proposals, parts of a business proposal, writing business proposals
7. Case Analysis
4

Understanding and analyzing a case, writing a case, presenting a case
8. Corporate Communication
Understanding corporate communication, corporate communication strategy, corporate reputation, corporate social responsibility, crisis communication
Teaching Methodology:
Classroom lectures, activities, presentations and assignments
Evaluation:
Continuous Evaluation: 50%
End term Evaluation: 50%
Apart from continuous evaluation, students will have to sit for a written examination to demonstrate their writing skills.

5

Session Planof WAC and Soft skills :

1
2
3
4&6
7&8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28

Introduction to Course and Basics of Communication
Barriers to Communication and Miscommunication
Non-verbal Communication
Listening Skills CE#1
Letter Writing
E-mail Communication and CE#2
Memo and Memo Reports
Notice, Agenda and Minutes of Meeting
CE#3
Business Reports: Types and Structure
Writing Abstracts and Summaries
CE#4
Business Proposals
Case Analysis
Case Presentation
Corporate Communication
Language Lab
Language Lab
Language Lab
Presentation Skills
Presentation Skills CE#5
Presentation Skills CE#5
Presentation Skills CE#5
Presentation Skills CE#5
Presentation Skills CE#5

6

Shanti Business School
PGDM 2015-17

Semester II

Course: Soft Skills
Faculty: Prof. Dhriti Bhattacharjee (dhriti@scs.edu.in)
Credits: @

Total no. of sessions: 9

Course Objective:
Upon completion of this course the student will be able to:
Speak English fluently and correctly
Learning Outcome:
Upon completion of this course the student will be able to:
Able to demonstrate effective oral communication skills.
Course Content:
1. Language Lab
Solve pre-installed modules in language lab software
2. Presentation Skills
Business presentations and speeches, components of a presentation, parts of a presentation, controlling stage fright and nervousness
Teaching Methodology:
Classroom lectures, activities and presentations
Evaluation:
Continuous Evaluation: 50%
End term Evaluation: 50%
Students will be evaluated on the basis of their class performance. They will make end term presentations and given marks for that.

7

Shanti Business School
PGDM 2015-17

Semester II

Course: Computer Skills /Labs
Faculty: Dr. Nidhi Arora (nidhi@shantibschool.edu.in)
Credits: 2

Total no. of sessions: 22

Course Objectives: To prepare a student with skills to complement his main stream working like Marketing executive, Personal Assistant, Office Coordinator, Purchase
Assistant / Officer or Self Employment.
Learning outcome:
By the end of this course, students should be able to understand:
 Computational capabilities of Excel as a tool
 Data validation and constraints
 How-to of Operating System
 Basics of PC administration
Session Plan:
Session
No.
1-3

4-6

7
8-10

11-13

Topics Covered
Recalling Worksheet fundamentals
 Formatting worksheet data
 Embedding enhancing, and modifying charted data;
 Querying data from within the Worksheet
 Import and export of data
 Integration with other Applications
Advanced Worksheet Operations
 Data Analysis and Data Validation
 Import and export of data
 Integration with other Applications
 Creating Excel forms
Quiz
Basic Computer Skills
 Introduction to Operating System
 Significance of Operating System, types and functions
 Types of Files
 Text Editors Processing
Windows Operating System
8

Readings/
Exercises
Lecture/ Tutorial

Lecture/ Tutorial

Lecture/Discussion

Demonstration

14-17

 Desktop – How do I look?
 Customized Desktop
 Taskbar – What is going on?
 Working with Applications Programs
 Control Panel – My Tool Kit
 Administering Windows OS
Disk Operating System
 Familiarity with terminal
 DOS PROMPT
 Introduction to Dos Commands
 Internal DOS Commands
 External DOS Commands
 Wild Card Character in DOS

18-21

DOS Commands AND Utilities

22

Demonstration/
Examples

Demonstration/
Examples

 Directory Related Commands
 File Related Command
 Redirection
 Input Redirection of a command
 Filter Commands
 Connecting Pipe
 Combining Redirection and Filter
Quiz

Text book
1. Sinha, P.K., Computer Fundamentals, (BPB Publications, 2002)
Evaluations:

Continuous Evaluation
Class Participation (Including class behavior)
Quizzes
Term End Examination
Total

9

30%
20%
50 %
100 %

Shanti Business School
PGDM 2015-17

Semester II

Course: Macro Economics
Faculty: Prof. Nasheman Bandukwala (nasheman@shantibschool.edu.in)
Credits: 3

Total no. of sessions: 33

Course Objective:
On completion of the course the participants shall be well versed with the macro economics concepts which are inevitable for management students to understand the overall policy perspective and other essential indigenous and global economic environment. The course intend to cover generic concepts of economy with both internal and international perspectives
Learning Outcome:



Students will have overall understanding of economic environment and macroeconomic concepts. Students will be competent to take decision at micro level- firm level with overall in-depth macro environment understanding

Session Plan:
Unit

Content

Teaching

1

MEASURING NATIONAL OUTPUT AND NATIONAL INCOME

Discussion PPT

Session and CE
2

Concept of national product, different variants of
National product, real and nominal GNP,GDP and GNP
Price indices different measures of National and problems of measuring National Income. Human
Development and HDI
2

CONSUMPTION SAVING AND INVESTMENT
Consumption and Saving, The Consumption Function, marginal Propensity to Consume, The Savings function,
Investment: Determinants of Investment, The investment Demand curve and Shifts in the investment
Demand curve Investment Multiplier

3

AGGREGATE DEMAND , AGGREGATE SUPPLY
Aggregate demand curve –shift in Aggregate demand curve Aggregate supply curve Shift in Aggregate supply curve- stagflation. Equilibrium in AD and AS, Aggregate demand price, Aggregate supply price
10

Discussion
PPT

2

Discussion PPT

2

4

MONEY SUPPLY AND MONEY DEMAND

Discussion
PPT

3
Class
Test 10%

Discussion
PPT

3

Discussion
PPT

4

Discussion
PPT

3
Group
Test 10%

Discussion
PPT
Discussion
PPT

3

Demand for money – Transaction demand for money,
Precautionary demand for money and liquidity preference demand for money. Money supply with public, demand deposits with bank. Velocity of circulation and Measures of money supply
5

Banking and Financial Institutions

6

Structure and composition of Banking
Reserve Bank
Commercial Bank and credit creation by commercial bank, Financial Intermediaries
Inflation and Policies to control Inflation
Types of Inflation and Phillip curve analysis
Stagflation , Deflation
Monetary and Fiscal Policy

7

8
9

10

Case : Indian Economy dealing with inflation
Business Cycles
Types and Phases
Causes, Effects and Measure to control or Stabilization policies Case : Greece on the road of recovery
Industrialization and Industry scenario
Taxes and tax structure
Types of taxes
Cascading of taxes
Value added tax
Trade, Foreign exchange rate and Balance of
Payment

