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Advertising Appeals

In: Business and Management

Submitted By gtanvi
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What is an Advertising Appeal?
An advertising appeal refers to the approach used to attract the attention of consumers and/or to influence their feelings toward the product, service, or cause. It's something that moves people, speaks to their wants or need, and excites their interest. Often it is the underlying content of the advertisement; think of it as a “movie script”. Don’t confuse this with executional framework, that will be another topic.
When y'all are deciding on a direction for your submissions, review the Creative Brief (specifically objectives section) for tone, the nature of the product, the preferences of the client (very important). Most importantly though, use your common sense and gut feelings. There are two major types of appeals. They are:
Emotional
Rational
Emotional Appeal
67advertising messages, usually based on imagery rather than information, which attempt to achieve the advertiser's objectives by evoking strong emotionsl feelings (fear, anger, passion, etc) rather than by a rational appeal.
This relates to the customers’ social and/or psychological needs for purchasing a product or service. This appeal is so effective because many consumers’ motives for purchase decisions are emotional. Many advertisers believe an emotional appeal to work better at selling brands that do not differ markedly from competing brands. Witin the emotional appeal, there are two subsets - the personal and the social. These are made up of:
Personal -
Safety, Security, Fear, Love, Affection, Humor, Happiness, Joy, Nostalgia, Sentiment, Excitement, Arousal/stimulation, Sorrow/grief, Pride, Achievement/accomplishment, Self-esteem, Actualization, Pleasure, Ambition, Comfort
Social -
Recognition, Status, Respect, Involvement, Embarrassment, Affiliation/belonging, Rejection, Acceptance, Approval
So, a little more detail on some of the important Personal Appeals...
Fear Appeal
Increases viewer interest in the ad and the persuasiveness of the ad.
Used with health and beauty products, idea marketing, insurance.
Most experts believe that a moderate level of fear is most effective.
Humor Appeal
Used in 30% of all advertisements.
Excellent at capturing attention.
Score high in recall tests.
Should be related directly to customer benefit. Or else, the joke can overpower the message.
Sex Appeal
Subliminal techniques
Nudity or partial nudity
Sexual suggestiveness
Overt sexuality
Sensuality
Are Sex Appeals Effective?
Research Results -
Sex and nudity do increase attention.
Rated as being more interesting.
Often leads to strong feelings about the advertisement.
Brand recall is lower.
Often interferes with message comprehension
Using Sex Appeals Effectively
Be aware of differences in the international arena.
Should be an integral part of the product.
Should utilize a variety of models in terms of age, size, ethnicity and gender.
Should consider using “regular person” models.
Be careful sex does not overpower advertisement.
Consider shifting to more sensuality.
Music Appeals
Has intrusive value.
Gains attention and increases the retention of visual information.
Can increase persuasiveness of an advertisement.
Design Questions -
What role will music play?
Will a familiar song be used or new song created?
What emotional feeling should song solicit?
How does the music fit with the message of the ad?
Tunes and Taglines
See if you can think of the tune that matches each of the following taglines:
Like a good neighbor, State Farm is there.
Feel like a woman (Revlon).
Come see the softer side of Sears.
The ABC News theme (also used in commercials for the news).
I am stuck on Band Aid, cause Band Aid is stuck on me.
Scarcity Appeals
Based on limited supply or
Based on limited time to purchase.
Often tied with promotion tools such as contests, sweepstakes and coupons.
Encourages customers to take action.

Rational/ Informational appeals

advertising messages, usually product-feature based, in which advertisers attempt to achieve their objectives by appeals to logic and reason rather than to the emotions.
Informational/rational appeals—these types of appeals focus on the consumer's practical, functional or utilitarian need for the product or service and/or specific reasons for owning a particular brand.

Example of a rational appeal. Examples of a number of product- or service-related appeals that would fall under the category of rational appeals are discussed including:

• Feature appeals

• Competitive advantage appeals

• Favorable price appeals

• News appeals

• Product/service popularity appeals

Consumer purchase decisions are often made on the basis of both emotional and rational motives, and attention must be given to both elements in developing effective advertising.

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