In: Computers and Technology

Submitted By kulwa
Words 1134
Pages 5
Local area network technology is the technology used to make local area network to
support data communication by connecting terminals, computers and printers within a small
limited geographical area. Examples of LAN Technology include; Token Ring, Fibre
Distributed Data Interface (FDDI) and ARCNET.
Local Area Network is a data communication network connecting Terminals, Computers
and Printers within a building or other geographically limited area. These devices can be
connected through wired cables or wireless link.
It is also a communication network for computers within a building or small group of
buildings. It may be configured as;
1. A bus, a main channel to which nodes or secondary channels are connected in a branching
2. A ring in which each computer is connected to two neighbouring computers to form a
closed circuit.
3. A star in which each computer is linked directly to a central computer and indirectly to one
Each of these has an advantage though a bus configuration has become the most.

Ethernet is a standard communications protocol embedded in software and hardware
devices, intended for building a local area network (LAN). It was designed by Bob Metcalfe
in 1973, and through the efforts of Digital, Intel and Xerox (for which Metcalfe worked),
"DIX" Ethernet became the standard model for LANs worldwide
Ethernet evolved to include higher bandwidth, improved media access control (MAC)
method and different physical media. The coaxial cable was replaced with point-to-point
links connected by Ethernet, repeaters or switches to reduce installation cost, increasing
reliability and improve management and troubleshooting. Many variants of Ethernet remain
in common use.
Ethernet stations communicate by sending each other data packets; blocks of data…...

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