Premium Essay

Adult Childhood

In: Philosophy and Psychology

Submitted By renita
Words 402
Pages 2
In the readings below, the awareness of what is faced by adolescence and how this particular stage in their lives is affected as they develop into a state of maturity. The major struggles for teens in their youthful years are to identify themselves and come to terms with forthcoming adulthood and separation from family (Berger, 2008). There are a number of positive as well as negative consequences of important developmental choices during this time phase. In addition detailed depictions of the changes adolescence come into contact with in regards to peer relationships in middle childhood and as well as youth. The scrutinizing aspects of adolescent egocentrism also the pressures often faced in adolescence, such as peer pressure, substance use and abuse, dating, sexuality, and changes within family relationships.

My split portion for bullet point three

When analyzing the reality of the pressures often faced within the adolescence community. It has been found, peer interaction can determine a type of association to fit in a particular social group. Peer relationships endow with optimistic growth. As well as foster peer interaction (Blume, 2006). As youth indwell on having meaningful friendships because of their constant interaction it would lead to an important development in their life. Therefore peers later on in life have these important dealings with one another because it was maintained while they were an adolescent. Another difficulty that is equally exposed to adolescents is the pressure of substance abuse. The history of substance abuse in adolescents over time found that when children leave the nest and the security they always once were use too, they have are a target for a much higher risk in trying to fit in and experiment with addictive drugs, i.e. Illegal or non illegal drugs the chances are far greater higher. It is…...

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Childhood Obesity and Its Relation to Adult Hypertension

...Childhood Obesity and its Relation to Adult Hypertension Team C Childhood Obesity and its Relation to Adult Hypertension Childhood obesity has become a growing global epidemic, specifically impacting the United States. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (2014) childhood obesity has doubled in children and quadrupled in adolescents over the past 30 years. One of the main dilemmas in childhood obesity is the risk factor of comorbidities leading to adult hypertension, otherwise known as high blood pressure (CDC, 2014). A European longitudinal research study, focusing on childhood body mass index and its associations with adult hypertension, discovered a direct correlation between obesity and blood pressure. Results indicated that child participants with a high body mass index were more likely to develop high blood pressure in adulthood (Sabo, Lu, Daniels, and Sun, 2012). The study’s participants consisted of adult men and women and researchers concluded that based on the number of participants it was unclear whether or not the correlation was similar across genders (Sabo, Lu, Daniels, and Sun, 2012). Since previous studies have indicated a greater increase in hypertension in women, researchers claimed further testing was needed. The previous work by Sabo, Lu, Daniels, and Sun (2012) has led researchers of the current study to ask questions regarding the correlation between childhood obesity and adult hypertension. For example, researchers......

Words: 346 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

How Childhood Can Impact Adult Viewpoints

...How Childhood Can Impact Adult Viewpoints Dawn Bradshaw ENG/220 September 7, 2015 Instructor Tracy Banis How Childhood Can Impact Adult Viewpoints Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. and Malcolm X were great civil rights icons. They both worked diligently for the equality of blacks, but on different platforms. When people think of Dr. King, they think of nonviolence, preaching love thy neighbor, and the integration of blacks and whites. On the other hand, Malcolm X brings thoughts of militant force, the infamous phrase, “by any means necessary” (Carson, 2005), violence, and segregation. While Martin and Malcolm’s common goal was fighting for the justice and equality of civil rights for blacks, their approach and viewpoints differed on the matter, and this is perhaps due to their early childhood and young adulthood experiences in racial relations. Both Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. and Malcolm X’s fathers were politically active Baptist preachers, but growing up in the 1920s was an entirely different experience for them, respectively. While Martin as an adolescent lived a comfortable, middle-class lifestyle, Malcolm suffered great tragedies. As the family slept, the home interrupted the pitch black night with blazes of fire set by two white men (Hatch 2001). Luckily, no one was hurt. Then, Malcolm’s father was brutally and savagely ripped away from him and his family by the hands, he believes, of the Ku Klux Klan (Hatch 2001). Subsequently, after losing the head of the...

Words: 797 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

The Long Shadow Cast by Childhood Physical and Mental Problems on Adult Life

...The long shadow cast by childhood physical and mental problems on adult life Alissa Goodmana, Robert Joycea, and James P. Smithb,1 + Author Affiliations aInstitute for Fiscal Studies, London WC1E 7AE, United Kingdom; and bRAND Corporation, Santa Monica, CA 90407-2138 Edited by Kenneth Wachter, University of California, Berkeley, CA, and approved February 8, 2011 (received for review November 11, 2010) Next Section Abstract In this article we assess and compare long-term adult socioeconomic status impacts from having experienced psychological and physical health problems in childhood. To do so, we use unique prospective data from the British National Child Development Study, a continuing panel study of a cohort of 17,634 children born in Great Britain during a single week in March 1958. To date there have been nine waves for this birth cohort to monitor their physical, educational, and social development, during childhood (at birth and 7, 11, and 16 y) and adulthood (age 23, 33, 42, 46, and 50 y). Excellent contemporaneous information exists throughout childhood on physical and psychological health, captured by doctor and nurse-led medical examinations and detailed parental and teacher questionnaires. This information is combined with a wealth of contemporaneous information on adult health and economic experiences collected from cohort members. Information includes their economic circumstances (earnings, labor supply, and other sources...

