Free Essay

About the Taliban

In: People

Submitted By jazzychef79
Words 2757
Pages 12
Since 1996, the Taliban has created an environment of terror and disorder within the country of Afghanistan. Although terrorists within Afghanistan and of the Islam religion believe that they are justified in their actions, it is made clearly apparent that Terrorism must be stopped altogether. Terrorism is translated to mean ‘army in the shadows’ and is defined as the threat or use of violence to win certain rewards or goals (Dictionary.com, 2010). The earliest known Terrorist organization similar to those of today was the Zealots of Judea, formed when fanatics of the Jewish faith revolted against the of the Roman oppression. They carried on an underground campaign wherein they assassinated Roman occupation forces and Jews that they believed had collaborated with the Romans. However, the first time that the word ‘terrorism’ was used was during the French Revolution which is referred to as the ‘Reign of terror’. During this time the Jacobins who ruled with violence at that time, would sometimes refer to themselves as ‘terrorists’ (terrorism-research.com). Since then, there have been other leaders and people seeking power using terrorism as a weapon. These include the Russian dictator, Joseph Stalin, and Adolf Hitler, a man responsible for the murder of over 6 million people.
The Taliban itself took control of Afghanistan in 1996 and were in power until 2001. During this time however, they were not accepted by the world’s community because their policies were considered intolerable, primarily regarding their treatment of women and their support of terrorism. They were removed from power in 2001 by America when they refused to give up Al-Qaeda leader Osama Bin Laden, who they were protecting after the 9/11 attacks (for which they were responsible). The members of the Taliban were one of the mujahidin (‘holy warriors’ or ‘freedom fighters’) groups that formed during the War against the Soviet occupation of Afghanistan, led by a man by the name of Mullah Muhammad Omar. During their time in power they put heavy restrictions on women, treating them more like objects than human beings. The Taliban also closely supported terrorism, as they allowed terrorist organizations to run training camps in their territory and from 1994 until just after the September 11 attacks, provided refuge and funding for Bin Laden and his Al-Qaeda organization. Though they were so strict on the people of Afghanistan, the Taliban however profited from smuggling operations (mostly electronics) and through the cultivation of opium. Many people have thought the main reason for Terrorism in the country of Afghanistan is because of the Islam religion. It must be clarified that this is not the view of the Afghan people themselves, but of the Al-Qaeda who believe, as Bin Laden, does that the term ‘Jihad’ as it is used in the Qur’an, is synonymous with ‘holy war’, implying that Muslim’s are “to engage in a religiously sanctioned battle against Americans and other Western peoples” (Islam, Lauri S. Friedman, 2008). However, the more conservative followers of this religion believe something very different. According to this group, “Islam is the religion of moderation and tolerance that abhors the terrorists who kill innocents in Islam’s name, even as Islam is innocent of such crimes” (Friedman, 2008). In addition to their religion it is debated whether the Muslim afterlife also inspires certain Muslims to become terrorists. Suicide is strictly forbidden in Islam, but martyrdom is highly encouraged and believed to be richly rewarded. However, as reporter Marilyn Karfeld says, “If suicide bombers were motivated solely to become martyrs and go to heaven, they would stand in front of Israeli tanks” (Friedman, 2008).
Afghanistan’s history does not help the problem either. Since the 1200’s, Afghanistan has had no peace. Starting with the Mongolian invasion, war after war has followed. The Soviet invasion in 1979 led to more war when many groups of mujahedeen warriors tried to throw them from power, and finally the Taliban succeeded. For the people of Afghanistan, this is the only life that they know and it has led to the attitude of violence and thus terrorism being normal and justified.
As a result of all of these factors, Afghanistan is a country with a poor economy, a high unemployment rate and the people in it live every day with the threat of war and violence. Although the Taliban has been removed from power and America has intervened in Afghanistan, they still continue to exist, hiding away in secret being supported mostly by Pakistan. Despite America’s efforts, the Afghan economy is still suffering and there is still much violence; much of it caused by the fact that it is very difficult to tell who is a member of the Taliban since they dress the same way as everyone else and can blend right into the Afghan community. The Taliban is not the only terrorist group contributing to the problem. Al-Qaeda, meaning ‘the base’ are very closely related to the Taliban