Premium Essay

Amendments 13, 14 and 15 and Why They Are Important.

In: Historical Events

Submitted By vadikahn
Words 393
Pages 2
Amendments 13, 14 and 15 and why they are important.

Amendments Thirteen, Fourteen, and Fifteen followed the end of the Civil War in 1865. Thirteenth Amendment ended slavery. Fourteenth Amendment gave black people the same rights as the white people. The Fifteenth Amendment gave blacks the right to vote. The Civil War was the war in The United States between the “North” and the “South”. One of the many reasons of the Civil War was the abolitionist movement that started in the “North”. “Abolitionist ideas became increasingly prominent in Northern churches and politics beginning in the 1830s, which contributed to the regional animosity between North and South leading up to the Civil War.” (The History Channel website, 2013). The “South” was against abolition. Since the north won the civil war the government quickly had to make an Amendment that would make slavery illegal and after a couple of years the other two amendments gave black people the same rights as whites. This had to be done because of the support from the “North” of the abolitionist movement. If slavery would not of been banned after the win of the war it would cause a lot of distress amongst the states and would defeat the whole purpose of the war. Even though it took a while for the Amendments to fully take affect it was still a necessary step. Article V of the Fourteenth Amendment states that “The Congress shall have the power to enforce, by appropriate legislation, the provisions of this article.” (Patterson, "Appendixes, Article V," 2009). This gives the power to the federal government to enforce these laws. However none of the other articles of this Amendment stated that the local policies within the states could not discriminate against the blacks. This still created segregation of the two races which did not get fully resolved until the Civil Rights Movement which “most...

Similar Documents

Free Essay

Jail and Prison

...UNIT 1 Answer Key CHAPTER 1 CHAPTER 1 Section 1 Prereading and Vocabulary 2 Reading Comprehension 3 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. oligarchy citizen democracy constitution state two basic levels; certain decisions; only the federal government; each of the states Federalism is a system of government in which power is divided between a central government and several regional, or state, governments. 1. Population; the people who live within the boundaries of the state 2. Territory; land with known and recognized boundaries 3. Sovereignty; the supreme and absolute power within a state’s territory to decide its own foreign and domestic policies 4. Government; the institution through which society makes and enforces public policies 5. Force theory; the state was born of force, when one person or a small group gained control over people in an area and forced them to submit to that person’s or group’s rule. 6. Evolutionary theory; the state evolved from early families that united to form clans. Later, clans united to form tribes. As tribes settled into agricultural groups over time, they formed states. 7. Divine right theory; God created the state and gave a chosen few the right to rule. 8. Social contract theory; people voluntarily agreed to create a state and give to the government just enough power to promote the safety and well-being of all. Government exists to serve the will of the people, and the people are the sole source of......

Words: 19014 - Pages: 77

Premium Essay


...Apportionment of representatives: which is by state and which is by district | District | State | 6 | Minimum age | 25 | 30 | 7 | Minimum citizenship | 7 years | 9 years | 8 | Inhabitant of state represented (for how long) | 7 years | 9 years | 9 | Filling vacancy (death, resignation, retirement, expulsion or election to another government position) | Special/general election | Governor or state of vacancy | 10 | Official Leader | Speaker of the house | Vice president | 11 | Describe organization: which is more centralized, more formal | Formal, more rules | Informal, less rules | 12 | Which has stronger leadership? | No | yes | 13 | Interrelations with constituency- how many do they represent | 710,767 people | Half the state | 14 | Greater expertise/specialization | Experts | | 15 | Name the four types of committees in each chamber (they are the same) | Standing: continue from 1 congress to the nextJoint: members of both chambers conduct investigations/special studies.Conference: members of both chambers work out differences on bills.Special: members from 1 chamber conducts special investigations | same | 16 | Who has more committee/subcommittee assignments | Less | More | 17 | Which chamber has rigid floor debate rules? Which has flexible floor debate rules? | Stricter rules, more control of floor debate | Almost no rules | 18 | Any debate time limits | 1 hour | No limit | 19 | More deference to committee work | More......

Words: 1603 - Pages: 7

Free Essay

House of Lords

...The House of Lords an effective institution? an effective institution? Introduction Since the reform of the House of Lords in 1999 by Tony Blair’s ‘New Labour’ government, the status and legislative scope of the ‘upper house’ has steadily risen. Its role as a ‘revising chamber’, scrutinising bills sent to it from the House of Commons, is an important one. However, unlike upper houses in many modern democracies such as the Senate in the USA, theoretically it cannot stop, and at best can only delay, legislation sent from the Commons. As a largely appointed chamber, doubts remain as to its legitimacy and as recently as 2012 the government tried to replace the Lords with a largely elected chamber. This initiative however failed, perhaps partly because MPs were worried that a wholly elected Lords might in the future question the primacy of the Commons. Task Objective * This task requires you to explore the workings of the Lords and consider how effective it is as a parliamentary body. * It will ask you to consider whether the House of Lords should be reformed further. * It will guide you through a range of reading material and pose key questions for you to post on as you complete each section of reading. Task 1: Overview of Functions____________________________________________________________________ You can get a very quick overview of the role and work of the House of Lords by skim reading the following pamphlet and watching the YouTube......

