Premium Essay

Abraham Maslow

In: English and Literature

Submitted By shabeena
Words 7660
Pages 31
The Influence of Maslow's Humanistic Views on an Employee's Motivation to Learn
Wilson, Ian; Madsen, Susan R. Journal of Applied Management and Entrepreneurship13.2 (Apr 2008): 46-62.
Turn on hit highlighting for speaking browsers
Hide highlighting
Abstract (summary)
Continual employee training and learning is critical to the ability of organizations to adapt to an ever changing national and international business environment. What motivates employees to learn? Abraham Maslow has had a significant impact on motivation theory, humanistic psychology, and subsequently, adult learning in the workplace. This paper will discuss the development of Maslow's humanistic views and trace their impact on past trends in business training as well as the implications for current challenges that managers face in motivating employee learning in the workplace. [PUBLICATION ABSTRACT]
Full Text

Headnote
Executive Summary
Continual employee training and learning is critical to the ability of organizations to adapt to an ever changing national and international business environment. What motivates employees to learn? Abraham Maslow has had a significant impact on motivation theory, humanistic psychology, and subsequently, adult learning in the workplace. This paper will discuss the development of Maslow's humanistic views and trace their impact on past trends in business training as well as the implications for current challenges that managers face in motivating employee learning in the workplace.
Introduction
Continual learning has always been essential to the ongoing success of organizations. Managers and employees must acquire new knowledge and skills to adapt to a changing national and international business environment. The pressure for the acquisition of new knowledge comes from many sources including changing technology, changing job requirements, competitive pressure...

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Abraham Maslow

...INTRODUCTION Abraham Harold Maslow was born April 1, 1908 in Brooklyn, New York.  He was the first of seven children born to his parents, who themselves were uneducated Jewish immigrants from Russia.  His parents, hoping for the best for their children in the new world, pushed him hard for academic success.  Not surprisingly, he became very lonely as a boy, and found his refuge in books. To satisfy his parents, he first studied law at the City College of New York (CCNY). He moved to Wisconsin so that he could attend the University of Wisconsin.  Here, he became interested in psychology, and his school work began to improve dramatically. He spent time there working with Harry Harlow, who is famous for his experiments with baby rhesus monkeys and attachment behavior. During the 1950s, Maslow became one of the founders and driving forces behind the school of thought known as humanistic psychology. His theories including the hierarchy of needs, self-actualization and peak experiences became fundamental subjects in the humanist movement. Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs states that we must satisfy each need in return, starting with the first, which deals with the most obvious needs for survival itself. So, we decided to do a research on Self actualization’s need. Each of us is motivated by needs. Our most basic needs are inborn, having evolved over tens of thousands of years. Abraham Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs helps to explain how these motivates us all. Maslow’s original Hierarchy...

Words: 287 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Abraham Maslow

...the effectiveness of the model by providing two examples, first one is Samsung galaxy tab3 and second one is Watsons Water . Moreover, examine both pros & cons of the model. MASLOW’S HIERARCHY OF NEEDS A clinical psychologist Abraham Maslow proposed one influence approach, Maslow’s hierarchy of needs in 1943. Maslow’s hierarchy of needs is a method of classifying human needs and motivations into five categories in ascending importance: psychological, safety, social, esteem, and self-actualization. As a person fulfill one need, a higher level need becomes more important. Maslow's hierarchy of needs is often portrayed in the shape of a pyramid with the largest, most fundamental levels of needs at the bottom and the need for self-actualization at the top. Steere, B. F. (1988). The lowest level of the pyramid was the most basic needs; the most complex need was located at the top of the pyramid: Based on Maslow, people must fulfill the lower-level of needs before processing on to meet the higher-level of needs. The need of level 1-4 is identify as deficiency needs, which means these needs arise from deprivation. Maslow proposed the highest level, self-actualization as growth need; people reach their maximum potential as a human being. Maslow proposed individual are motivated to achieve lower-level needs, for example hungry and...

