Affirmative Action

In: Business and Management

Submitted By justvonne
Words 301
Pages 2
The contemporary affirmative action policies really started in 1954 with the Brown vs Board of Education case that decided that separation of races inherently led to unequal treatment. This decision was followed by numerous acts or orders over the next 13 years. 1961 Saw executive order 10925 by John F. Kennedy, which required federal contractors to hire without regard to race color or national origin. In 1963 the equal pay act was passed which was meant to reduce wage discrimination for women. The 1964 Civil rights act (amended by EEOA in 1972) which prohibits all forms of discrimination based on race, color, sex, religion or nation origin. And in 1967 (amended 1978) the Age discrimination act, and the Americans with disabilities act of 1990, which extends to people with disabilities the same rights to equal employment opportunities as the 1964 civil rights act guarantees to women and minorities. All of the acts and orders mentioned before are enforced through the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission. (Shaw & Barry 2013 p555-556).
The net effect of the above mentioned acts and orders have been to create equal employment and pay for all races, colors, religions, sexes, and national origin. These laws seem to have a very sound ethical background. The two ethical theories I am going to use to justify the different law are Utilitarianism and Rawlsinaism. Utilitarianism(Shaw & Barry 2013, p 56) tries to look at the results of our actions and looks for the results that will bring the biggest benefits to all involved. If we try to do this equation, we see that whites would be unhappy (losing jobs to minorities), but racial minorities, women, people with disabilities, veterans, and seniors would all benefits and be happier. Thus from a Utilitarian point of view the acts all seem quite…...

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