Premium Essay

American Legal History

In: Historical Events

Submitted By LadyPh03nix
Words 2207
Pages 9
King's peace (pg 31-32)

Witan (pg 8)

Doom ( pg 10)

Doomsday book (pg 42-43)

ritualized expression of jurisdictional theory; used to invoke royal court jurisdiction. encapsulated a long historical development. in early German history there was virtually no public law of crime. Victims or kin would retaliate for wrongs against them. Anglo saxon kings promoted measures to substitute money payments in restitution. Concept of the king's peace enabled monarchs to develop what amounted to a public law as a wrong against the king. From Germanic law - notion of man's "peace" surrounded his person & home. to disturb either was offense that justified him in repelling the breach. King as a semi-sacred figured - anyone who attacked him was guilty of a more serious crime. As the King's power grew, his peace was extended to religious shrines & people. By extending his peace, king brought them protection - attacking them was like attacking the king. By Norman times, the king's peace had expanded to royal officers & to highways over which the king traveled. Over time, it was projected over his entire realm. It was generalized into a jurisdictional principle - that jurisdiction over serious crime belonged to the king's courts. Criminal manners became know as placita coronae = pleas of the crown. That jurisdiction had a monopoly over jurisdiction for major crime. The remainder, lesser issues were punished in the hundred courts & in the manors of the towns. (pg 31-32) The king consulted with the "wise men" of the realm ( endemic of Germanic Kingship). It was routine for him to deliberate with major land-holders on important matters of the state. Advisers formed this court (witan) - the Normans perpetuated it as curia regis (king's court). It was customary for the king to take magnates of the kingdom ( of which he depended) into his confidence to gain their opinion on matters...

Similar Documents

Free Essay

The Early Christian Church Played a Significant Role in Unifying Law Making and Legal Procedures.

...The early Christian church played a significant role in unifying law making and legal procedures. Whilst society remained the same for a short time following the Roman withdrawal from Britain, a more fragmented picture began to develop. By around 425AD separate Christian kingdoms. This led to difficult challenges bringing the country together as a whole, however as written by Baker, J.H (2002) “the unifying force is not a common law but the general social and moral assumptions of the age”, at the time in question this was the common religion shared by the British kingdoms, Christianity. Within these kingdoms the kings and their bishops had a close relationship, both in matters of the earth as well as the spiritual. According to Loyn, H.R (1991) Bede wrote about how “the Kentish people enjoyed as a result of the conversion the writing down in their own native tongue of judicial decrees”. The various law codes that were written down, starting with those of King Ethelbert 1 of Kent around 600AD, allowed the sharing of customs and practices between the various kingdoms. In order to enable this to be done the church provided educated men – who could read and write to help write the laws. The influence that the church and Christian religion had on the writing of laws seemed to only deepen over time. It has been said that the laws of Withred (c. 700AD), came about as a result of a clerical assembly and in 880 A.D in the prologue to King Alfred’s laws, it was claimed that as......

Words: 685 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Ethfinal

...I am writing my paper on African Americans writing a letter to a friend that is not African American. Dear Anthony, I am writing this letter because I would like to share with you what it is like to be African American and the what we have experienced throughout history. Sometimes people think that because times have passed and things are better that we should be happy but that is not the case. So I just want to give you some insight on African American’s history in the Unites States. Black history has tremendously shaped the African American experience in the United States. For most of U.S history the African American experience developed outside the American culture. Black history’s impact on the African American experience resulted from influences of slavery and racial discrimination in the U.S. For most of U.S history, legal and social discrimination has denied African Americans access to education, literacy, and work. The Harlem Renaissance was one of the first and most important movements in black history. It was the first recognition of African American for their music, literature, arts, and poetry. The Harlem Renaissance was an important period of increased political involvement in black history. Another important movement for African Americans was the Black Arts movement. The Black Arts movement saw the rise of music and literature that embraced a pronounced political and racial consciousness. The Harlem Renaissance and the Black Arts movements are only two......

Words: 639 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Why Did Chinese Immigrate to the United States?

...Why did Chinese immigrate to the United States? After civil war had settled down, many immigrants came to America to live from many countries such as Germany, Ireland, and England. There are as many as 12 million immigrants at this time. Regarding Chinese immigration, they immigrated to the United States from 1849 to 1882. Between this period, America had California Gold Rush, which is one of the reasons Chinese people immigrated. Because the Chinese Exclusion Act was taken into practice, no more Chinese people could immigrate to the United States after 1882. Chinese immigration is the divergent point for Chinese’ lives who lived in America. The main reason Chinese immigrants came to America after Civil War was for work. As a consequence, most of the Chinese immigrants were single men. Especially in California, Chinese people arrived. There is the promise of gold in California during 1850s. It was called California gold rush. After they gained money in America, they usually went back to their country. Chinese immigrants began doing their own business such as running restaurant and laundries. In addition, they started their agricultural laborers. Even though the hard work such as transcontinental railroad construction that connects the coast to coast did not give them good pay, they just work for money. There were two large rail road companies in the United States at this time: Central Pacific and Union Pacific. They began competing as soon as congress took the Pacific......