Words: 5264 - Pages: 22

Premium Essay

Outline the Influence of Childhood and/or Adolescents Experiences on Later Adults Relationships

...Q. Outline the influence of childhood and/or adolescents experiences on later adults relationships (8+16) Individuals differ in their relationships; psychologists have researched whether adult relationships are related to early experiences in life. Bowlby believes that the type of relationship the individual has with their primary caregiver gives a basis of a future relationship. This is called the internal working model. The fear of strangers represents an important survival mechanism, which is by nature, babies display social releasers which helps them ensure contact or proximity with the primary caregiver, as they similarly will with their partner in their adult relationship. Another example of the internal working model is the continuity hypothesis, which is a key theory to explaining childhood or adolescent experiences on later adult relationships, where it states that childhood relationships will affect your future relationships, Mary Ainsworth explores this by looking at our relationships as infants as concluded three types: Secure, insecure-avoidant, insecure-resistant. Secure is where the infant is in a calm state even without the presence of the primary caregiver, secure avoidant is where shows little distress, avoids contact with caregiver when returns, and insecure-resistant is when child shows a lot of distress, anxious and nervous. This demonstrates the relationship that the child has with the primary caregiver when they are present and not present.......

Words: 757 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

The Impact of Childhood Maltreatment on Young Adults Substance Abuse: a Reaction

...Christine Wilson Psy1462 March 21, 2014 The Impact of Childhood Maltreatment on Young Adults’ Substance Abuse: A Reaction. This article contains information regarding a study carried out between 1976 and 1987 about individuals who were subject to different types of abuse between the ages of 10 and 17. The research seemed eager to show what the correlation was between type of abuse the child suffered through and what type of addiction, if any, that the victims acquired over the years. The study followed 842 participants through four years of initial interviews and 7 waves of re-interviewing for the purpose of seeking out addiction information. The final wave of testing, done in 1987, was when the youngest participants reached the maximum age of 24. The final total of 762 individuals whom answered every question and completed every interview was used to create the final graph regarding demographic versus addiction type. The study was split up by race, sex, age, and socio-economic background (welfare, etc.). The mediating effects of depression in later substance abuse were also discussed. Though interesting, this particular study lacks in depth. According to the results, sexual abuse plays very little role in substance abuse and I find this to be highly unlikely. I do agree that alcoholism is likely to be more prevalent in physical abuse cases. Quite often there seems to be a connection between alcohol and violence that it would seem likely would carry on into the...

Words: 607 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Children in Society the status of childhood.’’(20 marks)  Sociologists believe that childhood is created and defined by society. They also believe that it is a social construct in developing society and how it plays its part. Previously in different periods there wasn’t a consistent difference between adults and children. However, now there is with clear differences and distinctions between the two.  Childhood found its place in society after the pre-industrial society with families living in an extended environment. With extended families a lot of members it doesn’t create the difference between childhood and adulthood. As item A states ‘’there was little distinction between children and adults’’ in the past. Aries (1960) suggested that ‘the idea of childhood did not exist’. After Aries studied from previous art pieces and diaries from the time period he claimed that children that once children had not passed the dependency of infancy they were treated as ‘mini adults’. With labelling children as mini adults it implied that they held the same: rights, duties and skills as adults had. Aries argued the fact that children are not or should not be seen no different to adults from the way they act in society. He also proposed that childhood began to emerge from the 13th century and this was partly due to the rise in education and the individuality children then had compared to adults. Clothing is also a major contributor between the defined line against children and adults. There was no......

Words: 816 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

“Using Material from Item a and Elsewhere Assess the Sociological Explanations of Changes in the Status of Childhood”

...According to some sociologists, childhood is socially constructed, this means it is only a human concept and the only reason that childhood exists is because society makes it that way. Overtime childhood has changed as different norms and values over each century of life have been different and are still changing at present. Also, in different places of the world there are different cultures and ethics so therefore their view of childhood will also be different. As Wagg states, “Childhood is socially constructed. It is, in other words, what members of particular societies, at particular times, and in particular places say it is. There is no single universal childhood experienced by all. So, childhood isn’t “natural” and should be distinguished from mere biological immaturity.” However, childhood has not always been controlled like this, as in pre-industrial times Aries argues that ‘the idea of childhood did not exist’. Soon after being less dependent, the child centred society was pretty much on the same terms as an adult – they were not exactly the equals of adults but they nevertheless mixed freely with adults in terms of both work and leisure; there was very little distinction between them. However, childhood has changed overtime and as I says in item A ,‘The development of children’s lives were increasingly confined, disciplined and regulated by adults.’ In historical times law often made no distinction between children and adults and as Shorter argues, high death......

