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Amjad Nazeer

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MAINSTREAMING Disaster Risk Reduction IN SCHOOLS’ CURRICULUA
(ANALYTICAL INSTRuMENT FOR POLICY ADVOCACY)

By, AmjAd NAzeer Indus ConsortIum (IC) (December 2012, IslamabaD, Pakistan)
0

“Things like DRR need to be there in the textbooks. Aspired to interpret, we ourselves will learn further and teach children better. Children will in turn explain things to their younger brothers and sisters, even to their parents and to those who cannot read or write. The new learning has a capacity to inform, who should do what during, before or after a disaster.”
Ali Akbar, A primary school teacher in Chack Tumb Bhel, U.C Khoski, Badin.

“Disaster Reduction Begins at School”
(United Nations International Strategy for Disaster Reduction, 2006-8)

1

CONTENTS
1. Introduction……………………………………………………………………..……3 2. Growing Frequency of Natural Disasters: A Major Concern……..….…………7 3. Relevant UN Conventions and Other International Commitments….…………7 4. Impact of Natural Disasters on Children and Schools.……………………….....9 5. Education and Psychosocial Impact on Children………………………………10 6. Connecting Education, Safe Schooling and DRR……………………………...10 7. Significance of Mainstreaming DRR in Curriculum and Children’s Potential Role....…………………………………...……………………………………….…12 8. Approaches to Integrate DRR with Sindh and Punjab’s Textbooks….…..…..14 8.1. Infusion or Permeation Approach…………….…………………………………16 8.1.1. Holistic Review of Sindhi, Urdu And English Textbooks….……………..…17 8.1.1.1. Sindhi and Asaan Sindhi Language and Literature………...………….…17 8.1.1.2. Analysis of Urdu Language and Literature Texts…….…………….…….19 8.1.1.3. Textbook Review of English Subject…….………………………….……..21 8.2. Textbooks Review for Limited Infusion: Social Studies & Pakistan Studies.22 8. 3. Centralized Competency based Approach….………………………………...23 8.4 . Dedicated Subject Approach…………………………………………………...24 8.5. Extra...

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