Words: 312 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Abraham Maslow

...ABRAHAM MASLOW Born April1,1908 Abraham Maslow was the oldest of seven children born to his parents in Brooklyn New York. Feeling pressure from his parents to achieve academic greatness, Abraham went through early childhood with few friends. Focusing mainly on his studies Maslow had a quiet and unfulfilling adolescence. Abraham started off his college career by attending city college in New York were he began to study law, as his father had wanted him to do. He soon lost interest and transferred to the University of Wisconsin and studied psychology. Here Maslow received, in 1934, his Ph.D. During his college career Abraham married his cousin Bertha Goodman, his parents did not approve of the union and were saddened by it . While Maslow was at Wisconsin he met a man named Harry Harlow, Harlow had a great affect on Maslow and his thinking . Another one of Maslows role models was E.L Thorndike who got him interested in human sexuality. Abraham took a job at Brooklyn College ,it is here were he took interest in humanistic psychology. And developed his theory on the “Hierarchy of Needs”, and the idea of self-actualization. Maslow would go on to be one of the greatest humanistic and behavioral psychologists to date. Trying to get up that great big hill hope for his destination Abraham Maslow created the hierarchy of needs. Which takes us from basic physical needs to self -actualization. Maslow believed each person was born with his or hers mental, creative , and social potential.......

Words: 1922 - Pages: 8

Premium Essay

Abraham Maslow

...Abraham Maslow Maslow thought that people are driven to accomplish specific goals. Once a goal is met the person will then move onto the next goal. He developed the hierarchy of needs which included five motivational needs. The five stages can be separated into the basic needs of a person and also their growth needs. Maslow thought that basic needs are met to motivate people and empower them to go the duration required to meet the goals at hand. He also taught simple things like the longer a person goes without food they will become increasingly hungry. The hierarchy of needs has the levels and was taught to believe that the lower level of needs must be met before going on to higher growth needs. Once the needs have been met fully or the person is satisfied with where they are at they reach self-actualization. It is believed that everyone can reach the point of self-actualization. Maslow thought that even though everyone was capable of reaching that level it is usually disrupted by failure to meet the lower level needs. Maslow also stated that only one in one hundred people become fully self-actualized because our society rewards motivation primarily based on esteem, love, and other social needs. Hoffman, E. (1988). The right to be human: A biography of Abraham Maslow. Jeremy P. Tarcher, Inc. Maslow’s formulated the headachy of needs by taking the qualitative method with is called biographical analysis. He would study the writings and biographies of people that he......

Words: 358 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Abraham Maslow

...Abraham Maslow is a great theory that can describes the woman from the case study.  Maslow’s hierarchy explains how the woman stepping stones are needed in order to face and change her feelings of anxiety and panic.  The last tear of the pyramid shows the hierarchy ability to express physiological needs.  These needs include the need to satisfy hunger and thirst (Stangor, 2010. P. 345).  Next on the pyramid is the safety needs.  These needs include the need to feel that the world is organized and predictable, the need to feel safe, secure, and stable (Stangor, 2010. P. 345).  It seems to me that this would be the place to start while working with the woman in the case study.  The client in this study has recently moved to a different state where everything is different and unknowledgeable.  She no longer has the safety of her friends and extended family around her to support her. The main goal of this physiological problem to be manageable one would need to find a way to help her feel safe in her new surroundings. Relaxation, watching television, swimming and excising are what a person who suffered from anxiety can use for healing.  Once she has overcome her fear of the new environment she can meet and greet friends give parties and get acquainted with individuals who are hungry for love and thirst. She might be more comfortable with her surroundings, and her safety need would be met.Next on the pyramid is love and belonging.  This includes the need to love and be loved, to......

Words: 521 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Abraham Maslow

...The Humanistic Theory of Abraham Maslow Linda Cooper Psychology 210 Abraham Maslow was born April 1, 1908 in Brooklyn New York. Although his parents were uneducated Jewish immigrants from Russia, they pushed him to excel academically. Without the approval of his parents, Maslow married his first cousin Bertha Goodman and they had two daughters. After studying law at the City College of New York, Maslow and his family moved to Wisconsin where both Maslow and Bertha attended the University of Wisconsin. Abraham Maslow received his BA, MA, and his PhD in psychology from the University of Wisconsin. After graduation, Maslow moved back to New York to begin his teaching career at Brooklyn College. During this time Maslow served as the chair of the psychology department with a German-Jewish physician and psychiatrist named Kurt Goldstein. Goldstein was the originator of the idea of self-actualization. Inspired by Kurt Goldstein’s idea of self-actualization, Maslow began his studies on humanistic psychology. Maslow’s influences also included psychologist Harry Harlow, Alfred Adler, Max Wertheimer and anthropologist Ruth Benedict (Soylent Communications, 2012). Abraham Maslow was a psychologist and a humanistic theorist who was well known for his views on human motivation. During his studies on human motivations and humanistic psychology Maslow developed the Maslow's Hierarchy of needs. The hierarchy of needs theory is designed in the form of a pyramid. The pyramid is divided......

