Free Essay

Abnormal Ocd

In: Philosophy and Psychology

Submitted By mirabw
Words 983
Pages 4
OCD—a disorder that affects about 1 in 100 adults and 1 in 200 children. Obsessive-compulsive disorder is an anxiety disorder in which people have unwanted and repeated thoughts, feelings, ideas, sensations, or behaviors that make them feel driven to do something. Often the person carries out the behaviors to get rid of the obsessive thoughts, but this only provides temporary relief. Not performing the obsessive rituals can cause great anxiety.
Obsessive compulsive disorder better known as OCD, is a disorder that personally affects me in by day to day living. Even though I have not been diagnosed with this disorder, I suffer from OCD like symptoms. Symptoms of OCD are as follows, obsessions or compulsions that are not due to medical illness or drug use, and or obsessions or compulsions that cause major distress or interfere with everyday life. Even though I am not affected by the symptoms in the ways that people who have been diagnosed with this disorder are, I still become anxious when something triggers my compulsive or obsessive behavior and the relief to the action is not gained.
Although I have not been to a doctor and diagnosed, it is not ruled out that my anxiousness that come along with this disorder is not relevant. Obsessive-compulsive disorder is more common than was once thought. Most people who eventually develop this disorder begin to show symptoms by the age of 30. No one really knows the cause of OCD, but there are several theories about what may cause it, but none have been confirmed. Some reports have linked OCD to head injury and infections; other studies have shown that there are brain abnormalities in patients with OCD, but more research is needed to finalize the reasoning behind this disorder that affects a large amount of people.
Relating back to my personal experience with OCD, ever since I was younger, I could remember having symptoms. My mom would have me set the dinner table and when I did, all the place settings had to be perfect. Perfect in the instance where all cups had to be the same, all forks and napkins had to be on the same side and perfectly set, as well as the plates had to match the color of the cups; and if they did not, it would make me feel so uneasy. Funny thing is, my mom would joke with me about being so conscious of the place settings for dinner, but when it came to the cleanliness and order of my room, somehow I was not affected by my OCD like symptoms. In addition to orderly dinner place settings, I had a weird habit of having to have something that was done to one side of my body be done to the other. For example, if I accidently scratched or hit my left hand, I would go back and repeat the action, or as close to the action as I could without hurting myself, to my right hand. The same action took place with my clothing, if I had one soak on, both had to be on or I would become uneasy and everything would feel off.
For a while, my OCD started to control my everyday living. Simple task started to become a long tedious process because I focused so much on this disorder. At the time I did not know what was wrong or what it was called that I was “suffering” from, I just knew I caused me to do things other people thought was weird and if I did not carry out my normal doings, I put me in an uncomfortable feeling “bubble”.
I started having symptoms at a pretty young age. Dating back to when I was 8 years old, the obsessive compulsive acts started. I use to smell everything, and when I say everything, I really mean everything. My family use to get upset with me when they would see me smelling and after being told to stop and I still continued, sometimes my actions would come off as being disobedient. What my family did not understand was I was not smelling and doing these “weird” acts because I wanted to, but it was more of a, I had to. Another one of my “episodes” came when it was time to use the restroom. I had anxiety if when I was using the restroom and everything was not perfect; I would not be able to use the bathroom. For a while, I had a hard time using public restrooms.
As I got older, I began to understand what I was going through, and what it was I was having symptoms of. Once I learned about OCD, I began trying to break the “habit”. I learned that I was having multiple “episodes” and reoccurring “episodes” because I was focusing on it more than half my day. Because I knew I had these “episodes”, I expected them; therefore, my mind was always focusing on the next one to come. As soon as I understood my “episodes” I started working on trying to change the way OCD was affecting me. It has been three years since I made the cognitive decision to work on my “episodes”, and I can say, three years later, I have made significant improvement. Although certain things I do still triggers my OCD, I have become less obsessive.
Obsessive compulsive disorder is a disorder that affects many people. There has not yet been an answer to the cause of this disorder, but there is treatment. OCD can be treated with medication and therapy. The type of treatment a person receives depends on the extensiveness of their OCD and what the doctor sees fit. From my personal experience dealing with OCD like symptoms, it is a challenge to deal with and it becomes troubling going through everyday life having episodes knowing you cannot control them.