3
Class
Test 10%

Discussion
PPT

3

Discussion
PPT

3

Trade and benefits from trade, Protection, Trade diversion, Trade creation and trade fortress, Types of exchange rates and determination of exchange rate PPP theory of foreign exchange determination, Balance of
Payment Tariffs and Non tariff barriers, Cartels. State
Trading, Custom union, Dumping
Case: The Indian Rupee – US dollar exchange rate : The economic impact of strengthening currency
11

International Financial Institution
IMF, World Bank
11

India and IMF
Foreign Investment , FERA and FEMA

12

Reference Book:




Macro Economics by Rudiger Dornbusch and Stanley Fischer
Macro Economics Theory and Applications by G S Gupta
Econ Principles of Macro Economics Cengage Publication

Evaluation:
Continuous Evaluation: 50%
Class test 20% (2 tests each of 10%)
Group Test 10%
Book Review (Group) 20%
End Term Examination: 50%

12

Discussion
PPT

2

Shanti Business School
PGDM 2015-17

Semester II

Course: Business Research Methods
Faculty: Dr. Vipul Patel(vipul@shantibschool.edu.in)
Credits: 3

Total no. of sessions: 33

Learning Outcome:
An introduction to quantitative and qualitative designs in management research as well as to frequently used applied statistics. Special attention to ethical concerns in research, measurement issues such as reliability and validity, and the critical assessment of research tools such as questionnaires. This subject is intended to provide opportunities to learn about research methods (both qualitative and quantitative) and to apply them in the real business context through class-room discussions and exercises. The intent of the course is to provide an introduction to, and a basic grounding in, fundamental research methods as they relate to the modern practice of management and to academic research. The topics that will be covered, as well as the practices and tools that you will acquire, will assist you in being more effective designers and consumers of applied research related to all of the domains of management practice across disciplines.
This subject will explain how to formulate research questions, design a research plan, develop a survey questionnaire, and solve critical issues of sampling and data collection including detailed illustrations of statistical data analyses, interpretation of output, inference, and report writing.
Course Delivery:
Lectures present the key conceptual material through discussion and interaction between faculty and students. Lectures are supported by readings. Students are expected to complete required readings and all assigned questions or other preparatory tasks that form the basis for class discussion. Students are expected to prepare for and attend all classes to gain full benefit from the course. Students unable to attend a lecture are expected to catch up on missed material. Unless stated otherwise, all aspects of the course are examinable.
Expectations and Workloads:
BRM is a 3 credit paper. Total 33 sessions of 75 minutes each will be conducted over 11 weeks. Every week three sessions of 75 minutes will be conducted. You should anticipate spending an average of 8 hours per week (including class room teaching) on this subject.

13

Textbook:
Sekharan, Uma and Bougie, Roger, “Research Methods for Business – A Skill Building
Approach” Wiley India Publication, 5e (or latest available)
It is expected that you will have read the nominated chapters (see Session Planning) PRIOR to each class, as information from these chapters will be instrumental in your understanding of class material. There are also a number of texts that deal with specific topics in depth.
Supplementary Text:
Cooper, Donald and Schindler, Pamela “Business Research Methods,” Tata McGraw Hill
Publication, 11e
Zikmund, Bubin, Carr, Adhkari, Griffin, “Business Research Methods – A South Asian
Perspective”, Cengage Learning Publication
Bryman, Alan and Bell, Emma, “Business Research Methods,” Oxford Publication, 3e
Bajpai, Naval, “Business Research Methods,” Pearson Publication, 1e
Session Plan:
Session 1
Session 2
Session 3
Session 4
Session 5
Session 6
Session 7
Session 8
Session 9
Session 10
Session 11
Session 12
Session 13
Session 14
Session 15
Session 16
Session 17
Session 18
Session 19

Introduction of course and course outline
Introduction of Business Research Methods
Theory Building: Scientific Investigation
Overview of Business Research Process
Problem Definition: The Foundation of Business Research
Research Design
Exploratory Research
Literature Review: Secondary Data Research
Hypothesis Development
Descriptive Research and its tools
Experimental Design
Measurement of Variables: Operational Definition and Scales
Measurement: Scaling, Reliability and Validity
Data Collection Methods
Questionnaire Design
Sampling
Determination of Sample Size
Basic Understating of Data Analysis
SPSS Lab 1: Installation and overview of Software
14

Session 20
Session 21
Session 22
Session 23
Session 24
Session 25
Session 26
Session 27
Session 28
Session 29 to 33

SPSS Lab 2: Data Coding and Data entry into software
SPSS Lab 3: Descriptive Analysis
SPSS Lab 4: Creating Summated Scale, Measuring Cronbach Alpha
SPSS Lab 5: T test: One Sample, Two Sample and Paired Sample
SPSS Lab 6: ANOVA
SPSS Lab 7: Correlation and Regression Analysis
SPSS Lab 8: Factor Analysis
SPSS Lab 9: Non parametric tests
Research Report Writing
Presentation of Research Paper Analysis and Counseling for Mini Research
Project

SPSS Lab:
Last session of every week will be for SPSS Lab. Students are required to bring laptop for hands on experience of the SPSS tutorials.
Students are advised to download evaluation version of SPSS and installed it in the laptop.
Evaluations:
Assessment of the course will be done as follow:
Continuous Evaluation: (50%)
Research Paper Presentation
Mini Research Project (MRP):
Title and Research Objectives
Literature Review and Hypothesis Development
Questionnaire Preparation
Data Collection and preparing SPSS file
Data Analysis and Conclusion
Class Participation and Attendance

15 Marks
25 Marks
5 marks
5 marks
5 marks
5 marks
5 marks
10 marks

End Term Evaluation :(50%)
Total

50 marks
100 marks

Research Paper Presentation (15 Marks)
1. Make a group of 4 to 6 students.
2. Select a research paper. Research paper must be published in any journal. You can refer any research journals available in library. You can search online using any search engine (i.e, google) or you can refer Directorate of Open Access Journals
(www.doij.org)
15

3. Read the paper and give presentation to the class keeping following things in mind:
Research Objectives; Literature review; hypothesis developed; research methodology adopted; data analysis.
4. You will be given 20 minutes for the presentation. Additional 10 minutes will be allocated for question-answers.
5. You are supposed to submit hard copy of the paper at the time of presentation.
6. Evaluation of the presentation will be based on following points.
a. Proper understanding of research paper and terminologies used in the same.
b. Completion of presentation in 20 minutes. Under timed and overtimed presentation will be penalized
c. Proper PowerPoint slide design
d. Professional dressing
Mini Research Project (25 Marks)
1. Make a group of 4 to 6 students (Same group created for Research Paper
Presentation will be considered for this assignment).
2. You are supposed to undertake mini research project (MRP). The MRP will be carried out in the following sequence.
Title and Research Objectives
Literature Review and Hypothesis Development
Questionnaire Preparation
Data Collection and preparing SPSS file
Data Analysis and Conclusion
3. After submission of each step you will go to next stage after getting permission of instructor. At the end of trimester, MRP will be evaluated based on the work done by the group. Each step has 5 marks each.
Assessment Sheets
You are required to attach the assessment sheets with Research Paper (Sheet A) and Mini
Research Report (Sheet B). These sheets are emailed to you with this course outline.
Class Participation and Attendance (10 Marks)

