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An Amazing Leader Benjamin Franklin

In: Historical Events

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[pic][pic]Table of contents

Table of Contents

Introduction to Benjamin Franklin, Inventions & Successes

Inventions & Successes

Inventions & Successes, Birth of Franklin

History of Growing up as a child

Family and Marriage Life

Death of Franklin and his Family

Sayings from Franklin

Sayings from Franklin

Personal overview of Franklin as a Leader

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An Amazing Leader: Benjamin Franklin

I chose to do a report on a very well known and appreciated leader, Benjamin Franklin. This man inspires me so much, exspecially to know that he came from an eror that did not have near the wonderful tools or drive of pure pressure stemming from a horrible economy as we have today.He was still determined and able to accomplish new and exciting experiments and inventions. Not only was Benjamin an amazing leader but he also achieved many other accomplishments in several different categories from religion to public safety, you name it this amazing leader did it. It almost seems as though there was nothing he could not do. Some of many of Franklins successful areas were: SCIENCE - Noted 18th Century Scientist (Archbold, n.d.)

INVENTOR - Stove, lightning rod, bifocals and many others...

MEDICINE - Founded 1st U.S. Hospital

BANKING - Well known for maxims on thrift

AGRICULTURE - Introduced several crops to U.S.

PRINTING - Noted Colonial printer - "Patron Saint of Printing"

ELECTRICAL - Experiments and theories - Kite & Key

INSURANCE - Started 1st insurance company

HEATING - Franklin stove

COOLING - Had three methods of cooling

EDUCATOR - Involved in founding two colleges

OPTOMETRIC - Bifocal glasses

POSTAL - First postmaster

LIBRARIES - Started 1st circulating library

JOURNALISM - Wrote for several early newspapers

PUBLIC SAFETY - Started 1st police department

PUBLIC SAFETY II - Started 1st fire department

RELIGION - Introduced idea of prayer in Congress

MUSIC - Invented musical instrument - glass armonica

GOVERNMENT - Held numerous positions:







MILITARY - Colonel in Militia

MASONIC - Grand Master of Pennsylvania

DIPLOMAT - Ambassador to England Minister to France

COMMUNITY SERVICE - Street lighting, paving and cleaning

UNIONS - Started Leather Apron Club

BUSINESSMAN - Owned and operated several businesses

PHILOSOPHER - Started American Philosophical Society

ABOLITIONIST - Started Society to Abolish Slavery

SALESMAN - Expert at marketing and sales

MERCHANT - Operated store as part of printshop

HUMORIST - Considered America's 1st writer of humor

TRAVELER - Traveled extensively throughout U.S.

FORECASTER - Published Poor Richards "Almanack"

FUND RAISER - Originated matching contributions idea

SAILING - Designed "sea anchors"

CARTOONIST - Drew 1st cartoon in an American newspaper

LINGUIST - Studied several languages and designed a phonetic alphabet

CARTOGRAPHER - Mapped the Gulf Stream and Routes for the post office

PHILANTHROPIST - Organized fund raising and contributed to many worthwhile causes

MENTOR - Acted as a counselor and guide to many of his contemporaries

According to (Foreman, 2005) our nation had a celebration of a birthday special to Americans in 2006. It was the 300th birthday for Mr. Franklin, also the only Founding Father to have signed the four documents in which created our republic. These four documents were the treaty with France, Declaration of Independence, Peace treaty with Britain, and the Constitution.

Benjamin Franklin was born on January 17, 1706 in Boston, Massachusetts. Franklin had no real school education after the age of ten. He did attend a grammar school when he was eight, but when he reached ten his daddy pulled him out and put him to work. I have to say, I wonder if our American children these days would turn out to be so successful if we withdrew them from school at the same age of eight and put them to work! He worked long and hard with his dad at his soap shop and then at age twelve he apprenticed as a wonderful printer at his brothers shop . Here at James (Franklin’s brother) shop he printed the New England Courant. His brother never really appreciated him and was very gelous. So Franklin enjoyed printing , and secretly published his first article here in 1721 (Benson, J. n.d.). Shortly after making fun of the people of Boston in his articles, both his brother and the city no longer wanted him around. Franklin then ran away from there to New York and then to Philidelphia. Only 16, Franklin new he had to find a job in something he was good at in order to make his stay, so he then looked for a job as a printer making a trip to Europe where he decided to try and purchase supplies to start his own company. Unable to make it work, Franklin bought a ticket back to Philidelphia where he was later able to begin his own printing shop. In 1736 he was appointed clerk of the Pennsylvania Assembly and as postmaster the following year. In 1741, Franklin began to publish a very popular and well liked magazine calle Poor Richard’s Almanac. I want to state that this Almanac was probably similar but also much different than a magazine we might read today which are filled with much violent and crime nonsense. “Almanacks were very popular books in colonial America, with people in the colonies using them for the mixture of seasonal weather forecasts, practical household hints, puzzles, and other amusements they offered.Poor Richard's Almanack was popular for all of these reasons, and also for its extensive use of wordplay, with many examples derived from the work surviving in the contemporary American vernacular” (Lemay). This Almanac was much of Franklins beginning financial success and became well known and popular for its sayings such as, “Early to bed and early to rise, makes a man healthy, wealthy, and wise” (Benjamin Franklin biography).