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Psychological Disorders

...affects obsessive-compulsive disorder. Anxiety Disorder Anxiety is something that each and every person experiences at some point in their life (Chakraburtty, 2009). An individual who has an anxiety disorder can have feelings of fears and worries that can cripple the individual (Chakraburtty, 2009). An anxiety disorder is stated to be a serious mental illness and can interfere with an individual living a normal life (Chakraburtty, 2009). Symptoms of anxiety disorder include feelings of fear and panic, obsessive thoughts, nightmares, repeated thoughts, problems sleeping, palpitations, nausea, muscle tension, inability to stay still, and dizziness (Chakraburtty, 2009). Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD) Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is one type of anxiety disorder OCD can be a disabling illness that can trap an individual in endless cycles of repetitive...

Words: 1168 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Disorders

...Analyst of Various Disorders Sonia Oliver PSY410 Abnormal Psychology May 24, 2010 Vallery Tovey MA, MA, CAAC, ICRC Analyst of Various Disorders According to the DSM-IV-TR there are various mental disorders that fall under different classifications. Anxiety Disorder has various listings like OCD (Obsessive Compulsive Disorder) is classified under this disorder. Cyclothymic Disorder is classified under Mood and Affective Disorders. Dissoactive Identity Disorder is classified under Dissociative Disorders. Also according to the DSM-IV-TR, Complex Somatic Symptom Disorder is classified under Somatoform Disorder. In describing the symptoms of these disorders under each category, included will be the biological, emotional, cognitive, and behavioral component of above listed disorders. One of the various disorders listed under Anxiety Disorder is OCD (Obsessive Compulsive Disorder) were the individual will form recurring and unwanted anxiety that will produce feelings and compulsive routines. The individual is trying to form a way to provide protection for him or herself (Hansell & Damour, 2008). The biological component may include in other Axis I disorder is present; there is an obsessions or compulsion, which is not restricted to it. The individual can form various habits that include; fixation of food that leads to an eating disorder. The individual can begin pulling his or her hair out (APA, 2000). Emotionally the individual’s disorder is obsessions or......

Words: 1079 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

Psycology

...Abnormal psychology is the “study of behavior that is deemed not normal” (Jay, 2005, P. 104). Individuals who demonstrate abnormal behavior may be diagnosed with a particular mental disorder. According to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual, fourth edition (DSM-IV) the American Psychiatric Association diagnostic manual, mental disorders fall into 16 categories. The mental disorders that make up these categories include: disorders often diagnosed in childhood/adolescence, Delirium, Dementia, and other cognitive disorders, mental disorders due to a general medical condition, substance-related disorders, Schizophrenia and other psychotic disorders, mood disorders, anxiety disorders, somatoform disorder, factitious disorder, dissociative disorders, sexual and gender identity disorders, eating disorders, sleep disorders, impulse control disorders, adjustment disorders, and finally personality disorders (Jay, 2005). This paper will analyze the biological, emotional, cognitive, and behavioral components of phobias and Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD). For each disorder, this paper will provide a definition and the DSM-IV symptom criteria, various/possible etiologies, and various/possible treatments. Phobias and OCD are both forms of anxiety disorders. One component that nearly all anxiety disorders share is the panic attack; such an attack lasts only for a discrete period of time, often 10 minutes. During a panic attack, an individual experiences overwhelming feelings......

Words: 314 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Dsm Iv Tr Categories

...disorders are more complex than others such as hypochondriasis, and post-traumatic stress disorder. Anxiety, mood, dissociative, and somatoform disorders make the ability for normal daily functioning impossible. This paper will analyze the disorders of anxiety, mood/affective, dissociative, and somatoform disorders in reference to the biological, emotional, cognitive, and behavioral components of each disorder category. Anxiety Disorders Anxiety disorders, which are many of the most severe mental disorders, stem from phobias or fears. All people experience some form of generalized anxiety or worry from time to time. Categories of anxiety disorders are general anxiety disorder (GAD), panic disorder, phobias, obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), and post-traumatic disorder (PTSD). Inappropriate anxiety causes the heart to race, breathing becomes rapid, and muscles tense for no reason (AllPsych, 2004). The symptoms, such as excessive worry and fear, become a disorder when they become part of normal daily life. Cognitively, individuals may fixate on perceived dangers and threats. They may over exaggerate the severity of undesirable situations, and underestimate the ability to cope with dangers and threats (Hansell & Damour, 2008). When an individual suffers from a phobia, the fear and worry induces biological effects such as sweating, and rapid heart rate when introduced with a specific object or situation. Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) manifestations are......