16

Students will be evaluated on the basis of their contribution daily. Following criteria will be positively weighted.
1. managerially useful and analytical interpretation of concepts, theory and examples;
2. insightful, relevance and depth of comments;
3. ability to synthesize and build on the comments of others;
4. the quality of responses to the faculty’s questions.
Please expect to be “cold-called” in class. This is simply my way of ensuring an opportunity to contribute.
Submission Deadline:
It is expected that all the assignments should be submitted on due dates. Late submission will be entitled to deduction in marks.
Sr. No.

Activity

Deadline

1

Formation of Group (4 to 6 students) for Research Paper
Presentation and Mini Research Project
Research Paper Presentation
Mini Research Project
Title and Research Objectives
Literature Review and Hypothesis Development
Questionnaire Preparation
Data Collection and preparing SPSS file
Data Analysis and Conclusion

Week 2

2
3

Week 7 onward
Week 2
Week 5
Week 7
Week 9
Week 12

Expected Classroom Behavior:
1. Plan to arrive to class on time and to stay for the entire class period (or until dismissed) because random arrivals and exits are disrespectful and distracting.
2. All cell phones, Smartphone, and other electronic devices must be turned off (or on silent mode) and hidden from view during class time.
3. Food and beverages are NOT permitted in classrooms. Students can drink water in the class.
4. Students are responsible for what transpired if they miss a class. It is the student’s responsibility to contact a classmate to determine what was missed.
5. Talking and other disruptive behaviors are not permitted while classes are in session. Be polite and respectful towards others, faculty and other students. Students are expected to be professional and respectful of other students, faculty, and other staff. That includes verbal and physical behavior as well as language used in email and phone messages.
17

Shanti Business School
PGDM 2015-17

Semester II

Course: Human Resource Management
Faculty: Dr. Neera Singh and Prof. Manasi Vahia (neera@shantibschool.edu.in & manasi@shantibschool.edu.in) Credits: 3

Total no. of sessions: 33

Objective of the course:
The objective of the course is to provide basic knowledge of functional area of
Human Resource Management. This course is designed to provide the essentials of human resource management for all future managers whether or not their career orientation lies in human resources. The course also facilitates learning of various concepts, new trends and skills required for Planning, managing and development of human resources for organizational effectiveness. The course will help the students develop an understanding of the management of human resources and develop abilities and skills required to manage them.
Learning outcome:
On completion of the course the students will be able to:

 Describe the meanings of terminology and tools used in managing employees effectively. Develop an understanding of the management of human resources and develop abilities and skills required to manage them.



Session Plan:
Sessions

2
2
3

Session to be conducted by MV
MV
MV

Course Content

Teaching Pedagogy

Introduction to HRM

Discussion, Lectures

Integrating HR strategy with
Business Strategy

Case Discussion, Lectures

Human Resource Planning

Case discussion, Lectures

18

MV
Analysing work & designing jobs

3
1

Induction & Placing new hires

Case discussion, lecture
Case discussion,
Classroom Discussion

Appraising and Managing performance Lectures, Case discussion, Class activity
Case discussion,
Classroom Discussion,
Class activity

Managing employee Relations through peaceful Industrial relations Case discussion, Lectures

Contemporary issues in HRM

Case discussion, Lectures

Managing Ethical issues in HRM

MV

Case discussion, lectures,
Class activity

Compensation Management

MV

Recruitment & Selection

Employee Training & Development

3

Case discussion,
Discussion, Lectures,
Class activity

Case discussion,
Classroom Discussion

MV
3
NS
3
NS
3
NS
3
NS
4
NS
2
2

MV/ NS

Quiz & Class tests

NS
2

International HRM

Case discussion, Lectures

Text Books and Reference books:


Human Resource Management, K. Ashwathappa, 6th Edition, Tata Mc Graw Hill



Human Resource Management, Gary Dessler & Biju Varkkey, 13th Edition, Pearson

Education Inc.


Human Resource anagement & Industrial Relations by P. Subba Rao - Himalaya

Publications - 3rd or 4th E
19

Evaluations:
Continuous Evaluation weightage-50 %
Components

Marks

Assignment

10

Quiz

10

Role play

15

Project

15

TOTAL

50

End Term evaluation weightage - 50 %
End term evaluation will be conducted through written examination.

20

Shanti Business School
PGDM 2015-17

Semester II

Course: Marketing Management – II
Faculty: Prof. Sandeep Makawana (sandeep@shantibschool.edu.in)
Credits: 3

Total no. of sessions: 33

Prior learning requirement
Basic knowledge of Market and Marketing.
Introduction:
Marketing is one of the important and inevitable activities of any organization. It is even impossible to think about survival of a business without conducting activities of marketing.
Students of Management Program must have knowledge of technical know-how of why and how these activities can help gaining competitive advantage.
Course Objectives:




To expose students to the field of Marketing.
To furnish knowledge on how to survive, compete and gain in the market.
To educate students regarding different tactics and techniques of marketing to acquire and retain customers.
Pedagogy:
The course would utilize a mix of in-class and project learning methods including (i)
Discussions led by instructor, (ii) project work and Assignments by students, and (iii) Case
Study.
Session Plan:
Session

Chap

1,2,3

09

4,5,6
7,8,9

Topic

Pedagogy

Pre-Readings

Crafting the Brand Positioning

Lecture, & CRD

Textbook and
Case

10

Creating Brand Equity

Lecture, & CRD

Textbook and
Case

11

Setting Product Strategy

Lecture, & CRD

Textbook and
Case

21

10,11,12

12

Designing and Managing Services

Lecture, & CRD

Textbook and
Case

13,14,15

13

Developing Pricing Strategies and Programs

Lecture, & CRD

Textbook and
Case

16,17,18

14

Designing and Managing Integrated Marketing
Channels

Lecture, & CRD

Textbook and
Case

19,20,21

15

Managing Retailing, Wholesaling and Logistics

Lecture, & CRD

Textbook and
Case

22,23,24

16

Designing and Managing Integrated Marketing
Communications

Lecture, & CRD

Textbook and
Case

25,26,27

17

Managing Mass Communications

Lecture, & CRD

Textbook and
Case

28,29,30

18

Managing Personal Communications

Lecture, & CRD

Textbook and
Case

31,32,33

19

Introducing New Market Offerings

Lecture, & CRD

Textbook and
Case

Text Book:


Marketing Management – Philip Kotler, Kevin Keller, Abraham Koshy and
Mithileshwar Jha.
14th Edition.