Words: 820 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Why Study Childhood?

...& title:SPY 1079 Introduction to Early Childhood Studies | Date29th October 2016 | Assignment title: Diagnostic Essay: Why Study Childhood? | | | Very Good/Excellent | Good/Very good | Satisfactory/good | Basic/Satisfactory | Unsatisfactory | Argument and understanding | | | | | | Referencing and quality of sources | | | | | | Organization and structure | | | | | | Presentation and academic practice | | | | | | Marker’s comments: | Mark (%): | First marker: | | ------------------------------------------------- This Mark is provisional and is subject to final confirmation by Progression and Awards Board. | Second marker: | | Student name: Robyn Fletcher Student Number: 22966188 Why study childhood? This essay will outline the main issues as to why we study childhood. It will be done by using multiple reports, book chapters and other reading materials with relevant facts to support the essay content. Firstly, what is childhood? According to the Unicef website(2015) childhood is defined as 'A precious time in which children should live free from fear, safe from violence and protected from abuse and exploitation. As such, childhood means much more than just the space between birth and the attainment of adulthood.' This is how most societies within today's world see childhood for children, however not all countries agree. Studying childhood has allowed many professionals the knowledge and......

Words: 656 - Pages: 3

Free Essay


...Changes in the Experience of Childhood in the Past 50 Years or so? Many sociologists see childhood as socially constructed; as something created and defined by society. Many argue that what people mean by childhood, and the position that children occupy in society, is not fixed but differs between different times, places and cultures. It can be seen that by comparing the western idea of childhood today with childhood in the past and other societies. It can be determined by many sociologists that there have been many changes in society that have affected children over the last 50 years, however there are several different sociological views on whether these changes have been beneficial to children or not. Some sociologist such as Aries say that childhood can be defined as being a social construct. Children had been seen as being like ‘mini adults’ and being an economic charge rather than being treated like children and being unconditionally loved by their parents. The elements of the modern childhood gradually began to emerge from the 13th century onwards. Schools started to specialise purely on the education of the young pupils. There was a growing distinction between adult and children clothing. By the 18th century there was a sign of the growing child-centred of family life, mostly among the middle classes. According to Aries these developments lead to the ‘cult of childhood’. He argues that we have moved from a world that did not see childhood as in any way special, to......

Words: 891 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Childhood Obesity

...Childhood Obesity: That Turns Out To Be Major Adult Health Issues Thesis Statement: Childhood obesity in America can be controlled if a healthy lifestyle of exercise and healthy eating can be incorporated into each child's day. I. Childhood obesity in America A. Growing Epidemic B. Statistics II. Problems That Contribute to Obesity A. Advertisements B. Fast Food C. Game Systems III. Health Concerns A. Diabetes B. Heart Diseases C. High Blood Pressure D. Asthma IV. School System A. Healthy Foods B. Physical Education C. Healthy Lifestyle Education V. Activities and Diet A. Exercise B. Healthy Foods CHILDHOOD Childhood Obesity: That Turns Out To Be Major Adult Health Issues There is an update on one of the biggest epidemics in the world and that is childhood obesity that eventually becomes major health issues for adults. Over recent years and our economy in trouble, there have been budget cuts that affected our school systems. A several years ago the elementary schools had physical education five days a week, then it was changed to three times a week and now some of our schools only offer P.E. twice a week. Our children are not given the chance to run and play so that they can burn calories that they so much need. We need to get Physical education back into our schools and our children outside playing more often and as parents we need to take away the computers and game systems to get our children back outside running and......

Words: 1719 - Pages: 7

Free Essay

Examine the Ways in Which Childhood Can Be Said to Be Socially Constructed

...and studies investigating childhood on whether childhood is a social construct and hopefully come to some conclusion. Socially constructed is the idea that childhood is defined and driven by the norms and values of the society in which it is taking place. Sociologists would claim that childhood is socially constructed as it differs from society to society and if it was biologically driven it would be the same for every child across all parts of the world and children in every class. Raymond Firth investigated childhood on the Islands of Tikopia where children were taught to use sharp objects such as knives at a very young age and began learning skills that would be classed as adult activities in British society. Children in Zaire are also trained to be soldiers as soon as they are able to walk. In British society today, if children were taught such skills it would be child neglect or abuse due to the protection acts placed over them. Such as having a law that people cannot join the army until the age of 16 and fight in wars/battle at ages 18. This shows that childhood is relative to what society you are in. Philippe Ariès claimed that childhood is relative to time after studying 3 different points in time in British and European societies. Ariès claimed that in Medieval Europe there was no division between children and adults after studying and analysing painting and diaries from that time. He claimed that as well as working alongside adults on the farms as soon as......

