Premium Essay

An Analysis of the Impact of Risk Exposure to the Performance of Banks in Nigeria

In: Business and Management

Submitted By AboyarinTunde
Words 14126
Pages 57
AN ANALYSIS OF THE IMPACT OF RISK EXPOSURE TO THE PERFORMANCE OF BANKS IN NIGERIA

CERTIFICATION
I certify that this research work was carried out by MR ABOYARIN SALAMI TUNDE with Matriculation No.; 109025160 of the Department of Finance, Faculty of Business Administration, University of Lagos, Akoka, Lagos.

__________________________ ______________
DR. LEKAN OBADEMI DATE

_______________________ ____________
PROF. W. IYIEGBUNIWE DATE
HOD
DEPARTMENT OF FINANCE

_______________________ ____________
EXTERNAL EXAMINER DATE

DEDICATION
This project work is dedicated to the Glory of ALMIGHTY ALLAH (SWT) to Him I say as always; ALHAMDULILAHI ROBIL ALAMIN!!!

Special dedication also goes to the memory of my late father; Alhaji R.S.A Aboyarin. I pray his soul finds forgiveness and mercy before Allah (Amin.

ACKNOWLEDGEMENT

CHAPTER ONE
1.0: INTRODUCTION AND BACKGROUND TO THE STUDY
Banks are germane to economic development through the financial services they provide. Their intermediation role can be said to be a catalyst for economic growth and development.

The efficient and effective performance of the banking industry over time is an index of financial stability in any nation. The extent to which a bank extends credit to the public for productive activities accelerates the pace of a nation’s economic growth and its long-term sustainability.

Amongst the various functions of banks, the credit function of banks enhances the ability of investors to exploit desired profitable ventures.

Kargi; (2011) referred to Credit creation as the main income generating activity of banks. However, it exposes the banks to credit risk. Credit risk is an internal determinant of bank performance. The higher the exposure of a bank to credit risk, the higher...

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Essay on Business and Financial Research

...AN ANALYSIS OF THE BUSINESS AND FINANCIAL PERFORMANCE OF AN ORGANISATION OVER THE PREIOD OF THREE YEARS THE CASE STUDY OF ACCESS BANK PLC BEING A PROJECT SUBMITTED TO OXFORD BROOKES UNIVERSITY IN PARTIAL FULFILLMENT FOR THE AWARD OF B.SC (HONS) IN APPLIED ACCOUNTING BY xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx ACCA REG. NO: xxxxxxx E-mail: xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx MAY, 2011 PAGES: 29 WORD COUNT: 6345 TABLE OF CONTENTS PART 1 1.1 Introduction 1.2 Reason for choosing the topic 1.3 Aims and Objectives of the report 1.4 Research questions 1.5 Research Approach PART 2 Information gathering 2.1 Sources used for information gathering 2.2 Description of methods used: 2.3 Limitations of information gathered 2.4 ......

Words: 8850 - Pages: 36

Free Essay

Credit Risk Management

...1Introduction This section discusses some empirical and theoretical literature on the effect of credit risk management on financial performance, and introduces an overview of BancABC and its credit risk management practices 2.2Brief Company overview ABC Holdings Limited is the parent company of a number of banks operating under the BancABC brand in Sub-Saharan Africa, with operations in Botswana, Mozambique, Tanzania, Zambia and Zimbabwe. A group services office is located in South Africa.Historically, BancABC was a merchant bank offering a diverse range of services including wealth management, corporate banking, treasury services, leasing, asset management, and stock broking.ABC Holdings had Its primary listing on the Botswana Stock Exchange, and a secondary listing on the Zimbabwe Stock Exchange (BancABC annual report 2009) During 2014, the ABC Holdings Group was acquired by Atlas Mara. As at 31 December 2014, Atlas Mara had a 98.7% equity stake in ABC Holdings, held directly (60.8%) and indirectly (37.9%). Subsequent to the takeover, ABC Holdings was delisted from the Botswana Stock Exchange on 30 January 2015, and from Zimbabwe Stock Exchange on 12 February 2015.Atlas Mara is a British Virgin Islands registered company with a standard listing on the London Stock Exchange(BancAbc Annual report 2014) The seeks to review the credit risk management methods implemented by the bank . Definition of terms 2.3.1Credit According to Onyeagocha (2001), the term......