Evaluations:
The course follows a multiple evaluation system. The components of the assessment are as follows:  Continuous Evaluations
50 Marks
 End term Evaluations
50 Marks
Evaluation method is subject to modifications.

22

Shanti Business School
PGDM 2015-17

Semester II

Course: Financial Management
Faculty: Dr. Abhay Raja and Prof. Raviraj Gohil (abhay@shantibschool.edu.in & raviraj@shantibschool.edu.in) Credits: 3

Total no. of sessions: 33

Course Objectives:
To enable students in developing an understanding for basic corporate finance; to make students evaluate and relate corporate financial decisions, and to familiarize the students with analytical tools and techniques of financial management.
Learning Outcome:
This course aims to cover the basic building blocks of financial management that are of primary concern to corporate managers, and all the considerations needed to make financial decisions both inside and outside firms. This course also builds on the concept of net present value and addresses capital budgeting aspects of investment decisions. Time value of money is then applied to value financial assets, before extensively considering the relationship between risk and return. This course also introduces the theory and practice of financing and dividend decisions, cash and working capital management and risk management.
Subject-specific objectives:
• describe how different financial markets function
• estimate the value of different financial instruments (including stocks and bonds)
• make capital budgeting decisions under both certainty and uncertainty
• apply the Risk and Return framework in practical scenarios
• discuss the Capital Structure Theory and dividend policy of a firm
• estimate the value of derivatives and advise management how to use derivatives in risk management and capital budgeting
• describe and assess how companies manage working capital and short term financing

23

Session Plan:
Session
1-2

Topics/Content
An overview of financial management- Dr Abhay Raja
Scope and objective of finance – organization of finance function – agency problem – emerging role of finance managers
Time value of money Prof.Raviraj Gohil

2-7

Rationale and techniques – significance of time value of money – basic theory and applied problems of time value of money
Valuation of securities – bonds and equities- Dr Abhay Raja

8-10

Basic valuation model – valuation of bonds/debentures – valuation of preference shares – valuation of equity shares – relationship among financial decisions, return, risk and valuation Risk and return- Prof.Raviraj Gohil

11-13

Risk and return of single asset – risk and return of a portfolio – Capital Asset Pricing Model
(CAPM) – extended CAPM
Basics Capital budgeting decisions- Dr.Abhay Raja

14-18

Nature of capital budgeting – data requirement for capital budgeting decisions – evaluation techniques – NPV, IRR, BCR, ARR, Profitability Index – project selection under capital rationing – inflation and capital budgeting
Cost of capital – Prof Raviraj gohil

19-21

22-23

Importance and concept – measurement of specific costs – weighted average cost of capital
(WACC) – weighted marginal cost of capital (WMCC) schedule – cost of capital practices in
India
Leverage – Dr Abhy Raja
Operating Leverage, Financial Leverage, Combined Leverage – Deciding
Capital Structure theories – designing optimal capital structure- Prof Raviraj Gohil

24-26

Capital structure theories – net income approach – net operating income approach – MM approach – traditional approach – control, liquidity and profitability aspects of capital structure design

24

Dividend policy-Dr Abhay Raja
27-30

30--33

Relevance and Irrelevance Theories – Practical Aspects of Dividend Decision – Bonus Issue and Stock Split
Working capital policy – Prof. Raviraj Gohil
Nature of working capital and planning for working capital – working capital Management

Textbook:
1. Fundamentals of Financial Management: Brigham, Houston, 13th Edition, Cengage Learning
Reference Books:
1. Financial Management: Text and Cases; Eugene Brigham & Michael Ehrhardt, Cengage
Learning
2. Fundamentals of financial management by Prasanna Chandra 5th edition
3. Financial Management Sheeba Kapil, Wiley.
4. Financial management by I.M.Pandey 13th edition, vikas publications.
Evaluation:
Continuous Evaluations: 50%
Tutorials/Quizzes evaluations: 30 Marks
Assignments: 20 Marks
Final Evaluations: 50%

25

Shanti Business School
PGDM 2015-17

Semester II

Course: Basics of Business Planning
Faculty: Prof. Tirthank Shah (tirthank@shantibschool.edu.in)
Credits: 2

Total no. of sessions: 22

Objective of Course:
 To familiarize the students with the process of Business Planning
 To help prepare Business Plans, Feasibility Studies etc.

Session Plan:
Sessions
No.

Course Content

Teaching Pedagogy

1

Overview

Interactive Discussion & video on Entrepreneurship

2

Understanding Business Idea &
Entrepreneurship

Lecture, Class room activity,
Interactive Discussion

3

Understanding Business Idea &
Entrepreneurship

Lecture, Class room activity
Interactive Discussion,

4

Understanding Business Idea &
Entrepreneurship

Lecture, Class room activity
Interactive Discussion, Case analysis & Discussion

5

Opportunity Identification &

Concept/
Evaluation

Lecture, Class room activity,
Interactive Discussion

Analysis of Market Aspects
6

Opportunity Identification
Analysis of Market Aspects

7

Opportunity Identification
Analysis of Market Aspects

Assignments, field study,
Projects,
Presentations =
5 Marks

Lecture, Class room activity,
Interactive Discussion
Lecture, Class room activity,
Interactive Discussion, Case analysis & Discussion

26

Assignments, field study,
Projects,
Presentations =
5 Marks

8

Analysis of Marketing & Product development Aspects

Lecture, Class room activity,
Interactive Discussion

9

Analysis of Marketing & Product development Aspects

Lecture, Class room activity,
Interactive Discussion

10

Analysis of Marketing & Product development Aspects

Lecture, Class room activity,
Interactive Discussion, Case analysis & Discussion

11

Analysis of Legal &
Technological/Technical

Lecture, Class room activity,
Interactive Discussion

Assignments, field study,
Projects,
Presentations =
5 Marks

Aspects
12

Analysis of Legal &
Technological/Technical

Lecture, Class room activity,
Interactive Discussion

Aspects
13

Analysis of Legal &
Technological/Technical
Aspects

Lecture, Class room activity,
Interactive Discussion, Case analysis & Discussion

14

Analysis of Cost estimation &
Financial Aspects

Lecture, Class room activity,
Interactive Discussion

15

Analysis of Cost estimation &
Financial Aspects

Lecture, Class room activity,
Interactive Discussion

16

Analysis of Cost estimation &
Financial Aspects

Lecture, Class room activity,
Interactive Discussion, Case analysis & Discussion

17

Raising Capital for the start-up

Lecture, Class room activity,
Interactive Discussion, Case analysis & Discussion

18

Building the Start-up Team,

Lecture, Class room activity,

Assignments, field study,
Projects,
Presentations =
5 Marks

27

Assignments, field study,
Projects,
Presentations =
5 Marks

Designing Business Model &
Organizing the venture

Interactive Discussion

19

Designing Business Model &
Organizing the venture

Lecture, Class room activity,
Interactive Discussion, Case analysis & Discussion

20

Preparing Feasibility Reports &
Business/Project Plan

Lecture, Class room activity,
Interactive Discussion

21

Preparing Feasibility Reports &
Business/Project Plan

Lecture, Class room activity,
Interactive Discussion, Case analysis & Discussion

22

Exit Strategies for start-up

Lecture, Class room activity,
Interactive Discussion

Assignments, field study,
Projects,
Presentations =
5 Marks

Reference Book:





