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African Music

In: Film and Music

Submitted By kissmeagain
Words 1606
Pages 7
African Music

The art that derives from our sense of hearing is

music. The basic elements of music are sound and silence.

Music has many purposes within all societies. Most music

performed by Africans is part of a social activity and is

viewed as a sharing experience for everyone. African music

is generally classified into two main style areas, which are

Arab North Africa and sub-Saharan Africa. There are many

unique regional music styles, including a immense influence

from the Islamic faith which extends across the savanna

Within African music, there are many types of

percussion instruments, including the drums, clap-sticks,

bells, rattles, slit gongs, struck gourds and clay pots,

stamping tubes, and xylophones. There are two basic types of

xylophone. The frame xylophones, in which the keys are

attached to a frame. The lamellaphone, which is also known

as the thumb piano, is found throughout the continent of

Africa. The mbira, kalimba, and likembe, are a series of

metal or bamboo strips mounted on a board or box. African

drums come in many shapes and sizes. Wood, pans, and pottery

are used to construct drum bodies. The membranes are usually

made from animal skins. There are many types of African

drums which range from drum-chimes, friction drums, and the

African wind instruments include flutes, whistles,

oboes, and trumpets. Panpipe ensembles are seen in Central

Africa, and globular flutes made from gourds or hard-shelled

fruits are found in parts of southern Africa. Trumpets made

from animal horns or wood are found over a wide area.

Transverse clarinets made from guinea-corn or sorghum stems,

with a reed cut from the surface of the stem at one end, are

played in the savanna region of West Africa. Double-reed

instruments are derived from North Africa. African stringed…...

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