Premium Essay

Accounting Gsk

In: Business and Management

Submitted By alx8POLO
Words 3225
Pages 13
Executive Summary * The figures used for the ratio calculations were taken from the companies’ annual reports using the formulas shown in Exhibit 1.

A. Global Pharmaceuticals and Medicine Manufacturing Industry (200 words)
The global pharmaceutical and medicine manufacturing industry is one of the most profitable industries in the world. Currently, the industry has revenue of approximately $1.1 billion, with a forecast of growing at an annualised rate of 5.7% to $1.4 trillion by 2020. (Exhibit 4) Some of the reasons for this growth are the increasingly elderly population and rising middle class within emerging markets. Since the global population is aging, there has also been demand for products designed for age-related conditions. Lastly, the emergence of new viruses, pandemics and drug-resistant infections has prompted more research and development (R&D) in the industry, increasing the number of products in the pipeline
Concentration in this industry is low, as the large pharmaceutical manufacturers only account for 15% of the market share. The most important issue faced by large pharmaceutical companies globally is the expiration of their patents, which results in the production of generic drugs by other manufacturers at lower price. The last 4 years companies have faced a series of simultaneous patent expiries, leading to severe sales losses of up to $250 billion from 2012 until today. Lastly, global trade and regulations have an impact on pricing controls, which has led companies to alter their portfolios from primary-care blockbusters to specialties (IBIS).
Pfizer Inc. (600 words)
Pfizer, Inc. is the largest player in the global pharmaceutical industry, with an estimated market share of 4.2%. Pfizer is a research-based pharmaceutical company, which operates in 3 segments, Global Innovative Pharmaceutical (GIP), Global Established...

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Accounting

...Seventh Edition Accounting for Decision Making and Control Jerold L. Zimmerman University of Rochester To: Conner, Easton, and Jillian ACCOUNTING FOR DECISION MAKING AND CONTROL, SEVENTH EDITION Published by McGraw-Hill, a business unit of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc., 1221 Avenue of the Americas, New York, NY 10020. Copyright © 2011 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. Previous editions © 2009, 2006, and 2003. No part of this publication may be reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means, or stored in a database or retrieval system, without the prior written consent of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc., including, but not limited to, in any network or other electronic storage or transmission, or broadcast for distance learning. Some ancillaries, including electronic and print components, may not be available to customers outside the United States. This book is printed on acid-free paper. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 DOW/DOW 1 0 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 ISBN MHID 978-0-07-813672-6 0-07-813672-5 Vice President & Editor-in-Chief: Brent Gordon Vice President of EDP: Sesha Bolisetty Editorial Director: Stewart Mattson Sponsoring Editor: Dick Hercher Marketing Manager: Sankha Basu Editorial Coordinator: Rebecca Mann Project Manager: Erin Melloy Design Coordinator: Brenda A. Rolwes Cover Designer: Studio Montage, St. Louis, Missouri Production Supervisor: Sue Culbertson Media Project Manager: Balaji Sundararaman Compositor: MPS Limited, A Macmillan......

Words: 209552 - Pages: 839

Premium Essay

Practices and Ethics

...Practices and Ethics In 2012 GlaxoSmithKline (GSK) paid $300 million in fines for incorrect pricing (The United States Department of Justice, 2012). Five executives of National Century Financial Enterprises were convicted of conspiracy to commit securities and wire fraud (New York Times, 2008). These companies are just two examples of financial fraud and lack of financial ethics in health care organizations. These two stories reinforce the importance of employing ethical and trustworthy financial managers and staff. Financial management is a complicated and detailed job. Generally accepted account principles (GAAP) have three sets of rules, and include 10 basic guidelines and principles (Averkamp, 2014). Planning, controlling, organizing and directing, and decision making are the primary elements of financial management (Baker & Baker, 2011). The first of the four elements in financial management is planning. In this phase, the manager identifies the steps that need to be taken to complete the organizations objectives (Baker & Baker, 2011). How much money will be needed to maintain operations in the next year? Things like medical supplies, equipment, additional employees, and more need to be considered in the planning process. The planning stage will encompass the next business year as well as the years to follow. Many organizations will want a five to 10 year plan or longer. The next element is controlling, and this is usually carried out by the controller or......