Words: 1053 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

Asian American

...Asian American migration Expansionism and industrialism A. The Indian Removal Act of 1830- sign by A.J -relocate to Oklahoma Represent one The Indian removal act will place a dense and white civilized population in large tracts of country now occupied by a few They re not unique Burlingame Treaty 1868 allowed 1. China to open up economic opportunities with US merchants in China In return, the US welcomed Chinese to migrate freely to the US continent The US doesn’t realize the US California as US resident Chinese Migration and movement Motives and Mean Number of Chinese migrants to us 1851-1900: increasing In 19th is cheaper to travel Born and reared under different governments and speaking different tongues we nevertheless meet here in California as brothers. You stand among us in all respects as equals Filial Piety Foot binding is kind of painful dress Transcontinental Railroad: Chinese migratory patterns Produced a network of remittances where by young men sent monies home to their parent Initially encouraged the men to be sojourners, temporary residents rather than settlers Later produced a disproportionate gendered ration, which meant the by 1890, for every 26 Chinese men there was one Chinese women Finally the massive in-migration of Chinese male labor produced the transcontinental railroad route After we got Chinamen to work, we took the more intelligent of the wither laborers and made foremen of them. They got a start by controlling......

Words: 347 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

American History X

...American History X is clearly a film dealing with racism. The interesting thing about this film is the way in which the subject is treated. First of all, it is obvious that, though racism is always a difficult subject to deal with, American History X presents it without any reservations or dumming down. Second, the film's figurehead for racism, Derek Vinyard (Edward Norton), is not an unintelligent redneck racist as films often portray them, but is in fact well-spoken, charismatic and intelligent, although he clearly holds ideals that are terribly wrong. Finally, the film shows that it is not just the white, neo-nazi racists who are fools to be involved in this, but all racism is foolish. Through these methods, the film shows the viewer, extremely convincingly, that hatred and racism will destroy a person and those around him. It is immediately revealed to the audience at the outset of this movie that there will be no holds barred and no playing down the realism of this intense racial hatred. When the film flashes back to the reason for Derek's incarceration, we see Danny wake up his brother to tell him that some black guys are trying to steal or wreck his truck, and Derek immediately jumps out of bed, grabs a gun, and shoots one of them, wounds another and fires at the third as he drives away. Then, in one of the most brutal scenes in film history, Derek forces the remaining, wounded man to put his face on the curb and Derek kicks the back of his head, smashing in the......

Words: 355 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Crap

...UNIVERSITI TUNKU ABDUL RAHMAN FOUNDATION IN SCIENCE - FHEL1012 ENGLISH FOR ACADEMIC STUDY ACADEMIC YEAR: 2015/2015 SEMESTER: JAN 2015 TUTORIAL 2 1.0 Identifying the General Purpose of a Paragraph 1. In naval aviation, the AWACS (Airborne Early Warning Command and Control System) plane, or Hawkeye, serves as an air traffic controller, monitoring the airspace around a carrier fleet. It is responsible for surveillance of enemy aircraft and ships as well as directing helicopters to survivors and guarding against air collisions. In addition to servicing the Navy, Hawkeye planes have been used in rescue operations of civilians during hurricane evacuations. The purpose of this passage is to: A. Inform B. Persuade C. Describe 2. The pilots of the Hawkeye aircraft are the unsung heroes of naval operations. The first in and the last out, these men receive none of the glory bestowed on the Top Guns of F-18 fame. Thanks to Hollywood, fighter pilots have been glorified, but the pilots of the AWACS planes work quietly and diligently, and they deserve praise for their contributions. The purpose of this passage is to: A. Inform B. Persuade C. Describe 3. Tobacco companies have been in litigation, facing charges that their marketing practices in the past have targeted teenagers. Also, evidence indicates that......