Words: 4252 - Pages: 18

Premium Essay

Individual Rights Under the United States Constitution

...except by proper legal proceeding. The principle is enshrined in the 39th clause of Magna Carta (1215) which provides that ‘no freeman shall be arrested or imprisoned or deprived of his freehold or outlawed or banished or in any way ruined, nor will we (ie the monarch) take or order action against him, except by the lawful judgment of his equals and according to the law of the land’. b. The United States Constitution iv. 1789 v. Bill of Rights – proposed in 1789 and ratified (became law) in 1791. vi. Chapter 1, Page 14 – Provisions of Bill of Rights – Table 1.2 vii. The notion of due process is also embodied in the Fifth and Fourteenth Amendments of the US Constitution, and in Articles 5 and 6 of the European Convention on Human Rights. viii. The reference in the 5th Amendment applies only to the federal government and its courts and agencies. The reference in the 14th Amendment extends protection of due process to all state governments, agencies, and courts. c. Individual Rights in the Original Constitution ix. Habeas Corpus – Article 1, Section 9, Clause 2 an individual who has been restrained, by the government, in some way, may petition a Federal Court for a writ of habeas corpus to test whether the restraint violates the Constitution of laws of the United States. – Chapter 2 x. Bill of...

Words: 1743 - Pages: 7

Free Essay

Costitutional Validity of Various Provisions of Hindu Succession Act

...SUCCESSION ACT,1956 INDEX: INTRODUCTION__________________________________________________________________ ARE PERSONAL LAWS REALLY LAWS? _______________________________________________ ARE PERSONAL LAWS SUBJECT TO PART III OF THE CONSTITUTION? _______________________ TYPES OF SUCCESSION___________________________________________________________ WHO IS A HINDU?_______________________________________________________________ BEFORE HINDU SUCCESSION ACT__________________________________________________ INTRODCUTION TO HINDU SUCCESSION ACT, 1956____________________________________ CONSTITUTIONAL VALIDITY OF: 2005 AMENDMENT…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. SECTION 6, HSA………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. SECTION 7, HSA………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… SECTION 14, HSA…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. SECTION 15 &16, HSA…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. OPINION_________________________________________________________________________ CONCLUSION______________________________________________________________________ INTRODUCTION: Through this paper, I want to analyse the constitutional validity of various provisions of the Hindu Succession act, 1956 , which is a personal law applicable to Hindu citizens of India. I have attempted to briefly explain how the flaws in the said act pose a constitutional challenge and have also tried arriving at a solution for the same. ARE PERSONAL LAWS REALLY......

Words: 5545 - Pages: 23

Premium Essay

Edu 200 Work : Richard DuFour, Rebecca DuFour, and Robert Eaker TM June 4–6 June 7–9 June 13–15 June 20–22 July 10–12 July 18–20 July 25–27 August 1–3 August 6–8 August 13–15 August 21–23 September 19–21 New Orleans, LA St. Louis, MO Las Vegas, NV Denver, CO San Antonio, TX Baltimore, MD Orlando, FL Hartford, CT Lincolnshire, IL Minneapolis, MN Seattle, WA San Diego, CA Visit for details. the journey continues 800.733.6786 “After several months of research and dialogue with practitioners throughout the nation, it became apparent that the hype was real. PLCs . . . are being used by schools and districts of all sizes and demographics to make significant impacts on student achievement.” —Evaluating Professional Learning Communities: Final Report An APQC® Education Benchmarking Project Overview The Professional Learning Communities at WorkTM process is increasingly recognized as the most powerful strategy for sustained, substantive school improvement. These institutes give you and your team the knowledge and tools to implement this powerful process in your school or district. As you delve deep into the three big ideas of a PLC—focus on learning, build a collaborative culture, and results orientation— you will gain specific, practical, and inspiring strategies for transforming your school or district into a place where all students learn at high levels. Why Attend 3 Big Ideas That Drive a PLC The Presentation Leading experts deliver......