Words: 1156 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Accounting for Decision Making and Control

...Seventh Edition Accounting for Decision Making and Control Jerold L. Zimmerman University of Rochester To: Conner, Easton, and Jillian ACCOUNTING FOR DECISION MAKING AND CONTROL, SEVENTH EDITION Published by McGraw-Hill, a business unit of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc., 1221 Avenue of the Americas, New York, NY 10020. Copyright © 2011 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. Previous editions © 2009, 2006, and 2003. No part of this publication may be reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means, or stored in a database or retrieval system, without the prior written consent of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc., including, but not limited to, in any network or other electronic storage or transmission, or broadcast for distance learning. Some ancillaries, including electronic and print components, may not be available to customers outside the United States. This book is printed on acid-free paper. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 DOW/DOW 1 0 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 ISBN MHID 978-0-07-813672-6 0-07-813672-5 Vice President & Editor-in-Chief: Brent Gordon Vice President of EDP: Sesha Bolisetty Editorial Director: Stewart Mattson Sponsoring Editor: Dick Hercher Marketing Manager: Sankha Basu Editorial Coordinator: Rebecca Mann Project Manager: Erin Melloy Design Coordinator: Brenda A. Rolwes Cover Designer: Studio Montage, St. Louis, Missouri Production Supervisor: Sue Culbertson Media Project Manager: Balaji Sundararaman Compositor: MPS Limited, A Macmillan......

Words: 209552 - Pages: 839

Premium Essay

Obu Thesis

...Research and Analysis Project for B.sc (Hons) In Applied Accounting Business and Financial Performance Of GlaxoSmithKline Pakistan Ltd (2007- 2009) XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXX Prepared by Faisal Saleem XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX Mentoring by Fahim Ahmed This project is prepared in accordance with Oxford Brookes University guidelines. Table of Contents Topic & Company selection------------------------------------------------------------------------------3 About GlaxoSmithKline------------------------------------------------------------------------------------4 Overview of the Pharmaceutical Industry-------------------------------------------------------------5 Research Aims and Objectives--------------------------------------------------------------------------7 Information Gathering--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------8 Techniques used in RAP--------------------------------------------------------------------------------10 Limitations in RAP and Ethical issues----------------------------------------------------------------11 Financial Analysis-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------12 Revenue trend Analysis----------------------------------------------------------------------------------12 Profitability......

Words: 12319 - Pages: 50

Premium Essay

Financial Ratio Analysis

...Table of contents: INTRODUCTION TO THE PROJECT 2 FINANCIAL RATIO ANALYSIS: 2 Purposes and considerations of ratio analysis 2 PHARMACEUTICAL INDUSTRY IN PAKISTAN 3 FEROZSONS LABORATORIES LIMITED 4 LIQUIDITY ANALYSIS RATIOS 4 Current Ratio: 4 Quick Ratio 5 Working Capital: 6 Absolute Liquid Ratio: 8 SOLVENCY RATIOS (Capital Structure Analysis Ratios) 9 Debt Ratio 9 Debt to Equity Ratio 9 Interest Coverage Ratio 10 Equity Ratio 12 Assets to Equity Ratios 13 PROFITABILITY ANALYSIS RATIOS: 14 GENERAL PROFITABILITY: 14 Gross profit ratio/ margin: 15 Operating Expense Ratio: 16 Operating Profit Margin: 17 Net Profit Ratio: 18 OVERALL PROFITABILITY: 19 Earnings per Share (EPS): 19 Return on Equity (ROE): 20 Return on Assets (ROA): 21 Return on Capital Employed: 22 ACTIVITY ANALYSIS RATIOS 23 Operating Cycle 27 Assets Turnover Ratio 30 Working Capital Turnover Ratio 31 CAPITAL MARKET ANALYSIS RATIOS 32 Price earnings ratio(PE): 32 Dividend Yield Ratio 34 Market to Book Ratio 35 Dividend Payout Ratio 36 STATIC ANALYSIS: 37 REFERENCES: 44 INTRODUCTION TO THE PROJECT The project covers the trend analysis of Ferozsons, a pharmaceutical company in Pakistan, and the static analysis of the same with its major rival, Glaxo Smith Kline Pakistan Limited FINANCIAL RATIO ANALYSIS: The financial statements are essential but they are only the starting point for successful financial management. Financial......

