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Accounting Lease

In: Business and Management

Submitted By rotanrm
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Accounting for Leases
Source: Solutions Manual t/a Australian Financial Accounting 7/e by Craig Deegan

11.1 Within AASB 117 a lease is defined as: an agreement whereby the lessor conveys to the lessee in return for a payment or series of payments the right to use an asset for an agreed period of time.

11.2 We should capitalise a lease transaction (meaning that the leased asset and lease liability will be placed on the statement of financial position) when substantially all the risks and rewards of ownership pass to the lessee, and the lease payments are deemed to be material. AASB 117 describes the risks and rewards of ownership as follows: Risks include the possibilities of losses from idle capacity or technological obsolescence and of variations in return because of changing economic conditions. Rewards may be represented by the expectation of profitable operation over the asset’s economic life and of gain from appreciation in value or realisation of a residual value.

AASB 117 dedicates a number of paragraphs (paragraphs 10 to 12) to assist in determining whether a lease is a finance lease or an operating lease. A finance lease is to be capitalised. These paragraphs state:

10. Whether a lease is a finance lease or an operating lease depends on the substance of the transaction rather than the form of the contract. Examples of situations that individually or in combination would normally lead to a lease being classified as a finance lease are:
(a) the lease transfers ownership of the asset to the lessee by the end of the lease term;
(b) the lessee has the option to purchase the asset at a price that is expected to be sufficiently lower than the fair value at the date the option becomes exercisable for it to be reasonably certain, at the inception of the lease, that the option will be exercised;
(c) the lease term is for the major part of the…...

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