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Advanced Materials. Global Industry Analysis.

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Advanced materials. Global industry analysis.

The material science has evolved over the centuries and rapidly grown during last hundred years. Today we are talking about advanced material industry as a top point of material science evolution. The science of advanced materials enters to all spheres of human being from clothing and household items to the space industry. Also this industry widely presented in following spheres: bioscience, electronics, medical and healthcare, construction, automobile, power and alternative energy, manufacturing, sport, telecommunication and many others. Indeed industry of advanced materials will be one of the biggest drivers of the world economy growth in current century.
“Materials” is matter of everything physical like glass, ceramics, polymer, metal alloys. And “Advanced materials” are materials with higher performance characteristics “such as toughness, hardness, durability and elasticity, ability to memories shape or sense changes in the environment and respond.” Advanced materials can be implanted into usual items we are using in everyday life. This is something we have never thought about like apparel which people are wearing could become more insulated when you feel cold or touch screen computer which you can wrap and fold with very high performance and less energy use.
Market for advanced materials is unlimited because each “traditional material” in every item can be improved and switched to advanced material use. It will lead to higher performance, less cost and new inventions in all spheres mentioned above. There is no exact figure for advanced materials global market, but we presume that potentially advanced materials will replace traditional materials and there are few figures for industries where advanced materials can be implemented. For example “Visiongain - an independent business information provider ” evaluates the global steel market in 2011 is about $1.317 trillion . Also for plastic - “analysis has concluded that the global value of the plastic packaging market will reach $180bn in 2011.” Solar power global market estimated value is about $50.6bn for this year. As we can see for only three markets it is a big value globally.

The industry is represented by companies which are developing new solutions for the material use in significant sphere of life such as Huntsman , by universities departments like Clemson University Advanced Materials Center and companies R&D departments. Mainly businesses, working for particular industry, require further development and growth mainly becomes key driver for advanced materials implementation. For example, “3M Company” which is positioning itself as “a diversified technology company with a global presence in the following businesses: Industrial and Transportation; Health Care; Display and Graphics; Consumer and Office; Safety, Security and Protection Services; and Electro and Communications.” The company has high performance R&D which helps it to create and to implement innovations into products which are “presented in nearly 200 countries” .
Developing and innovations in advanced materials are global drivers of other connected industries and companies which are operating and leading in each specific industry are always looking for new inventions in this sphere. One of the industries which are most interesting now for scientists is nanotechnology. It will definitely develop our future and will lead us to revolutionary inventions. For instance new material “Graphene ” was created in 2004 and has great potential for all industries and new amazing items can be created based on it. In medical and healthcare industry there is also a great potential for new materials use in existing tools and electronics which will help people in cancer therapy .
Advanced material industry is a key driver for innovation in every sphere of human life. It will change people’s minds and their approach to the environment. There is a wide range of opportunities in electronic materials. Already companies are working on smaller and smaller devices which require new materials with innovation properties as for example “Flexible lithium polymer battery created in Japan using a lithium polymer. The expected first use for the battery is in solar panels allowing the power to be stored on the actual panel rather than in a separate unit. ” It looks like separate flexible sheet and can be integrated in very thin devices and will minimize the actual size of electronic equipment we are using today. Similar innovations are developing in medical, nanotech, superconductors industries. There is no exact number for how many innovation centers are working in the advanced materials industry. But there are no doubts every country which is interested in future growth has innovation centers working on developing advanced materials and some of them are very successful in it like Japan, Korea, Taiwan, China, the USA, Finland, the UK, Singapore. “Advanced materials” as an industry itself represents an essence of innovation which is creating opportunities in each sphere.

As more and more companies and countries today are planning sustainable economic growth in resource limited conditions there is only way to grow by involving more science people into the processes of production. This is also solution for future sustainability because by using advanced materials in more effective way we will no longer need extract fossil fuels which means less harm for environment. This refers to the use of solar energy where new materials can be used for building new more effective solar panels. It is also refers to energy transportation by using optical fiber . Advanced materials also can be easily recycled or reused in order to cause less harm to the environment because typically materials with the special structure of the crystal lattice and specific properties. For instance “Graphene” as an advanced material can be fully recyclable because it consists of carbon atoms. Due to its high performance characteristics Graphene will move many industries to the next stage.
Now company and universities which are working on creating advanced materials understand that future innovations should correspond with new legal requirements which are set by government. Like in Germany law requirement is to take back and recycle packaging materials and reprocess post consumer electronic waste . There is also an opportunity for companies to collect for recovering and recycling used product. This process can bring additional value to any of production industry.
As an industry advanced materials crosses hundreds disciplines where new materials are in high demand. Obviously, this part of the science is very risky on the one hand but has a great potential on the other hand. High demand of innovations and competition pushes company to work harder to develop new technology and bring it to real everyday live. Most modern inventions require expensive investments, long testing and are not always realized in actual products in electronics, semiconductors, medicine, or even more so in nanotechnology. However, as noted above, many of the traditional materials should be and will be replaced by advanced materials. This will lead to revolutionary achievements in various fields of human life, will significantly reduce the harm caused to the environment and make the benefits of civilization available to people living in “survival economy”.

