Premium Essay

Airports and Terrorism

In: Other Topics

Submitted By peacebot02
Words 1530
Pages 7
Airports And Terrorism: A Critical Study

Submitted By:
Course : MALATM
Medchal Road, Justice City, Shamirpet, Secunderabad, AP


1. Terrorism 2. Major Terrorist attacks on Airports 3. Major Terrorist Attacks in Airports – A Brief Description 4. Airport Security 5. Enhanced Security Measures in Airport 6. Airport Security Challenges & Issues

1. Terrorism

While there are many definitions of terrorism the central definition adopted by UN is given below:

"Criminal acts intended or calculated to provoke a state of terror in the general public, a group of persons or particular persons for political purposes are in any circumstance unjustifiable, whatever the considerations of a political, philosophical, ideological, racial, ethnic, religious or any other nature that may be invoked to justify them”

Generally Speaking, or in common terms, terrorism refer to those violent acts which are intended to create fear (terror); and are perpetrated for a religious, political, or ideological goal; and deliberately target or disregard the safety of civilians.

Till date , terrorism has hit almost all sectors of urbanized world catering to service to general public across all nations.

Aviation is one such sector which has been worst hit by terrorism at different times and at different parts of the globe, in the name of various agendas.

Terrorist attacks in flight and in land have now made it utmost important for establishment of comprehensive security measures to safeguard life, property and equipment in the field of aviation across geographical boundaries.

2. Major Terrorist attacks on Airports

The major terrorist attacks where airports were targeted in the last 30-40 yrs. are given below.

These attacks have been carried out by various terrorist...

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Securing the Skies: the Progress in Security Operation Administration of Airports in Developing Countries Post 9/11 Scenario

...Security Operation Administration Of Airports in Developing Countries Post 9/11 Scenario Table of Contents Abstract3 Security Operation Administration4 Literature Review5 Objective 10 Methodology10 Research Design11 Conclusion 12 Bibliography 13 Abstract Do people believe that there is sufficient and enough airport security system in Pakistan. And do there is a substantial threat to the airport security in Pakistan. These two issues were discussed and evaluated in this essay. After 9/11, the concept of security has changed thoroughly. Before that security at airports was mere a case of going through a scanner and a casual check up. But after 9/11 developed countries remodel their security plans. With the passage of time, developing countries also started to rethink about their security plans. Methodology was questionnaires to public and interviews with the aviation security authorities. In this way the overall perception about the security of airports was analyzed. Also past historical events were analyzed to find out the possibility of any terrorist activity on Pakistani airports. For this purpose secondary data about threats of terrorism and their actual conduct on different places were analyzed. Then various threats to airport security were analyzed. Also primary data was collected through questionnaire to find out the people perception about their security on airports. The qualitative and......

Words: 3356 - Pages: 14

Free Essay

Board Briefing on Security

... Introduction 3 Terrorism in Commercial Organizations 3 Terrorism in Airlines 4 Current Threats to Aviation 5 Insider Threats 5 Automation Adds Efficiency 6 Improving Total Operations 6 Increased Threats from Advanced Explosives 6 Threat against Airline Services and Airports 7 Necessary Steps to Improve Aviation Security 7 References 9 Introduction Terrorism is the systematic use of terror. It does not have a legal binding or definition in criminal law. Commonly, it is referred to creation of fear through violence (Townshend, 2002). Terrorism is usually defined and assumed as a group phenomenon (Hofmann, 2012). Terrorism has spread across the globe with its many forms and indicators. The emotional and diplomatic use of the word terrorism has resulted in a difficulty to provide an appropriate definition of terroorism (Raman, 2008). Researches have figured out more than hundred definitions of the word. The notion of terrorism is arguable due to two main reasons. Firstly, it is often used by government and other ruling bodies to delegitimize political or other rivals, secondly, to possibly legitimize the use of equipped force against enemies. A steadfast and unique characteristic of terrorism is the undifferentiating use of strength counter to noncombatants for the aim of attainment of publicity for a group, root, or individual. The representation of terrorism can influence human fear to help attain these goals. The problem of terrorism needs to be......

