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Abcde

In: Business and Management

Submitted By nkb08
Words 3685
Pages 15
April 2009
QUESTION 3
Identify the stages in the product life-cycle. Discuss the strategies that marketers could utilize as the product goes through each stage of the product life cycle. First is introduction stage, this stage of the cycle could be the most expensive for a company launching a new product. The size of the market for the product is small, which means sales are low, although they will be increasing. On the other hand, the cost of things like research and development, consumer testing, and the marketing needed to launch the product can be very high, especially if it’s a competitive sector. Example is 3D TVs which need to compete with the LCD’s TV in pricing and cost.
The growth stage is typically characterized by a strong growth in sales and profits, and because the company can start to benefit from economies of scale in production, the profit margins, as well as the overall amount of profit, will increase. This makes it possible for businesses to invest more money in the promotional activity to maximize the potential of this growth stage. Example is Smartphone. Nowadays, people getting interest to buy smartphones as they can fully utilize the phone to help them in daily activities.
During the maturity stage, the product is established and the aim for the manufacturer is now to maintain the market share they have built up. This is probably the most competitive time for most products and businesses need to invest wisely in any marketing they undertake. They also need to consider any product modifications or improvements to the production process which might give them a competitive advantage. For example, the Glad Products Company helps customers find new users for its Press' n Seal wrap, the handy plastic wrap that creates a Tupperware-like seal. For the decline stage, the market for a product will start to shrink, and this is what’s known as the...

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