Premium Essay

All Animals

In: People

Submitted By millifish
Words 7140
Pages 29
All Animals Are Equal
PETER SINGER
In TOM REGAN & PETER SINGER (eds.), Animal Rights and Human Obligations. New Jersey: Prentice-Hall, 1989, pp. 148-162
Available freely online at: http://www.animal-rights-library.com/texts-m/singer02.htm.

In recent years a number of oppressed groups have campaigned vigorously for equality. The classic instance is the Black Liberation movement, which demands an end to the prejudice and discrimination that has made blacks second-class citizens. The immediate appeal of the black liberation movement and its initial, if limited, success made it a model for other oppressed groups to follow. We became familiar with liberation movements for Spanish-Americans, gay people, and a variety of other minorities. When a majority group— women—began their campaign, some thought we had come to the end of the road. Discrimination on the basis of sex, it has been said, is the last universally accepted form of discrimination, practiced without secrecy or pretense even in those liberal circles that have long prided themselves on their freedom from prejudice against racial minorities.
One should always be wary of talking of "the last remaining form of discrimination." If we have learnt anything from the liberation movements, we should have learnt how difficult it is to be aware of latent prejudice in our attitudes to particular groups until this prejudice is forcefully pointed out.
A liberation movement demands an expansion of our moral horizons and an extension or reinterpretation of the basic moral principle of equality. Practices that were previously regarded as natural and inevitable come to be seen as the result of an unjustifiable prejudice. Who can say with confidence that all his or her attitudes and practices are beyond criticism? If we wish to avoid being numbered amongst the oppressors, we must be prepared to re-think even…...

Similar Documents

Free Essay

Animal

...Health and Safety Legislation Veterinary Medicines Introduction This assignment looks at one of the Health and Safety Legislations that Middle Farm has to follow when administrating veterinary medicines to animals. Middle Farm is a family run dairy farm on the out skirts of Harrogate. The farm has a herd of 150 milking cows and calves and a small flock of sheep. As a family run farm it only consists of two partners and two full time employees. The partners and staff are trained and competent in administering veterinary medicines through courses run by their local vets. Health and Safety needs to be strictly followed to keep the farm as an active business, failure to do so can have serious consequences for the partners. The HSE website states that: “ A failure to comply with an improvement or prohibition notice, or a court remedy order, carries a fine of up to £20 000, or six months’ imprisonment, or both.” http://www.hse.gov.uk/pubns/hsc14.htm The Veterinary medicines regulations describe veterinary medicines as any substance for the treatment, control and prevention of disease in livestock. Veterinary medicines are used to keep animals healthy and include wormers, antibiotics and vaccines. Veterinary medicines can also cause harm if they are not used properly. Veterinary Medicines Legislation The information I have obtained applies to the Veterinary Medicines Regulations 2006 which display the procedures, manufacture, controls, supply and...

Words: 1088 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

Animal

...Animal IntelligenceAnimals are smarter than people think they are. As animal studies keep on increasing, we find out that some animals are close to our level of thinking. Animals such as chimps, parrots, elephants, dolphins and monkeys have been studied and proved to us that they too have a good level of intelligence. Self recognition, social skills, language skills and the use of tools are all signs that scientist use to prove that these animals have a good capacity of smarts in their brain.Many people may think that only humans have the ability to recognize themselves or to be recognized. But the study of two animals has turned that statement to something new. In one study, an elephant was looking at its own appearance and saw some dirt on its face, and with its trunk it tried to take the smudges off its face. (Braden) Another study was done on bottlenose dolphins; to show that they too, have self recognition .Researchers took markers and started to draw on them. Some dolphins had black marks and some did not acquire any marks, but they all felt something touch their body and were eager to see themselves in the mirror. ( DeSeve) To have self recognition shows intelligence. The studies done on these animals show that they are aware of themselves and to be conscious of your self shows a great amount of intelligence.The social skills of animals are very similar to human social skills. Two studies were conducted on chimps to see if they had emotional ......