Words: 2069 - Pages: 9

Free Essay

Aviation Security

...AVIATION TERRORISM Thwarting High-Impact Low-Probability Attacks TERRORISME AÉRIEN Contrecarrer des attaques improbables à impacts élevés A Thesis Submitted to the Division of Graduate Studies of the Royal Military College of Canada by Jacques Duchesneau, C.M., C.Q., C.D. In Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Degree of Doctor of Philosophy April 2015 ©Jacques Duchesneau © This thesis may be used within the Department of National Defence but copyright for open publication remains the property of the author. ROYAL MILITARY COLLEGE OF CANADA COLLÈGE MILITAIRE ROYAL DU CANADA DIVISION OF GRADUATE STUDIES AND RESEARCH DIVISION DES ÉTUDES SUPÉRIEURES ET DE LA RECHERCHE This is to certify that the thesis prepared by / Ceci certifie que la thèse rédigée par JACQUES DUCHESNEAU, C.M., C.Q., C.D. AVIATION TERRORISM Thwarting High-Impact Low-Probability Attacks complies with the Royal Military College of Canada regulations and that it meets the accepted standards of the Graduate School with respect to quality, and, in the case of a doctoral thesis, originality, / satisfait aux règlements du Collège militaire royal du Canada et qu'elle respecte les normes acceptées par la Faculté des études supérieures quant à la qualité et, dans le cas d'une thèse de doctorat, l'originalité, for the degree of / pour le diplôme de PHILOSOPHIÆ DOCTOR IN WAR STUDIES Signed by the final examining committee: / Signé par les membres du comité......

Words: 155225 - Pages: 621

Premium Essay

Research Paper

...Paper: Why Airport Security Should Be Stronger When we think of airport security, it’s words like “ugh” or “phew” that come about in our minds because we all know how frustrating getting onto airplanes can be. We have to be body searched, our bags have to go through an airport baggage system, and flights may get delayed due to natural causes. While it is true that airport security is an impatient job, it does not necessarily follow that airport security should not be stronger. September 11, 2011 will be a day that I will never forget. Being picked up from kindergarten by my mother, listening on the radio and hearing the fear in my mother’s voice, something was wrong. Being five years old, I knew very little as to what the situation was. At 8:45 AM ET on that day, the first plane hijacked the north tower of the World Trade Center. The building goes into smoke as bodies jump to their deaths, one by one, as life flashed before their eyes. Exactly 18 minutes later, at 9:03 AM ET, the second plane crashed into the south tower of the World Trade Center. America knew that this wasn’t an accident, but this was a terrorist attack on the United States. Situations as such make me question how strong airport security really is. It is not just terrorism that I am worried about when it comes to the strength of airport’s security systems, but other situations like Ebola coming from Africa into the United States and illegal drug smuggling concerns me, as well. Although airport security is...

Words: 2234 - Pages: 9

Premium Essay

Big Brother Is Watching

...Cameras are increasingly being placed in more and more places. I believe that this is a good thing, simply because the world is changing every day. We are hearing about more violence all the time and security cameras are a way of preventing many crimes. As an airport employee I believe that having cameras throughout the airport is a very good thing, I see people coming and going from all over the world on daily basis and some of them have harsh feelings against the United States of America. There are benefits of having these cameras in place. Combat terrorism – It's an unfortunate fact that airports are targets for terrorist activity. For that reason, it's vitally important that airports employ extremely strict security measures. Video surveillance systems play a key role in protecting against acts of terrorism. The proper system will provide authorities with invaluable tools in their efforts to maintain the highest possible levels of security. (unknown, 2013) These new security measures in airports have stopped many acts of terrorism over the years since the 911 tragedy many of the terrorist could have been identified, if proper security measures had been taken. Video surveillance is a very important feature in airports because simply more people can be watched at one time, not only that, with the advancements in the way that cameras recorded they can capture images and be played back right away from a hard drive on a computer instead of the old fashion way of video......