Words: 1201 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Psychological Disorder Paper

...and for people who practice particular religions. Different cultures have their own set of behavioral norms that they follow to maintain structure. Therefore, understanding behavior from other cultures may be significantly difficult to relate too. The text refers to this type of view as the relativist perspective on psychopathology because it gives a comparison to unique cultural perspective of psychological disorders. Another perspective is called the universalist perspective on psychopathology because it suggests the absolute continual of ideas and attitudes that people share despite cultural differences. It is common in some cultures to treat an illness as a disorder and label it as such. It is likely to consider normal behavior as abnormal and vice versa in different cultures. American clinicians use the DSM-IV to diagnose mental disorders. However, every illness is not found in the DSM-IV. Anxiety Disorder Anxiety disorder is a term used to describe universal experiences of fear, worry, and apprehension that can be disruptive to daily activity. These symptoms can cause severe distress to an individual. Although the fear can range from a wide variety of situations, such as fear of spiders to fear of socializing with people....

Words: 670 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Field Trip

...Madness Class took us to the Caritas Wellness Link in Tsuen Wan to visit patients who have suffered from mental illnesses and patients who are suffering from mental illness. Stephen, a Social Work Supervisor of the unit, first showed us the training program routes and also provided us chances to listen to the sharing from service users. We also watched an impressive video about a recovery story of a mid-age man. Additionally, a sharing from Winnie, a lovely lady who has recovered from OCD has impressed me greatly. She suffered from OCD occasionally and I could feel the hopelessness and loneliness during her sharing. A lot of symptoms went away and recurred during the first 19 years of her life: she had a bowel problem (and still suffering from this even today) and had to check notes with her classmates again and again. When she was 19, she happened to ask her mother if she love her more than fifty times. After that, she was diagnosed with Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD). As a person with OCD would check things repeatedly and the behavior they repeat usually depends on what they are afraid of. In Winnie’s case, she was afraid of making mistakes and not being loved by her mom, so she repeated checking notes and asking the same question to her mom. Because of this, her friends disliked her and her mom also became impatient after answering the same question multiple times. She did not have a friend and during her sharing, she said even her dad does not understand why......

Words: 583 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Psychological Disorders and Treatment

...Psychological disorders and treatment Psychological disorders can be described as abnormal behavior. Defining what abnormal behavior is can be a complex process. Not every episode of behavior we would deem abnormal is due to a psychological disorder. Having anxiety before a big event, performing, etc. is natural, however, when anxiety starts to affect one’s life and causes suffering, there might be an underlying disorder. Psychologists identify behavior as abnormal when it matches one or more of this criteria: unusualness, social deviance, emotional distress, maladaptive behavior, dangerousness, faulty perceptions or interpretations of reality (Nevid, 2012). Disorders are classified into groups, for example, anxiety disorders, mood disorders, dissociative and somatoform disorders, etc. that are further divided into specific disorders. Obsessive-compulsive disorder, for example, is an anxiety disorder, whereas, hypochondriasis is a somatoform disorder. Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder Obsessive-compulsive disorder is an anxiety disorder that affects the brain and behavior. OCD involves obsessions and compulsions that are time-consuming, distressing, even impairing, that the person suffering from the disorder cannot control. According to Abramowitz, Taylor & McKay (2009), obsessions have four fundamental features: “they are recurrent and persistent thoughts, impulses, or images that are experienced as intrusive and cause great anxiety; they are not simply excessive......

Words: 1586 - Pages: 7

Free Essay

Mental Illness

...Matthew Hoffman Mental Illness: OCD Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is an anxiety disorder characterized by the inability to control or even stop unwanted thoughts and actions. From the 14th to the 16th century in Europe, OCD was thought to be a devilish influence and treated through exorcisms (“Who discovered OCD?”). As time went on, this anxiety disorder was thought as a form on insanity; this was until the 19th century. In the 19th century, the obsessive thoughts and compulsive actions were debated as neurosis (“A short history of OCD”, 2009). Finally in 1910, OCD was known to be the “touching disorder” by Sigmund Freud. Freud and Pierre Janet were the first to identify that the disorder is a psychological disorder (“A short history of OCD”, 2009; “Who discovered OCD?”, Karr, 2010). Obsessive-compulsive disorder affects about 1 percent of the United States and 1.8 percent of Canadians. The cradle to grave occurrence of obsessive-compulsive disorder is approximately 1.7 to 4 percent (Moscou & Snipe, 2009). In adults, men and women are equally affected by OCD, according to the American Psychiatric Association in the DSM-IV-TR (2000). According to Medical Doctor, Sang H. Suh, men with OCD have symptoms show up at a younger age than women; men as 6 to 15 years old and women being in their 20’s (2004). Some researchers say that minorities—mostly African and Mexican Americans—are more susceptible to anxiety disorders, such as OCD. This is very controversial......