Words: 257 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Animal

...A Thirsty Animal 1. A good self-confidence went along with the drinking for the writer. He also had a lot of good memories and laughter that always seemed possible for him while he had a drink in his hand. He needed alcohol because that is when he found a world to cling to and a way of belonging. 2. He finds it difficult to go to parties because when he is around everybody who is drinking, he feels awkward, and he starts to feel sorry for himself. 3. He stopped drinking when he started to realize his drunk weekends started happening during the week and his years were now being measured in hangover. So he found it necessary to stop drinking to get his life back together. 4. He has a very determined personality. When he realized he was an alcoholic he was determined to stop drinking. Then after he stopped, he was even more determined to stay sober even if he wanted to drink. He said the urge to drink came from the animal that lived inside of him from paragraph 11. He knows that if he can keep the animal inside of him sober than he did what was best for him. Thesis-The writer is dealing with a serious issue that many people face involving alcoholism, and he learns how to keep the thirsty animal inside of him sober even though it is really hard for him to do. 1. The main idea of the essay is the essay is how difficult it can be to deal with alcoholism. Even though it was very difficult for him to become sober, he gets through it and he discusses it in......

Words: 514 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Animals

...A Voice for the Animals It should be against the law to have a license or even to buy an exotic animal to have as a pet. Having exotic animals as pets is an inherent risk to human health and safety. Owning these animals is also a risk for them they need to be able to roam free not caged up like a prisoner. They may seem cute and cuddly but they have a lot of responsibilities, they can turn on you, and expensive to have. Some owners have these animals and neglect them and that’s just an un humane thing to do. When people get these animals they don’t think about their health. Some of these animals carry diseases and people don’t know it till they have it. Experts have studied that at least one in three reptiles’ harbors salmonella and shigella. Salmonella is a bacterium that can kill you it is found in animal feces and contaminated food. People who have animals such as: Reptiles, baby chicks and ducklings, and small rodents such as hamsters are particularly likely to carry Salmonella. Shigella is also a bacterium that can infect the digestive tract and cause a wide range of symptoms. When someone has a monkey and chimpanzee, they can get this virus because it’s contagious. These animals should be in there natural environment instead of someone’s home or backyard. The animals are used to roaming around freely for hour’s even days depending on the animal and type. For example tigers travel about 6-12 miles a day and they hunt at night how can you take their......

Words: 677 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

All Animals Are Equal

...All Animals Are Equal PHI103 I chose to do my argument over “All Animals Are Equal” by P. Singer. After reading this argument I have concluded that it is trying to take serious discrimination issues with humans and comparing them to discrimination issues with nonhumans (animals). The information begins by talking about all the discrimination issues we have faced and are facing as a country and how we have began to fight for equality. It states “We became familiar with liberation moverments for Spanish-Americans, gay people, and a variety of other minorities” (P. Singer, 1989). Liberation movements changed the way society viewed discrimination and how we equally treat “minorities.” A liberation movement demands an expansion of our moral horizons and an extension or reinterpretation of the basic moral principle of equality. And it’s sad to say, but if we wish to avoid being numbered amongst the oppressors, we must be prepared to re-think even our most fundamental attitudes. As P. Singer states, “I am urging that we extend to other species (animals) the basic principle of equality that most of us recognize should be extended to all members of our own species” (1989). Singer then focus’ on women’s rights and how fighting for women’s rights isn’t sound. He goes on to make the claim “if women’s rights are sound when applied to women, why should the argument not be applied to dogs, cats, and horses?” (P. Singer, 1989). One way which we might reply to this argument......

Words: 966 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Animals

...Respecting All Animals: There’s No Difference x x Prof. x x Respecting All Animals: There’s No Difference The majority of people in this world consider animals just creatures put here on earth to serve a purpose, even more so-most react to their slaughter ,simply with a shrug of the shoulder, unimportant, and more commonly “a way of life” Many consider living conditions that would not be suitable for a person, to be suitable for a living animal. These animals are subjected to heinous conditions and treatment, supposedly for good reason. Of course, it seems to be a common principle amongst certain people to think that animals are not capable of possessing feelings, so maybe this is why the cruelty seems tolerated? As once acknowledged by René Descartes in Understanding Philosophy, regarded animals as “simply physical bodies that lacked minds or souls; thus, animals were similar to organic machines.” (Mosser, 2014, chap. 6.4) I will be analyzing how each of these issues contributes to the unethical and disrespectful treatment of our fellow animals and why we should no longer tolerate it. First off, the most important thing to point out is the fact that animals are used for many things, in constant disregard for their feelings I might add. Just like the previously mentioned living conditions- animals are subjected to the most inhumane practices that would not ever be suitable for the treatment of people. I suppose this is the exact reasoning behind the......