In 1729, Franklin became the owner and publisher of his own newspaper called the Pennsylvania Gazzette, which became a very popular paper. In 1730, Franklin, began living with a dating the daughter of his previous Philidelphia landlady. Franklin and Read could not have a legal wedding due to the fact that her first husband left her and she was not legally divorced. They had a son, Francis which died at the age of four from small pox. Shortly after they had a daughter named Sarah and Franklin had another son named William. His son William turned out having a few traits of his father and served as the last colonial governor of New Jersey, from 1736 to 1776 and continued to be faithful to British during the American Revolution. He later died in exile located somewhere in England.

One of the most very interesting achievements of Franklin was that of the library. It is hilarious to know that a man as creative and smart as Franklin would think that people like us out there need a place to go and read or even rent books. Franklin founded the Philidelphia library in 1731, which was a time when there books were not able to hardly be found for the people in the community. Amazingly enough this library continued to be the largest library until the 1850’s! I want to point out that we discuss in our business class the meaning of leadership effectiveness, attaining desirable outcomes such as productivity, quality and satisfaction in a given situation (Dubrin 2010). For this library to be the largest and most popular for that long period of time must mean that Franklin had a could set ok knowledge in all areas of management and a could set of leaders and managers to take control of the organizational aspect of the business. Some of the other things that are less noticed but we should point out are that Franklin organized the Pennsylvania militia, and raised funds to build a city hospital.

Franklin was 42 years old and was able to now retire after expanding his printing business throughout the colonies and it being very successful. After retiring Franklin was able to then work more on inventions daling with science which was his life long passion. In the 1740’s Franklin pursued inventions that resulted in the understanding of electricity which is what many of our younger students know him for now days. One of these inventions were the lightning rod, which Franklin built for buildings to be able to resist the effect of a lighting strike which could leader to a fire on the building. In 1752 Franklin created the most popular invention known as the kite experiment. Within this experiment Franklin was able to prove that lighting is electricity. He was also able to discover the results of other items related to electricity such as battery, charge, and conductor.

After all the excitement in the electricity field Franklin went on to discover, ocean currents, meterology, refrigeration, the stove, bifoculs, and many more. Wow the thought of him creating all these things while in retirement is mind blowing. There are so many entrepenuers tring to concentrate daily on what to invent next and how to invent it, and here we have Franklin that invented all of our most popular items today one after another. This man was so amazing.

In 1785, Franklin left France and came back to Philidelphia. In 1787, Franklin became a Pennsylvania delegate to the Constitutional Convention, which at 81 he was known as the oldest delegate that there ever had been.

Franklins wife Deborah had passed away and he then moved in with there daughter Sarah and her family. Sarah was great with her father and nursed him daily while he was so weak. Benjamin Franklin later died in his sleep at the age of 84 on April 17, 1790 (INiSYS). His funeral was located in Philidelphia and had the biggest amount of people and on lookers that was ever known. It was around about twenty thousand people that had attended that memorial service at the Christ Church Burial Ground, where he was then buried beside his beloved wife Deborah Read Rogers Franklin.

As far as my opinion of Franklin being a leader to the nation I think he did an outstanding job and was successful at almost everything he started. If there was anything that Franklin failed, he would re due it until it was correct or should I say was worth talking about. He never stopped striving for new creations. Even after the age of retirement Franklin still invented many things which our useful to us today. It was almost like his mind never quit working. This man had so much drive and ambition that most 20 people put together don’t even have. Franklin definitely stands tall around the men that we know as our popular founding fathers. Franklin used diplomacy skills to help lead his people to a great nation. Many said that Franklin did not use the battle field like other leaders did to help in Revolution instead he used the rooms of study being in the government house. Franklin also helped write part of the Declaration of Independence which no one other person in the birth of our nation was that involved. That is an accomplishment there.

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Benjamin Franklin was always well known for his statements in his publishings, so I found a list of them and thought it would be very interesting to list them by (Tavern and Rollman):

"When the well's dry, we know the worth of water."

"…in this world nothing can be said to be certain, except death and taxes."

"Love your neighbor, but don’t pull down your hedge."

"Three may keep a secret if two of them are dead."

