Age in Humans

In: Other Topics

Submitted By drprasad03
Words 2067
Pages 9

From Ossification Activity of the Bones

Areas X-Rayed to Determine Age

• Wrist & hand – children
• Elbow, shoulder, pelvis and knee – Adult
• Skull, vertebrae and sternum – Old person

Lower end of femur, ½ cm in diameter
Talus – 7th month (1U)
Calcaneum – 5th month (1U)
Cuboid – Upper end of tibia & head of humerus

Number of carpal bone indicate age in years between 2-6yrs.
Pisiform ossifies – 10-12yrs

Ossification of Carpal Bones

Hand x-ray 3mo age

One carpal bone is ossified

Hand X-ray 3 Yrs

3 carpal bones are ossified

Hand X-ray 6 Yrs

6 carpal bones are ossified

7 carpal bones are seen up to the age of 9 Yrs.

Hand X-ray 11 Yrs

Appearance of pisiform is important
A dense rim is fully developed around the primary center at the age of 11-12 Yrs.

Elbow joint X-ray 1 Yr

Appear in medial epicondyle of humerus (
4yrs (F) – 6yrs (M)

Appear in olecranon ( 8–10yrs

Lateral epicondyle of humerus united with trochlea & capitulum ( 13-14yrs

All epiphyses at elbow (except medial epi.) join respective shaft 13-14yrs (F)
16-18yrs (M)

Elbow joint X-ray 9 Yrs

Primary center for lateral epicondyle appears at 9-12 Yrs

All the centers are open at the age of 11-12 Yrs.

Elbow joint X-ray 14 Yrs

Fusion occurs from 13 Yrs
- Starts from:
- Lateral epicondyle 13 Yrs
- Radius 14 Yrs
- Olecranon process 14 Yrs
- Medial epicondyle 15 Yrs
- Complete ossification occurs at the age of 16 Yrs

Wrist joint X-ray

Wrist joint X-ray 15 Yrs

Both distal ends of radius and ulna are open at the age of 15 Yrs
Fusion starts after 15 years
Complete fusion occurs at17 years

Wrist joint X-ray – Fusion

Female Male

Radius 16-16½ 17
Ulna 17…...

Similar Documents

Jacksonian Age

...Abstract Jacksonian age is a time during which Andrew Jackson was the president of the United States of America. This was between the year 1829 and 1837. The reforms he did in his way of administration brought a change in the succeeding years, in America. This paper seeks to examine the widespread religious commotion of the Jacksonian age. Christian religion in Jacksonian era During this age, America was highly dominated by the ancient lines of the protestant doctrines and denominations. The state was in control of everything that happened in the church (Sellers 2006). However, when the church separated itself from the state, divisions emerged in the protestant denomination where every denomination considered themselves superior to the others. The Methodist, Presbyterians and the Baptists were the main denominations with Methodist being large in number. The difference between the denominations brought significance changes in the church. Revivalism spread all over America and was highly appreciated. Meetings held in camps were swept away; they no longer provided a social attraction as they did earlier. Instead, revival meetings took the centre stage. Prayers for salvation and faith were conducted in such gatherings, and many people were converted. Some revivalists from the Baptist denomination made it baptism a necessity for fulfillment of the conversion experience (Sellers 2006). Having been baptized the converts believed to have...

Words: 494 - Pages: 2

What Does It Mean to Be Human in an Age of Modern Technology?

...What Does it Mean to be Human in an Age of Modern Technology? What does it mean to be human in the age of modern technology? Many feel that technology is only a useful tool and has not changed what it means to be human. Others argue that today’s technological advances have become so rapid, sophisticated and ingrained in daily life it is taking away from the interest, welfare and humanistic nature of our society. Most all do agree that technology has certainly played a role in humanity’s social and behavioral progress throughout history. However, to what extent technology really drives the development of our social and behavioral changes can elicit a heated discussion. Humans are driven, curious creatures that seek to solve problems and have a need for social interactions. As well they desire some form of system of belief (though not necessarily religious in nature) and aspire to be part of something collective or feel a sense of purpose to life. Countless studies provide that human behavior arises out of the interaction between individuals and their environment. Although environments do influence human behavior, many contend the basic tenets of humanity such as compassion, the need to have connected relationships and the desire to improve upon our lives have not changed in the face of technology. However, it is clear that human attitudes and expectations today are certainly very different than even several generations ago. Much of which, is a direct result of...

Words: 2641 - Pages: 11

Golden Age

...|Book Review | |'A Golden Age' by Tahmima Anam | | | |Reviewed by Efadul Huq for Star Campus readers | | | |(As I read it I felt an unknown joy, as if I am reading about my grandparents and their doings; and as I savored the wonderful prose of | |Tahmima Anam, it seemed to me that finally the golden age for Bangladeshi English writers had begun.) | |Whispers of the past have become the domineering voice; small real-life stories have fused together; petty characters have taken up pretty | |big roles; everybody has a choice to make and will be held responsible for it with all that and more comes a memorable novel 'A Golden Age' | |by Tahmima Anam, inspired by a glorious chapter in the history of the world, it doesn't stop surprising you with it's simply beautiful prose| |and intriguing plot...

