Free Essay

Access to Clean and Potable Water as a Human Right

In: Science

Submitted By MRDS
Words 407
Pages 2
Water is indeed one of our basic needs to survive. I, personally cannot end a day without drinking water. Of course, when we talk about drinking water, it should be clean, safe and abundantly available. I firmly agree to the title given to this article that the access to clean and portable water is a human right. We are all candidate for that matter.
As a teacher of Environmental Science subject, one of my favorite lessons under it is the water cycle. Yes, because I could easily attached different scenarios in our real life connecting on that topic. Students easily catch the lesson for they are able to relate it with them as part of their everyday living. Further understanding the topic, I emphasize the word cycle as a continuous process, it never stops, and so does the water. The water, our ancestors have been drinking long long time ago is the same water we are drinking right now. It had undergone the process of water cycle many times. But the big question is that, how come in our present generation, we are experiencing shortages, insufficiencies when it comes to water supply? Here comes the problem on climate change, specifically the El Niño phenomenon. This current environmental issue greatly affects the insufficiency of water we are facing right now. The water cycle is disrupted by the intense high temperature in our environment, leading the dam operators and utility firms to forcefully stop supplying water for irrigation to vast stretches of farms and reduce water supply in certain areas.
According to the National Statistical Coordination Board, 16% of Filipino households lacked access to clean and potable water as of 2010. That percentage means a lot considering that we have many water resources in our country. Maybe, what is lacking is the improvisation when it comes to water distribution considering that the population is annually increasing. The lack of access to clean and potable water does not only translate to economic losses, it can also be deadly, definitely. Without potable water, you are candidate of different diseases, water-borne diseases to be specific, and children are at risk of unexpected early deaths. So as early as now, we should strengthen the implementation of the Philippine Clean Water Act of 2004 that talks about the standards for water quality to be set clearly for us to enjoy life freely.

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Essay On Water Scarcity

...informative tool in explaining the causes and consequences resulting from the dire crisis of water insecurity. My argument strives to show that water-borne infectious diseases can be prevented and controlled through proper management, supply, and provision of safe drinking water. I will acknowledge members of government and NGOs who have recognized the importance of alleviating water scarcity. However, I will illustrate why, despite that the action has been taken in various forms of projects, initiatives, and setting goals, many constraints against success remain in poverty ridden and socioeconomic insecure regions, such as Madagascar. Madagascar, a large island lying off the coast of southeastern Africa in...

Words: 760 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Water Issues

...Water Issues 1. Introduction Clean and abundant water make available the basis for flourishing populations. We depend on clean water to survive, yet right now we are heading towards a water crisis. Water issues appear on the national news at least twice a week about contamination or droughts to some extent. Climate patterns that are related to a warming world are threatening lakes, rivers, and aquifers which we use for drinking water are being overdrawn, run dry, or tainted with pollution. It is everyone’s responsibility to ensure we protect this vital lifesaving resource and decrease the amount of water waste. The warning signs are out there of threatening water supplies. “Bottle water cost more than gas or milk?” (n.d., 2016). Undrinkable water is not just a local or national problem that possess the largest health risk, and continues to threaten everyone’s quality of life and public health risk in the United States. The more areas that are developed and the removal of the landscape keeps the natural process of percolation which keeps our water somewhat clean. The more areas that are urbanized the more water becomes tainted. When there is water runoff from the weather it picks up toxic chemicals, dirt, and disease-borne organisms as it makes its way through the percolation process along the way. Even though the Clean Water Act is supposed to protect our water, it still get polluted with some accountability. Many of our water assets lacks suitable protections,......

