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Phil 1F90: Morality Test ric brown

Write an “A” in the margin next to the number if you AGREE with what is said; write a “D” in the margin next to the number if you DISAGREE with what is said. Try not to leave any blank.

1. The only motive anyone has in doing anything is to get some-thing for him/herself. Even when you help others, it's only because it makes you feel good.

2. Only if you would agree to allow everyone to do what you are doing is your action morally allowable or right.

3. What makes an action obligatory is that it leads to the great-est good for the greatest number. Motives are irrelevant.

4. The only thing that counts in determining whether someone did the right thing or not is the motive. The results of the action are irrelevant.

5. Since we can always turn out to be wrong about a factual claim (for example, we think there are nine planets in the solar system, but perhaps there are ten), we don't really know anything about such matters.

6. The only thing that is worth pursuing is pleasure.

7. A good will can't be used for any bad end, but everything else can. So a good will is the only thing that is good in itself.

8. No one knows what is right or wrong, or good or bad.

9. Whenever you justify a specific moral judgment, such as "Slav-ery in the United States was wrong," you have to make reference to a general rule or principle, such as "All slavery is wrong."

10. Things of value in our society should be distributed to those who can afford them as a result of their success in competing in our economic system.

11. Moral judgments are an expression of personal taste. Just as "Hot fudge goes well with banana ice cream" is a question of your own taste, so is "Slavery in the United States was a morally bad institution."

12. Those and only those actions commanded by God are our moral...

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