and very active in their acts of violence. Speaking after the 9/11 attacks, Al-Qaeda leader, Bin Laden said, “On blessed Tuesday September 11, 2001….. They launched their attacks with their planes in an unparalleled and magnificent feat of valor, unmatched by any humankind before them”. So through the affects it has had on Afghanistan and the entire world it is made clearly apparent that Terrorism must be stopped altogether. Afghanistan is located in South-Central Asia and shares a border with Pakistan. This is significant because of Afghanistan’s close relationship with Pakistan. Up until the 9/11 attacks, Pakistan provided both military and financial assistance to the Taliban. Many of the Taliban leaders were educated in refugee camps in Pakistan, having fled there for safety during the more violent times. More than that, many of the Taliban’s members came from Pakistan or had lived there for a time. Because of the two countries nearness, they shared multiple trade and economic ties on top of similar history, religion, culture, linguistic and ethnic ties. Recently, a Taliban cave network was found in Pakistan. It consisted of 156 caves carved into sheer rock. It was discovered that it served as a militant headquarters and a defensive complex used for training until troops overran the compound. Members of the Taliban know the mountains well, as these caves show, using them for protection, having the ability to disappear if they are being pursued (telegraph.co, 2010). Afghanistan’s natural resources also contribute, especially concerning the Opium cultivation. Narcotics trafficking is supporting the Taliban. This problem is incredibly momentous considering that Afghanistan provides 90% of the World’s opium supply, plus most of the heroin to European countries (shanghaidaily.com, 2010). The poverty within Afghanistan is also due to poor land. Because farmers are poor to begin with, they cannot afford good seed, higher yielding varieties of seed or fertilizers or pesticides that can help the land and the value of the crop. It is often difficult then for farmers to support themselves and they must often look to other jobs on the side (cfr.org). The people of the Islamic faith believe that the country of Israel should belong to them since it has spiritual significance in the way they worship. This was the place, they believe, where Muhammad rose up to heaven (inisrael.com). America supports and provides protection for Israel which is part of the reason for the terrorist’s hatred for America. The fact that America has taken control of their country makes terrorists hate them even more. The terrorists are now saying it is America who is practicing terrorism because they have no right to be taking control over their country. Without a trading relationship with America as a result; combined with their poverty, dry land, and war-torn state, Afghanistan must then look to other countries for support and resources. Again the Taliban’s illegal activities come into effect since opium sales and smuggling operations fund the Taliban. In a country where even the government was corrupted, and a culture of violence is promoted, it is hard to avoid problems. Since the Taliban’s fall from power, America has tried to find a way to stop them, but since the Taliban still receive support in Pakistan, it is very difficult to control and capture them if they can cross over the border. With the Taliban funding itself through the drug trade, more people are affected. With the availability of drugs comes the temptation to use them, so as a result many lives have been corrupted. The same is true about the religion Islam; though Afghanistan is supposed to be a religious country, the Taliban has taken religion and twisted it, which has made many Afghan people reject their religion. The Taliban and Al-Qaeda’s hatred for America eventually led to the bombing of the World trade center which shocked the entire world. Talking about it later, Osama Bin Laden says, “We swore that America wouldn’t live in security until we live it truly in Palestine. This showed the reality of America, which puts Israel’s interests above its own people’s interest. America won’t get out of this crisis until it gets out of the Arabian Peninsula and until it stops its support of Israel” (Jamieson, 2008). Terrorists say now that these attacks will continue until America draws out of Israel. Now, because of America’s troop presence in Afghanistan, there is a push to attack them. The Taliban threatens another attack since America has refused to give up its protection of Israel. As to the belief that Americans are the ‘real’ terrorists, former President George Bush has said, “We do not create terrorism by fighting terrorists. We invite terrorism by ignoring them.” (Jamieson, 2008). The reason that America has spent millions of dollars and sent thousands of troops into Afghanistan to help to reduce the violence is also an effect resulting from the destructive work of the Taliban.
