Free Essay

Al Beruni

In: People

Submitted By Adit510
Words 375
Pages 2
Al Beruni
(973 A.D. – 1048 A.D.)
“My book is nothing but a simple historic record of facts. I shall place before the reader the theories of the Hindus exactly as they are.”
Who was Al Beruni?

Abū al-Rayḥān Muḥammad ibn Aḥmad al-Berūnī was born on September 4, 973 A.D., in Khwarezm, in present day Uzbekistan. Khwarezm was an important centre of learning and he received education from a prince of the Khwarezm-shah dynasty. He was a historian, astronomer, mathematician, geographer, ethnographer, and anthropologist. (History of India as told by it’s historians) Little is known about his childhood, except for the fact that he did not know his own father.

Al-beruni’s life was set in an unusually tumultuous political period. He served six different princes, all engaged in warfare. Despite living in this bellicose time, he managed to become an accomplished polymath and is heralded as a pioneer in Islamic historical writing. It is interesting to note that the political flux of this period, helped him receive patronage from multiple dynasties like the Khwarezm-shahs, the Samanids, and the Ghaznavids. This enabled him to interact with other great minds like Avicenna, an Iranian philosopher-scientist, where?

In 1017, Mahmud of Ghazni invaded Rayy, where Al Biruni was residing at the time . Al-Biruni, was taken as a captive to Ghazni. Despite being an unwilling guest in Ghazni, Biruni continued penning down works of science, mathematics, astronomy and more, and was soon appointed as the court astrologer. He accompanied Mahmud on his invasions into northwest India, and after it was conquered, he ended up living there for around forty years. This brought him into dialogue with Brahmana scholars and priests. India at that time was facing the scourge of invaders, and this hindered Al-Biruni whilst interacting with native scholars. He recognized this as one of the several obstacles he faced. It was during these times of distrust and insularity on the part of the brahmanas, that he wrote the Kitab ta'rikh al-Hind, his magnum opus, on the Indian Subcontinent in the eleventh century A.D.

[ 1 ]. G. Saliba, Al-Bīrūnī, encyclopaedia britannica, available at (Last visited on July 23, 2015).

Similar Documents

Free Essay

Exchange 2010 Server Roles

...Exchange 2010 Server Roles Author’s Note This research is being submitted on August 11th 2013, for N234/CET2810C Section 01 Microsoft Exchange Server course. Exchange 2010 Server Roles When dealing with Exchange Server there are roles to be configured. Some roles are configured differently do if your implementing it in a small or large business setting. You have two different server roles one being the mailbox server role and the other being the client access server role. Each role is in charge of different task the mailbox server role is in charge of Clients access protocols, transport service, mailbox database, unified messaging and handles all activities for any active mailbox on the server (TechNet, 2013). With the client access role it handles authentication, redirection, proxy services (HTTP, POP, IMAP, and SMTP), and stores all diagnostic logs (TechNet, 2013). Each of these roles and services serves a unique purpose in setting up your exchange environment. The mailbox server role is the most common role used in Exchange Server and some could say that it is the core of an exchange organization when the mailbox server role is installed on to a server they become what is called a mailbox server. Mailbox servers interact directly with active directory, client access servers and Microsoft outlook clients. When setting up a mailbox server it is smart to consider a few things like requirements. First we have mailbox capacity the average mailbox receives 37mbs of......

Words: 783 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

External and Entarnal Business

...Resume of Md. Ahamed Kabir Contact Phone no – 01745050072 E-Mail: Present address: 332/D, Al-Beruni Hall, Jahangirnagar University, Savar, Dhaka- 3142 Personal Details Name : Md. Ahamed Kabir Father Name : Md. Abu Taher Sheikh Mother Name : Mst. Zakia Khatun Date of Birth : 03/09/1992 Place of Birth : Bogra Sex : Male Nationality : Bangladeshi Height : 5’6.5” Marital Status : Unmarried Blood Group : A +ve Religion : Islam Bachelor of Arts (B.A Honours.) (Studying, 4th Year) Major in IR (International Relations) Jahangirnagar University, Savar, Dhaka Session : 2009-10 Higher Secondary Certificate (HSC) GPA : 4.80 Group : Humanities College: Govt. Azizul Haque College,Bogra Year of completion : 2009 Secondary School Certificate (SSC) GPA : 4.94 Group : Humanities School: Gopalnagar U.A.K High School Year of completion : 2007 Permanent Address: House/Holding No: 187, Road: Khandokar Tola Purbo Para Road, Khandokar Tola, Post: Sherpur, Union: Shah Bandegi, Thana: Sherpur, District: Bogra. Mailing Address: 332/D, Al-Beruni Hall, Jahangirnagar University, Savar, Dhaka- 1342 Want to establish myself in a corporate area and want to advance myself in a higher position. Computer......

Words: 341 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Research on Books

...The Subtle Subversion The State of Curricula and Textbooks in Pakistan Urdu, English, Social Studies and Civics (DRAFT COPY) compiled by A. H. Nayyar and Ahmed Salim Sustainable Development Policy Institute Report of the project “A Civil Society Initiative in Curricula and Textbooks Reform” A project of the Sustainable Development Policy Institute #3, UN Boulevard, Diplomatic Enclave I, Islamabad Mailing Address: PO Box 2342, Islamabad, Pakistan Telephone: ++(92-51) 2278134, 2278136, 2270674-6 Fax:++(92-51) 2278135 URL: e-mail: SDPI is an independent, non-profit research institute on sustainable development Partial support from Eqbal Ahmed Foundation is gratefully acknowledged. 2 Contents Summary Recommendations Chapter 1 Chapter 2 Introduction Insensitivity to the Religious Diversity of the Nation Appendix 1-1: Listing of Material in Curriculum Documents Appendix 1-2: Listing of Material in Textbooks Historical Falsehoods and Inaccuracies Glorification of War and the Military Omissions That Could Have Been Enriching Pedagogical Problems in Primary Education: A Critique of the Curriculum Gender Biases Human Rights Teaching of Urdu, Class 6 to 10 Teaching Social Studies, Class 6 to 10 Peace Studies: a proposed program of studies in schools Curriculum Documents Covered Thoughts on Curriculum Objectives List of participants in the project i iii 1 9 27 53 65 77 89 95 101 111 123 127 131 135 137 139 Chapter 3......

Words: 58595 - Pages: 235