Words: 624 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Terrorism in the 21st Century

...Terrorism in the 21st Century Jacqueline Wright HST/145 May 14, 2012 Mary Norris   Terrorism in the 21st Century Prior to September 11, 2001 the country moved along at its regular daily pace. Conflict and wars have been a component of the United States since the beginning of time. There are three sources conflict: human rights, global terrorism, and environmental problems. Many see terrorism as a way to hide greed, racism, and the conquests of power. Terrorism is defined by the Federal Bureau of Investigations “as an unlawful use of force or violence against person or property to intimidate or coerce a government, the civilian population, or any segment thereof, in furtherance of political or social objectives” (Federal Bureau of Investigation, 2002-2005). Terrorism makes the statement that demands attention and affects every person in every country around the world. Prior to 9/11 Prior to September 11, 2001 the hiring and firing of airline personnel was not as stringent. Those in charge of checking passenger’s luggage and person were not trained effectively. They would miss illegal weapons, drugs, and any other paraphernalia the airline industry did not want on aircraft. The workers took a lax attitude toward his or her job duties, which made for a high turnover rate. Along with the lax attitude the workers or screeners as they were called received low wages and little to no benefits. The infrastructure of the airport terminals were not monitored and......

Words: 1976 - Pages: 8

Free Essay

Intelligent Expert System

...INTELLIGENT EXPERT SYSTEM BIOMETRICS FOR ANTITERRORISM ABSTRACT: ‘Terrorism’ is one of the highly pronounced words nowadays. Hijacks are taking a lion’s share when we talk about terrorism. This is mainly due to the intrusion of the terrorists into a country by using fake passports or related forged documents. Our project is intended to minimize this to the maximum extent, using the help of biometrics. We have taken finger print and Iris scanning to implement this project, since these are the 2 highly distinguishing features which differentiate one human from another. It is planned to be implemented in two phases. 1.While applying for the passports 2.During the boarding of flights With proper implementation of these schemes, we can ensure that fake passports are not issued and illegally migrating people into the country can be prevented. Keywords: While applying for passport, while boarding flight, advantages, related works, process of Iris scanning and detection of criminals, process of Iris scanning while boarding flight( national or International), coding. PROPOSED SYSTEM: I.INTRODUCTION: Taking the help of Iris scanning and finger print scanning we have designed this project in order to prevent hijacks. It is planned to be implemented in two phases as mentioned earlier. II. WHILE APPLYING FOR THE PASSPORTS: While a person is applying for the passports. Finger prints are scanned. Besides that Iris of the person should also be scanned......

Words: 1290 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Victim Crimes

...Instructor: Tony Gaskew Jacqueline Hunter IP# 4 The definition of domestic terrorism in the United States has changed over the years. It is believed that the act of domestic terrorism occurred long before any legal definition came into play. The FBI Terrorist Research defined domestic terrorism as “the unlawful use of force or violence committed by a group of two or more individuals, also against a person or property to intimidate or coerce a government. Under current Law in the United States the act of terrorism are those which involve human lives that are a violation of the criminal law of the United States or of any State, this was set forth by the USA Patriot Act. Terrorism has abruptly has moved to the center of the public and has become a household subject matter and also many levels of politics, law and criminal justice. The September 11, attack change the way law enforcement respond to the threat and reality of terrorism. The World Trade Center attack had a ripple affect that could be felt across the world and this led to major reorganization of counter- terrorism policing. The United States the most striking change in policing has been a sudden expansion of police powers, justified by the tragedy and devastation of the attack. This expansion brought about a new refocusing of resource and the restructure of the federal, state, and local police agencies. There was more focus put on terrorism, for instant the FBI assigned 4,000 of it 27,000 agents to......