Words: 893 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Feasibility of Two Fresh Water Supply Techniques in Sudan

...FEASIBILITY OF TWO FRESH WATER SUPPLY TECHNIQUES IN SUDAN 1.0 INTRODUCTION Access to clean water is considered a basic human right and in many countries when sustainable development is considered, water is at the top of the list of priorities (Omer, 2008). The value of water is increasingly felt in areas such as Sudan, where precipitation is inadequate while temperatures are high resulting in dry or arid conditions (Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO), cited in USAID, 2010). Two-thirds of the country is arid and rainfall is less than 400mm annually. Regardless of the fact that about 60% of Sudan lies within the Nile basin, it only draws 18.5x109 m3 from the Nile’s annual flow of 84x109m3 and added to its internal supply of 12x109m3, the water availability falls considerably below the water stress limit of 1000m3 per head (ibid). According to FAO, (cited in USAID, 2010), in Sudan the renewable water resource per capita at 2008 stood at 726m3/person/year and is projected to be 617m3/person/year in 2015. It is low and rapidly dropping every year (ibid) and unless measures are taken, many citizens will be living without a basic human right. Since Sudan cannot rely on rainfall which is sporadic and concentrated in 4 months for most areas (Omer, 2008), water management techniques need to be implemented to ensure availability of potable water. Sudan is bordered by the Red Sea to the east which makes desalination a viable option but the cost implications and......

Words: 2036 - Pages: 9

Premium Essay

Water Scarcity water scarcity? Water scarcity can be defined as the lack of sufficient available water resources, lack access to fresh water, potable water for drinking and sanitation to meet the demands of water usage within a region. Water scarcity occurs because the population is increasing around the world coupled with urbanization and industrialization so the demand for water is increasing and this will lead to serious consequences on the environment. Water scarcity divided into two types that are physical water scarcity and economic water scarcity. Physical (absolute) water scarcity occurs when there is not sufficient water to meet demand. This could be the result of dry or arid local conditions. Physical water scarcity occurs because of abundant source of water being overused and over managed. There is another equally challenging source of water scarcity: economic factors. Economic water scarcity is predominant lack of infrastructure investments are political and ethnic problems. Over 1.2 billion are basically living in areas of physical water scarcity. And almost 1.6 billion face economic water shortage. Water scarcity involves water stress, water shortage or deficits, and water crisis. Water stress is the difficulty of obtaining sources of fresh water. Water shortages caused by climate change for example droughts or root impairment, pollution, increased human demand and overuse of water. Water crisis is a situation where the available potable, unpolluted water......

Words: 2586 - Pages: 11

Premium Essay

Business Ethics Fiji Water and the Cocoa Industry

...“The fact of the matter is that today, stuff-selling mega-corporations have a huge influence on our daily lives. And because of the competitive nature of our global economy, these corporations are generally only concerned with one thing…the bottom line. That is, maximizing profit, regardless of the social or environmental costs.” —David Suzuki Bottling of freshwater from a rare resource in the Fiji Islands, and harvesting of cocoa beans via child slave labor in West Africa, are both ethically questionable. Business practices from both commodities have little regard on damages inflicted during their production. Ethical issues, similarities, and differences with both commodities will be contrasted, a presentation of socially responsible strategic alternative(s) will follow, and finally possible impact(s) of said strategic alternative(s) to stakeholders highlighted. Identification of both contextual and evolutionary issues is needed to form a comprehensive picture of the situation, linking questionable business performance(s) to Applied Ethics standards. This will assist to adequately categorize the issue and develop a socially responsible strategic alternative(s) to remedy the damages caused, and determine their possible impact(s) to stakeholders. Two generic determinants influence the outcome of either proactive or reactive business ethics practices, the internal and external perceptions of a corporation; in conjunction these two determinants create a generic conceptual...