Words: 1560 - Pages: 7

Free Essay

American History X

...Alexis Franciscotty 04/02/2015 SOC 2100 American History X American History X is an interesting and complex film with many eye opening events. The writers of the film lead the viewer to see where racism begins at its’ source, in an individual’s upbringing. The film tells the story of Derek Vinyard through his younger brother Danny Vinyard’s narration. The story takes place in Venice Beach, California, and shows how the brothers become swept up in the neo-Nazi gang movement. Derek is first drawn into the racist underground after their father, a firefighter who was also racist, is killed by an African-American drug dealer while trying to put out a fire in a South Central neighborhood. Derek finds his place with the neo-Nazi skinheads because they create an environment where Derek feels welcome and part of something bigger and more powerful than himself. It was then that Derek’s racism grew from feelings to actions. Derek murders two African-American Crip gang members trying to steal his truck and is sent to prison. The film follows Danny’s influence by his older brother's actions and thoughts, as well as how Derek, now enlightened by his experience in prison, tries to prevent his brother from going down the same road he did. The film is full of gore, violence, and makes the message clear that hate will only lead to more hate, but it also portrays how one person’s influence and actions direct others in the same capacity. Derek’s father’s views, in theory, are what let......

Words: 862 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

How Effective Was Opposition to Civil Rights During the Period 1955-1968?

...How effective was opposition to civil rights during the period 1955-1968? The civil rights movement had gained a lot of opposition during the campaign, however some opposition was more effective than others. There were various sources of opposition such as; the rise in black power movement, Federal opposition, State and local government opposition and the public opinion. Firstly, Federal opposition was effective at hindering the civil rights campaign because Eisenhower and JFK had hindered the campaign significantly. Eisenhower was afraid to give african americans power as he believed they would do more harm than good because they would cause resentment among americas white population. JFK also hindered the campaign by persuading campaigns to stop using violence and use peaceful protest, Kennedy knew that this would hinder the african americans campaign as Kennedy knows they will have less power and conviction in their civil rights campaign. However federal opposition wasn't that effective because the congress was in full support of the civil rights act of 1964 and the voting rights act of 196, this enabled the campaigners and the government to force desegregation laws and support voter registration. Therefore the federal opposition was effective at hindering the civil rights movement because the presidents were able to hinder the civil rights movement, while the congress managed to support it, overall the federal opposition had hindered the civil rights movement more......

Words: 739 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Assimilation Research Paper

...Self-Actualization? Beginning with the first settlers from Europe in the New World, Native Americans have persistently been exploited for their land and resources. The creation of the United States of America spawned an unprecedented explosion of immigrants flocking to America, which created tensions with Native Americans over territory. Under the Jackson presidency and approved by the U.S. Congress, the Indian Removal Act of 1830 detailed a plan for the relocation of Native Americans, later known as the Trail of Tears. Standing their ground, the Native Americans resisted the advancements of the U.S. government, creating a new wave of battles within the Indian Wars. U.S. Army captain Richard Henry...

Words: 1480 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

American History X

...the middle of the road, Derek rushed to intervene and crack down killing two men in the group. He was arrested and sentenced to three years in prison. Derek in jail during the future of Danny (Edward Furlong) - younger brother Derek was always considered a hero - began to be covered by black clouds of Nazi ideology. According to his step brother, Danny joined the new fascists, assaulted immigrant Asian, African, Jewish ... days out of prison, instead of joy, Derek proved before the panic really changed my son. In those days sitting in his cell, Derek realized that the nature of those who want to revive Nazism. When forced to live with a black inmates, Derek can understand the injustices and difficulties that people of color suffered on American soil. Meanwhile, the Nazis who renewed violence always playing games with him in solitary confinement. Finally, he realized that one thing: true friendship comes from the heart, not skin color Danny was amazing to hear what Derek said he has spent in prison. He looked up the swastika flags, pictures of Adolf Hitler's Nazi bosses that the brothers had pasted on the wall is listed. Maybe they did not bring anything good for America as his constant message? Will Derek's experience has been his brother pulled out of mud sin? he film wowed the audience by recalling and contrasting methods.Alternating between the full-color image of the current black and white images of the past. Edward...

Words: 363 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Walk

... In 1930 Hughes published his first novel, Not Without Laughter, and throughout the 1930s he wrote a number of plays and short stories. Langston Hughes traveled extensively, was active in radical politics, and wielded considerable literary influence until his death, in Harlem, in 1967. It is seldom argued that America’s youth does not at least somewhat benefit from having an annual Black History Month, however, several critics argue that the adult population now perceives the month of February from a different angle.[2] One question that has been raised is in regard to why the month chosen to celebrate Black history is February, which is the shortest month of the year.[3] It is argued that Black History Month has become a “ready made excuse to ignore African American history for the other 11 months of the year”, thus promoting racism. Journalists argue that by dedicating a single month of the year to black history, it provokes a tendency for people to assume that black history is separate from American history.[4] Joseph Wayne states that “One month out of every year, Americans are given permission to commemorate the achievements of...