Words: 8084 - Pages: 33

Premium Essay

System Integrity and Validation

...A. Davis, Jr. ACC/542 October 21, 2013 Irene Branum Preface In the last few weeks the accounting firm, Team D has looked into characteristics of Kudler Fine Foods and provided recommendations to update and replace existing components of the IT system. These recommendations made can yield in the company’s increased productivity, profitability, and remove potential threats. Team D determined that industry specific software is useful in comparison to customized software. Four main modules such as payroll, account payable, accounts receivable, and inventory were developed as well as enhancement of each flowchart based on the appropriate system. Team D examined the database completeness at Kudler’s intranet and developed a pivot table; therefore, making the decision-making process easy. External and internal risks were analyzed and internal control points were developed by incorporating both risks and controls into a flowchart. Team D also showed why findings and recommendations are more useful to the company in comparison to SAS70 and SAS94 audits. The team identified events that will lessen the dependence on auditing through computer and showed a brief description how the audit should be conducted. System Integrity and Validation Kudler Finer Foods has looked for recommendations regarding the company, to include computer information system, automated process of an accounting information system, data table analysis, internal control and risk evaluation, and auditing......

Words: 1182 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

The Royal Mint

...I. Introduction The Royal Mint has a unique manufacturing operation in the United Kingdom and also designated as an executive agency responsible to the treasury to the “Her Majesty's” Government. Its objective is to provide the government with coinage at a competitive price and its manufacturing requirement ranges from high volumes of standard coinage to individual service medals or commemorative coins. In the case of the Royal Mint, they follow a unique cost ceiling that their cost base must always be less than the face value of the coins being produced. In order to follow that unique cost ceiling, the researchers follow the concept of simultaneous design by being involved in initiatives to improve materials being used in both coins and dies. Then due to high inflation rate, the face value of the coin is exceeding the cost base of the raw material and with the help of using the concept of simultaneous design, the Royal Mint quickly mitigated the risk by changing the composition of the 2 Pound and 1 Pound coins to a steal core with an electroplated copper outer layer and has significantly reduced the unit cost and it added expected lifetime by using a less expensive metal base. II. Background The Royal Mint has a cost ceiling that the cost base of the material must be less than the face value of the coin being produced. In order to follow that unique cost ceiling, the Royal Mint implemented the Concept of Simultaneous Design to research on how to further......

Words: 931 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Johnson

...CHAPTER 17 PROCESS COSTING 17-1 Industries using process costing in their manufacturing area include chemical processing, oil refining, pharmaceuticals, plastics, brick and tile manufacturing, semiconductor chips, beverages, and breakfast cereals. 17-2 Process costing systems separate costs into cost categories according to the timing of when costs are introduced into the process. Often, only two cost classifications, direct materials and conversion costs, are necessary. Direct materials are frequently added at one point in time, often the start or the end of the process. All conversion costs are added at about the same time, but in a pattern different from direct materials costs. Conversion costs are often added throughout the process, which can of any length of time, lasting from seconds to several months. 17-3 Equivalent units is a derived amount of output units that takes the quantity of each input (factor of production) in units completed or in incomplete units in work in process, and converts the quantity of input into the amount of completed output units that could be made with that quantity of input. Each equivalent unit is comprised of the physical quantities of direct materials or conversion costs inputs necessary to produce output of one fully completed unit. Equivalent unit measures are necessary since all physical units are not completed to the same extent at the same time. 17-4 The accuracy of the estimates of completion depends on the care and skill of the......

Words: 13645 - Pages: 55

Free Essay

Memo of Law

...Memo of law Question/Issue Presented What evidence can be found during a legal discovery and how does this affect the record-keeping policy of a business organization? Applicable Law and Ethical Standards Newby v. Enron Corp. , 2002 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 28397 (S.D. Tex. May 1, 2002) Newby v. Enron Corp. (In re Enron Cor... , 2003 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 1668, Fed. Sec. L. Rep. (CCH) P92404 (S.D. Tex. Jan. 28, 2003) United States v. Arthur Andersen LLP , 2002 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 26870 (S.D. Tex. May 24, 2002) 18 USCS § 1512 Discussion/Analysis (of Law and Facts) During a legal discovery which includes the procedures of Deposition, Interrogatories and Production of Documents there can be different evidence found depending on the area of work the business organization is involved in. An example could be that a company tried to create false documents with the intent to seem like a good investment or to avoid paying taxes. During a deposition evidence can be found that people questioned tell conflicting stories. It is crucial to be able to deliver the right documents requested during a discovery. Therefore, it is important to have an organized record-keeping policy for any organization. Furthermore, a business should keep its records as correct as possible and not be tempted to give in to fraud, changing documents or destroying important documents. A company should follow the law to keep the required documents. It would be a crime to hide, destroy and/or withhold......