As a result of terrorism within Afghanistan, it has become a violent and war-torn country, with constant struggles and fighting between the Taliban and American troops. The Afghan people are filled with hatred and fear, with an absence of peace and stability in the country’s economy. The people no longer know who they should trust. The children in this country have grown up with violence so in turn they become violent. The Taliban’s violence has been directed also at women, having a tight control on them and turning Afghanistan into a very male dominated culture with great inequality between the sexes. In fact, women are hardly treated like people but rather like objects. The women of Afghanistan are forced to wear long burqas in the hot weather, banned them from going for a walk, working outside of the home, going to school, leaving the home without a male relative or even wearing nail polish ( infoplease.com,2007). It is clear that they are not given any of the rights prescribed to men, are controlled and told what to do in every area of their lives. Reports of rape and abuse are incredibly common and are very rarely dealt with by Afghanistan police. In fact, the Afghan government has taken away a women’s right to say no to sexual intercourse (care2.com, 2010).
The Islamic religion, as a result of this has also become twisted and distorted. Serious unemployment and poverty has resulted with the rise of the Taliban, dropping the already low employment rates. The money that was brought in during the Taliban’s leadership was used to fund the Taliban rather than improve and provide for the needs of the people. Though the employment rates have risen since the fall of the Taliban, unemployment is still a significant problem within Afghanistan. The Taliban has also not put much effort at all towards dealing with the civil way so as a result this still continues today. Not only are people in Afghanistan affected, but around the world (though primarily in America) people grieve the loss of the 3,000 loved ones who died as results of the September 11 attacks. Many people are also scared of more attacks, as expressed by Parvez Ahmed, “Today, we all live in fear of terrorism. Equating terrorism with Islam makes the mainstream Muslim community doubly vulnerable” (Friedman, 2008). After Afghanistan refused to give up Bin Laden and other Al-Qaeda members, subsequent bombing by America took place resulting in the death of 3,500 civilians which adds greatly to the Afghan’s distrust of American’s. The whole 9/11 ordeal led to increased security in many areas; as a result airports have now tightened their security, having planned to use full body and pat down searches as regular routines. Organizations have formed to prevent terrorism. Bomb squads have been created and people are generally more careful. This means also that the Muslim people have been stereotyped and thought of with great skepticism. Governments have had to change their definition of human right as they have a responsibility to protect the people but not in a way that undermines fundamental human rights standards (ohchr.org, 2009). Since 2001 many solutions have been presented regarding terrorism in general and in piecing Afghanistan back together. Recently the U.S. has been thinking about ‘talking to the Terrorists’. General Davis Petreus supports talks with what he calls ‘reconcilable elements’ within the Taliban. He talks of the way they did this in the ‘Sunni Awakening’ which involved America paying the Iraqi’s who were attacking the U.S. after they invaded their country in 2003, to instead fight against Al-Qaeda and their allies(haaretz.com, 2010). However, it seems that although some say this is the only way to find peace, this could not happen without a compromise. The first demand would be that America must first stop protecting Israel and draw their troops from Afghanistan. At the present, NATO ( North Atlantic Treaty Organization) have 34,000 troops in Afghanistan but many have said that in order for them to be effective, more are needed and they must commit to helping Afghanistan in the long term. This can be done by ensuring stability and continued development, as well as safety, for the Afghan people from the Taliban. Cooperation must be gained from Iran and India and borders must be stabilized to keep militants from entering Afghanistan. Terrorism has been affecting Afghanistan and the World for centuries and it is time that rigorous measures are taken to put an end to it and solve the problem of violence for political cause throughout the World. With much work it is still possible to overcome the clutches of the Taliban, free the Afghan people of their hate and violence, and bring God into the land of Afghanistan. In a way, defeating terrorism is not as much that which we do but the attitude with which we do it; in the words of Brian. M. Jenkins, U.S. terrorism expert, “Our most effective defense against terrorism will not come from surveillance, concrete barriers, metal detectors, or new laws. It will come from our own virtue, our courage, our continued dedication to the ideals of a free society” (Jamieson, pg. 25).
.

