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America's Political Parties

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America’s Political Parties
Crystal Ann Smith
Leah Raby
POL110: United States Government
03/17/2014

Politics The two major political parties in the United States today are the Democratic and the Republican parties. They share the meaning to the way the political and presidential system should be run but are how different are they? One of the main differences between the two is that Democrats are Liberals and Republicans are Conservative but how is there a homeostasis between the two and why is there no real middle ground? The following information will explain in depth the differences between the liberals and conservatives as well as the campaign process in maintaining the two and the reason why there is only a two-party system.
History and Current State The Democratic Party can be traced back to before America’s independence from Britain and is the oldest political party that has existed. It was formed in 1792 under Thomas Jefferson and established under the presidency of Andrew Jackson in the 1830’s but democracy has come a long way from that. Now the democrat party’s philosophy is labeled as the Liberal in which the supporters focus on ideas of liberty and equality and support current issues such as free and fair elections, civil rights, freedom of the press, freedom of religion, free trade and private property.( McGowan, 2007) The Republican Party is the second oldest political party in the United States and was first established with Abraham Lincoln in 1860 which helped abolish slavery under his rule and became the dominant political party until 1932. The organization was based on white Protestants, businessmen, business owners, factory workers and African-Americans. Now the philosophy focuses on a conservative view which is pro-business and against the bureaucracy of a larger government and believes in the Darwinian approach in that the...

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