Words: 9034 - Pages: 37

Premium Essay

Parent Social Status

...Journal Adejumo, G. O. (2011) Impact of Family Type on Involvement of Adolescents in Pre-Marital Sex International Journal of Psychology and Counselling. Vol.3 (1). Pp.15-19 http://www.academicjournals.org/ijpc/abstracts. Abstract This study examined the impact of home type on involvement of in-school adolescents in premarital sex in Lagos metropolis, Nigeria. This study adopted a survey research design. Three hundred and sixty-eight students from four secondary schools were randomly selected, 128 or 47.8% were males and 148 or 53% were females. Their ages range from 16-19years with the mean of 18.24years. Only 186 or 69% have had sexual intercourse and 94 of them had only one sex partner while 92 had more than one sex partner. Two research instruments were developed for this study-Attitude towards Pre marital Sex Scale (ATPSS) and Parent Involvement Questionnaire (PIQ). The findings revealed a significant effect of home type in prediction of adolescents’ involvement in premarital sex at r=.569, r2 =.347, f (1,218) = 56.47 and <.05 significant level. There was a significant difference significant difference in involvement in premarital sex between adolescents from single parent and intact homes at X2-observed=22.46, 1degree of freedom and p <0.05. It was concluded that parental involvement is paramount in adolescents’ premarital sexual behaviour. It was recommended that government, religious bodies and individuals should uphold the sacred institution of marriage for......

Words: 3918 - Pages: 16

Premium Essay

Esg Report of Skyebank Plc

...SKYE BANK PLC 2013 ENVIRONMENTAL, SOCIAL AND GOVERNANCE REPORT BY TOLULOPE TCRUZZY SANNI. Skye Bank is a commercial Bank with international banking licence from the CBN. Its primary business focus is in Corporate, Commercial and Retail business segments. The Bank maintains an asset size of over NGN1 trillion, led by a management team with a clear strategic focus and a well diversified banking experience. The Bank has a nation wide distribution platform. It operates in over 240 business offices across Nigeria with 2,555 employees, 597 ATMs and 7212 PoS Skye Bank is an independent banking institution with a broadly diversified shareholding Base, the bank has close to 500,000 shareholders, none owning more than 5% of total Capital. PERFORMANCE ANALYSIS Financial Performance Skye bank’s gross earnings fell from 127.730bn in 2012 to 127,340bn in 2013 representing a decrease of 0.3%.Although net operating income grew from 69.845bn to 81.257bn representing a 16% increase. Net interest income grew 39% from 44.502bn to 61.698bn, while non-interest income (net fees,commission and other income) fell 18% from 26.698bn to 22.026bn. The bank’s profit before tax grew by 4% from 16.510bn to 17.136bn. The profit after tax was 16.023bn in 2013 to 12.644bn in 2012. To arrive at this result, the bank grew its total assets by 4% from N1.073.828 Thrillion in 2012 to N1.116.636 Thrillion 2013. Performance Ratios Skye bank’s interest margin reveal a stable focus on traditional......

Words: 4862 - Pages: 20

Premium Essay

Annual Report Diamond Bank of Nigeria 2011

...DIAMOND BANK PLC AUDITED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS 31 DECEMBER 2011 DIAMOND BANK PLC Table of Content Page Directors' report 1 Compliance with Code of Corporate Governance 7 Directors' responsibility and approval 25 Auditors' report 26 Statement of significant accounting policies 28 Profit and loss accounts 36 Balance sheets 37 Cash flow statements 38 Notes to the financial statements 39 Statement of value added 73 Five-year financial summary 74 Financial risk analysis 78 DIAMOND BANK PLC Directors' Report For period ended 31 December 2011 The directors present their annual report on the affairs of Diamond Bank Plc (“the Bank”) and its subsidiaries ("the Group"), together with the financial statements and auditors' report for the period ended 31 December 2011. a. Legal Form The Bank was incorporated in Nigeria under the Companies and Allied Matters Act 1990 as a private limited liability company on 20 December 1990. It was granted license on the 15 March 1991 to carry on the business of commercial banking and commenced business on 21 March 1991. The Bank converted into a Public Limited Liability Company on 28 February 2005. The Bank’s shares were listed on the 27 May 2005 on the floor of the Nigerian Stock Exchange by way of introduction. b. Principal Activity and Business Review The principal activity of the Group continues to be the provision of banking and other financial services to corporate and individual customers. Such services include granting...