Words: 1280 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Abraham Maslow and Nursing

...Abraham Maslow and Nursing Abraham Maslow and Nursing Abraham Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs has a lot to offer the field of nursing. As a theorist of humanistic psychology, Maslow adopted a more holistic-dynamic approach to the field (Hall, Lindzey & Campbell, 1998). He was born on April 1, 1908. Growing up as a boy, his relationship with his parents was strained (Emrich, n.d.). He did research on primate behavior at the University of Wisconsin and later served as a faculty member of Brooklyn College and Brandeis University. The Laughlin Foundation made him a resident fellow in 1969. Maslow died of a heart attack on June 8, 1970 (Hall, Lindzey & Campbell, 1998). The interesting thing about Maslow is that he developed his theories as part of the so-called "Third Force" of psychology: humanistic psychology. This was a response to the prevailing schools of thought at the time (Hall, Lindzey & Campbell, 1998). For him, psychoanalysis and behaviorism provided such negative and mechanistic outlooks of the human person, respectively. Something was needed to provide a more holistic perspective of people in order to balance out the other two approaches. Thus, he became the spiritual father of the humanistic psychology movement and contributed his famous Hierarchy of Needs (Schultz & Schultz, 2000). Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs basically argues that people have an innate tendency to self-actualize—that is to move toward......

Words: 552 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Abraham Maslow

...F1. 203 8TH ST N, CLANTON, ALABAMA, 35045-2750 | 2. 2806 7TH ST N APT D4, CLANTON, ALABAMA, 35045-2198 | 3. 13650 COUNTY ROAD 29, CLANTON, ALABAMA, 35045-4811 | 4. 170 COUNTY RD 749, JEMISON, ALABAMA, 35085 | 5. 1547 COUNTY ROAD 205, JEMISON, ALABAMA, 35085-4216 | 6. 1547 COUNTY ROAD 205, JEMISON, ALABAMA, 35085 | Physician Return Address | 13135 OLIVEWOOD ROAD, COKER, ALABAMA, 35452 | | SNo. | Directions | Miles | Total(mi) | 1. | Depart Olivewood Rd toward Rose Blvd | (0.5mi) | (0.5mi) | 2. | Turn left onto Rose Blvd | (2.7mi) | (3.2mi) | 3. | Road name changes to Joe Mallisham Pkwy | (6.5mi) | (9.7mi) | 4. | Take ramp left for I-20 East / I-59 North toward Tuscaloosa | (4.7mi) | (14.399mi) | 5. | At exit 73, take ramp right and follow signs for US-82 | (0.2mi) | (14.598mi) | 6. | Turn right onto US-82 E / AL-6 E / McFarland Blvd E | (29.6mi) | (44.198mi) | 7. | Turn right onto AL-219 | (1.0mi) | (45.198mi) | 8. | Turn left onto AL-25 / AL-58 / AL-219 / Walnut St | (0.3mi) | (45.498mi) | 9. | Turn right onto US-82 / AL-219 | (21.0mi) | (66.497mi) | 10. | Take ramp right and follow signs for AL-22 West / AL-22 East | (0.2mi) | (66.697mi) | 11. | Turn left onto AL-22 | (1.6mi) | (68.297mi) | 12. | Turn right to stay on AL-22 | (14.8mi) | (83.097mi) | 13. | Turn right onto 8th St N | (0.1mi) | (83.196mi) | 14. | 203 8TH ST N, CLANTON, ALABAMA, 35045-2750 Member Name : Sherry H Senn, Primary Phone : 2052877764, Alternative Phone......