New Venture Creation by Kathleen R. Allen-Cengage learning
Entrepreneurship: A South-Asian Perspective by D.F.Kuratko and T.V. Rao-Cengage
Learning
Entrepreneurship by Rajeev Roy-Oxford University Press
Patterns of Entrepreneurship by Jack Kaplan-John Wiley & Sons.

Evaluation:



Continuous Evaluation: 50 % o Assignment of Making Business Plan = 15 marks o Class participation & case study participation = 5 marks o Assignments, field study, Projects, Presentations etc.(This will be spread across 20 sessions) = 30 marks



End Term Examinations : 50%

28

Shanti Business School
PGDM 2015-17

Semester II

Course: : Quantitative Methods-II
Faculty: Dr. Rinki Rola (rinki@shantibschool.edu.in)
Credits: 3

Total no. of sessions: 33

Course Overview:
The course covers topics like Linear programming, Transportation, Assignment, Simulation,
Dynamic Programming, Markov Chains and application of computer packages like excel solver for various quantitative techniques and to use these quantitative methods and techniques for effective decisions–making; model formulation and applications that are used in solving business decision problems. Objective of Course:
The objective of this course is to familiarize the students with the types of business problems often faced by corporate entity and help them develop a deeper understanding of the quantitative techniques, which could be successfully used for improving the quality of managerial decision making. The goal of this course is to teach you to formulate, analyze, and solve mathematical models that represent real-world problems.
Course Outline:
Introduction to Operations Research: Introduction, Origin and Nature of Operations Research,
Scope of Operations Research, Overview of Operations Research Modelling , Types of Operations
Research Models, Structure of the Mathematical Model, Role of Operation research in Decision
Making.
Linear Programming: Introduction, Assumptions of Linear Programming Problem, Requirements of LPP, Mathematical Formulation of LPP, Application of Linear Programming Models.
Graphical Analysis of Linear Programming Problems: Graphical Methods to Solve LPP –
Extreme Point Approach, Iso-Profit Line Approach, Some Special Cases - Multiple Optimal Solution, an unbounded Solution, Infeasible Solution, Redundant Constraints.
Transportation and Transshipment Problems: Introduction, Formulation of Transportation
Problem (TP), Finding Initial Basic Feasible Solution - North-West Corner Method, Least-cost
Method, Vogel’s approximation Method, Optimality in a TP - Stepping Stone Method, Transportation
Algorithm (MODI Method),Some Special Cases - Degeneracy in transportation problem, unbalanced supply and demand, profit maximization problem, prohibited transportation routes, transshipment problems. 29

Assignment Problem and Travelling Salesman Problem: Introduction, Mathematical
Formulation of the Problem, Enumeration Method and Hungarian Method Algorithm, Routing
Problem, non square matrix, restriction on assignments, Maximization problem and Travelling
Salesman problem.
Linear Programming: Simplex Method: Introduction to simplex method, Standard Form of LPP to apply Simplex method, Solution of Maximization and Minimisation Problem, Penalty Cost Method or Big M-method, Two Phase Method, Some Special Cases- Degeneracy, Multiple Optimal Solution, an unbounded Solution, Infeasible Solution.
Duality in Linear Programming: Introduction, Importance of Duality Theorems, Primal and Dual
Relationship, Formulation of Dual Problem, Economic Interpretation of Duality.
Sensitivity Analysis: The Essence of Sensitivity analysis , Application of Sensitivity Analysis,
Performing Sensitivity Analysis and Interpretation of Sensitivity Report generated by Excel Solver.
Integer Linear Programming & Goal Programming: Introduction, Pure and Mixed Integer
Programming Problems, Zero-One Model, The Knapsack Problem, Branch and Bound Technique,
Introduction to goal programming, Application of Goal programming and Integer ProgrammingSpecial Cases
Queuing theory: Introduction to Queuing Theory, Operating Characteristics of a Queuing System,
Constituents of a Queuing System, Queuing Models
Simulation Modeling: Introduction, Process of Simulation, Monte Carlo Simulation, Generation of random numbers, Application of Simulation in Inventory System and Queuing System.
Dynamic Programming: Introduction, Dynamic Programming vs. Linear Programming,
Deterministic Dynamic Programming and Probabilistic Dynamic Programming.
Game Theory: Introduction to Game Models, Two Person Zero Sum Game, Maximin and Minimax
Principal, Mixed Strategies.
Markov Chains: Introduction to Markov Chains, Markov Processes, Assumptions, Markov Analysis
– Input and Outputs, Applications of Markov Chain
Working with Spreadsheets for Optimization, Assignment, Transportation and Sensitivity
Analysis.
Session wise plan:
Sessions
No.

Course
Content/Topic

Teaching
Pedagogy

Concepts

1

Introduction to
Operations
Research

PPTS and
Class
Discussion






Introduction to OR
Origin and Nature of Operations Research
Scope of Operations Research
Overview of Operations Research Modelling

30

with AV
Clips and
Small cases

 Types of Operations Research Models
 Structure of the Mathematical Model
 Role of Operation research in Decision Making.