Words: 1627 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Communication

...disorders. The more common types include: Anxiety Disorders: Anxiety is a vague, uncomfortable feeling of fear, dread, or danger. Anxiety disorders are a group of psychiatric conditions that involve anxiety. Symptoms can vary in severity and length. According to the Anxiety Disorders Association of America, the five anxiety disorders are identified as: Panic Disorder, Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD), Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD), Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD), and Phobias (including Social Phobia, also called Social Anxiety Disorder). Mood Disorders: These disorders, also called affective disorders, involve persistent feelings of sadness or periods of feeling overly happy, or fluctuations from extreme happiness to extreme sadness. Psychotic Disorders: Psychotic disorders involve distorted awareness and thinking. What is the COGNITIVE DISORDER ? A person with a cognitive disorder does not process information correctly within the brain. This results in impaired awareness and judgment, difficulty reasoning and focusing, loss of memory and abnormal mental capacity. People with cognitive disorders have problems acquiring, mentally organizing and responding to information, which results in an inability to function normally in everyday life situations COMMUNICATION DISORDERS  A communication disorder is an impairment in the ability to receive, send, process, and comprehend concepts or verbal, nonverbal and...

Words: 1117 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

Lkjk

...Chp 15 Notes Defining Psychological Disorders Psychological disorder - a syndrome marked by a clinically significant disturbance in an individual’s cognition, emotion regulation, or behavior Disturbed, or dysfunctional thoughts, emotions, or behaviors are maladaptive - they interfere with normal day-to-day life. Understanding Psychological Disorders Medical Model Brutal treatments may worsen, rather than improve, mental health. Philippe Pinel opposed such brutal treatments. He insisted that sickness of the mind is caused by severe stress and inhumane conditions. Curing them requires “moral treatment’” including boosting patients’ moral by unchaining them and talking with them. Medical model - the concept that diseases, in this case psychological disorders, have physical causes that can be diagnosed, treated, and in more cases, cured, often through treatment in a hospital Biopsychosocial Approach The biopsychosocial approach emphasizes that mind and body are inseparable. Negative emotions contribute to physical illness, and physical abnormalities contribute to negative emotions. Epigenetics - the study of environmental influences on gene expression that occur without a DNA change Classifying Disorders & Labeling People Classification aims to: * Predict the disorder’s future course * Suggest appropriate treatment * Prompt research into causes DSM-5 - the American Psychiatric Association’s Diagnostic and Statistical Manual......

Words: 2057 - Pages: 9

Premium Essay

Anxiety Paper

...affective disorders, dissociative disorders, and somatoform disorders. The likely categorizations and signs beneath these groupings will be covered. As well as, one disorder out of all categories—general anxiety disorder, cyclothymic disorder, depersonalization disorder, and body dysmorphic disorder will be analyzed. Anxiety Disorders The primary distinction between fear and anxiety is that fear is directed at a specific stimuli; whereas, anxiety is more a general feeling of apprehension about the future (Hansell & Damour, 2008). The precise disorders that can shoot from too much anxiety are: acute stress disorder, agoraphobia, anxiety disorders due to a medical condition, general anxiety disorder (GAD), obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), panic disorder with and without agoraphobia, posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), specific phobia, social phobia, and substance-induced anxiety disorder (Hansell & Damour, 2008). Panic and anxiety are regular reactions but when these feelings are sensed in the nonexistence of a underlying agent psychological dysfunction can be the ended outcome, for instance what occurs in the path of generalized anxiety disorder. Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD) Those who suffer from GAD, “…experience chronic pervasive anxiety… [And] feel tense and worried most of the time, which causes them distress and interferes with their functioning” (Hansell & Damour, 2008, p. 119). Furthermore, the sufferer finds it hard to control the pervasive worrying,......