Words: 1312 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay


...Terrorism came from the word of ‘terror’ which mean to horror and to fear. There is no specific definition about the meaning of terrorism. This is because the field that related inside terrorism is very wide and there are over 100 definitions of ‘terrorism’ according to studies. Terrorism have been existed for many years as a global phenomenon, but only in few decades ago that it has been getting stronger and to influence our daily lives with any costs. In our report, we will explain more details about the relationship of terrorism and transportation. Transportation has always been a target or method for terrorism to transfer their message to the public. While transportation keeps economic moving, nationally and globally, business relies on transport and transport systems at every level no matter transferring goods, transporting customers or staff commuting. From jet airliners to mass transit buses and rail terminals, vehicles and transport facilities are all-too familiar targets of terrorist attacks in all country and abroad. The impact of large-scale disruption of transport infrastructures can be critical for national and global business because transport systems have long been viewed as targets for terrorists groups worldwide. Also we will elaborate more on how terrorism can be spread or being use through the four methods of transportation like rail, road, aviation and maritime. For the incident strikes on the World Trade Center (WTC) in New York on September 11, 2001,...

Words: 13246 - Pages: 53

Free Essay

Airport Security

...Many years ago airport security was not even an issue. People felt secure and safe and rarely worried about being searched. As time went on, the prevealance of terrorism became an increasing issue. There began more acts of terrorism by threatening and holding hostages on board commercial planes. As these acts continued, the government as well as citizens became vulnerable and an airport safety procedure was implemented as a way to ensure the safety of the United States. The implemented procedures over the years included a check and scan of all carry on and checked baggage, body scans, hire government airport employees, and a strict list of carry-on items. This made travelers feel safer as it decreased the ability of terrorist to commit vicious acts of violence. Over the years, airport security has become more stringent and traveling now has become a huge inconvenience as well as a violation to the people’s civil rights. As a result of the 9/11 attack of the World Trade Center Buildings North and South, securities has rapidly increased procedures due to the many attempts of attacks made by terrorist. On December 22, 2001 a terrorist named Richard Reid hid an explosive in his shoe trying to detonate it, but fortunately he did not succeed (Elliott). After the incident, passengers were forced to walk through security after taking off their shoes/sneakers. On December 25, 2009 another terrorist named Umar Abdul Mutallab attempted to detonate plastic explosives hidden in his......

Words: 325 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

D1 – Evaluate the Impact of War, Conflict and Terrorism on One Uk Public Service.

...P4 Short paragraph about what counter terrorism measures are available in the UK. Financial measures are often used as very simple mechanisms to describe the performance of an investment. They are easily calculated and used to camper year on year results and to set morns for particular investment. However the investment cannot be decided by only one measure also the nature of investment must be taken to the account as it can be different at the risks that might be involved in the investment. The terrorists taking advantage of the charities by knowing the true beneficiary of transactions, especially cross-border transactions, and the fact that terrorism often involves relatively small individual amounts make ‘false front’ terrorist charities difficult to detect. The government has taken actions against terrorism by freezing the treasury’s asset. It became operational from 24 October 2007. Trade and sporting sanctions is the penalty imposed by one nation onto one or more other nations. The sanctions can be unilateral, imposed by only one country on one other, or multilateral which is imposed by one or more counties on a number of different countries. Frequently the partners will impose multilateral sanctions on their enemies. The implementation and administration of international financial sanctions in the UK, are related to terrorism, sanctions in relation to states. The resolution 661 by UN resulted the chain of disastrous consequences for the people of Iraq. As it was...

Words: 790 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

History of Terrorism

...Geography 206 Sec.15 4/2/2016 War on Terrorism Introduction Terrorism was dated back all the way to the first century, were a Jewish group called the Sicarii were willing to kill their enemies and their enemies associates in order to drive out the Roman Ruler from Judea. There was also the Hashhashin who was an Islamic sect who were located in Iran and Syria from the 11th to the 13th century. Though these groups were not consider terrorist in the modern sense, the use of violence to affect politics was a clear sign of terrorism. The word terrorism comes from the Reign of Terror which was started by Maxmilien Robespierre in 1793, following the French revolution. The definition of terrorism is an illegitimate use of force or violence against people and their property and is used to intimidate or persuade a government and its civilian population to advance their interest of political or social objectives. It is very effective tactic for the weaker side of a battle and can change flow or pace of a war. The act of terrorism has been used throughout history to prove dominance to a certain group of people. The war on terrorism affects people and the countries these people live in all around the world in many ways, for example, the war on terrorism effect the economy globally. According to the 2015 Global Terrorism Index, the cost of terrorism to the world was 52.9 billion in 2014, and it was the highest amount since 2001. Not only that the war on terrorism affect the economy,......

