Premium Essay

Aberrations

In: Philosophy and Psychology

Submitted By deidreacosta
Words 360
Pages 2
Running Head: FERAL CHILDREN

A History of Violence Against Women

Texas A&M University – Corpus Christi

Abstract

Keywords:

Outline

I. Violent Crimes A. Shame and Humiliation (Gilligan 2003; Thomas 1995; Burris 1995) 1. Deficiency of self-love 2. Rejection B. Absence of love (Gilligan 1996) 1. Inability to form close relationships 2. Vulnerability C. Intolerable states of mind (Perelberg 1999) 1. Inability to mentalize 2. Violence is an emotion D. Justice for past injury (Gilligan 1996) 1. Childhood experiences 2. Motive for Crime and Punishment

II. Sex Crimes A. Rape (Ellis 1989; Berger & Searles 1995; Chappell, G. Geis, & R. Geis. (1977) 1. Rage 2. Latent homosexual components 3. Hatred B. Sexual abuse of children (Pryor 1996) 1. Molestation 2. Boundary Contradiction C. Incest (Gaddini 1976; MacCarthy 1988) 1. Symbiotic contact with mother 2. Weak and damaged self

III. Conclusion

References

Blumenthal, S. (2000) Developmental aspects of violence and the institutional response.

Criminal Behavior and Mental Health, 10, 185-198.

Burris, Boyd L. (1995) Classics revisited: Freud’s papers on technique. Journal of the

American Psychoanalytic Association, 43 (1), 175-185.

Chappell, D., Geis, R., Geis, G. (Eds.). (1977). Forcible rape: The Crime, the victim, and

the offender. Columbia University Press. New York.

Ellis, L. (1989). Theories of rape. Hemisphere Publishing Corporation.

Gilligan, J. (1996). Violence: Reflection on a national…...

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

“the Sodomite Had Been a Temporary Aberration; the Homosexual Was Now Species.” Explain What Foucault Means by This Remark with Reference to the Nineteenth Century Process He Calls “the Medicalisation of the Sexually Peculiar”.

...4. “The sodomite had been a temporary aberration; the homosexual was now species.” Explain what Foucault means by this remark with reference to the nineteenth century process he calls “the medicalisation of the sexually peculiar”. At the heart of the statement and references contained in the title are illustrations of how power is expressed through normative discourse in Western capitalist society. The process of how an act once termed ‘sodomy’ became transformed into the term ‘homosexual’ is fundamental to the nature of power in general and to the mechanism of discourse specifically. Foucault draws our attention to domains of discourse that are characterised by establishing quantifiable knowledge as truth, which society affords positions of authority, such as the medical profession. This authoritative mechanism was an instrument that was applied to an existing system of sexual relation governance resulting in a control-dynamic between power, knowledge and sex. The medicalisation of sexuality through discourse spawned a categorisation of the individual as determined by their sexual identity in a process of transforming experience into knowledge, knowledge into truth, and truth into reality. Foucault’s reference to the ‘sexually peculiar’ draws our attention to the delineation between the procreative model of relationships and all other pleasure-centred sexual acts. The child-bearing relationship’s sexual activities were regulated and protected at......

Words: 2171 - Pages: 9

Premium Essay

Aaaa

...used to focus light. A lens is an optical device which transmits and refracts light, converging or diverging the beam.[citation needed] A simple lens consists of a single optical element. A compound lens is an array of simple lenses (elements) with a common axis; the use of multiple elements allows more optical aberrations to be corrected than is possible with a single element. Lenses are typically made of glass or transparent plastic. Elements which refract electromagnetic radiation outside the visual spectrum are also called lenses: for instance, a microwave lens can be made from paraffin wax. The variant spelling lense is sometimes seen. While it is listed as an alternative spelling in some dictionaries, most mainstream dictionaries do not list it as acceptable.[1][2] Contents * 1 History * 2 Construction of simple lenses * 2.1 Types of simple lenses * 2.2 Lensmaker's equation * 2.2.1 Sign convention of lens radii R1 and R2 * 2.2.2 Thin lens equation * 3 Imaging properties * 4 Aberrations * 4.1 Spherical aberration * 4.2 Coma * 4.3 Chromatic aberration * 4.4 Other types of aberration * 4.5 Aperture diffraction * 5 Compound lenses * 6 Other types * 7 Uses * 8 See also * 9 References * 10 Bibliography * 11 External links * 11.1 Simulations History | This section requires expansion with: history after 1758. (January 2012) | See also: History of......