2-4

Linear
Programming

PPTS , Class
Discussion,
Problem
Solving






5-7

Graphical
Analysis of Linear
Programming
Problems

PPTS , Class
Discussion,
Problem
Solving

8-12

Transportation and Transshipment
Problems

PPTS , Class
Discussion,
Problem
Solving

13-16

Linear
PPTS , Class
Programming:
Discussion,
Simplex Method: Problem
Solving

19-20

Duality in
Linear
Programming

 Graphical Methods to Solve LPP –
 Extreme Point Approach
 Iso-Profit Line Approach
 Some Special Cases
 Multiple Optimal Solution
 An unbounded Solution
 Infeasible Solution
 Redundant Constraints
 Introduction, Formulation of Transportation
Problem (TP)
 Finding Initial Basic Feasible Solution - NorthWest Corner Method
 Least-cost Method
 Vogel’s approximation Method
 Optimality in a TP - Stepping Stone Method
 Transportation Algorithm (MODI Method),
 Some Special Cases –
 Degeneracy in transportation problem
 Unbalanced supply and demand
 Profit maximization problem
 Prohibited transportation routes
 Transshipment problems.
 Introduction to simplex method
 Standard Form of LPP
 Solution of Maximization
 Minimisation Problem
 Penalty Cost Method or Big M-method
 Two Phase Method
 Some Special Cases –
 Degeneracy
 Multiple Optimal Solution
 An unbounded Solution
 Infeasible Solution.
 Introduction, Importance of Duality Theorems
 Primal and Dual Relationship
 Formulation of Dual Problem
 Economic Interpretation of Duality

PPTS , Class
Discussion,
Problem

Introduction to Linear Programming
Assumptions of LPP
Requirements of LPP
Formulation of LPP

31

Solving
21-22

Sensitivity
Analysis

PPTS , Class
Discussion,
Problem
Solving

23-26

Working with
PPTS , Class
Spreadsheets for Discussion,
Optimization,
Problem
Solving

 Simplex
 Transportation
 Assignment
 Sensitivity Analysis

27

Integer Linear
Programming &
Goal
Programming

PPTS , Class
Discussion,
Problem
Solving

28-29

Queuing theory

PPTS , Class
Discussion,
Problem
Solving

 Introduction,
 Pure and Mixed Integer Programming Problems
 Zero-One Model
 The Knapsack Problem
 Branch and Bound Technique
 Introduction to goal programming
 Application of Goal programming and Integer
Programming- Special Cases
 Introduction to Queuing Theory
 Operating Characteristics of a Queuing System
 Constituents of a Queuing System
 Queuing Models

30

Simulation
Modeling

PPTS , Class
Discussion,
Problem
Solving

31

Dynamic
Programming

PPTS , Class
Discussion,
Problem
Solving

 Introduction, Process of Simulation
 Monte Carlo Simulation
 Generation of random numbers
 Application of Simulation in Inventory System and Queuing System.
 Introduction, Dynamic Programming vs. Linear
Programming
 Deterministic Dynamic Programming
 Probabilistic Dynamic Programming.

32

Game Theory

PPTS , Class
Discussion,
Problem
Solving

 Introduction to Game Models
 Two Person Zero Sum Game
 Maximin and Minimax Principal
 Mixed Strategies.

33

Markov Chains

PPTS , Class
Discussion,
Problem
Solving

 Introduction to Markov Chains
 Markov Processes
 Assumptions
 Markov Analysis – Input and Outputs
 Applications of Markov Chain

 The Essence of Sensitivity analysis
 Application of Sensitivity Analysis
 Performing Sensitivity Analysis

32

Reference Books:











Introduction to Operations Research- Hillier & Liberman – McGraw Hill
Quantitative techniques in Management by N D Vohra, Latest Edition, TMH Publication
An Introduction to Management Science; Anderson, Sweeney, Williams and Martin, 13th edition, Cengage Learning
Operations Research - An Introduction; Taha Hamdy, Prentice-Hall, Latest edition
Operation Research- Prasad M.V. Durga, Cengage Learning
Operation Research – Theory & Applications by J. K. Sharma ,Macmillan
Operation research by Nita Shah, Ravi Gor, Hardik Soni, PHI Publications
Introduction to Management Science - Fredrick S. Hillier and Mark S. Hillier, TMH
Principals of Operation Research - Wagner, H.M, Prentice Hall
Quantitative Techniques by Kothari, C.R - Vikas Publication, Latest Edition.

Evaluation:

Components
A

Particular
Continuous Evaluation (50 Marks)

Weightage
50 %

10 Tutorial Evaluations of 5 Marks each.
(5 * 10 = 50 Marks)

B

End Semester Examination (100 Marks)

33

50 %

Shanti Business School
PGDM 2015-17

Semester II

Course: Legal Aspects of Business
Faculty: Prof. Vivek Banerjee (vivek@shantibschool.edu.in)
Credits: 2

Total no. of sessions: 22

Objective of Course:
A business come into e x i s t e n c e , s u r v i v e s , g r o w & d i e under the umbrella of various applicable legislation of the country. During the life of a business, legislations are essential and i m p o r t a n t to understand so as to comply law of the land by adopting appropriate procedure and als o to take advantage of knowledge of law to prosper. This c o u r s e covers important business legislations and i n t e n d s to sensitize students rather than to prepare legal e x p e r t . As a future manager, a
PGDM s t u d e n t must know their legal surrounding at particular point of time.
This course dwells upon dynamic & vibrant nature of law.
Learning Outcome:

Students will be able to understand and apply the concepts of business laws in a particular organisation. They will have knowledge of, and ability to use fundamentals tools of basic legal aspects concerning an organisation in analyzing their legal environment. The students will also be able to assess the legal surrounding at a particular point of time.
Session wise plan:

Sessions No.

1-2

3-4

Course Content

Teaching Pedagogy

Framework of course and its importance, Lecture, Case Discussion
Indian Contract Act – 1872 –
Introduction, Essentials of a contract,
Agreement and contract, Kinds of
Agreements, Kinds of contracts, Capacity to contract, Free consent Proposal,
Acceptance,
Performance of contract, Discharge of
Lecture, Case Discussion contract, Breach of contract, Law of
Indemnity & guarantee, Law of Bailment
& pledge, Law of Agency

34

Concept/
Evaluation
Quiz

Quiz &
Assignment

5-6

7-8

9 – 10

11 –12

13 – 14

15 – 16

17 - 18

Company vs. Partnership Firm,
Companies Act, 2013 Company, Types of Lecture, Case Discussion

Memorandum & Articles of Association, Lecture, Case Discussion
Prospectus, meetings, appointments & removal of directors, membership of company, issue of capitals, amalgamation and reconstruction, proposed amendments
Sales of Goods Act – 1930 – Contract Lecture, Case Discussion of sales conditions & warranties,
Performance
of Contract, Unpaid
Seller, Breach of Contract.
Consumer Protection Act, 1986,
Lecture, Case Discussion
Introduction, Consumer
&
consumer disputes, Consumer protection council, consumer disputes redressal agencies. Negotiable
Instruments Act –1881 – Instruments,
Parties to negotiable, instrument,
Discharge of parties from liabilities, Dishonour of Cheques.
Patent Act – 1970 – Introduction,
Lecture, Case Discussion
Patentable inventions, Application for patents, Procedure, Renewal of lapse of patent, Surrender & Revocation of patent, infringement of patents and remedies. Trademarks – meaning, registration requirements, types of trademarks, remedies in case of infringement of trademarks Lecture, Case Discussion

Copyright Meaning, coverage, rights of
Lecture, Case Discussion owner, remedies in case of infringement.
Information Technology Act – 2000 –
Introduction, Digital Signature,
Electronic Governance, cyber crimes and remedies. Electronic records,
Controlling and certifying authority, cyber regulation appellate tribunals.