Words: 345 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Toolbox

...TOOLBOX: 1) Inventory Management - Inventory Turnover Ratio = Costs of Goods Sold/ Inventory If inventory turns over 6 times, how many days does it stay on the shelves or in the warehouse? These are annual figures: 365/7 = 60 days on the shelves. Need a better specific Mission Statement. 2) Costs that do no change with volume of output are called -Fixed Costs Costs that change when volume changes are called -Variable Costs 3) Fishbone Analysis 4) Low Urg/Low Impt – Low Urg/High Imp High Urg/Low Impt – High Urg/High Imp 5) Present Value and Future Value PV x C^n = FV When comparing investments....pick the one that has a larger present value. 6) PORTER 5 Porter 5 does not cover the opportunities part of the SWOT ad Market Growth Potential. 7) HILO METHOD: Finds Slope (FC, VC) [(Total Cost From Later Year - Total Cost from Year Before Later)] / [(Units from Later Year /-Units from Year Before Later)] = VC FC = Total Cost – (VC)(UNITS) 2012 Units: 800 Total costs: 7000 2011 Units: 500 Total costs : 6100 [7000/6100] / [800/500] = $3/unit ( VC 3(800) 2400 ... 7000-2400 FC= 4600 8) BREAKEVEN POINT BE = [FC/[P-VC] BE ( Given a total profit ) = [FC+TP]/[P-VC] QUESTION: How many units must you sell to earn $100 000 in profit 4600+ 100 000/ [5-3] = 104600/2 = 52 300 9) FINANCIAL STATEMENT BALANCE SHEET - ASSETS = LIABILITIES + EQUITY INCOME STATEMENT- NET INCOME = REVENUE MINUS EXPENSES CASH FLOW......

Words: 329 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Andre's Hair Styling

...ACCT310 - 1304B – 07 Andre’s Hair Styling American Intercontinental University Online December 1, 2013 ABSTRACT The following information is going to contain information from Andre’s hair styling. The information is going to detail the contribution margin, the annual break-even point, as well as the operating income. Fixed costs consist of the barbers so to figure that out we must take their nine dollars and ninety cents an hour that they are paid and multiply that by the barbers forty hour work week and then multiply that by the fifty weeks that they work a year and then again multiply by the five different barbers that are working at Andre’s Hair Styling; we then get ninety-nine thousand dollars as the outcome. ($9.90*40 hours a week*50 weeks a year* 5 barbers) = $99,000 which added together is one hundred and twenty thousand dollars. Other expenses for Andre’s Hair Styling consists of the remaining fixed costs per month which is one thousand seven hundred and fifty and then multiply that by twelve months and we get twenty-one thousand dollars a year for other fixed expenses. ($1,750 fixed expenses * 12 months in a year) = $ 21,000 Now that we have done all of that calculations to begin answering the questions at hand we will go from 1-4. 1. The first task is to find the contribution margin per hair cut at the same time assuming that the barber’s compensation is a fixed cost. So we take the following in mind. Andre’s hair styling is charging twelve......