"Early to bed, early to rise, makes a man healthy, wealthy and wise."

"Nothing but money is sweeter than honey."

"Poverty wants some things, luxury many things, avarice all things."

"Diligence is the Mother of Good Luck."

"Hunger never saw bad bread."

"Eat to live, and not live to eat."

"Keep your mouth wet, feet dry."

"To lengthen thy life, lessen thy meals."

"Hot thins, sharp things, sweet things, old things
All rot the teeth, and make them look like old things."

"Dine with little, sup with less,
Do better still – sleep supperless.’

"A full belly makes a dull brain"

"Beware of the young doctor and the old barber."

"He that lies down with dogs shall rise up with fleas."

"After 3 days men grow weary, of a wench, a guest and weather rainy."

"There are three faithful friends,
An old wife, an old dog, and ready money."

"Teach your child to hold his tongue,
He’ll learn fast enough to speak."

"Let thy child’s first lesson be obedience
And the second may be what thou wilt."

"Genius without education is like silver in the mine."

"Little strokes fell great oaks."

"Eat to please thyself, but dress to please others."

"To err is human, to repent divine, to persist devilish."

"The wolf sheds his coat once a year, his disposition never."

"Who is wise? He that learns from every one.
Who is powerful? He that governs his passions.
Who is rich? He that is content.
Who is that? Nobody."

"If you have no honey in your pot, have some in your mouth."

Always remember as Franklin states my favorite saying, "If you would not be forgotten, as soon as you are dead and rotten, either write things worth reading, or do things worth the writing." ~ B. Franklin (The Franklin Institute n.d.)

Overall this has been a wonderful experiment to study up on one of the most well known inventor and leader that has ever lived. I only wish that I had a piece of his mind in order to invent or even experiment like Franklin did. What is also so very interesting about this leader is the fact that stress is never really mentioned in any of the research on him. It seems as if the leaders now days are always stressed between juggling a house kids and a job. Could you imagine having everything going on in your life as that leader did. I really don’t know if I could handle even the thought of that. Being a strong, organized , talented, helpful, ontime leader is a hard position to up hold and not only did Franklin succeed in that but also invented some really useful things at the same time. Im not so sure how the other things went for Franklin as far as payroll, rent, and the other major things we as leaders now must consider but it had to have existed. So little to say about those who complain all the time about trying to manage or lead a business ! Next time you get down and out in distress we need to pick up a biography on Benjamin Franklin and it will make you feel much better.

Work Cited Page

Archbold, R. (n.d.). Accomplishments of Benjamin Franklin. Reviewed from

Foreman, N(2005).Benjamin Franklin’s accomplishments still amaze. Birthday Boy. Retrieved from

The Pictorial Field-Book of The Revolution by Lossing, Benson J. and Eminent Americans by Lossing, Benson J. Reveiewed from

Franklin, Benjamin; J.A. Leo Lemay (ed). Benjamin Franklin: Autobiography, Poor Richard: Autobiography, Poor Richard, and Later Writings. New York: Library of America, 2005.

The Franklin Institute. (n.d.). Benjamin Franklin: Glimpse of the Man. Reviewed from

Benjamin Franklin biography. (n.d.).

Dubrin, A. J. (2010). Leadership: Research Findings, Practice, and Skills. Mason, OH: Cengage Learning (Pg 20).

UNiSYS. The Adolescent Nation Mourns the Loss of a Founding Father. Reviewed from

Tavern and Rollman(n.d.).Pocantico Hills School. Benjamin Franklin’s Sayings. Reviewed from

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Benjamin Franklin

...Benjamin Franklin was born on January 17, 1706, in Boston, Massachusetts, into a devoted Puritan household. (The Puritans were a religious group that stood against the practices of the Church of England.) In 1683 his family had left England and moved to New England in search of religious freedom. Franklin's father was a candlemaker and a mechanic, but, his son said, his "great Excellence lay in a sound Understanding, and solid Judgment." Franklin also praised his mother, who raised a family of thirteen children. Young Franklin was not content at home. He received little formal schooling and by age eleven went to work making candles and soap at his father's shop. However, he hated this trade—especially the smell. Franklin eventually left his father's shop and went to work for his brother James, who was the printer of a Boston newspaper. While learning the business Franklin read every word that came into the shop and was soon writing clever pieces that criticized the Boston establishment. He loved to read and even became a vegetarian in order to save money to buy books. When authorities imprisoned James for his own critical articles, Benjamin continued the paper himself. In 1723 at age seventeen Franklin left home and moved to Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. By this time Franklin had begun to embrace the ideas of such Enlightenment thinkers as the physicist Sir Isaac Newton (1642–1727) and the philosopher John Locke (1632–1727). The Enlightenment, which began in the sixteenth......

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