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America Transformed

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America Transformed
In the 19th century Americas Social structure and Economy underwent many drastic changes. Many of these changes were a direct result of industrialization. As technology developed and the people moved farther and farther west, new and lucrative opportunities presented themselves. Most of the technology was created for the purpose of better productivity in agriculture and manufacturing. These technological advancements had major effects on the nation’s economies. As the populations grew the need for expansion grew as well. With the rise of nationalism, so came the growth of democracy.
Following the American Revolution, the concept of nationalism was beginning to take hold on the people. At the beginning of the 19th century Americans had much to be proud of. They had just won their independence from Britain and created the Constitution. With many of the new technological advancements of the 19th century the people began finding more efficient ways of manufacturing and distributing goods. The assembly line contributed to the development of a new working class (Brinkly, 2007). The Cotton Gin revolutionized the cotton economy in the south and contributed to the industrialization of the north by means of the textile industry. Steamboats stimulated the agriculture economy by making shipping more efficient and in turn lowering the cost of goods. Between 1800 and 1820 the plantation system was booming in the south with the growing demand of cotton in the textile industry (Brinkly, 2007). As a result of the westward movement, four new states were admitted in the union. The two in the north would be Free states and the two in the south would be slave states. The plantation system contributed to the development of a new rich class (Brinkly, 2007). Industrialization began to force more people to move from rural homes into the cities to...

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