Words: 474 - Pages: 2

Visual Age

...Diversity of the Visual Age Virtual advertisements are becoming just as common as seeing a McDonalds or Walmart in our daily travels. Video game advertisements, being examples of these, are visually satisfying reality altering objects that are finding their way into households across the globe more and more each day via internet and cable television. The reason for this I believe is the diversity of the game developers today. They are targeting audiences of all ages, races, genders, and so much more when they produce and create their games. Electronic Arts is an American game publisher and developer that has perfected over 30 years the art by creating a thriving company basing all of its games off the targeted audience, providing immersing gameplay, as well as the means to get the games out and into the world. This will be my criteria for the 3 game advertisements; Battlefield 3, Madden NFL 25, and Create developed by EA that I will be evaluating. Battlefield 3; a first person shooter produced by Digital Illusions Creative Entertainment also known as “DICE” portrays large scale military firefights and battles, electrifying story mode gameplay, all the while being enhanced by the technological leaps in graphic design. All three of these things can meet the criteria of targeted audiences and the immersing gameplay. Just by watching the very brief launch trailer for the game it is clear that the target audience is young adult males, even more respectfully retired and active...

Words: 865 - Pages: 4

Drinking Age

...After reading you’re intriguing article, I was embraced to express my opinion on the drinking age. Drinking has taken affect on most of my high school friends. Recently, one of my close friends was hospitalized from drinking too much. He is eighteen years old, and can never drink again. When he was sent to the hospital his alcohol level was through the roof, the doctors said he should have died right there. However, he is still alive; they told him that he can never drink alcohol again. This is why I believe the drinking age should be lowered to eighteen. I personally believe that if you are able to risk your life, and die in war for this country at age eighteen, you should be allowed to drink. America, considers you an adult when you turn eighteen and if you’re legally an adult you should be able to make your own decisions and the consequences that go with them. 42 percent of eighteen years old drink regularly, versus the 24 percent of people who are over the legal drinking age, who drink on a regular basis. If the drinking age was decreased to eighteen it would make less taboo for adults because it would take the fun out of breaking the law. Because, most teenagers drink so much, because of the thrill they get from it. One of the biggest problems with the drinking age is all of the college drinkers. In a recent study done in 2010, 44% of males will drink at least five beers in a row. Also, over the past ten years drinking percentages in colleges have almost gone......

Words: 381 - Pages: 2

Age Comparison

...In the chart below, outline the differences is social skills between the different age groups. In other words, in each box outline the social skills the different age groups have. Infants | Toddlers/Twos | From the moment they are born, babies develop socially through communicating their needs. A newborn's cry is his first social interaction. They develop other social skills such as turning their head to watch interesting faces and smiling in response to an adult's smile. They can indicate emotions by laughing and cooing when they’re happy and crying when upset. By 12 months, they can use gestures such as waving, pointing and giving objects back and forth. They can also repeat simple sounds like "ma" and "ba"; and they can also recognize and respond to their own name | They begin to express more interest in other children. They enjoy playing the same game side-by-side. By two, they enjoy pretend play, they seem to imitate actions that they see adults do, such as feeding a baby doll and putting it to bed. They also begin to speak and use sentences of at least two words. They are beginning to develop empathy and may enjoy giving another child a turn to play with a toy. | Preschool | Elementary | They will become more independent and begin to focus more on adults and children .They want to explore and ask about the things around them a lot more. Children will be able to ride a tricycle, use scissors, help to dress and undress themselves, play with other children,......

Words: 329 - Pages: 2

Gilded Age

...History 1302 November, 13, 2013 Thesis statement: during the gilded age there were created several documents that expressed the way the different social groups were thinking and feeling with the changes in the society. There is no doubt the gilded age was a key historic moment in the developing of the United States of America to become the place that now we know, during this period the economy growth thanks to the combination of certain factors such as the appearance of great businessman who built the corporations that were the bases of the economy and a huge improvement in the technology. This historic moment set the path to became into the society that now we are. The assembly line together with the mass production and was established during this time. It also was a time of corruption one of the most important things that this time gave to the world is the institution of monopolies. Henry Demarest wrote an article called “wealth against commonwealth” in 1894 This article was written with the intention of showing what was really happening in the world of the monopolies during the gilded age. The author probably was motivated by what he was watching; the inequality between the rich and the poor, too many were poor and just a few were extremely rich. He described the wealth as some kind of infection, He thought that we were losing the liberty that we earned by falling into corruption trying to be wealth. Demarest mentioned...