Words: 3563 - Pages: 15

Premium Essay

Applied Research Technology - Case Analysis

...The manager of the Filtration Unit, Peter Vyas, asks for $ 2 million to launch RIMOS, that from my point of view is the right thing to do. He should handle the expenditure request by stressing all the improvements that his team has been able to bring to the mini-oxidation system (in terms of design, functioning, sustainability and efficiency). Moreover he should underline the increased probability of success given by the first-mover advantage that is obtainable in the new specified market (U.S. regions with governmental restrictions for irrigation). Vyas knows that he’s facing a critical decision, but he’s confident that his project is going into the right direction and that is necessary to go forward for the survival of the division and to recover full trust. In order to obtain the additional $ 2 million funds, he needs to satisfy Cynthia Jackson’s request, adding specific data about costs, sales and targets, so that the business plan will be clearer. To convince the vice-president, Vyas should demonstrate how the additional investment could be useful to implement the project, for example: an increase of $ 2 million in advertising expenditures, will educate customers to the new technology and will help people understand how their lives will be simplified by RIMOS, with a consequent increase in demand. Cynthia Jackson, vice-president of ART’s Water Management Division, has to decide on the commercialization of the mini-oxidation system, compromising the survival of the......

Words: 922 - Pages: 4

Free Essay


...I. Introduction According to S. R. Harvey (2004), Public Finance is the branch of economics that studies the taxing and spending activities of government. Public finance refers to government activities including taxing, spending, and budgeting. Government controls the public activities to ensure stabilization of economic. In order to maintain the economic stabilization in the country, there must be budget. Means that budget is important for the government to allocate the expenditure of the country. Budget can be defined as an estimation of income and expenditure for a set period of time. Furthermore, budget is a microeconomic concept that shows the tradeoff made when one good is exchanged for another. . According to Ekstein (1973), budget can been define as detail statement of income and expenditure that have been made or expected to be made. There are several function of a budget which is as a policy tool and instrument. Means that, budget is a tangible of a policy decision whereby budget is a means of establishing policy that been accomplished through the budget’s allocation of government resource. Besides that other function of budget is as a management tool whereby almost all government activities are funded through the budget and since the budget is a continuous process it is an effective tool for the public official because it provides an effective management device at every stage of government activity. Means that, any of the activity planned by government will be......

Words: 2240 - Pages: 9

Premium Essay

I Didn’t Do It

...I DIDN’T DO IT Abstract This report is comprised of the three primary values/virtues I believe an Ethical leader should poses in the modern business marketplace. 1. Diligence 2. Reliability 3. Forbearance With each of these values I have argued my position using examples of real life incidents where a single decision lead to tragedy. The research was conducted mainly through legally produced documents from each incidents inquiry into the events which caused each independent situation. I have used moral theory to relate these situations to modern business ethics, this gives practical application to ethical decision making and leadership skills. The summation of findings concludes that the values and virtues required of an ethical leader is far more extensive than I originally thought and is not limited to the primary three that I have chosen to argue. Major financial tragedies like the 2008 financial crisis, can only be attributed to unethical decision making. I believe there can be a definitive list, but not limited to, three primary value/virtues of an ethical leader. In the following report I intend to argue for what I believe to be the three values/virtues of leaders ( as section headings) who possess not great decisions making skills, but one step beyond that into ethical decision making skills. I will argue my position through a brief analysis of situations in which a single decision gave way to a multitude of unethical behaviours and even tragedy......

Words: 2773 - Pages: 12

Premium Essay

Environmental Issues on Global Health

...natural resources are already being consumed at an unsustainable rate. Many of these resources are required to support world health and human life (Donnatelle, 2010). Human population is expected to increase dramatically over the next decade. This, alone, is the greatest threat to life on our planet. Air pollution Air pollution affects everything from agriculture and ecosystems to human health, on a global scale. The five major air pollutants are ground-level ozone, particulate matter, carbon monoxide, sulfur dioxide, and nitrogen dioxide (Donnatelle, 2010). A majority of these pollutants are the result of human action. One example being coal power plants. These plants release greenhouse gas emissions and particle air pollution. The burning of the coal creates pollutant byproducts. Other forms of industrial pollution, exhaust fumes, burning wood, and several forms of indoor air pollutants result in air contamination. The combination of various air contaminates can be extremely toxic. The pollutants irritate the lungs and may even cause respiratory diseases and cancer in humans (Donnatelle, 2010). Ozone Layer Depletion / Global Warming The ozone layer protects us from ultraviolet B (UVB) radiation. UVB radiation damages human DNA, weakens the immune system, and is the primary cause of skin cancer (Donnatelle, 2010). As a result of human activity, such as burning fossil fuels, the increased atmospheric concentrations of carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases have......