Words: 2141 - Pages: 9

Premium Essay

A2 English Literature Gothic Terms

...OPPOSITE EXTREMES Also known as polar opposites. OPPOSITE EXTREMES Also known as polar opposites. CONFLICT Can be physical, or a clash of ideas / desires. CONFLICT Can be physical, or a clash of ideas / desires. ABERRATION Something that should be natural but has gone wrong. ABERRATION Something that should be natural but has gone wrong. TERROR Extreme fear. TERROR Extreme fear. AWE A sense of wonder (can be uplifting, or frightening). AWE A sense of wonder (can be uplifting, or frightening). THE SUPERNATURAL Whatever cannot be explained in the physical world. THE SUPERNATURAL Whatever cannot be explained in the physical world. DARKNESS May be literal or metaphorical. DARKNESS May be literal or metaphorical. ENTRAPMENT Can be physically luring someone into a place, situation or relationship, or mentally entrapping them into wrong ideas. ENTRAPMENT Can be physically luring someone into a place, situation or relationship, or mentally entrapping them into wrong ideas. IMPRISONMENT Physical. IMPRISONMENT Physical. OVER-REACHING Aiming too high, or for something you shouldn’t have. OVER-REACHING Aiming too high, or for something you shouldn’t have. MARGINAL Feeling or being on the edge of things either physically or emotionally / socially. MARGINAL Feeling or being on the edge of things either physically or emotionally / socially. PREDATORY Preying on others, either to physically harm them, or......

Words: 423 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Nothing

...Prasanna |RK1307A07 |P |Shock waves |30-08-2013 |20-09-2013 |15-11-2013 | |8 |11307140 |Shubham yadav |RK1307A08 |P |Elastic constants |30-08-2013 |20-09-2013 |15-11-2013 | |9 |11307465 |Mulakala Bharadwaj |RK1307A10 |P |Relation between elastic constants |30-08-2013 |20-09-2013 |15-11-2013 | |10 |11308346 |Chinthada Sai Dilip |RK1307A11 |P |Bending of beams and cantilevers |30-08-2013 |20-09-2013 |15-11-2013 | |11 |11303865 |Divyansh Dixit |RK1307A12 |P |Intensity of sound and sound levels |30-08-2013 |20-09-2013 |15-11-2013 | |12 |11309402 |Tanya Singh |RK1307A13 |P |Damped oscillations |30-08-2013 |20-09-2013 |15-11-2013 | |13 |11309639 |Rajendra Kumar Jat |RK1307A14 |P |Lens aberrations |30-08-2013 |20-09-2013 |15-11-2013 | |14 |11310356 |Rishabh Rathore |RK1307A15 |P |Measures to correct lens aberrations |30-08-2013 |20-09-2013 |15-11-2013 | |15 |11310451 |Prithviraj Singh Chouhan |RK1307A16 |P |Dispersion in optical fibers |30-08-2013 |20-09-2013 |15-11-2013 | |16 |11308677 |SANJAY M |RK1307A18 |P |Application of optical fibers |30-08-2013 |20-09-2013 |15-11-2013 | |17 |11308793 |Monika Agarwal |RK1307A19 |P |Torsion of cylinder and torsion rigidity |30-08-2013 |20-09-2013 |15-11-2013 | |18 |11309172 |U Shiva Prasad |RK1307A21 |P |Lasers |30-08-2013 |20-09-2013 |15-11-2013 | |19 |11309173 |Suvam Samal |RK1307A22 |P |Applications of lasers |30-08-2013 |20-09-2013 |15-11-2013 | |20 |11306716 |Tushar Kathuria |RK1307A23 |P |Carbon nanotubes |30-08-2013 |20-09-2013......