Words: 821 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

None

...who have left their marks both on psychology and on the world at large. But my favorite famous psychologist is Abraham Herold Maslow. I choose Maslow because of his influence in psychology, his humanistic theories and his contributions of our understanding of human behavior. First of all, Abraham Maslow was born in April 1, 1908 at Brooklyn New York. He was the oldest of seven children and was named “mentally unstable” by a psychologist. His parents were first generation Jewish immigrants from Russia who fled from Czarist persecution in the early 20th century. His parents were poor and not intellectually oriented, they value education. Maslow and other young people at the time with his background were struggling to overcome the act of racism and ethnic prejudice. He grew up in a library and among books. It was there that made him developed the love of reading and learning. Maslow went to Boys high school, one of the top high school in Brooklyn, New York. He attended the City college of New York after high school. In 1926 he began taking legal studies classes at night in addition to his undergraduate course load. Maslow continued his education by studying psychology at University of Wisconsin. His psychology training at (UW) were specifically experimental behaviorist. His experience with behaviorism makes him a strong positive mindset person. (Hoffmann p.9). Also, Maslow has influence psychology in so many ways. He has not only influence psychology but also the larger culture......

Words: 923 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Productive Behaviour

...maslow's hierarchy of needs Abraham Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs motivational model Abraham Maslow developed the Hierarchy of Needs model in 1940-50s USA, and the Hierarchy of Needs theory remains valid today for understanding human motivation, management training, and personal development. Indeed, Maslow's ideas surrounding the Hierarchy of Needs concerning the responsibility of employers to provide a workplace environment that encourages and enables employees to fulfil their own unique potential (self-actualization) are today more relevant than ever. Abraham Maslow's book Motivation and Personality, published in 1954 (second edition 1970) introduced the Hierarchy of Needs, and Maslow extended his ideas in other work, notably his later book Toward A Psychology Of Being, a significant and relevant commentary, which has been revised in recent times by Richard Lowry, who is in his own right a leading academic in the field of motivational psychology. Abraham Maslow was born in New York in 1908 and died in 1970, although various publications appear in Maslow's name in later years. Maslow's PhD in psychology in 1934 at the University of Wisconsin formed the basis of his motivational research, initially studying rhesus monkeys. Maslow later moved to New York's Brooklyn College. The Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs five-stage model below (structure and terminology - not the precise pyramid diagram itself) is clearly and directly attributable to Maslow; later versions of the theory......

Words: 3811 - Pages: 16

Premium Essay

Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs

...Maslow Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs Tatiana Cadle-Taylor Barry University Abraham Maslow founded a movement—that valued individuality, creativity, and personal freedom— called the humanistic movement in the late 1950s. Maslow, born April, 1, 1908 (Abraham Harold Maslow, 2013), was the son of poor Russian-Jewish immigrants who came to the United States in the early 1900s seeking an escape from the Czarist persecution. His parents settled in New York City, where he attended public schools in a multiethnic, working-class neighborhood (Hoffman 2008). Maslow’s youthful experience was extremely typical for those of his background, and they inevitably shaped his worldview. This viewpoint remained vital to Maslow throughout his life. Although Maslow acknowledged his admiration of Freudian psychoanalysis at an early age, his own view of human nature varied greatly from Sigmund Freud's. Maslow thought Freud's theory was unnecessarily pessimistic with respect to our human potential for decency and kindness. He disagreed strongly with Freud's contention that we are essentially selfish beings, with little regard for others (Mullins 2010). Freud's view of human nature portrayed human potential as a fight to keep our instincts in check. Maslow believed that we are capable of becoming fully human through a process of self-actualization (Mullins 2010). Maslow agreed that we do not always show our most fully human side; but Maslow also believed that any of those reactions...

Words: 1946 - Pages: 8

Premium Essay

Personality Theory

...Paper 2 Abstract In this paper, I will discuss how Abraham Maslow theory, hierarachy of needs has influenced my understanding of personalities and behaviors of people in society and in the work place. I will also discuss how this theory has influenced my role in society and din the work place, along with my interactions with others. Running Head: Personality Theory Paper 3 Abraham Maslow Abraham Maslow was born in Brooklyn, New York in 1908. He was the oldest of seven children. His parents were Jewish immigrants from Russia who were uneducated. His parents pushed him hard for academic success. Growing up he became very lonely as a boy and found his interest in reading books (Boeree, 2006). Maslow first studied law at City College of New York (CCNY). After three semesters, he transferred to Cornell and then back to CCNY (Boeree, 2006). After he married, he moved to Wisconsin and attended the University of Wisconsin, where he became interested in psychology (Boeree, 2006). While attending the University of Wisconsin, he met and worked with Harry Harlow who was known for his experiments with baby rhesus monkeys and attachment behavior (Boeree, 2006). Maslow received his B.A. in 1930, his M.A. in 1931 and his PhD in 1934, all in psychology and from the University of Wisconsin (Boeree, 2006). A year after graduating with his PhD, Maslow returned to New York and worked with E.L. Thorndike......