Words: 1889 - Pages: 8

Premium Essay

Unit 2 Aiu Db

...Bibliography Garrett, R. L. (2014). Lone Wolves: Coming to an Airport near You?. Airport Business, 28(3), 14-16. Ronnie Garrett describes the growing trend of the lone terrorist (the single terrorist that acts alone); he uses the LA gunman that opened fired at the LA Airport in LA last fall. This gunman didn’t go through security. He walked in the front of the airport got out his gun and opened fired. This type of terrorism is growing; this defeats the purpose of the TSA. I feel there are not enough acts of this kind to justify the expense of having the expenditure of the TSA in full blown TSA mode through every airport in the country. (n.d). TSA 'chat-downs' not meeting goals and expectations. USA Today. August 17, 2012 USA today did a report on a new security technique the TSA was piloting in Boston. They were testing a new system were they were reading facial expressions and signals on over 725000 passengers passing through the airports and only a small number were recommended for prosecution and none were terrorist. The program did not rule out to any other airports. This backs up my view that the TSA is not effective. I am not saying the process would not have worked, I have heard of this being successful in more war torn countries, I think the training and quality of people for this job needs to be at a higher level and the need for this would need to be here in his country. We do not need this kind of security in our Airports right now. Raymond, M. (2012).......

Words: 875 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

The Affects of Terrorism

...The Affects of Terrorism James Wilford HIS/145 December 3, 2012 Senitra Upton The Affects of Terrorism Terrorism, the heinous acts of an individual or group whose purpose is to create fear for religious, political, or ideological goals by deliberately targeting or disregarding the safety of non –combatant civilians has heightened the security of the nations abroad. Terrorism when looked at through a historical point of view has always been present throughout the world, but mainly stronger in the Middle Eastern countries such as Israel, Iraq, Iran, Syria, and Lebanon. The three main reason why terrorist activity is considered heavier in these areas are due to ethnic groups that are not able to get along because of their difference in religious beliefs, the need to protect their oil from the interest of the Western countries, and “the need to extract or purge all imperialists, infidels, or those who challenge their interest and from this is where we have terrorism escalating to international levels” (The North States Emergency Consortium). In the mind of a terrorist when planning or conducting terrorist acts is to choose places where they can avoid detection or capture before and after their attack, “others are willing to commit suicide in order to carry out an attack against a much more secure target” (The North States Emergency Consortium). Normally, the places that are selected are institutions were the disaster would bring about large-scale losses of life,......

Words: 1092 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Foreign Policy has been shaped through an alliance with the US and the collective strategy towards the war on terror. Australian security policy has been further developed following the international response after the events of September 11, 2001. The implementation of anti-terror laws provided Australian Security Agencies with extra powers need to investigate and detain those who threaten Australia, its people or interests. These Security Agencies experienced substantial budget increases to further develop capabilities in the fight against terrorism. Regional stability throughout South East Asia provides a challenge for Australian foreign security policy. Australia’s geographical proximity to Southeast means Australia has an invested interest in maintaining stability through strong ties with states such as Indonesia. This essay will critically state how the US and South East Asia have shaped Australian security with an international response against terrorism. Over the past 60 years Australia and the US have formed an alliance to combat those who pose threat to global security. The alliance was constitutionally formalized in 1951 with the signing of the ANZUS Treaty (US Department of State, 2011). The signing of the treaty binds Australia and the United States to consult on mutual threats and act upon common dangers. The agreement was drawn into effect for the first time with a global response against the terrorist actions of September 11. Australia and the US have shared......

Words: 2191 - Pages: 9