Exhibit1. “3M Company”

“Known as the Minnesota Mining and Manufacturing Company, is an American multinational conglomerate corporation based in Maplewood, Minnesota, United States.
3M is a diversified technology company with a global presence in the following businesses: Industrial and Transportation; Health Care; Display and Graphics; Consumer and Office; Safety, Security and Protection Services; and Electro and Communications. 3M is among the leading manufacturers of products for many of the markets it serves. Most 3M products involve expertise in product development, manufacturing and marketing, and are subject to competition from products manufactured and sold by other technologically oriented companies. At December 31, 2010, the Company employed 80,057 people (full-time equivalents), with 32,955 employed in the United States and 47,102 employed internationally.” We meet technologies and inventions form “3M Company” in everyday life by wearing our outerwear and footwear with “Thinsulate™”, “Primaloft™” or “Gote-Tex™”, crossing streets on the green traffic light with “Nomad™ Carpet Matting 5000”, using electronic devices with “Natural View Screen protector” . Everything is made of new advanced materials which have amazing characteristics in comparison with traditional materials.
The most notorious of the invention :
1914 - Production of first exclusive 3M abrasive ™ Three-M-ite ™
1925 - Scotch ® Tape
1939 - The reflective sheeting for traffic signs
1944 - Magnetic tape for recording 3M ™ Sound Recording Tape
1960 - Projector
1967 - Disposable Respirators
1968 - Color copier
1979 - Lightweight Thinsulate ™ insulation
1980 - Adhesive pads for notes Post-it ® (notebooks have become classic bright colors with adhesive edge. They are, incidentally, are an invention of the company)
2001 - High-stethoscope Littmann ® Stethoscope 4000
2002 - Multifunction System Presentation 3M ™ Digital Wall Display
2005 - Aluminum composite reinforced wire for high voltage power lines
2006 - 3D scanning technology mouth - Lava ™
2008 - microprojector MPro 110
Exhibit 2 “Graphene”

Graphene is the name given to a flat monolayer of carbon atoms tightly packed into a two-dimensional (2D) honeycomb lattice, and is a basic building block for graphitic materials of all other dimensionalities .

“Graphene” is a single layer of the crystal lattice of ordinary graphite, exactly the same as a pencil. And today research shows “Graphene” can be used as a gas detector , graphene transistor – “IBM has created a graphene-based processor that can execute 100 billion cycles per second (100GHz), almost four times the speed of previous experimental graphene chips. With this research, IBM has also shown that graphene-based transistors can be produced by the wafer, which could pave the way for commercial-scale production of Graphene chips” , optical modulator , in semiconductors industry, and others spheres of human life.

References.
1. Australian Academy of Science “It's an advanced material world” www.science.org.au/nova/093/093key.htm
2. Center for Economic Growth and the Lally School of Management and Technology Technology Roadmap Project
3. http://www.visiongain.com/Content/3/About-Us
4. http://www.visiongain.com/Report/702/The-Steel-Market-Analysis-Financials-Forecasting-2011-2021
5. Visiongain's report “The Plastic Packaging Market 2011-2021: Rigid and Flexible (Converted)”
6. Visiongain's report The Solar Power Photovoltaic (PV) Market 2011-2021
7. http://www.huntsman.com/
8. http://www.clemson.edu/centers-institutes/cuadvancedmaterialscenter/
9. 2010 Annual Report 3M http://solutions.3m.com/wps/portal/3M/en_US/about-3M/information/corporate/financial-facts/
10. http://solutions.3m.com/wps/portal/3M/en_US/about-3M/information/about/us/
11. Novoselov K. S. et al. «Electric Field Effect in Atomically Thin Carbon Films», Science 306, 666 (2004)
12. Cancer Research: Nanomaterials: Applications in Cancer Imaging and Therapy (Advanced Materials, 2011) José A. Barreto, William O’Malley, Manja Kubeil, Bim Graham, Holger Stephan and Leone Spiccia
13. www.techon.nikkeibp.co.jp/english/NEWS_EN/20100107/179028/?utm_source=twitterfeed&utm_medium=twitter
14. Fiber Optics Could Provide New Options For Photovoltaics, http://www.alternative-energy-news.info/fiber-optics-photovoltaics/
15. Linton, J.D., and Yeomans, J.S. Materials Recycling and Industrial Ecology, Nature Materials, Volume 3, Number 4
16. theunitedtraders.com
17. "2010 Form 10-K, 3M Company". United States Securities and Exchange Commission
18. http://solutions.3m.com/en_US/Products/
19. www.3m.com
20. ,21 The rise of graphene A. K. Geim AND K. S. Novoselov, Manchester Centre for Mesoscience and Nanotechnology, University of Manchester, Oxford Road, Manchester M13 9PL, UK
21. Dan, Yaping (4 2009). "Intrinsic Response of Graphene Vapor Sensors". Nano Letters 9
22. IBM shows off 100GHz graphene transistor – Techworld.com. News.techworld.com. Retrieved on 2010-12-10
23. Liu, Ming; Yin, Xiaobo, Ulin-Avila, Erick, Geng, Baisong, Zentgraf, Thomas, Ju, Long, Wang, Feng, Zhang, Xiang (8 May 2011). "A graphene-based broadband optical modulator". Nature 474

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