Words: 1055 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

Animal

...Animal From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia For other uses, see Animal (disambiguation). "Animalia" redirects here. For other uses, see Animalia (disambiguation). Page semi-protected Animals Temporal range: Ediacaran – Recent PreЄЄOSDCPTJKPgN Animal diversity.png Scientific classification Domain: Eukaryota (Unranked) Opisthokonta (Unranked) Holozoa (Unranked) Filozoa Kingdom: Animalia Linnaeus, 1758 Phyla Subkingdom Parazoa Porifera Placozoa Subkingdom Eumetazoa Radiata (unranked) Ctenophora Cnidaria Bilateria (unranked) Orthonectida Rhombozoa Acoelomorpha Chaetognatha Superphylum Deuterostomia Chordata Hemichordata Echinodermata Xenoturbellida Vetulicolia † Protostomia (unranked) Superphylum Ecdysozoa Kinorhyncha Loricifera Priapulida Nematoda Nematomorpha Onychophora Tardigrada Arthropoda Superphylum Platyzoa Platyhelminthes Gastrotricha Rotifera Acanthocephala Gnathostomulida Micrognathozoa Cycliophora Superphylum Lophotrochozoa Sipuncula Hyolitha † Nemertea Phoronida Bryozoa Entoprocta Brachiopoda Mollusca Annelida Synonyms Metazoa Haeckel, 1874 Animals are multicellular, eukaryotic organisms of the kingdom Animalia (also called Metazoa). Their body plan eventually becomes fixed as they develop, although some undergo a process of metamorphosis later on in their lives. Most animals are motile, meaning they can move spontaneously and independently. All animals must ingest other organisms or their products for...

Words: 6286 - Pages: 26

Free Essay

Animal

... Rhode Island! What is a group of dolphins called? If you think you know it, then shout it out! Is it a: A) Pack, B) Pod, C) Pride or D) Gaggle? You've got three seconds -- GO! A group of dolphins is called a pod. It can also be called a school. That's your answer and that's your Shoutout! Animal Intelligence TINKER: Now dolphins don't have to spend time in schools to learn stuff. Alright, I know. It's a little early to break out the puns. But it turns out, these animals might not need to. Some scientists have been studying dolphins' intelligence, and say the creatures might be a lot smarter than any of us think. Randi Kaye explains the porpoise of this research. (BEGIN VIDEO) RANDI KAYE, CNN CORRESPONDENT: Spend a day with a dolphin, and you're quickly reminded of why they've always captured our imaginations. They are playful, sociable and just incredibly fun to be around. But scientists say there's a lot more to these animals, and they're just beginning to understand the intricate thinking of these so-called, big-brained mammals. Here you go, Nani. Good girl. We came here to the Baltimore Aquarium to see just how intelligent dolphins are. You see them playing with their trainers all the time, but scientists who study them say there's a lot more happening there than just play, that their intelligence actually rivals ours. Here you go. To see up close what has scientists so excited, we climb down into a tiny underwater lab with a window into the aquarium, where......

