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Academic Institutional Solid Waste Management Case Study

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continuously improve the operational system and implement efficient recycling management for proper Solid Waste Management.( Rahmah Elfithri et al (2011))
Md. Zohur-uz-zaman, A.S.M. Riyad (2014) found out that all the environmental problems that have come into focus in Khulna, Academic Institutional Solid Waste Management has been the slowest to develop either in direction or regulatory mechanisms. The study was conducted at different educational institutions in Khulna, Bangladesh to determine the waste generation rates and identify the current situation of the Academic Institutional Solid Waste Management (ISWM). Which can be helpful to sustainably manage the institutional solid waste. It was found that the organic food waste dominates in
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The study helped to find out a better alternative of the existing solution of the waste management of Academic Institutional Solid Waste in the Khulna city.
W.A. Dowie et al (1998) studied the institutional solid waste environmental management system (SW-EMS) developed and implemented at the Whiteshell Laboratories of Atomic Energy Canada Limited in Pinawa, Canada. The case study demonstrated the strengths and weaknesses of a simple, low-cost SW-EMS. In 1994, the institution launched a Go Green in the Workplace Program. First, a waste audit was conducted to assess waste minimization opportunities and to measure the amount of waste generated at the institution. New waste minimization initiatives were then put in place and a second audit was conducted in 1996. A new audit methodology, using visual assessment units, reduced the cost of measuring the waste materials. These units were developed for each material and then used to measure the amount of waste being generated. Weight or volume units were not used in the audit. Results of the audits showed an increase in recycled units, from 3% in 1995 to 71% in 1996.
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A. I. Raju, K. Ramya Jyothi, M.Satya (2014) Bulky combustible materials are compacted through various means for making fuel. Several researches are being carried out for making fuel briquettes for industrial applications as well as domestic cooking. The main reason behind this extensive research is the need to address the environmental consequences and health hazards associated with the use of solid fuels (such as fuel wood and coal. It is also an effective means to manage the agrowaste. Among the common type briquettes commonly used in some countries are biomass briquettes, coal briquettes and charcoal briquettes etc. It has been found that the mixing of coal and biomass produce a briquette with better combustion properties and pollutant emission compared to conventional coal briquettes. The briquette produced by this process is known as bio-coal briquettes. Biocoal briquette is a type of solid fuel prepared by compacting pulverized coal, biomass, binder and sulphur fixation agent. The coal and the biomass particles are sandwiched together by applying high pressure so that they do not separate during transportation , storage and combustion. During combustion the combination of coal and biomass gives a better combustion performance and reduces pollutant emission i.e. biocoal briquette has a favorable ignition, better thermal efficiency, emits less dust and soot. The ash of the biocoal can be used for soil treatment and enrichment. Industriel methords of briquetting

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