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Adult Learning Theory: Andragogy

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Running head: ADULT LEARNING THEORY: ANDRAGOGY1

Adult Learning Theory: Andragogy

Jonathan S. Ponce

American Public University System

Author Note

Jonathan Ponce for COLL 100, American Public University System, taught by Instructor Anthony Underhill

ADULT LEARNING THEORY: ANDRAGOGY2

Abstract

The andragogy theory can best be defined as the art and science of helping adults learn. This paper will explore exactly what the andragogy theory is and how it differs from pedagogy. A few examples of earlier andragogy strategies used in adult education were group discussions, interviews, and joint problem solving sessions. Now a days we see online tools such as discussion forums and blogs being used online to promote learning among adult learners. Simply put, andragogy is an organized and sustained effort to assist adults to learn in a way that enhances their capacity to function as self directed learners. ( Mezirow 1981) But does this method really only apply to adults? Could it be used by the younger learners before they reach adulthood? Is either method greater or more efficient than the other? Though mostly seen as a useful tool in adult education, studies into andragogy have shown that there are flaws within the core principles that conflict with its purpose of being a more effective adult learning method, and as of today, the search for an efficient educational theory is ongoing.

Keywords: andragogy, pedagogy

ADULT LEARNING THEORY: ANDRAGOGY3

ADULT LEARNING THEORY: ANDRAGOGY

In the 1830's, a German teacher and editor by the name of Alexander Kapp introduced the term andragogy. The term was used to...

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