Works Cited
Jamieson, Alison. “Can the War on Terrorism Be Won?” Mankato, Minn.: Arcturus, 2009.
Friedman, Lauri S. “Islam”. Detroit: Greenhaven, 2006.
Gannon, Kathy. “I Is for Infidel: from Holy War to Holy Terror: 18 Years inside Afghanistan”. New York: Public Affairs, 2005.
"Afghanistan History." Afghanistan Government. Web. 01 May 2010. .
"Early History of Terrorism." Terrorism Research - What Is Terrorism? Web. 17 May 2010. .
September, In. "The Taliban — Infoplease.com." Infoplease: Encyclopedia, Almanac, Atlas, Biographies, Dictionary, Thesaurus. Free Online Reference, Research & Homework Help. — Infoplease.com. Web. 17 May 2010. .
"Taliban Cave Network Found in Pakistan - Telegraph." Telegraph.co.uk: News, Business, Sport, the Daily Telegraph Newspaper, Sunday Telegraph - Telegraph. Web. 01 May 2010. .
"Afghanistan Legalizes Rape." Care2 - Largest Online Community for Healthy and Green Living, Human Rights and Animal Welfare. Web. 17 May 2010. .
"U.S. General: Israel-Palestinian Conflict Foments Anti-U.S. Sentiment - Haaretz Daily Newspaper | Israel News." Israel News - Haaretz Israeli News Source. Web. 18 May 2010. .
"BBC News - Obama to Send 30,000 More US Troops to Afghanistan." BBC NEWS | News Front Page. Web. 18 May 2010. .
September, In. "The Taliban — Infoplease.com." Infoplease: Encyclopedia, Almanac, Atlas, Biographies, Dictionary, Thesaurus. Free Online Reference, Research & Homework Help. — Infoplease.com. Web. 30 Apr. 2010. .
"The Taliban in Afghanistan." Council on Foreign Relations. Web. 01 May 2010. .
War, The Taliban. "The Taliban: War, Religion and the ..." Google Books. Web. 30 Apr. 2010.