Words: 1744 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Philosphy of Nursing

...including the focus themselves. The law of conversation is brought into play and kinetic energy begins to be exploited by imaginary boundaries that hinders the prime motive of directing energy towards optimal healing. Therefore health and illness must be viewed as relational nuances with illness as health just at a different point of observation. Much like when one looks in the mirror the left becomes right and right becomes left. Illness is an aberration of health however they co-exist on the same plane. At the fundamental level of health is consciousness once again, subsequently health therefore is a manifestation of internal energy onto the external plane (George, 2011, p. 438). It could be considered as an extension of the person’s energy field. The writer believes that health is energy directed in a positive direction to facilitate conscious expansion into higher states to give the individual greater understanding. Unfortunately there are terminal aberrations in health however this does not mean the person(s) undergoing this aberrations is not deemed healthy, the focus is just shifted from a healthy physical state to one of a healthy spiritual state. Environment The foundation of environment as understood by the author is laid by Martha E. Rogers, in that it is the totality of the present pandimensional reality relative to space-time. Environment is unique to each form of energy perceiving it even if that material environment is cohabitated. It encompasses all......

Words: 1305 - Pages: 6

Free Essay

Moral and Ethical Implications of Virtual Reality

...phenomenal and noumenal world, the real world is phenomenal, meaning we observe things as they appear and not as they really are (noumenal) (Bivins & Newton, 2003, p. 213-229). This means our craving for VR is a phenomenal process that helps to ground us in our present realities. Under circumscribed conditions, VR can help increase or preserve our moral and ethical aptitudes. The Accuracies of Virtual Reality The integrity of Moral and Ethical decisions is solely based on the information and circumstances at hand. If these entities are flawed or falsified, then moral and ethical judgment becomes impaired. An inaccuracy in VR causes an aberration of sound moral and ethical judgment. Brey in his article titled: The ethics of representation and action in virtual reality: Ethics & Information Technology exemplifies these aberrations of reality in VR by first giving a definitive description of VR, which enables one to appreciate the eminent vulnerability present in falsifying reality in VR (Brey, 1999). Brey describes Virtual Reality (VR) as a three-dimensional interactive computer-generated environment that incorporates a first-person perspective (Brey, 1999). He uses this definition to ethically evaluate the first-person perspective as an actor and not just an observer. This definition leads to the awareness of the moral and ethical choices available to the user. Brey emphasizes that VR permits morality that is proscribed in the real world, and that more purposeful......

Words: 2296 - Pages: 10

Free Essay

Formal Literary Word

...children. * She abdicated all responsibility for the project. abdication noun formal * The council denied that their decision represented any abdication of responsibility. * I think it’s an abdication of your responsibility if you don’t vote. aberrant adjective formal not usual or not socially acceptable * Ian’s rages and aberrant behavior worsened. aberration noun formal a fact, an action or a way of behaving that is not usual, and that may be unacceptable * The losses this year are an aberration, and the company will continue to grow. * A childless woman was regarded as an aberration, almost a social outcast. * In a moment of aberration, she agreed to go with him. * I’m sorry I’m late – I had a mental aberration and forgot we had a meeting today. * The fact that he is late for our meeting is an aberration; he’s normally on time. * It became very clear that the incident was not just an aberration, it was not just a single incident. * The drop in our school’s test scores was dismissed as an aberration. * For her, such a low grade on an exam was an aberration. (aid and) abet verb formal to help or encourage somebody to do something wrong * He was abetted in the deception by his wife. * She abetted the thief in his getaway. * Did he abet the commission of a crime? * Their actions were shown to abet terrorism. * She is charged with aiding and abetting the thief in his getaway. * She stands accused......

Words: 4089 - Pages: 17

Free Essay

Cri Du Chat

...typical cry in p15.3 to be confirmed. Moreover, this study allowed the cry region defined by Overhauser et al. In patients with an unbalanced translocation resulting in 5p deletion, the partial trisomy of the other involved chromosome may influence the clinical features, even if the Cri Du Chat that phenotype prevails. The establishment of the relationship between patient genotype and phenotype in developmental syndromes is the first step toward discovery of the genetic mechanisms responsible for the symptoms and provides a basis for clinical management of the disease in patients. Numerous previous studies of chromosomal aberrations that lead to cri du chat syndrome have established the outlines of this relationship. Cytogenetic analyses had previously shown that some patients with cri du chat syndrome have complex chromosomal rearrangements, with copy-number aberrations involving other regions of the genome....