Words: 1024 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Is Childhood Disappearing

...Is childhood disappearing? There have been many studies and research put into the question ‘is childhood disappearing’ but first lets define what childhood actually is... childhood is considered to be the time in which a person is a child or too young to be considered an adult, this time in most cultures is 0-12 years old. Many sociologists believe that childhood is rapidly disappearing, for example Phillip Aries was a historian who argued that in the middle ages childhood didn’t exist. In the middle ages things were a lot different, children were a lot different and besides from size there was little defining children from adults. There is many sources such as paintings which show children to not only be dressed as adults, but engaging in adult behaviour such as drinking and attending brothels. Aries discovered that children were sent to work, just like adults as soon as they were capable of doing so. Law also made very little distinction between children and adults, with children being allowed to participate in adult activities because they were just seen as ‘mini’ and then sharing the same burden as adults when it came to punishments. At this time Phillip Aries believe that childhood didn’t exist. In 1880 the compulsory education act came into procedure in England and Wales, this created a big turn over in the history of childhood. It became compulsory for children to go to school, meaning they couldn’t work. Before this law came into action children were seen to be...

Words: 2042 - Pages: 9

Free Essay

Assess Sociological Explanations of Changes in the Status of Childhood

...Using material from Item A and elsewhere, assess sociological explanations of changes in the status of childhood The status of childhood has always been changing with time and in this day and age there are many views over the position of children, being confined, disciplined or controlled by the adult authority. Others say that they are growing up to fast and the distinction between the adults and children is overlapping. Some sociologists believe that childhood is socially constructed, that childhood is dependent on society’s cultures, beliefs and laws etc. An example for this theory is Stephen Wagg’s (1992), who believes a single ‘universal’ childhood, which everyone goes through, does not exist. He says that childhood isn’t natural or defined by biology. By this he means that although all children go through life stages and physical development, it doesn’t create their position in society and instead the society and its differential culture, religion and laws decide this for them. Earlier centuries like the middle ages didn’t regard childhood at all and adults and children were almost equal with each other, work, clothing and playing. As item A describes ‘little distinction was drawn between adults and children’. This is a view taken up by the historian Philippe Aries where the child entered the wider society on most the same terms as adults and taking the responsibility of work from a young age. Evidence of this is from Bruegel’s 16th century painting which shows......

Words: 941 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Using Material from Item a and Elsewhere, Assess Sociological Explanations of Changes in the Status of Childhood (24 Marks)

...explanations of changes in the status of childhood (24 marks) | Underline or highlight the key concepts, terms and instructions, by identifying these key elements it will allow you to focus on answering the question. It is important to use relevant sociological terminology within the context of you essay. List the key sociological terms that will be appropriate for this essay. Privileged time, social construct, golden age, separateness, toxic childhood, child-centred, march of progress, conflict view, child liberationists, globalisation, information hierarchy | IntroductionSignpost to the question and clearly explain the key concepts /terms of the question | In today’s society, childhood is seen to be socially constructed in that this idea of childhood has been created by society and its institutions rather than being a natural occurrence; it is society’s perception of what childhood is. Sociologists argue that childhood and the position that children have in society is not fixed, and that it differs between times, places, and cultures. However, children all have different experiences of what childhood is to them based on class, gender, and ethnicity so no one would experience childhood in the same way. | Paragraph 1PointThe point must be appropriate in answering the question. | The modern western notion of childhood is that in today’s society, it is accepted that children are very different to adults - it is the ‘golden age’ of childhood. | Explain the point |......

Words: 1225 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Sociology - Childhood

...Examine the effects of social change in the position of children Sociologists see childhood as socially constructed, this means they see it as something created and defined by society itself. They believe we can see the position that children occupy in society is not fixed but differs between different time, places and cultures by comparing the western idea of childhood today with the childhood in the past and in other societies. It is accepted in our society today that childhood is a special time of life and that children are different from adults. They are seen as physically and psychologically immature and not yet able to run their own lives. Jane Pilcher (1995) notes the most importance feature of the modern idea of childhood is separateness. Childhood is seen as a clear and distinct life stage and children in society occupy a different status from adults. However this view of childhood as a separate age status, children and adults being different, is not found in all societies. Stephan Wagg (1992) says “Childhood is socially constructed. It is, in other words, what members of particular societies, at particular times and in particular places, say it is. There is no single universal childhood, experienced by all. So, childhood isn’t ‘natural’ and should be distinguished from mere biological immaturity”. This means that, while all human beings go through the same stages on physical development, different cultures construct or define this process differently. Ruth......

Words: 905 - Pages: 4