Similar Documents

Free Essay

Negotiations Between Afghan Government and the Taliban Interest vs. Power and Position

...Negotiations Between Afghan Government and the Taliban Interest Vs. Power and Position In 2007 a series of increasingly violent attacks in many provinces and the capital of Afghanistan, President Hamid Karzai decided to negotiate with the Taliban, and offered them senior government positions in exchange for peace focusing on public interest. Dispirited by losses at the hands of NATO bombings, the Taliban also decided to talk. However, the Taliban’s demands changed, and dramatically increased every year. The parties have not reached an agreement yet because of the Taliban’s excessive demands. The Taliban’s excessiveness in the past few years bring up the question: Are the Taliban exclusively focused on position and power, and the government on interest? This difference is critical because if the Taliban is only focused on position and power, the government is see as an opponent rather than a partner and the goal of this negotiation is victory rather than an agreement. Most of the Taliban are a group of angry people who are ready to lose anything to gain power. While the top tier of the Taliban comprises the ideologues, a majority of the members are not in the group for defending or promoting an ideology. Many are in this group because they do not have alternative employment opportunities from the government. Several are dismayed at the progress made by the government and disappointed with the unfulfilled promises that......

Words: 2532 - Pages: 11

Free Essay

International Relations

...bordered by Pakistan in the south and east. Since the late 1970s Afghanistan has suffered brutal civil war in addition to foreign interventions in the form of the 1979 Soviet invasion and the 2001 U.S. invasion. The strategic interests of the great powers of the day in Afghanistan pitched against the potential threat of terrorism, religious extremism, smuggling and drug trafficking substantiates the assertion that Afghan security situation has the potential to generate effects far beyond its borders. Afghanistan had experienced several coups since 1973, when the Afghan monarchy was overthrown by Daud Khan, who was sympathetic to Soviet overtures. Subsequent coups reflected struggles within Afghanistan among factions with different ideas about how Afghanistan should be governed and whether it should be communist, and with degrees warmth toward the Soviet Union. The Soviets intervened following the overthrow of a pro-communist leader. In late December 1979, after several months of evident military preparation, they invaded Afganistan. At that time, the Soviet Union and the United States were engaged in the Cold War, a global competition for the fealty of other nations. The United States was, thus, deeply interested in whether the Soviet Union would succeed in establishing a communist government loyal to Moscow in Afghanistan. In order to forestall that possibility, the United States began funding insurgent forces to oppose the Soviets. The U.S.-funded Afghan insurgents were......

Words: 5184 - Pages: 21

Premium Essay

Women Under Taliban Rule

...Did you know before the Taliban took over women’s rights in Afghanistan women where the top percentage of having a jobs and an education. 50% of the students and 60% of the teachers at Kabul University were women. In addition 70% of schoolteachers, 50% of civilian government workers, and 40% of doctors in Kabul were women. When the Taliban came in to rule they took over the country, and executed all women rights. In this essay I will discuss the rise of women under the Taliban rule. The affects they had on the women, the restriction the forced on the women, and health issues that where caused by the Taliban regime. Taliban is a Muslim fundamentalist group in Afghanistan. They developed their extremist interpretation of Islam in the refugre camps of Pakistan during the war in 1979-1989. The Taliban fought against the Mujahedeen for control of the country. With this victory they came back to the heart of Afghanistan which is know as Kabul the capital of the country. On September 27, 1996 the take over of the capital where the streets was filled with young bearded men in black turban who raced around Kabul with whips and leather and cable, beating anyone who they felt where not un-Islamic. As the mobbed the way in to the Kabul. They felt as they where the new god in town. With this they could run the country under there own rules. As they became stronger in power the Taliban regime place and instituted system on gender mostly to the women. This system stripped women and......

Words: 1492 - Pages: 6

Free Essay

Created by Blood

...| Created By Blood: | How Afghanistan's past influenced it present and future. | Jose M. Alvarez 12/22/2012 | Abstract I have been deployed to Afghanistan a few times during my military career. During theses deployments, I never focused on the past, present, and future of Afghanistan. I only focused on my mission at hand. I did basic research about the culture, and geography, but I never focused on what makes Afghanistan what it is; a country that by today's international standards has devolved. As I write this paper, I have a few goals. First, is to expand my knowledge base on the country, which in the long run will have a direct affect on my missions. Secondly, I wish to answer the question "How has the past forty years of constant conflict affected Afghanistan's past, present, and future". I want to look at this as a study because Afghanistan has been in a constant state of war for the last forty years, and it has taken its toll. Generations of Afghani's have never known peace, only war. In order to do a proper analysis on an entire country and its people, I will address the PMESII-P factors, though not sequentially. PMESII-P is a military acronym that stands for Political, military, economic, social, information, infrastructure, and physical environment. PMESII-P is a "reliable framework for analysis that, when applied judiciously, will lead to a sophisticated understanding of the dynamics within the foreign country or region of their assignment.......

Words: 4855 - Pages: 20

Free Essay

Pakistan Contribution to Global War on Terrorism

...with Pakistan’s performance and pressurizes it to “Do More.” In this situation what should Pakistan do as a sovereign state? At the same time what is the international community’s responsibility towards Pakistan as a partner in this global war? The United States (US) and North Atlantic Treaty Organisation (NATO) have been fighting against the Taliban for the last decade but the war is nowhere near its end. This study is an exploration of the question whether war is the solution or the problem? Key Words: War on Terror, World Response, Pakistan’s Contribution, Operations, Agreements. Background P akistan has always played a constructive role in the United Nations (UN) — it is one of its largest net troop contributors and its active role in the solution of world issues is internationally recognized. It borders three major strategic regions; South Asia, Central Asia and the Middle East, and its geographical proximity to Afghanistan has made it an important partner of the United States. Pakistan has played a significant role, both during the Cold War and as a non-NATO member in the US-led “War on Terror” against al Qaeda and the Taliban. After 9/11 terrorism became a serious problem in international relations. It was the first time in recent history that the US had been confronted with such a huge disaster on its own soil. Maintaining internal security and protecting its global interests became a...