Words: 1504 - Pages: 7

Age Discriniation

...Age Discrimination In The Workplace Myosha G. Guy Saint Leo University What started out as the dream solution for a financial crisis in the now Shelby County School District in Memphis, TN, turned out to be a nightmare for the more seasoned or older teachers. When Bill and Malinda Gates donated money geared towards improving teaching and learning in Memphis, TN, the superintendent used it as a platform to force retirement or terminate teachers who were in the retirement age range. The idea was to get rid those teachers that made the most money so newer teachers could be hired at two for the salary of one. Memphis adopted a new system for evaluating teachers and the board policy stated that for the first year, it would be used as a tool for teacher improvement and no teacher would be terminated the first year of the implementation on the new process. Needless to say, several principals used this as a tool to remove certain individuals from their faculty in spite of not creating improvement plans and offering assistance to those who needed help. As a 35-year teacher, my mother was appalled when she received notification that her principal had recommended she not be reelected for hire for the up coming year. His reasons were due to the fact that she had received a low evaluation. According to board policy, there was to be a total of three evaluations by a certified evaluator. She had only received two by her principal, who...

Words: 799 - Pages: 4

Drinking Age

...Jake Laino Laura Bruch 3/24/2013 Argumentative research paper Why Not Change the Drinking Age Back to 18? In the United States of America you are considered a legal adult at the age of 18 years old. You have all the major rights of a fully grown adult, voting, enlisting in the military, buying a house, buying tobacco products and many more. However there is one right that was taken away from the 18 year old adult back in 1984. In 1984 the National Minimum Drinking Age Act was put into place which changed the legal minimum drinking age from 18 years old to 21. Does this law mean that you are not really a mature adult until you are 21 or should the drinking age be brought back down to 18 when you receive all the other rights of a mature adult. It makes perfect sense that this right should be returned to young adults for plenty of reasons and also holds potential solutions to one of the nation’s biggest alcohol related problems. What does it mean to be an adult? United States law states that you are legally considered an adult at the age of 18. It makes sense right? You can buy a house, enlist in the U.S. military, get married and loads of other rights you don’t have until the age of 18. But United States law also states that all states must enforce a legal minimum drinking age of 21. We are the only major nation to have such a high drinking age. The drinking age wasn’t always this high though. On July 17th 1984 the national minimum drinking age act was passed which...

Words: 2220 - Pages: 9

“How the Facebook Age Has Influenced Changes in Human Behavior.”

...“How the Facebook age has influenced changes in human behavior.” In the past, many people were limited to who they were able to interact with, and most online communication occurred through electronic mails. The amount of information exchanged was very limited because many computers were not yet capable of holding vast amounts of data and the speed in which the information was transferred was not fast enough. But with the advancement in broadband technology, also came the expansion of communication channels. The thirst for instant communication resulted in the creation of social networks such as Facebook. After its beginning in 2004, Facebook revolutionized the way people interacted with each other online, and gave users the opportunity to directly connect and communicate in a much faster way. Companies can now use the social media platform as a way to advertise their products; people can now instantly let everyone know how they feel, what they ate for breakfast, and that great show they attended the night before with even a picture, and the map of the place it was taken from. Even presidential candidates have used Facebook to promote their campaigns. By being able to connect with more people outside of one’s social circles, people can now expand their network and take their opinion to a much wider audience. Facebook has played an important role in shaping the current generations by creating a direct web of communications between its users all over the world; but with...

Words: 2107 - Pages: 9

Digital Age

...Commercial Blogging Commercial Blogging Most professions regarding teaching, engineering, broadcasting, accounting, computer programming among all other professions that meet the demands of the digital age, require the use of the transfer of information. The job is more focused on the perception, interpretation, analyses and development of information rather than to produce goods and other products of physical substance. New communication technologies nowadays allow the diffusion or transmission of information rapidly if compared to the setup at later years. Technologies, such as emails and video calls, provide immense and inexpensive transfer of information from the source to its recipient throughout the global community. Consequently, multi-national corporations and companies worldwide, both local and international, developed workplaces away from the usual and conventional places through the use of these available communications technologies. Telework, as it was labeled, benefit employers by providing a very concise solution for cutting costs attributed to spaces in offices as well as other relevant maintenance costs and an efficient control over their employees. On the other hand, in a separate but relative case, it allows employees to work under his/her convenient workplace, mostly in homes, at the most flexible time schedule. Employees do their jobs without the need of going in and out of offices. Telework allows working parents to watch over their children while...