Words: 969 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Discipline and Management

...deals with the control of how things and processes are done. On the other hand, discipline deals with how individuals behave (Marvin, 2014). 2) Management has to do with routines and procedures aimed at establishing rituals, whereas; discipline deals with self-control and impulse management (Marvin, 2014). 3) Management in the sense of classroom management is the responsibility of the teacher, but on the other hand, discipline is the responsibility of the student (Marvin, 2014). Behaviour generally describes observable activities or mannerisms in humans, which are an aggregate of responses to stimuli or input without consideration of whether they are appropriate or inappropriate. Misbehaviour denotes behaviour that is an aberration from what is established as normal behaviour and therefore has a consideration of appropriateness of mannerisms or activities. Relation between the Pairs The pair of discipline and management terms is related to the pair of behaviour and misbehaviour based on the fact that both management and discipline are used as processes aimed at influencing behaviour by enhancing positive behaviour and discouraging misbehaviour (Marvin, 2014). Therefore, the first pair of terms consists of processes used in achieving or controlling products denoted by the second pair of terms. Philosophy My philosophy of classroom management is one, which promotes affection and interest for knowledge among students. According to this philosophy,......

Words: 788 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Miss

...Simultaneous with this revival of religion is a renewed interest in ethics, morality, and humanitarian concerns. From the subjective point of view, religion is a virtue that leads a person to render to God the homage due Him. As an objective manner of behaviour and concrete manifestation of virtue, revealed religion comprises several things – for example, belief in, respect for, and submission to one God, who is personal, infinite, immanent, and transcendent. And there have to be acts of worship to show these things: Actions speak louder than words in religion as well as elsewhere. Lastly in the objective sense, revealed religions have to have institutions which regulate external religious activity, lest the activity become in some way an aberration, or abnormal, or impinge upon the rights of others. Personal development, another term difficult to define, means actualizing all the potential that is in a person: a process of becoming, of being all you can be in every area of your life… The above samples can be freely used for any purposes. If you seek custom essay writing assistance, you are welcome to place an order at our site.  We guarantee high quality and on time delivery!  The best prices, the most experienced writers, free revisions, and exceptionally high quality are guaranteed! ...

Words: 306 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Religion and Politics

...Simultaneous with this revival of religion is a renewed interest in ethics, morality, and humanitarian concerns. From the subjective point of view, religion is a virtue that leads a person to render to God the homage due Him. As an objective manner of behavior and concrete manifestation of virtue, revealed religion comprises several things – for example, belief in, respect for, and submission to one God, who is personal, infinite, immanent, and transcendent. And there have to be acts of worship to show these things: Actions speak louder than words in religion as well as elsewhere. Lastly in the objective sense, revealed religions have to have institutions which regulate external religious activity, lest the activity become in some way an aberration, or abnormal, or impinge upon the rights of others. Personal development, another term difficult to define, means actualizing all the potential that is in a person: a process of becoming, of being all you can be in every area of your life…...

Words: 256 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Satyam: the Enron of India

...Pressure felt by Raju from external people/s would have also been an influence in his overall decision. 2.2 CORPORATE GOVERNANCE AND SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY In the end, Raju was the one who fell responsible for accounting fraud scandal. “Indian authorities accused Raju, and subsidiary players such as the CFO, a managing director, the company’s global head of internal audit, and Mr Raju’s brother, with the responsibility for the fraud and filed charges against them. Additionally, Sataym’s auditors and Board of Directors bear some responsibility for the fraud because of their failure to detect it.” (Winkler, 2010) “India immediately portrayed the Satyam scandal as an aberration to try to salvage the remaining confidence in its capital markets. Several commentators however claimed that the scandal was not an aberration, but a sign of governance issues in India.” (Winkler, 2010) The second management issue in this case study analyses the responsibility of the organisation to implement effective values, rules and guidelines for all employees to follow to ensure ethical behaviour within the organisation. Corporate Governance and Social Responsibility are meant ensure that the organisation always meets the economic, legal, discretionary and ethical standards in everything that the company does. 3.0 RECOMMENDATIONS It is highly recommended to not only just have standards and policies in place, but to proactively move towards a program to educate people on ethics with the......