Words: 8479 - Pages: 34

Free Essay

Destruction of Bamiyan Buddhas

...the Taliban justified in destroying the Bamiyan Buddhas? I do not think that this destruction of art was justified. It is unjustified for the following grounds; I trust the Taliban had ulterior motives, it diminishes an important region of Afghanistan and Buddhist civilization in the region, and the destruction represents religious intolerance and hate by the Taliban. The Taliban’s Supreme leader Muhammed Mullah Omar issued a decree to destroy the Buddhas in March 2001. Subsequently, after doing so, Mr. Rahmatullah, an advisor to him said he practiced this because the mullahs were outraged about money being applied to repair the statues for the thousands of hungry citizens’ of Afghanistan (partially the consequence of sanctions by the UN for bombing of two American Embassies in Africa). He said, “If we had wanted to destroy those statues, we could have performed it three years ago," Mr. Rahmatullah said. "Then why didn't we? In our faith, if anything is harmless, we simply give it. If money is going to statues while children are dying of malnutrition next door, then that makes it harmful, and we destroy it.”(Crossette, NYTimes.com) Mullah Omar had issued a decree in July of 1999 for a protection of the Buddhas “Because Afghanistan's Buddhist population no longer exists, so the stats are no longer worshipped, he added: "The government considers the Bamiyan statues as an example of a potential major source of income for Afghanistan from international visitors. The Taliban......

Words: 908 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

My Forbidden Face

...individual lacking the same opportunities as someone who is privileged because of the same sub categories of race, class, sex, religion, sexual orientation, and able-bodiness. Latifa’s novel My Forbidden Face is one that shows many strong examples of oppression for Latifa and her family. Not only do we see disadvantages in her life based on her sex and religion, but the Taliban goes even further to control the people of Kabul by providing restrictions on the media and their everyday routines. Throughout My Forbidden Face, we see the main character of Latifa being oppressed from the very beginning, especially because of her female sex. Outlined by FOOT, we see several “isms” that could be taken out on a person, or group of people. One that we see very often and that is a prominent focus of Latifa’s novel is sexism. Rothenberg describes sexism as a system of advantage that is based on a particular sex (2010). There is an abundant amount of evidence to prove that Latifa’s female being prohibited her from gaining the same advantages that were provided to the men throughout her life. When the first sign of the Taliban invading...

Words: 1547 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Afghanistan

...rooted in different factions of the country and the U.S. can not make it all go away. Different problems include the high concentration and presence of Taliban forces in certain areas of the country, the misuse of U.S. and N.A.T.O. aid money, and the large amount of political corruption. One dramatic issue that the U.S. first addressed in Afghanistan was the Taliban run government. In 2001 we invaded with the intent to topple the Taliban regime and we did so successfully. Twelve years later the government is in better hands but the Taliban is still very much a presence as a powerful insurgency. Such activity is easy to continue especially with Pakistan providing safe haven for all Taliban insurgents. The Taliban has a great amount of support from other terrorist networks such as the Haqqani network which has a lot of influence on the Durand line which separates Afghanistan and Pakistan. They now have some 3,000 followers who stay loyal to themselves as well as the Taliban.7 Public support for the Taliban insurgency has diminished over the past four years much due to the fact that a large portion of the population feels that it is only a “proxy for Pakistan”.7 Taliban infiltration of Afghani police and military forces has also been a large problem and cause of Afghani deaths. In these “green on green” attacks Taliban members pose as Afghan police or army members and then turn their weapons on the men and women around them.7 The overall problem continuos to be......