Words: 5971 - Pages: 24

Premium Essay


...The Texas Constitution 1 Why the Texas Constitution Matters • The Texas Constitution is the legal framework within which the government works • Rights guaranteed in the Texas Constitution go beyond those of the U.S. Constitution • The length and detail of the Texas Constitution make the amendment process central to the political process 2 The Role of a State Constitution • State constitutions perform a number of important functions – Establish political institutions and explain the source of their power and authority – Delegate powers to particular institutions and individuals and define how they are to be used – Protect against the concentration of political power in one institution or individual – Define the limits of political power 3 The Role of a State Constitution: Influence of U.S. Constitution • Texas’s constitution is heavily influenced by the U.S. Constitution – Political power is derived from the people – Both constitutions feature a separation of powers • Legislative, executive, and judicial branches – A system of checks and balances limits the powers of each branch, as a way to protect against tyranny – Certain individual rights must not be violated 4 The Role of a State Constitution: How U.S. Constitution Is Different • The idea of federalism is also embodied in the constitutions of the U.S. and Texas • Important differences distinguish the two – Supremacy clause: the U.S. Constitution and......

Words: 2242 - Pages: 9

Free Essay

Arizona State and Constitution

...Period, The Mexican Period, the U.S. Controlled Period, the Territorial Period and the impact of the Progressive movement on the creation of the Arizona constitution. First, the Pre-territorial Period is probably the most politically unknown because it is impossible to reconstruct how these prehistoric communities felt about politics and democracy. However, evidence shows that people inhabited Arizona for thousands of years before the Europeans. Indians were considered to be the “first citizens” established in Arizona, long before it became a state. There are three major cultures which lived in this state, which were the Apache, the Navajo, the Hohokam and Mogollon. The Hohokam disappeared around the mid 1400’s but historians do not know why. Each group was complex in their social organizations which showed that they were well established and sophisticated. The Indians significantly influenced the history of Arizona. Many of the cities, mountains, and other landmarks have Indian names and they are considered to be the “first Arizonans” and have a great deal of respect from those who currently live there. The Spanish Period (1539-1821) is what started to bring about some...

Words: 2438 - Pages: 10

Premium Essay


...words of the Constitution. What are these words? A: We the People 4. What is an amendment? A: a change (to the Constitution) A: an addition (to the Constitution) 5. What do we call the first ten amendments to the Constitution? A: The Bill of Rights 6. What is one right or freedom from the First Amendment?* A: speech A: religion A: assembly A: press A: petition the government 7. How many amendments does the Constitution have? A: twenty-seven (27) 8. What did the Declaration of Independence do? A: announced our independence (from Great Britain) A: declared our independence (from Great Britain) A: said that the United States is free (from Great Britain) 9. What are two rights in the Declaration of Independence? A: life A: liberty A: pursuit of happiness 10. What is freedom of religion? A: You can practice any religion, or not practice a religion. 11. What is the economic system in the United States?* A: capitalist economy A: market economy 12. What is the "rule of law"? A: Everyone must follow the law. A: Leaders must obey the law. A: Government must obey the law. A: No one is above the law. B. System of Government 13. Name one branch or part of the government.* A: Congress A: legislative A: President A: executive A: the courts A: judicial 14. What stops one branch of government from becoming too powerful? A: checks and balances A: separation of powers 15. Who is in charge of the executive branch? A: the President 16. Who makes......

Words: 2497 - Pages: 10

Premium Essay

Pols 102

...Authoritarianism: They don’t control everything, just enough. There isn’t a utopian vision. They control the military and the police. Only what they need to control. China is a midway point between Totalitarianism and Authoritarianism. Constitutionalism: A limited form of government. Powers are usually spelled out in a constitution that the government is obligated to follow. They are either being a democracy/monarchy. U.S is a democracy and England is a monarch. Hobbes: Claimed that we lived in a state of nature and not a good place to be. He believed were evil/selfish. God doesn’t play a role. “Bottom up dynamic” Locke: Agrees with Hobbes, but lived life better. People were inherently good, not evil. No protection of our property, and this is why we made the social contract. Believes we only gave up a little bit of our freedom, doesn’t believe it’s all or nothing, like Hobbes believed. Believes the social contract entails that we only gave up...

Words: 1972 - Pages: 8

Premium Essay


...Americans 3. The idea of self-government is in the first three words of the Constitution. What are these words? We the People Free Online US Citizenship Practice Test. 4. What is an amendment? A change (to the Constitution) an addition (to the Constitution) 5. What do we call the first ten amendments to the Constitution? The Bill of Rights 6. What is one right or freedom from the First Amendment?* Speech religion assembly press petition the government 7. How many amendments does the Constitution have? Twenty-seven (27) 8. What did the Declaration of Independence do? Announced our independence (from Great Britain) declared our independence (from Great Britain) said that the United States is free (from Great Britain) 9. What are two rights in the Declaration of Independence? Life liberty pursuit of happiness 10. What is freedom of religion? You can practice any religion, or not practice a religion. 11. What is the economic system in the United States?* Capitalist economy market economy 12. What is the "rule of law"? Everyone must follow the law. Leaders must obey the law. Government must obey the law. No one is above the law. Part B: System of Government 13. Name one branch or part of the government.* Congress legislative President Executive the courts judicial 14. What stops one branch of government from becoming too powerful? Checks and balances...