Words: 454 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Animal

...demand for her services on Friday. Inventory problems always occur when more than one person is doing inventory because mix numbers come out, more than what is needed is ordered and therefore ending up with an excess of that product. The office assistant should be in charge of ordering inventory and it should be taken at least once a week which then, eliminates running out of things and having too much of other stuff and wasting products. Dr. Barr should have switched the schedule around when she noticed the demand for her services were greater on Friday than Wednesdays. Had one person in charge of inventory and schedule both veterinarians on Fridays. Suggestions: both veterinarians available on Fridays, office assistant handles all inventory, close early Wednesday and stay open late on Fridays . 1. Identify the operations management problems that Dr. Barr is having at the clinic. * Scheduling problems * Inventory systems – lack of technology usage * Improper operations systems 2. The schedule Dr. Barr set up worked well at the clinic where she was a resident. What are some of the reasons why it might not be working here? * The schedule isn’t set up based on the clinic busiest time. * Dr. Barr doesn’t understand how her business operates. 3. Identify some of the reasons why the clinic is having inventory problems. * Because of its lack of technology use. Dr. Barr should implement an inventory management system to avoid unexpected situations......

Words: 837 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Animals

...Can Animals Demonstrate Intelligence, or Do They Just Act on Instinct? Animals' behaviors can be recognized as a complicated process in animals' lives circles which includes a mixture between instinct and intelligence. The way that most of animals use to communicate with each other is a clear sample to know how much complicated they are. Most differences between animals' behaviors may relate to their intelligence such as defense tactics, or act on instinct like nursing. The difference between animals' intelligence and acting on instincts is that they can learn how to do things like hunting which explains intelligence but feeling of hunger is instinct because of some internal or external factors like the hormones process in the body or skin's low temperature. However animals are in between of acting in instinct and demonstrating intelligence. The scientists focused on animal intelligence and demonstrated that they can learn from humans and from each other. For example the apes have learned the sign language by many signs which need time to memorize, afterwards scientists discovered that they can communicate with apes with these signs. This means that apes have an intelligence which is different from other animals to give them special character among them. Most animals act on instincts in some situations or at least in one stage of their lives. For instance, when birds are young they open their mouths for eating from their mother. Also, sea turtles after they hatched......

Words: 310 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Animal

...Animal Diversity Time Requirements: Exercise 1: 15 mins. Exercise 2: 15 mins. Exercise 3: 30 mins. Exercise 4: 10 mins. Exercise 5: 15 mins. Exercise 6: 20 mins. Exercise 7: 30 mins. Exercise 8: 10 mins. Exercise 9: 30 mins. Materials Required: ITEM NUMBER (per group) LOCATION Any living or preserved plant *specimens (listed below) Display Cart/Counter Microscopes (compound and dissecting) Display Counter Colored pencils 1 set Cart/Counter *Specimens: Preserved or Living Prepared Slides Grantia Grantia choanocytes Hydra Planaria Tapeworm Clam Termite Brittle star Crayfish Earthworm Frog Mammal skulls Sand dollar Sea cucmber Sea star Lab Safety: Wear safety goggles/glasses and gloves while handing specimens (it is preferred that specimens remain in the appropriate containers untouched). Lab coats or aprons may be available upon request. Demonstrations/Tutorials: To display each life cycle with specimens and slides, see the following display suggestions – Clean up and Disposal of Waste 1. Return any materials to original locations. 2. Try to preserve any living specimens for future labs. Lab Alternatives – Computer Based p. 113 Exercise 1 – Phylum Porifera – Sponges Given that all sponges are filter feeders, why does it follow that all sponges are aquatic? Filter feeding is the filtering of nutrients and plankton suspended in water therefore for sponges to feed effectively they must be......

Words: 4763 - Pages: 20

Premium Essay

Animals

...The common name of the animal I did my report on is the Elephant. The scientific name is Elephantidae. I chose to do my report on this animal because the elephant is my favorite animal at the Zoo. I found information about this animal on the internet. The animal is best known for its long trunk. The most unique feature about this animal is that it is the largest mammal on the earth. The Elephant is a mammal. A female elephant is called a Cow. A male elephant is called a Bull. A group is called a herd. In my report, you will learn about the animal’s appearance, habitat, diet, parenting, survival and other special features. The natural habitat of the elephant has everything animal needs to survive. Elephants live on the continents of Africa and Asia. The countries it lives in are Central and West Africa, India, Nepal, and Southern Asia. The habitat the animal lives in is Desert, Forrest Areas, and where there are Swamps. The elephant is an herbivore. This means that the animal eats plants only and cannot digest meat. The Elephant eats grass, roots, fruit and bark. They use their tusk to pull the bark from the tree. It eats about 300 pounds of food every day. The animal is both nocturnal and diurnal because they must eat for more than 14 hours a day. Elephants take good care of their babies. Elephants have live births. They have one baby at a time. The baby will gain 2 to 3 pounds every day until its first birthday. The baby is taken care of by the female elephant. The male...