Words: 1100 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Soccer, Slaughter

...patrolling the aisles, eighteen years old at most by the look of the butt of his Kalashnikov. ‘Do that again and I’ll cut out your tongue, you old donkey!’… I was sitting there, blood gushing down my face, apologizing to that son of a dog” (209). Under the brutal control of the Russians, the people of Afghanistan thought the arrival of the American-funded Taliban, under the guise of democracy, was their chance to go back to the peaceful days where there was no fear that one might suddenly disappear and never return (211). Little did the citizens know that a totalitarian dictatorship initiated the darkest day when “They won’t let you be human” (209). In all the inhumane executions the Taliban committed, the most well-known were the ones completed in the Ghazi Stadium. The stadium is located in Kabul, the capital city of Afghanistan, and was built in 1923 as a multi-functional stadium. After Taliban invasion, the officials shot down the stadium and turned it into an execution ground. In a news article published by The Epoch Times, the black-turbaned Taliban (black is the colour of war or surrendering ego in Islam; Taliban claimed themselves as Mujahideen, soldiers of God) would ask the convicts to kneel before the goalposts; then, the so-called felons who had disobey God’s word (283) would be stoned or shot dead. While spectators shouted “Allahu Akbar” (God is greatest) (Afghan). Amir witnesses the whole incidence personally when he went back for Sohrab who is the son of......

Words: 629 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Brave

...of Mingora in the Swat District of Pakistan's northwestern Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province. She is known for her education andwomen's rights activism in the Swat Valley, where the Taliban had at times banned girls from attending school. In early 2009, at the age of 11–12, Yousafzai wrote a blog under a pseudonym for the BBC detailing her life under Taliban rule, their attempts to take control of the valley, and her views on promoting education for girls. The following summer, a New York Times documentary was filmed about her life as the Pakistani military intervened in the region, culminating in the Second Battle of Swat. Yousafzai rose in prominence, giving interviews in print and on television, and she was nominated for the International Children's Peace Prize by South African activist Desmond Tutu. On 9 October 2012, Yousafzai was shot in the head and neck in an assassination attempt by Taliban gunmen while returning home on a school bus. In the days immediately following the attack, she remained unconscious and in critical condition, but later her condition improved enough for her to be sent to the Queen Elizabeth Hospital in Birmingham, United Kingdom for intensive rehabilitation. On 12 October, a group of 50 Islamic clerics in Pakistan issued a fatwā against those who tried to kill her, but the Taliban reiterated its intent to kill Yousafzai and her father. The assassination attempt sparked a national and international outpouring of support for Yousafzai. Deutsche......

Words: 959 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Malala Yousafzai Speech

...poverty and the taliban, it was nearly impossible. Seeing girls as the key to the future, and the drive they had for education, Malala learned from her father’s attitude and began to hunger for knowledge. Ever since Malala’s birth, the child’s father did not treat her the same as other girls got treated in the country. On the day of her birth her father added her name to the family register something traditionally reserved for boy. Ziauddin placed his daughter in the private school that he owned, he also encouraged his daughter into being a politician rather than a doctor which later helped as she was allowed to stay up late alongside her father to have political debates as her younger brothers headed to bed. At the age of eleven, her father took her to her first local press club, where Malala went up on stage and entitled her talk “How dare the Taliban take away my basic right to education?” she spoke of the Taliban regime and how they were blowing up girl’s schools in her village. Ziauddin has influenced his daughter by giving her many opportunities that other girls in the country did not receive, Malala has become so aware of how privileged she is, that that has made her truly grateful for what the world has to offer....