Words: 894 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Acc Cost, Volume, and Profit Formulas

...Assignment: Cost, Volume, and Profit Formulas ACC220 February 19, 2012 Assignment: Cost, Volume, and Profit Formulas In a business, it is profit that ultimately determines whether a business succeeds or fails a financial year. To aid in forming decisions, managers depend on information presented in Cost-Volume-Profit (CVP) analysis. In a CVP analysis, information is built on the interrelation of five general components. By understanding these components and how they relate to one-another, managers and accountants can also determine the contribution margin ratio. With these factors in hand, managers can predict the contribution ratios necessary to balance expenses and maximize profits. For managers to make successful decisions in business, they need to understand the components, the factors, and how they relate to one-another. Creating a CVP analysis requires knowledge of five general components: The volume of a business’ activities, the selling prices of individual units, the variable and fixed costs of producing each unit, and the net total of multiple types of units sold. The volume of business’ activities generally refers to the total units of any specific merchandise sold, which is multiplied with selling prices. Following the income of sales, the variable costs (costs to produce each unit) is subtracted to determine the contribution margin. Finally, the fixed costs (supporting budget) are subtracted from the contributions margin to determine the net income in a......

Words: 961 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Publix

...Running Head: PUBLIX CMT Contemporary Management Technique for Publix Target Costing Rationale Publix Super Markets, Inc. is a primarily Florida established grocery store chain which employees over 120,000. Currently, Publix serves over one million customers each day and is also one of the largest employee-owned businesses in the world. Moreover, the company is one of Florida’s leading supermarkets and has tailored to most cultural trends in the grocery industry-organic foods; health foods, natural foods, prepared meals, ethnic ingredients, etc. Publix grocery has benefited from great success in the industry and has expanded out of primary market, Florida. However, with the arrival of globalization impacting margins in almost every industry, the food retailing/supermarket industry has now joined the trend. International and domestic food retailers around the globe have started to internationalize at a brisk rate and open operations around the globe (Mujtaba & Franklin, 2007). The right product pricing is one of the most important matters concerning the growth of companies’ financial performance. Prices should be low enough to draw in customers; however, simultaneously high enough to cover all costs and anticipated profits. Research in the supermarket industry indicates that nine percent of customers leave and shop elsewhere because they think prices are too high. The supermarket business is becoming more and more concentrated as large regional chains such......

Words: 3649 - Pages: 15

Premium Essay

Kudler Accounting System

...Kudler Accounting System Derek Gleaves UNIVERSITY OF PHOENIX BSA/310 Frank Skowron December 18, 2011 Kudler Accounting System Kudler wants to incorporate an SQL database that contains the fields found in the company's Chart of Accounts. Add a balance field and create a query that will display all of the fields of the database and run a report totaling the balance field using test data added to the database. Kudler's Chart of Accounts is currently a Microsoft Excel spreadsheet and they want the Chart of Accounts upgraded to the SQL database. The new database will be used to facilitate decision making at the store and department levels. The processes of Kudler Fine Foods include inventory, payroll, accounts payable and accounts receivable. Using a new accounting information systems, will improve these processes from the old system. Key features Intergrading the new accounting system at Kudler Fine Foods has made the company gain new key features along with adding the old key features, such as; It allows the company to keep track of customer purchases. Each time a customer creates a purchase it will register to the new accounting system main computer, and shows what items were purchased along with the price paid. This new system shows the accounts receivables, this show the money being received, and the money going out. The current system at Kudler could be improved through the automation. The objective of accounts payable processing is to pay vendors at......

Words: 800 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Worldcom Financial Fraud

...Final Paper: Case Study of WorldCom Financial Statement Fraud Introduction This paper will discuss the financial statement fraud committed by WorldCom by examining what led up to the fraud, who committed it and why, and the impact it caused on various stakeholders and the economy. WorldCom applied aggressive and undisclosed accounting tactics to provide financial statements that reflected a $10 billion profit for the years 2000 and 2001, rather than the actual combined loss of $73.7 billion that occurred (Romar, 2006). Opportunity, pressure, and rationalization were all present in this severe example of financial statement fraud which had a devastating impact on stakeholders globally. Basis for Understanding Financial Statement Fraud Prior to taking a deep dive into this specific example, it is important to first understand what constitutes financial statement fraud. Financial statement fraud can be defined as “deliberate misstatements or omissions of amounts or disclosures of financial statements to deceive financial statement users, particularly investors and creditors” (Wells, 2011, p. 299). Financial statement frauds can be broken down into five distinct categories: fictitious revenues, improper asset valuations, concealed liabilities and expenses, timing differences, and improper disclosures” (Wells, 2011, p. 292). The History of WorldCom “WorldCom began in Mississippi as a small provider of long distance telephone services” (Lyke, 2002). However, due to......

Words: 3888 - Pages: 16