Words: 2188 - Pages: 9

Premium Essay

Ha Lol

...Strong Alfred Mahan Richard Olney British Guiana Great Rapprochement 1. What factors caused America to turn its attention to the world beyond her borders? Spurning the Hawaiian Pear Know: Queen Liliuokalani 2. Why did President Cleveland not want to annex Hawaii? Cubans Rise in Revolt Know: General Weyler 3. What was happening in Cuba that caused Americans to be concerned? Dewey's May Day Victory at Manila Know: Teddy Roosevelt George Dewey 4. Why did Commodore Dewey have such an easy victory over the Spanish fleet at the Philippines? The Confused Invasion of Cuba Know: Rough Riders Teddy Roosevelt San Juan Hill 5. Describe the fighting in Cuba. America's Course (Curse?) of Empire Know: Anti-Imperialist League 6. What were the arguments for and against the annexation of the Philippines? Makers of America: The Puerto Ricans 7. How has U.S. citizenship caused Puerto Ricans to be different from other immigrants? Perplexities in Puerto Rico and Cuba Know: Insular Cases General Leonard Wood Walter Reed Platt Amendment Guantanamo 8. Describe American treatment of Cuba after the Spanish-American War. New Horizons in Two Hemispheres 9. What were the outcomes of the Spanish-American War? "Little Brown Brothers" in the......

Words: 426 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

The Annual Research and the Side Effects ‎

...participation of many scientists from all over the world working in the fields and different fields. the theory of probability initial research began in the late fifteenth century, specifically in (1494), while posting sporty Italian «Luca Pacioli» A (1445-1514) work «Summa de Arithmetic» which discussed the games of chance. the statistics today is the most important science that the political, economic and cultural development depend on it. most of the States and Establishments, political organizations and economic and social development, ran by the statistics. globally and internationally and domestically. and often depends on the fate of the projects or major decisions by the provided statistics results. In general, the lack of statistical effort, in the fields, and make sure to prevent the collection of security in response to the reality of any project, also prevents determine the extent of his success or his failure, and makes it something of a risk if going to prevent. The choice of this topic to show the statistics advantages to organize the state managements. We get these information by collect the data. Contents 1. Why to study 2....

Words: 2278 - Pages: 10

Premium Essay

Sec Filing Document

...Exchange Commission (“Commission”) is proposing a Roadmap for the potential use of financial statements prepared in accordance with International Financial Reporting Standards (“IFRS”) as issued by the International Accounting Standards Board by U.S. issuers for purposes of their filings with the Commission. This Roadmap sets forth several milestones that, if achieved, could lead to the required use of IFRS by U.S. issuers in 2014 if the Commission believes it to be in the public interest and for the protection of investors. This Roadmap also includes discussion of various areas of consideration for market participants related to the eventual use of IFRS in the United States. As part of the Roadmap, the Commission is proposing amendments to various regulations, rules and forms that would permit early use of IFRS by a limited number of U.S. issuers where this would enhance the comparability of financial information to investors. Only an issuer whose industry uses IFRS as the basis of financial reporting more than any other set of standards would be eligible to elect to use IFRS, beginning with filings in 2010. DATES: Comments should be received on or before February 19, 2009. ADDRESSES: Comments may be submitted by any of the following methods: Electronic Comments: • Use of the Commission’s Internet comment form (; or • Send an e-mail to Please include File Number S727-08 on...

Words: 49111 - Pages: 197

Premium Essay

Intro. African American Studies

...Answer Questions: Be sure to respond to the ENTIRE question, since each question has two parts. (4 points each/100 points total) 1) Why would you say that some see Africa as a country? How would you describe the size of Africa in relation to the size of the United States? 2) The view of Africa as a jungle is erroneous, since a jungle or forested area is not one of the continent’s major environmental features. Name two that are. 3) Africa can be discussed from either an Afrocentric perspective or a Eurocentric perspective. Give two examples of the way Africa is portrayed that support a Eurocentric perspective. 4) Turning to an Afrocentric perspective, name the African scholar honored for exerting the greatest influence on Black thought in the 20th century at the Black World Festival of Arts and Culture in Senegal, West Africa. Name the African American scholar honored for the same reason. 5) Name the Origin of Humankind theory that Dr. Cheikh Anta Diop said was so rigorously defended until science cast it aside. What reason did he cite for its rigorous defense? 6) From “Journey of Man,” name the reason humankind took so long to populate Europe. How many years did it take? 7) What delayed the American geneticist’s travel into Central Asia? Why was getting to that destination so important to him? 8) Name the word that the Navajo man took issue with the geneticist using when relating his stories of origin. What was the...

Words: 903 - Pages: 4