35

Quiz

Quiz &
Assignment

Quiz

Quiz
Presentation
by students

Quiz
Presentation
by students

Quiz
Presentation
by students

Quiz,
Presentation
by students

Lecture, Case Discussion

Revision

19 – 20

Environment Protection Act – 1986 –
Introduction, Objects, Role of Courts in pollution control, Protection of environment, Powers of central
Governments to protect environment,
Location, Process & operation of industries, discharge of environmental pollutant in excess, Penalty, Cognizance of offences, Water pollution and Air pollution Acts

Case discussion

Quiz &
Assignment
Presentation by students

Presentation by students

21 - 22

Text Book:
Legal Aspects of Business, Akhileshwar Pathak, Mcgraw Hill Education (India) Private
Limited, New Delhi
Reference Material:
Mercantile Law, S. S. Gulshan, Excel B o o k s . New Delhi-latest edition

Evaluation:
Continuous Evaluation: 50%
1
2
3

Quiz/s
Assignment/s
Presentation

25 marks
15 marks
10 marks

Final Evaluation: End term examination: 50%

36

Semester II Duration (November 20, 2015 to March 30, 2016)
Week Wise

Duration

Week0

20th Nov., -21st Nov.2015

Week 1

23rd Nov., 2015 -28th Nov., 2015

Week 2

30th Nov., 2015 - 5th Dec., 2015

Week 3

7th Dec., 2015 - 12th Dec., 2015

Week 4

14th Dec., 2015-19th Dec., 2015

Week 5

21st Dec., 2015 - 26th Dec., 2015

Week 6

28th Dec., 2015- 2nd Jan., 2016

Week 7

4th Jan., 2016 -9th Jan., 2016

Week 8

11th Jan.2016-16th Jan.2016

Week 9

18th Jan., 2016-23rd Jan., 2016

Week 10

25th Jan., 2016-30th Jan., 2016

Week 11

1st Feb., 2016-6th Feb., 2016

Week 12

8th Feb., 2016 -13th Feb., 2016

Week 13

15th Feb., 2016-20th Feb., 2016

Week 14

22nd Feb., 2016-27th Feb., 2016

Week 15

29th Feb., 2016-5th March 2016

Week 16

7th March 2016-12th March 2016

Tentative Reading Break

14th March 2016-19th March 2016

Tentative Exam Date

21st March 2016-30th March 2016

37

List of Holidays During Semester II
Date

Festival

25/12/2015

Christmas

01/01/2016

New Year

14/01/2016

Makar Sankranti

15/01/2016

Makar Sankranti

26/01/2016

Republic Day

7/3/2016

Maha Shivratri

24/03/2016

Dhuleti

All 2nd and 4th Saturdays of the month

38

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...Hollywood movies are one of the main reason that establish the racism and stereotypes of all colors. It spreads the fictions of whiteness around the world. Therefore, these movies: Tarzan, The Ape Man; Leave it to Beaver; Bringing Down the House and White chicks will bring a closer view about the difference between “white” and “un-white” character be described. Also, the introduction and chapter one of “Unthinking Eurocentrism: Multiculturalism and the Media” has provide a broad, critical overview of film primarily from and about the “Third World”. In chapter one “From Eurocentrism to Polycentrism”, they reviewed standard criticism of view in literary in cinematic work. This essay is aims defined the stereotypical images and roles of African Americans in films. First of all, the movie “Tarzan, The Ape Man” is the fairly easy target for people interested in the perpetuation of anti-black stereotypes. Tarzan is presented as a naked savage who doesn’t learn to wear clothes. It’s racist when in the movie, when Tarzan warning Jane and her father that Tarzan, the owner of the jungles has killed beasts and many black men. He pelts animals with thrown objects to torment them. He kills animals for pleasure. To Tarzan all blacks are lower. Besides, in the movie, the Africans of the Mbongan tribe are cannibalism, superstitious, contemptible and debased. Here it come the love of Tarzan, Jane a “white” woman is defined as beautiful, and apparently resourceful and intelligent. However,......

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...n’t have to invest in those same improvements, creating a competitive disadvantage. The only benefit derives from how quickly Sabre disseminates best practices (best software), lowering costs not just for one company but for the industry as a whole, making everyone including CP more profitable. As a manager, deciding whether to use third party solutions that impact your core competencies, those cost savings benefits must outweigh the investments costs. IBM becoming involved is a similar situation, the economy as a whole receives cost savings, which CP receives a portion of, but also competitors can immediately match those savings. When IBM took over the data centers in Sydney, it allowed IBM to import best practices from across the globe and also allowed the full capacity of the data centers to be utilized by serving additional clients. Best practices bring lower costs to an operation and higher capacity usage brings greater revenue, all good things but again CP only gets a portion and IBM receives the rest. While costs and benefits are the ultimate management decisions, a coherent strategy from management allows IT professionals to more accurately estimate these value decisions. This is the critical area where CP made its mistakes. Due to the financial situations caused from 9/11, the new airport and China taking back Hong Kong; CP shifted to survival mode and cut costs by outsourcing indiscriminately. This damaged the company a few years later, because many of......

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...CONSERVATION IN INDIA One of the most pressing environmental issues today is the conservation of biodiversity. Conserving biological diversity involves restoring, protecting, conserving or enhancing the variety of life in an area so that the abundance and distribution of species and communities provide for continued existence and normal ecological functioning, including adaptation and extinction. India is a mega-diverse country, one of twelve countries that collectively accounts for 60–70% of the world’s biodiversity. A land of high species richness and endemism as well as of agro-biodiversity, India supports an astounding 8.1% of the world’s biodiversity. India also supports 16% of the world’s human as well as 18% of the world’s cattle population. In fact, an estimated 70% of India’s population is dependent locally on natural ecosystems for subsistence means of livelihood, including fuel, housing, food, water, and security of health. Consequently, the country’s biodiversity faces immense pressures. Poverty, lack of sustainable alternative livelihoods and absence of financial , social incentives for resource dependent communities, along with lack of integration of biodiversity and livelihood consideration in development planning around biodiversity-rich areas, have been identified as some of the root causes of threats to biodiversity. Biodiversity, as measured by the numbers of plant and vertebrate species is greatest in the Western Ghats and the northeast. This is......

