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Across Culture

In: Business and Management

Submitted By fatiks76
Words 22630
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17 November 2006


Annu. Rev. Psychol. 2007.58:479-514. Downloaded from by University Of Maryland on 12/11/06. For personal use only.

Organizational Behavior
Michele J. Gelfand,1 Miriam Erez,2 and Zeynep Aycan3

Department of Psychology, University of Maryland, College Park, Maryland 20742; email:


Technion, Israel Institute of Technology, Technion City, Haifa, Israel 32000; email:


Department of Psychology, Koc University, Sariyer, Istanbul, Turkey 34450; email:

Annu. Rev. Psychol. 2007. 58:479–514

Key Words

First published online as a Review in
Advance on October 17, 2006

culture, management, organizations, work

The Annual Review of Psychology is online at Abstract

This article’s doi:
Copyright c 2007 by Annual Reviews.
All rights reserved

This article reviews research on cross-cultural organizational behavior (OB). After a brief review of the history of cross-cultural OB, we review research on work motivation, or the factors that energize, direct, and sustain effort across cultures. We next consider the relationship between the individual and the organization, and review research on culture and organizational commitment, psychological contracts, justice, citizenship behavior, and person-environment fit.
Thereafter, we consider how individuals manage their interdependence in organizations, and review research on culture and negotiation and disputing, teams, and leadership, followed by research on managing across borders and expatriation. The review shows that developmentally, cross-cultural research in OB is coming of age.
Yet we also highlight critical challenges...

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