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Actions Research

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Submitted By nalla1982
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Teaching is a way of communication. Teachers communicate through discussing, explaining, illustrating, and other teaching methods that convey concepts to the learners. Students receive information from their mentors but they can also obtain information and learned concepts through reading from other sources like reference books, charts, general references or even in the internet. Whatever ways of perceiving concepts among learners, whether through reading and listening, one factor that always hinder in understanding completely the concept being perceive and that is the language. Whatever the level of complexity of the concepts being received by the learners, they easily grasp and understood without difficulty of internalizing it if they are well acquainted with the medium of instruction used by the teacher or read in the reference book for they don’t need interpreting, elucidating the words, paragraph and sentences they have perceived. The reason why some second language user students found trouble in comprehending certain concepts it’s because aside from analyzing the concepts being perceived by its context, they also need to interpret the meaning of what they have heard or read, which needs knowledge and intensive background on the language grammar encountered which most of the learners are poor in it.
Whereas learning is effortless and quick if the medium of instruction used is the native language of the learners for they do not need to further deduce and analyze the words, paragraph and sentences they have perceived. Learners learned through eyes and ears, they easily memorize, remember and recount the concept they have encountered when they are well-versed on the language use in the material being read or by the teacher.
Because of this fact, teaching to the second language user students is very challenging especially when it comes to teaching subjects that uses English as medium of instruction. It has been observed by most teachers that students found difficulty in learning concepts because of the medium of instructions used by the teacher or the text books used in day to day lessons. Based on the assessments of some subject teachers, students experience the same problems and it summarizes as follows:
1. students are very poor in English grammar and English word usage the reason why they find difficulty in learning some subjects particularly those subjects that use English as medium of instruction;
2. learners are poor in English Vocabulary and technical words as well;
3. most students cannot write and speak English correctly even in a simple way;
4. most students are poor in English comprehension they cannot understand what they hear and read even a simple sentences;
A concept journal written by one of the fourth year students in Science class is quoted below:
“The about the lesson is a understand because I’ am lessen and then about the lesson it is electric circuits is a nag cocunict the electric and for the house is a lighting and energy.”
The concept journal written by this student was confusing though the concept presented by the teacher was well planned, well prepared and supported with necessary learning materials, still there is some kind of barriers in learning the concept, which later found out that it’s the gap in language based from the result of extensive assessment. This problem shouldn’t address only to the English teachers, but to all teachers that notice the problem at hand and there is a need to do something that might help learners maximize learning especially those subjects they found difficulty jut because of language barrier.

Problem Identification

Generally this action plan tends to identify different approaches that would help bridge the language gap that causes the difficulty of learning in the subjects that uses English as medium of instruction. Specifically this paper would like to answer the following:
1. What possible strategies that can help addressing the student difficulty in learning in the subject that uses English as medium of instruction?
2. What are possible objectives that can be used as a guide target to help bridge the language gap that causes the learning difficulty in the subject that uses English as medium of instruction?

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