Words: 407 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Animals

...The common name of the animal I did my report on is the Elephant. The scientific name is Elephantidae. I chose to do my report on this animal because the elephant is my favorite animal at the Zoo. I found information about this animal on the internet. The animal is best known for its long trunk. The most unique feature about this animal is that it is the largest mammal on the earth. The Elephant is a mammal. A female elephant is called a Cow. A male elephant is called a Bull. A group is called a herd. In my report, you will learn about the animal’s appearance, habitat, diet, parenting, survival and other special features. The natural habitat of the elephant has everything animal needs to survive. Elephants live on the continents of Africa and Asia. The countries it lives in are Central and West Africa, India, Nepal, and Southern Asia. The habitat the animal lives in is Desert, Forrest Areas, and where there are Swamps. The elephant is an herbivore. This means that the animal eats plants only and cannot digest meat. The Elephant eats grass, roots, fruit and bark. They use their tusk to pull the bark from the tree. It eats about 300 pounds of food every day. The animal is both nocturnal and diurnal because they must eat for more than 14 hours a day. Elephants take good care of their babies. Elephants have live births. They have one baby at a time. The baby will gain 2 to 3 pounds every day until its first birthday. The baby is taken care of by the female elephant. The male...

Words: 407 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

All Animals Are Equal

...All Animals are Equal The argument I’ll be addressing today is to decide if “All Animals are Equal” by Pete Singer. Singer’s essay “All Animals are Equal,” develops an emotional debate for how we view or treat animals as humans (Singer, P. 1989). He also stirs up an argument regarding the equal treatment of animals and the equality with how we treat human beings as a whole. “Singer calls for the beginning of a “liberation movement” similar to those that were sprouting up during the period in which he wrote his essay and focused on such issues as gay, women’s and African-American rights.” There has been a lot of media coverage of an American dentist whole killed a lion in another country, while ignoring some senseless killings in our own country. Has the time come for us as human beings, beginning to respect the rights of animal’s verses our own kind? Will we continue to enjoy that nice steak dinner, hamburger, or thanksgiving turkey? Is it fair to say the sport we call hunting, is inhumane as abortion, the death penalty, or sending our defenders of this country to war for some people? Could his message be subliminal in this essay by referring those animal to human beings that endured struggle? Are we born into this world to be vegetarians due to our teeth structure and development of our body composition? We very well be but that decision should be left to the individual to decide. Pete’s utilitarian direction, due to the theory of an animal that suffers, should be...

Words: 1250 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Animal

...Treatment of Animals in chemical testing Animal testing is an issue in today's society that, whether anyone realizes it, does affect each of us. Such as transplants, vaccines, and medicine. Nearly each and every one of us today have received vaccine shots. We have all used medications. We have all heard of transplant technology. This above example I have used is farfetched. Brain transplants are not an everyday occurrence. They are not yet, at least. However, kidney and heart transplants are beginning to become a more and more common every day. Who knows what is possible with the proper research. Today there are a great deal of people who oppose animal testing in laboratory research. This is limiting our medical capabilities . Could we be holding ourselves back from medical breakthroughs such as a cure for cancer or AIDS? Animal testing is already controlled to a great extent. Many cats and dogs are killed annually by shelters and pounds. Animal testing is not as cruel as it is portrayed and is an essential to reaching medical breakthroughs. Special controls on laboratory animals have been in place since 1876. These have been revised in 1986. These laws are now more commonly known as the revised Animals Act of 1986. This law allows for scientist to perform testing while also safe guarding the animals. Prior to any testing a cost benefit analysis must be applied. In this analysis they review the potential research benefits with the......

Words: 863 - Pages: 4