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Alexander the Great and His Battles

In: Historical Events

Submitted By redberry
Words 591
Pages 3
Rhett Deverich
D block, History
Alford
24 February 2014

Battles of Alexander the Great
The Battle of Granicus River, the goal was simple, defeat King Darius III and conquer the vast Persian empire. Alexander crossed at Hellespont and traveled along the mountain ranges in May of 334 B.C.E. While he and his men were at Troy. The Persians planned a meeting to have a discussion on how to defeat him and where to start. They decided to trap the oncoming army at the river of Granicus. (Granicus was roughly sixty feet wide with both a fast current and steep banks) With the Persians at about 10,000 cavalry and 5,000 mercenary facing Alexanders 13,000 calvary and 5,000 mercenary, we would think the battle would last for a while but it only lasted about an hour. The interesting tactic that the Persians used (which might has cost them this battle) was how they aligned their cavalry. They positioned their cavalry at the banks of the river, while the Greek mercenary infantry was right behind them. They could move neither forward or backward to escape this battle. The other part of Alexander's army was on the other side of the river, they plunged into the treacherous river and swam across; when they got out, they faced hand to hand combat with the Persians. The Persians, then retreated, although; this would not be the last of them. Alexander would soon see Darius again at the Battle of Issus.

Battle plan of Granicus

The Battle of Issus November 5th of 333 B.C.E, was the second battle between Greece and Persia, specifically Darius III and Alexander the Great. Darius III had about 300,000 to 600,000 person army and almost 30.000 Greek Mercenaries. When Alexander learned about Darius’s location at Gordium, he moved there as fast as possible. This is when Darius moved his army towards northern Babylon, east of the Issus river. Darius went there in hopes that...

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