Words: 721 - Pages: 3

Golden Age

...William Prado Professor Solis HST 301 OL 11/19/2014 The Golden Age of Japanese Cinema The Golden age of Japanese cinema started in the mid-1940s and lasted approximately 30 years to the end of the 1960s. It was a period marked by the end of the war that saw the defeat of Japan by America and her allies. The destruction that Japan faced with the twin bombings had left the country shaken to the roots and the young men and women wanted to find something useful to keep them busy. They found the cinema. With the advancement in technology, film directors such as Akira Kurosawa took the center stage with films that tried to teach people about harmony and restoration. Most of the films in the golden age focused on the need to prevent war and bring people together as one unique society through the preaching of peaceful coexistence. This research, therefore, focuses on the Seven Samurai film that was directed by Akira Kurosawa in 1953. Through the film, we hope to understand the concepts of the golden age of Japanese Cinema, as well as its characteristics (Tezuka 47). Seven Samurai is a war film that depicts the struggle that human beings go through in search for freedom and emancipation. It also reveals the post war effects on the society and tries to persuade people to coexist peacefully without causing chaos (Fischer 1-65). The film directed by Akira Kurosawa and produced by Sojiro Motoki, stars Toshiro Mifume, Takashi Shimura, Keiko Tsushima and several other individuals...

Words: 2018 - Pages: 9

Legal Age

...How did Henrietta’s status influence her treatment for cancer? Henrietta Lacks was a poor African American tobacco farmer from Clover, Virginia; she marries her cousin David “Day” Lacks and five beautiful children, the family moves to Baltimore, Maryland for a better life. Later Henrietta would be diagnosed with cervical cancer at the age 29-years-old; however she would pass away at 31-years-old. Henrietta’s treatment for cancer was affected due to her race. Blacks living in the south weren’t considered equals to whites; this was the Jim Crow. “When black people showed up at white-only hospitals, the staff was likely to send them away, even if it meant they might die in the parking lot.” (Skloot 15) Consequently this racist behavior was practiced at Johns Hopkins hospital. They had separate entranceways for black and white patients and also separate wards, drinking fountains. “Even Hopkins, which did treat black patient, segregated them in colored wards, and had colored-only fountains.”(Skloot 15) Doctors at Hopkins hospital perceived her and other blacks as inferior and just mere subjects for their experiments. “In 1969, a Hopkins researcher used blood samples from more then 7,000 neighborhood children-most from poor black families- to look for genetic predisposition to criminal behavior. The researcher didn’t get consent.”(Skloot 167) Doctors didn’t put forth the same effort for black patients as they would for white patients. Because of...

Words: 684 - Pages: 3

Drinkng Age

...Dr. Paul Davis | Political Science 101 | July 18, 2015 Dr. Paul Davis | Political Science 101 | July 18, 2015 Drinking Age Should Be Reduced to 18 in the United States by laurie rose Drinking Age Should Be Reduced to 18 in the United States by laurie rose The law states that you can start drinking legally at 21 in the United States. Some people think that a federal law should be passed that reduces the drinking age to 18 in all states. I agree with this side of the argument. It is not just young people who are for lowering the drinking age but some legislators as well. Representative Bob Lynn who is in the state legislature of Alaska also argues that the drinking age should be lowered for 18 year olds in the military. “Why do we consider 18-year-olds old enough to join the military, to fight and die for our country, but not to have a drink with their friends before they ship out or while they are home or on leave?” (Minton) Phyllis Kahn who is a state representative of Minnesota has fought for years to lower the drinking age in her home state. She proposed two bills this year on this topic in her state. One bill would lower the drinking age in bars and restaurants to 18. The other bill would allow underage teenagers who are accompanied by a parent or a spouse who is of legal age. She feels that if teenagers want to drink, they need to do it socially instead of getting alcohol from an older friend or relative and then binge drink. It would also eliminate the need...

Words: 1208 - Pages: 5

Voting Age

...SHOULD THE VOTING AGE BE LOWERED IN THE US? Running head: SHOULD THE VOTING AGE BE LOWERED IN THE US? Should The Voting Age Be Lowered in the US? Name Institution Should The Voting Age Be Lowered In The US? Voting age refers to the minimum age requirement for one to participate in a given general election. According to the American Constitution, the minimum voting age is set to be at the age of eighteen years old (Schmidt et al., 2014). However, there have been several debates aimed at lowering this age to sixteen years old with many American citizens arguing that sixteen years is the stage where people gain much freedom. However, on the contrary, the big question remains unanswered, “Is a sixteen-year-old mature enough to understand the dynamics of politics and democracy?” Lawrence (2014) eludes that lowering the voting age from eighteen years to sixteen will translate to a higher turn out during the voting period. Pragmatically, most young people are vibrant with new ideas, and they are always on the lookout for any leaders that will bring about change unlike the old. He further adds that at this age, the teens are much focused on developments and bettering their future. Also, going by this argument is George, who concludes that lowering the voting age will result in having more leaders who are accountable for their actions (2015). Sometimes people forget that age does not...

Words: 514 - Pages: 3