Words: 954 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Malala Yousafzai

...Education Rights in Pakistan On October 9, 2012, in Mingora, Pakistan 15-year-old Malala Yousafzai was shot in the head by two Taliban men when she was arriving home on a bus from school (Wilmore par 1). She was targeted for supporting and speaking out for girls' education rights (Wilmore par 3). In the summer of 2009, Pakistan's military claimed that they drove the group out of the area, but the Taliban are still attacking people there, especially those who support girls' education like Malala (Wilmore par 15). Under Islamic or religious law, all people, including women, should be granted educational rights and freedom in, not only Pakistan, but other parts of the world as well.To begin with, in Pakistan, it is hard for females to receive education because of the Taliban's strict religious laws and attacks (Wilmore par 6). In 2007, the Taliban arrived in Swat Valley, Pakistan, banning music and dancing (Jacobsen par 13), and they also banned women from activities like shopping (Wilmore par 6). The new laws made it uncomfortable for women to go out alone in public because many of their activities were restricted or banned (Jacobsen par 13). To make sure that citizens would not go against them, the Taliban forced them to accept the laws with the use of brutal punishments such as public whippings, bombings, and beheadings (Wilmore par 5). Then the Taliban started destroying schools with bombs, killing students, teachers, and passerby in the process, and they also targeted......

Words: 1120 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Afghanistan

...garments that covered their whole entire bodies. Their view of the world is distorted by the veil they must wear to cover their eyes. The wearing of the burka used to be optional before the Taliban came into power. The Taliban forces strict rules on the population and restricts women’s and girls’ access to health care, employment, and education. The Taliban prohibit girls from attending school. There are a few home based schools and some schools in rural areas which quietly operate to educate girls. The Taliban requires that windows in houses that have female occupants be painted over. The burka was worn in Kabul before the Taliban took control, but it was not an enforced dress code and many women wore only scarves that cover the head. The Taliban's restriction on women’s movement and dress is stopping women from fleeing the country or getting aid of any type. Women are not allowed to travel outside the home without a close male relative. So widows and women who head households face a serious humanitarian crisis. Both Taliban forces and forces now grouped in the United Front have sexually assaulted, abducted, and forcibly married women during the armed conflict, targeting them because of gender and ethnicity. Thousands of women have been physically assaulted. But the Taliban doesn’t care about social services for the civilian population. It spends most of its money on...

Words: 288 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Perspectives on Bombing

...Americans should be brought to justice, however, this was made difficult by the lack of co-operation by the Afghanistan government. The Taliban, who ran the majority of the country, thought the accused (Osama bin Laden) was innocent and would not hand him over to the American authorities without sufficient evidence. Bush decided it was necessary to bring this man to America so he may be punished for his crimes, so he placed orders for American troops to enter Afghanistan in pursuit of Osama bin Laden. The Taliban had little or no experience in running a government and it seemed as though they didn’t see this as a priority when they took power in 1996. They demonstrated extreme single-mindedness as they focused on the achievement of law and order under their interpretation of the Sharia law. Their only aim was to create the world’s purest Islamic state; we could see this through the way the Afghan people were treated, the strict laws imposed on women and the way “corrupting influences” (television, music and films) were banned. While the Taliban was governing Afghanistan, many laws were created that controlled all aspects of women’s public and private lives and severely restricted their freedom. Their access to education, healthcare and employment were among some of the many basic necessities that were made difficult to obtain. The Taliban edicts formally ordered the segregation of women from men who were unrelated to them, this meant women could only appear in public......

Words: 2419 - Pages: 10

Premium Essay

Kite Runner

...noses. Pashtuns, are a different ethnic minority and they are accepted. Pashtuns dislike Hazaras and cause many grief to them. Hazaras are sunni Muslim, as Pashtun’s are shia Muslim. They claim different features and speak different languages. Later, in the 1980’s when the Soviet Union invaded Afghanistan, many fled to Pakistan. Later in the 1990’s, a group called Taliban’s began making severe changes in Afghanistan making living their more difficult than ever and harsh. After the 9/11 attack, they were over thrown but still at risk. The story begins with Amir living in San Francisco, California in 2001. He receives a phone call from, Rahim Khan, an old friend of his father’s. He begins reminiscing about his life in his country with Hassan and Baba, his father. Rahim asks Amir to come to Pakistan for he is sick and...

Words: 1602 - Pages: 7