Words: 1424 - Pages: 6

Free Essay

Bago Tribe Term Paper

...CABANISAN, ADESORM G. BSTM 1B HMC0   PRESIDENTIAL DECREE NO. 856 CODE ON SANITATION WHEREAS, the health of the people, being of paramount importance, all efforts of public services should be directed towards the protection and promotion of health; and WHEREAS, the advance in the field of sanitation in recent years, there arises the need for updating and codifying our scattered sanitary laws to ensure that the are in keeping with modern standards of sanitation and provide a handy reference and guide for their enforcement; NOW, THEREFORE, I, FERDINAND E. MARCOS, President of the Philippines, by virtue of the powers vested in me by the Constitution, do hereby order and decree the following Code on Sanitation:chanroblesvirtuallawlibrary CODE ON SANITATION OF THE PHILIPPINES Chapter 1- General Provisions Sec. 1. Title. - The title of this Code is "Code on Sanitation of the Philippines" Sec. 2. Definition of Terms. - Whenever any of the following words or terms are used herein or in any rules or regulation issued under this Code, it shall have the meaning given it in this section, as follows:chanroblesvirtuallawlibrary a. Code - Code on Sanitation of the Philippines b. Department - The Department of Health. c. Secretary - The Secretary of Health. d. Regional Director - An official who heads a Regional Health Office. e. Local Health Authority - An official or employee responsible for the application of a prescribe health measure in a local......

Words: 5789 - Pages: 24

Free Essay

Use of Plant Seeds as Biocoagulants

...2013.6.2 A REVIEW ON THE USE OF PLANTS’ SEEDS AS BIOCOAGULANTS IN THE PURIFICATION OF WATER P.R.O Edogbanya1, O.J Ocholi2 and Y. Apeji3 Department of Biological Sciences, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, Kaduna State, Nigeria.2Department of tate, Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Ahmadu Bell University, Zaria, Kaduna State, Nigeria.3 Department of Bello Pharmaceutics and Pharmaceutical Microbiology,Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences Ahmadu Bello University, harmaceutical Microbiology,Faculty Zaria, Kaduna State, Nigeria. tate, 1 ABSTRACT The use of local technologies for water treatment dates far back in History. One of these involves the use of indigenous seeds as biocoagulants. This review highlights the potential of some plants’ seeds to serve as biocoagulants, with respect to the removal of turbidity, disinfectant properties and their abilities to remove heavy metals from water. Their mechanism of action, advantages and limitations over chemical coag coagulants were also considered. From this review it can be concluded that seeds have the potential to serve as an alternative source of biocoagulants in water treatment. There is a need to further research in this area with the aim of harnessing them to address the present problem of water pollution especially in the rural areas. address KEYWORDS: Alternative, Biocoagulants, Potential , Rural , Seeds, Treatment, Water Received for Publication: 26/05/13 /13 Corresponding Author:......

Words: 1532 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Business Analysis - Disney

...Business Analysis Part III Glennyce J Nelson MGT-521 June 29, 2012 Dr. Olivia Herriford Business Analysis Part III For part III of the Business Analysis project, a review of the strategic initiatives taken by The Walt Disney Company relative to organizational and operational adaptations to the changing markets. An explanation of how recent economic trends are influencing the company, strategies Disney has used or could use for adapting to the changing markets. In addition, tactics Disney has implemented or could implement to achieve their strategic goals, the role human resources management plays in helping them achieve the goals, and would I be willing to invest in this company as a mutual fund manager. How Recent Economic Trends Are Influencing Disney. Even though the economy has been in a recession for the past couple years The Walt Disney Company has been doing well and shown continued growth. The company continues to show signs of being a healthy company as indicated by their continued increase in their net income Nelson (2012) “Disney’s income for 2011 and 2010 was $4,807 and $3,963 respectively, which represents a 21.30% increase.” (p. 4). In addition, the company had a net income of $3,307 in 2009, which represents a 19.84% increase for 2010. As shown in Figure A, Disney has shown growth in all areas of its financial statements during the past three years. Over all the company has not been significantly effected by the current economic downtrun and......