Words: 582 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Chinese Exclusion Act

...revision of Burlinggame Treaty of 1868 made in 1880 .The Chinese Exclusion Act is the first immigration law of United States for a specific ethnic group. It marks a major turning point of the American foreign policy over immigration. This act prohibited Chinese workers into United States and deprives the American citizenship from Chinese immigrants for ten years .The amendment of 1884 further enhanced the requirements that allow earlier arrival immigrants to leave and return the U.S. Then, the Chinese Exclusion Act was extended by Scott Act that mainly written by William Lawrence Scott of Pennsylvania, prohibiting Chinese from returning again after leaving the United States. In 1892, the Geary Act that written by Thomas J.Geary was passed, which extended the Chinese Exclusion Act for a decade. In 1902, the exclusion act was made permanent. It required Chinese resident to register and obtain a proof of residence. The Chinese Exclusion Act was finally repealed by the Magnuson Act on December 17, 1943. The Magnuson Act set the immigration quota to 105 every year for Chinese immigrants.( “ Exclusion“,Library of Congress.) Background American had a series of changes in the attitude upon Chinese. The Chinese Exclusion Act is one of the most severe restrictions of immigration in American History. The unique historical background and complex domestic environments are the basis of resulting Chinese Exclusion Act. In 1848, gold was discovered in California, which caused......

Words: 837 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

American History X

...make matters worse. The movie “American History X” is an admirable alterable attempt to inform us about these types of malicious ignorance that plague our society. The impeccable acting, artistic cinematography, occasional adrenaline-pumping score, and slightly faulted, though award-worthy script, all combine to create an over all exceptional film. American History X should not be immediately dismissed as an archetypal account of a controversial issue, it provides much more that what an audience would expect from a movie of this nature: it is an innovative drama about the unfortunate consequences of racism in a family that is surprisingly yet, frightening realistic it. The racial identity that plays in to American History X also plays out to what the authors of Omi and Winant describe in there novel “Racial Formation and plays into act with Michael Rogin, “The Sword Became a Flashing Vision”: D.W. Griffith’s Birth of a Nation. Finally, the film shows that it is not just the white neo-racists who are fools to be involved in this, but that all racism is foolish. Through these methods, the film shows the viewer, extremely convincingly, that hatred and racism will destroy a person and those around them. The dynamic that greatly contributes to the efficiency of American History X, is the illustrious acting. Edward Norton flawlessly plays Derek Vineyard, the main character in the movie, who is angered but the murder of his father by two African-American people who then, therefore......

Words: 2252 - Pages: 10

Free Essay

African American History

...African American History Michele Matthews HIS 204 American History Since 1865 Instructor: Mark Hoffman November 13, 2013 African American History To earn their place in America’s Society, African Americans fought many battles that brought them a very long way from 1865. African Americans went through a whole lot of hardship to get where they are today. Yes it is not perfect now but every actions made a big different through history. There are many achievements African American has made since the ending of slavery. Many sat, spoke, marched, cried, fought, died, and dreamed to make footprint in history. In this paper I will discuss some very important event in African American history like our 44th President Obama back to when slavery was ended. It all started in 1865 when the Civil war ended. The African American felt their freedom was a great turning point. Once slavery ended African American made plan to expand their culture. In our textbook, it states “They had a clear vision of what freedom meant. It was not just freedom from white control, but also the opportunity to expand the institutions and autonomous culture that they made while they endured slavery” (Bowles, 2011). As they develop a new society and beliefs, the laws started to change as while. The Plessy v. Ferguson case was the birth of the Jim Crow law. In David Bishop journal, he stated “Bernstein concluded that the “Supreme Court was compelled to distort cases before it could pollute the......

Words: 554 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

African American Business

...To a larger degree, historians have examined the white American businesspeople about the economies and market cultures. This paper going to talk about the African American business and consumer cultures, such as blacks’ culture and entrepreneurship, African American and immigrant self-employment in the United States. Also the African Americans’ buying behavior like the selling strategy makes it success to African American, and what is the reason. At the end going to talk about cross-cultural business, how to do business in the African American community. Known African American’s culture and background history is always helps to be success to avoid the mistakes which you shouldn’t do. Directly relating African American History and African American Business leaders, Pharrell Williams would be the perfect example of how the Black history influences the ways of business in the African American community. A lot of people might argue that he is not business man but he is the biggest entertainment business leader. “Every one of us is an amalgamation not only of all our ancestors, but of their decisions, and in 1831, Ambrose Hawkins was contemplating moving his family from America to Africa. Had he done so, his son Joseph would have been raised in Liberia instead of North Carolina and never would have become Pharrell Williams’s third great-grandfather. As it happens, Ambrose did go to Liberia, but opted for a solo round trip, rather than a family migration. If not for this last......

Words: 3061 - Pages: 13