Words: 629 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Evaluate the Claim That Person-Centred Therapy Offers the Therapist All That He/She Will Need to Treat Clients.

...therapy. I will look at the origins of Person-Centred Therapy with emphasis taking place on Abraham Maslow and Carl Rogers. I will also be explaining the fundamental foundations required for this therapy to be seen as person centred. American psychologist, Abraham Maslow (1908 – 1970), a humanistic psychologist believed that every person has a strong desire to realise and reach their own individual potential and to than reach a level of ‘self-actualisation’. Abraham Maslow was best known for creating Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs. The theory is based on individuals fulfilling their needs and to move towards ‘self-actualisation’. Abraham Maslow placed much emphasis on focusing on the individual’s positive qualities then treating them or the client being seen as a bag of symptoms. Self-actualisation is the fundamental concept to the Person-Centred Therapy developed my Carl Rogers. Abraham Maslow says all human beings have a tendency to want to move forwards, grow and to reach their full potential. When individuals move towards their true full potential, Maslow suggests this individual is at their highest peak, self-actualisation, this is when the individual focuses on their strengths; they are positive about life and help others. Both Carl Rogers and Abraham Maslow believed that all individuals would constantly move towards finding fulfilment of their own true potential. Abraham Maslow, Like Carl Rogers believed that if an individual’s physiological needs (food,......

Words: 2574 - Pages: 11

Premium Essay

Humanstic Paper

...with the help of a humanistic therapist any individual can reach their full potential. However, humanistic believe that individuals cannot reach full potential unless all of their needs are met. Abraham Maslow explained in the Hierarchy of needs that an individual’s needs must be met in a specific order before the individual can reach full potential or self-actualization. Full potential is not reached until the individual has fulfilled physical needs such as hunger, safety, belonging, and self-esteem. Individuals that do not have the ability to fulfill the hierarchy of needs often display personality that is unhealthy or dysfunctional. Rogers and Maslow Carl Rogers created the idea of person-centered therapy which shares a few similarities with Abraham Maslow’s hierarchy of needs. In person-centered therapy, the client sets their own path of therapy. The client comes up with goals and how they plan to obtain the goals. Maslow proposed everyone has needs that must be met before an individual betters themselves; however, person-centered therapy allows an individual to lack in some needs while developing their personality traits. Person-centered therapy does not focus on individual differences in clients. Maslow focuses on individual development in addition to development as a whole. Maslow believed an individual needs to fulfill the needs at the bottom level before they can move on to the next level of need. He defined our basic or physiological needs as water, food, and......

Words: 951 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Psychological Needs

...Psychological Needs Shelly Trotter PSY/211 Kristi Hendrix August 16, 2014 Abraham Maslow lived from 1908 to 1970. He was a motivational theorist who promoted the concept of humanistic psychology. He was interested in the concept of self-actualization. He came up with several traits of individuals that are considered to be self actualized. Abraham Maslow believed that there are several levels of needs a person must meet before achieving the highest level of personal fulfillment which is self-actualization. "What a man can be, he must be. This need we may call self-actualization...It refers to the desire for self-fulfillment, namely, to the tendency for him to become actualized in what he is potentially. This tendency might be phrased as the desire to become more and more what one is, to become everything that one is capable of becoming." Abraham Maslow. Maslow's hierarchy of needs is a pyramid of needs starting with basic physiological needs and ending with self-actualization needs; basic needs must be met first. Hierarchy makes sense to me because it seems like a matter of putting priorities of life in order. Things happen in life that throw us as humans of our personal path of priorities and until we deal with the issue that throw us off our course we cannot get back on focus of achieving our original goals. We have to self motivated in order to stay focused on our potential. | As listed in Motivation and Emotion – Interactive Tutorial Pearson Learning Solutions......

Words: 577 - Pages: 3