Words: 2185 - Pages: 9

Premium Essay

Mkt370 - Consumer Behavior

...5/17/2014 Raise awareness about the use of water in Vietnam Assignment – MKT370 – Consumer Behavior Tutor : Pham Duong Phu Nguyen Duy Hung 304044 Nguyen Xuan Trang 304055 Mai Ngoc Duc 304037 Dang Ngoc Minh 304026 Dinh Viet Hoang 304030 Table of Contents 1.0 Situation Analysis2 1.1Market Analysis3 1.2 Implication of situation analysis 4 2.0 Objective5 2.1 Marketing Objective5 3.0 Marketing Strategy 3.1 Marketing Segmentation7 3.2 Marketing Mix…………………………………………… 9 4.0Budgets………………………………………………………. 12 5.0 Implementation and Control…………………….. 13 References ……………………………………………………….14 Executive Summary……………………………………………15 1.0 Situation Analysis Water resources are sources of water that people use or can use these different purposes. The water is used in agricultural activities, industrial, residential, recreation and the environment. Most of the works are in need of fresh water. 97% of water on Earth is salt water, only 3% is fresh water. But now the water resource is almost depleted by many reasons, one of the most important reasons is that human activity. The using water resources are not reasonably had led to more serious consequences affecting the living environment of the curve and the entire creature on Earth. So the theme "Marketing strategy aimed at raising awareness about water use in Vietnam" with the aim of analyzing the current water market situation and give......

Words: 2792 - Pages: 12

Premium Essay


...Suppliers implement this Code using the management systems described below. The Apple Supplier Code of Conduct is modeled on and contains language from the Electronic Industry Code of Conduct. Recognized standards such as International Labour Organization Standards (ILO), Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR), Social Accountability International (SAI), and the Ethical Trading Initiative (ETI) were used as references in preparing this Code and may be useful sources of additional information. A complete list of references is provided at the end of this Code. As an extension of the Code, Apple maintains a series of detailed Standards that clarify our expectations for compliance. Labor and Human Rights Suppliers must uphold the human rights of workers, and treat them with dignity and respect as understood by the international community. Antidiscrimination Suppliers shall not discriminate against any worker based on race, color, age, gender, sexual orientation, ethnicity, disability, religion, political affiliation, union membership, national origin, or marital status in hiring and employment practices such as applications for employment, promotions, rewards, access to training, job assignments, wages, benefits, discipline, and termination. Suppliers...

Words: 2593 - Pages: 11

Free Essay

Strategic Management

...the standards that it references. In selecting and retaining Suppliers, RIM will take into consideration whether a Supplier can in an open and objective manner demonstrate its active pursuit of compliance with the Code. Should a Supplier fail to demonstrate commitment to the Code or fail to implement appropriate corrective actions to improve performance, RIM may choose to suspend making purchases from the Supplier, or terminate its relationship with that Supplier on the basis of contractual breach. The Code is a statement of certain fundamental principles and standards that RIM intends its Suppliers to follow in their conduct of business with RIM. It is not intended to, nor does it, create or transfer any rights (including, without limitation, any intellectual property rights) in or to any employee, customer, supplier, competitor, shareholder or any other person or entity. This Code is largely based upon the industry-standard Electronics Industry Citizenship Coalition (“EICC”) Code of Conduct. The EICC Code of Conduct is available online at This Code is made up of five sections. Sections A, B, and C outline standards for Labor, Health and Safety, and the...

Words: 2438 - Pages: 10