Words: 1254 - Pages: 6

Free Essay

Should Marijuana Be Legal

...Meanwhile, the alcohol lifetime prevalence is 80%, with over 62 % reporting drunkenness1. Almost one fourth of the men and one eighth of the women used in another study between the ages of 18-25 used alcohol and marijuana in combination2. Prevalence of drinking and smoking marijuana is a concern because it introduces a bevy of toxins which may disrupt healthy brain development. These toxins can disrupt the activity in the hippocampus, a vital limbic system organ located within the brain's medial temporal lobe that regulates emotions and memory3. Aberrations in hippocampal asymmetry and left hippocampal volumes were studied by comparing adolescent alcohol users, both marijuana and alcohol users, and healthy controls using neuroimaging and neuropsychological data. The results revealed that the alcohol alone users had more right to left asymmetry than healthy controls and double drug users. In addition, the reports states that aberrations of the hippocampus could contribute to verbal, learning and memory problems and make subjects more likely to get in physical altercations and legal issues3. The study also reported that marijuana could be neuroprotective in combination with alcohol use because there was no difference between both drug users and healthy controls3. Concurrent use of cannabis and alcohol actually reduces blood alcohol levels3. However, users were shown to report behavioral problems more often than single-substance users (i.e. poor school performance,......

Words: 938 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Astonomy

...ultraviolet and infrared. There are five main problems with the refracting telescope: Spherical Aberration: the spherical surfaces of objective lenses don’t bring all light into focus at the same focal length, causing a distorted image. Chromatic Aberration: since different colors of light have different focal lengths, they can’t be brought into focus properly, which causes a distorted image. Sagging of the Objective Lens: the lens is so thick in the center and thin on the edges, that it can’t be supported properly and becomes deformed causing light to come into focus at different focal lengths. The image therefore becomes distorted. Unwanted Refraction: pouring molten glass into a mold makes lenses. Air bubbles form in the lens as the liquid gas cools. The air bubbles cause, distorted images due to extra refractions. Opaque: when some wavelengths of light can’t pass through the lens, visible light is dimmed when it passes through, and the lens absorbs ultraviolet radiation. The reflecting telescope was helpful in solving some of these problems because they use mirrors with top coated surfaces which light does not enter. Mirrors don’t sag because they can easily be supported unlike heavy lenses. Since light doesn’t enter the mirror, the problems of different wavelengths, chromatic aberration and opaque do not occur. However, spherical aberration can still occur because when light enters a telescope with a spherical mirror at different......

Words: 3099 - Pages: 13

Free Essay

Specifying Lenses for Megapixel Cameras

...appear higher than what is actually achievable. To properly measure the MTF, an image of a target whose intensity varies sinusoidally in space is used. This sine-wave target always produces a sine-wave image, regardless of the resulting quality of the image. The only values affected by poor image quality are the contrast and phase of the image. When contrast is plotted against spatial frequency, the horizontal axis shows the spatial resolution in line pairs per millimeter (lp/mm) and the vertical axis shows the contrast at any given spatial frequency (or MTF) from 0 to 100%. At some frequency, the contrast in the sinusoidal image will be too small to detect. This is the cut-off frequency of the lens. Even for lenses with no geometric aberration, there is always a cut-off frequency that is determined by diffraction. If diffraction is considered when determining the MTF, it remains the most comprehensive method of lens performance. Before the advent of high-speed computers, MTF was calculated by ignoring any diffraction effects caused by the complexity of calculations required and the time taken to generate the data. Today, however, diffraction MTF should be the only MTF used to describe the performance of a lens. As a general rule, diffraction MTF data always produces lower lens-performance values than geometric MTF data by a minimum of 10%. For high-resolution systems that use 5-Mpixel cameras where it may be difficult to achieve contrasts of 20% this is incredibly......

Words: 1534 - Pages: 7