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Adult Development and Learning

In: Other Topics

Submitted By sandy1162
Words 1145
Pages 5
Sandra J. Mitchell
Trident University International
MAE 524 – Adult Development and Learning
Module 1 – Case
Dr. Jerusalem Howard
Fall 2013

Andragogy
Andragogy was a concept first introduced by Alexander Kapp in 1833 to describe how adults learn as opposed to children (infed.org). It however did not gain much appreciation and it was not until around the 1950’s when the term came to surface again. Andragogy was actually a study done in Europe in the 1950’s that was researching on how adults learned. The current and recognized definition of andragogy “the art and science of helping adults learn” was coined by an American theorist of adult education Malcolm Knowles in the 1970’s (Queensland 2010). Knowles recognized that adults learned differently and brought unique characteristics to the learning environment, what he referred to as “adult learning principles” (Queensland). They are as follows: * Adults are internally motivated and self-directed * Adults bring life experiences and knowledge to learning experiences * Adults are goal oriented * Adults are relevancy oriented * Adults are practical * Adult learner like to be respected
With these principles in mind, one can see that adult learners require a different approach when it comes to learning. When adults return to school, it is usually because they are looking to advance their career, learn a new skill or just to learn something new. With jobs getting harder and harder to find, many look to new careers for better opportunities in the job market (Flowers 2012). An article written by Amanda Flowers of Bowling Green State University found that in 2010 around 8 percent of the students enrolled were “non-traditional” students. And according to Barbara Henry Ph.D., an assistant vice-president at the school, the reasons she believes the increase in the non-traditional learner is due...

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