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...A Guide to MLA Citations for Play Analysis #1 When do I need a citation? You need a citation when you: a. quote directly from a source b. paraphrase an idea from a source c. describe a study or statistic from a source d. are not sure the idea you are presenting came from your own brain How do I cite sources using MLA formatting? Assuming you are using Drama A Pocket Anthology, your “Works Cited” entry at the END of the paper would be modeled after the following: Chekhov, Anton. The Cherry Orchard. Trans. Avraham Yarmolinsky. Norton Anthology of World Masterpieces. Ed. Maynard Mack. 4th ed. Vol. 2. New York: Norton, 1979. 1192-1230. If you are using a play that is NOT in an anthology, your “Works Cited” entry at the END of the paper would be modeled after the following: Walker, Alice.  The Color Purple.  New York: Pocket Books-Washington Square, 1982.  What about in-text citations using MLA format? Here is the deal: If you don’t mention the name of the author/playwright in the body of your sentence, you need to include it in your parenthetical reference— The tendency to come to terms with difficult experiences is referred to as a "purification process" whereby "threatening or painful dissonances are warded off to preserve intact a clear and articulated image of oneself and one’s place in the world" (Sennett 11). If you DO mention the name of the author/playwright, the citation would look like this: Social historian......

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...Thomas J. Vallely thomas_vallely@harvard.edu ASIA PRGRAMS 79 John F. Kennedy Street, Cambridge, MA 02138 Tel: (617) 495-1134 | Fax: (617) 495-4948 Ben Wilkinson ben_wilkinson@harvard.edu VIETNAMESE HIGHER EDUCATION: CRISIS AND RESPONSE I. Overview This short paper seeks to provide the American members of the bilateral Higher Education Task Force with an opinionated analysis of the crisis in Vietnamese higher education. We begin by analyzing the magnitude of the crisis and its root causes. Next, we consider how key actors—the Vietnamese government, the Vietnamese people, and the international community—are responding to the situation. We conclude by stressing the importance of institutional innovation as a necessary component of an effective reform platform. A short essay on Vietnamese higher education and science by a prominent Vietnamese scientist is included as reference in an appendix. This memorandum is informed by Harvard’s experience building and operating the Fulbright Economics Teaching Program, a center of public policy teaching and research located in Ho Chi Minh City.1 At present the Ash Institute is a partner in a research project lead by The New School that is studying the institutional barriers to higher education reform in Vietnam. II. Dimensions of the Crisis It is difficult to overstate the seriousness of the challenges confronting Vietnam in higher education. We believe without urgent and fundamental reform to the higher education...

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...Bathan, Ivy Claire Mansit, Dezerein Faye Experiment #3 Auditory Perception Objectives: * To determine the simple reaction to time to sound. * To be able to locate the source of sound. * To discriminate the presence of obstacle. Introduction: Apparatus: * Bell (inspired) * Scarf (for blinded) * Chair Procedure: Part 1 E and S should become familiar with the following direction: Upper Front (UF) Upper left (UL) Upper Back (UB) Front (F) Down Left (DL) Upper Right (UR) Down Front (DF) Right (R) Right Back (RB) Left (L) Down Right (DR) Down Back (DB) Blindfold S and make him/her in a chair provided with a chin rest in the center of a room (or just go to a quiet place). E rings the bell from each the positions listed above. The bell should originate at a standard distance of 3 feet. The ringing of the bell’s repeated 10 times from each location in random order. Ask S to report where the source of the sound came from. The recorder takes note of the position of the bell and S’s right or wrong responses. All the observers must maintain complete silence during the entire duration of the experiment. Do not give the subject any additional cues in locating the sound. Mark with a check the correct responses and x for errors. Results: Trials | UF | F |...

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...Enablers of Exuberance Jennifer S. Taub Sept. 4, 2009 DISCUSSION DRAFT Enablers of Exuberance: Legal Acts and Omissions that Facilitated the Global Financial Crisis Jennifer S. Taub1 I. Introduction This paper explores certain legal acts and omissions that facilitated the over-leveraging and near collapse of the global financial system. These ―Legal Enablers‖ fostered the boom that enriched a class of financial intermediaries who followed a storied tradition of gambling away ―other people‘s money.‖2 These mechanisms also made the pain of the bust disproportionately felt by the middle class and poor while shielding the middlemen who created the problems. These legal Enablers permitted the growth of a shadow banking system, without investment limits, transparency or government oversight. In the shadows grew a variety of highly leveraged private investment pools, undercapitalized conduits of securitized loans and speculation in complex credit derivatives. The rationale for allowing this unregulated, parallel system was that it helped to create innovation and provide liquidity. The conventional wisdom was that any risks associated with a hands-off approach could be managed by the ―invisible hand‖3 of the market. In other words, instead of public police, it relied upon private gatekeepers. A legal framework including legislation, rules and court decisions supported this system. This legal structure depended upon corporate managers, counterparties, ―sophisticated investors‖ and......

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...Personal Loan 24-hour- Service Guarantee Terms and Conditions Eligibility: 1. All Personal Loan applications including Pre-Approved loan applications are eligible for Personal Loan Service guarantee. 2. At the time of submission, the Personal Loan applications should be complete with all the required supporting documents. Start Point of Service Guarantee: Receipt of complete documents by the bank as evidenced by SMS sent from the bank to the customer. End Point of Service Guarantee: Final decision regarding customer’s Personal Loan application is communicated by the bank to customer via SMS. Personal Loan 24 – hour – Service Guarantee (“24-hr- service-guarantee”) is subject to the following Terms and Conditions: I. Personal Loan 24- hour- Service Guarantee 1. The “24-hr-service-guarantee” shall only apply in the cases where the applicants have provided the complete set of Personal Loan documents along with complete filled in forms in accordance with the Bank procedures. 2. Applications in which bank is unable to contact customer/referee on mobile/home/office phone or have document deficiency would not be considered for “24-hr-service-guarantee” 3. Applications which have been declined by the bank or cancelled by customer earlier, and are reappealed later, would not be considered for “24-hr-service-guarantee” 4. The “24-hr-service-guarantee” will not be applicable in instances where delays are encountered due to the applicant’s failure to satisfy the Bank’s due......

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...“A STUDY ON THE FACTORS BEHIND BRAND SWITCHING IN TELECOM INDUSTRY ON THE BRANDS LIKE AIRTEL, VODAFONE, IDEA AND TATA DOCOMO IN SURAT CITY.” I Bhavin A. Vayla student of Navnirman Institute Of Management Surat, doing Marketing Research project on Telecom Network titled “Factors behind Brand Switching in Telecom Industry in Surat city.” Hence I would be grateful if you would spare your valuable time and co-operate by answering few questions to the best of your knowledge. I assure you that the information collected will be used for academic purpose only. 1) Do you use Telecom service? Yes. No. 2) Do you usually change your telecom network brand? 1 2 3 4 5 Strongly Agree Neutral Disagree Strongly Agree Disagree 3) Where do you look for information before switching your telecom network brand? In Stores. Internet. Television. Hoardings. Word of Mouth. Other . 4) What influences you to go for a particular Telecom network brand? Network Operator’s Office. Someone recently bought the same. Someone already used or using it. Can’t say. No influence. 5) Are you aware about the portability system of Telecom network? Yes. No. 6) Have you switched over your telecom network brand in last 1 year? Yes. No...

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