Words: 1461 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Anxiety

...symptoms of these disorders will be examined. In addition, the case of Anna O. will be discussed pertaining to the biological, emotional, cognitive, and behavioral components of the disorder. Anxiety Disorders “The primary distinction between fear and anxiety is that fear is directed at a specific stimuli; whereas anxiety is more of a general feeling of apprehension about the future” (Hansell & Damour, 2008, p. 115). According to, the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (4th ed., text rev.; DSM-IV-TR; American Psychiatric Association, 2000), there are several specific disorders that stem from excessive anxiety. They include: agoraphobia, acute stress disorder, obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), anxiety disorders stemmed from substance abuse, general anxiety disorder (GAD), post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), specific phobia, and social phobia. It is normal to experience fear and anxiety at some point in life but when it interferes with daily functions it can cause a serious psychological dysfunction. “Biological, psychological, and environmental and sociocultural factors all play a role in the development of psychological disorders” (Passer & Smith, 2004, p. 1). * Biological factors such as genetic, neurotransmitter and evolutionary factors are all included in the development of anxiety...

Words: 814 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

The Mental Health System

...The Mental Health System Sheyanne Nichole Gravette Virginia College Online Abstract A journey in the mind of an individual suffering from mental health issues is a frightening ride; fear or worthlessness around every turn. There is no happily ever after in sight without the proper treatment an individual can feel lost in their own mind and lose touch with the reality that care can be administered and a normal life is a possibility for the future. The mental health system has evolved dramatically over the years and options are endless, there is a way to find health and healing. Throughout history the stigma of the condition has wreaked havoc on all those suffering, but present day options have halted such stigma and aided in the rehabilitation of patients. The history of mental health began near the times of 1880; when it was sometimes blamed on religious punishment or demonic possession. Most of those individuals suffering from disorders of the mind were treated in horrible ways and taken into confinement, in special facilities. By removing those people, the general population could ignore the fact that conditions like this existed. Treatment options were scarce, but confinement, hair pulling, and several other horrible experiments were made to try and turn a crazy mind sane. It wasn’t until the 1930’s that innovative therapies were implemented; the minds of those suffering from fits of madness were finally being understood and mostly because of a man named Sigmund......

Words: 1444 - Pages: 6

Free Essay

Psychoanalysis Case Study

...led to some form of psychological impairment; her history is marked with uncommon happening—beginning with her father’s murder, to her marriage at the age of 16. Abnormal behavior is defined as follows: it deviates statistically from typical behavior; it interferes with a person’s ability to function in a particular situation; it is labeled as abnormal by the society in which it occurs; lastly, it is characterized by perceptual or cognitive dysfunction. In all these components, Mary’s current conditions are applicable. During Mary’s first session, she tore a tissue into shreds, never looked me in the eye during our discourse about her husband, and, at one point, stopped blinking for a period of time. All these strange activities may point to a type of anxiety disorder or possibly a multitude of these disorders. In my second opinion with Mary, I utilized a different method of psychoanalysis—free association. I made sure to exclude all my feelings from the conversation so that no countertransference existed. Highly connotative words like death, clean, and hurt were repeated multiple times, giving further credit to my suspicions of her having anxiety disorders. I believe she suffers from OCD, post-traumatic stress disorder, and certain phobias which she developed during childhood. In my viewpoint, Mary developed OCD from her grandmother. Her grandmother’s constant insistence that Mary kill all the “diseases” that she brought in from outside and the continuous ablutions she......

Words: 578 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

As Psychology

...Definitions of Abnormality Defining a person or behaviour as ‘abnormal’ implies something undesirable and requiring change Therefore, we must be careful how we use the term Psychologists need methods for distinguishing ‘normal’ from ‘abnormal’ Our definition of abnormality must be objective: * It must not depend on anyone’s opinion or point of view * It should produce the same results whoever applies it It must not be under or over-inclusive * It must not label as ‘abnormal’ or ‘normal’ behaviours or traits that aren’t Three definitions are used to define abnormality: * Deviation from social norms * Failure to function adequately * Deviation from ideal mental health Deviation from social norms Under this definition, a person’s thinking or behaviour is classified as abnormal if it violates the (unwritten) rules about what is expected or acceptable behaviour in a particular social group. Their behaviour may: * Be incomprehensible to others * Make others feel threatened or uncomfortable With this definition, it is necessary to consider: * The degree to which a norm is violated, the importance of that norm and the value attached by the social group to different sorts of violation. * E.g. is the violation rude, eccentric, abnormal or criminal? Abnormality is defined in terms of behavior which goes against societies accepted standards Different societies have different standards Standards change over time Strengths Should be......

Words: 9006 - Pages: 37