Words: 38866 - Pages: 156

Premium Essay

Txtiugi

...Research Proposal Example 1 The influence of exchange rate volatility on Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) in Nigeria Word Count: 3253 Date: March 2012 Table of Contents Introduction ........................................................................................................................... 1 Aim and Objectives ............................................................................................................... 2 Significance and scope of the study ................................................................................... 3 Key Literature Review ........................................................................................................... 3 Key Words ......................................................................................................................... 3 Literature ........................................................................................................................... 3 Research Design ................................................................................................................... 5 Data Collection methods .................................................................................................... 6 Ethical Issues .................................................................................................................... 6 Research Plan ......................................................................................................................

Words: 4015 - Pages: 17

Premium Essay

Impact of Electronic Banking

...systems must be safe and efficient; otherwise they can be a channel for the transmission of disturbances from one part of the economy or financial system to others. This is why central bank have been active in promoting sound and efficient payments system and in seeking the means to reduce risks associated with the system. Nigeria historically operated a cash-driven economy particularly in the consumer sector, however the system has witnessed improvements over the years, and particular in recent times has moved from its rudimentary level of the early years of banking business to the current state of sophistication comparable to other economies at the same level of development. One important reason for financial liberalization and deregulation is the need to develop a good payment system which promotes an appropriate mechanism for efficiency in mobilizing and allocating financial resources in the economy. The payment system occupies an important place in the development of a country economy, infact the level of development of a countries payment system is a reflection of the state or condition of the country’s economy. It is a fact that today a good number of banks cannot use their IT (information technology) infrastructure to adequately deal with their immediate information requirements. Do such banks...

Words: 4006 - Pages: 17

Premium Essay

Web Design

...| | Impact of Internal Control System in Banking Sector in Nigeria | | Olaoye Clement Olatunji |   | Abstract: The Central Bank of Nigeria reported that the backward development in Nigeria was attributable to weaknesses in the internal control systems of the banks. This has clearly pointed out the picture of how fraud has been penetrated in the financial strength of Nigerian Banks. In a nut-shell, the damage which this menace, called fraud has done to the banks is innumerable and needs urgent attention. Therefore, the attempt to put an end to this economic degradation, gave rise to the topic of this research study the impact of internal control in the banking sector in Nigeria with Wema Bank of Nigeria PLC as a case study. However, this study is aimed at verifying the conception that an effective and efficient internal control system is the best control measure for preventing and detecting fraud, especially in the banking sector. Data captured for this study, were analyzed through descriptive and inferential statistical methods. The descriptive analysis involves the use of percentages, tabulation and graphical presentation. While the inferential statistical method involved the use of the chi-square. The functions of fraud prevention, detection and control are interwoven, as the three works together to eliminate fraud and fraudulent tendencies. Therefore, internal control is highly significant in fraud detection and preventions in banking sector in Nigeria. | ......

Words: 5433 - Pages: 22

Premium Essay

A Synthesis of Banks

...of the Critical Factors Affecting Performance of the Nigerian Banking System Godwin Chigozie Okpara Department of Banking and Finance, Abia State University, Uturu E-mail godgozie@yahoo.com Abstract This paper is set out to determine the factors impacting most on the performance of the banking system in Nigeria. To do this, factor analysis technique was used on the factors identified by the collaborative study of the CBN/NDIC. The result revealed that factors such as undue interference from board members, political crises, undercapitalization and fraudulent practices are the most critical factors inhibiting the efficient performance of the Nigerian financial institutions. The author therefore contends that the just concluded N25billion recapitalization exercise of the central bank was a necessary but not a sufficient measure in the right direction. The sufficient measure must be one that controls all the identified critical factors at the same time. 1.0. Introduction Banks in most economies are the principal depositories of the public's financial savings, the nerve centre of the payment system, the vessel endowed with the ability of money creation and allocation of financial resources and conduit through which monetary and credit policies are implemented. The success of monetary policy, to a large extent, depends on the health of the banking institutions through which the policies are implemented. As a result of this central role of banks in the economy, their activities......

Words: 5506 - Pages: 23

Premium Essay

A/C Project

...BACKGROUND OF STUDY Nigeria banking sector has experienced a boom-and-burst cycle in the past 20-25 years. After the implementation of the structural adjustment programme (SAP) in 1986 and de-regulation of the financial sector, new banks proliferated mainly driven by attractive arbitrage opportunities in the foreign exchange market (Heiko 2007), but prior to the de-regulation period, financial intermediation never took off and even declined in the1980’s and 1990’s (Capirio and Kligbiel). The sector was highly oligopolistic with remarkable features of market concentration and leadership. Lemo noted that there are ten banks that control more than 50% of the aggregate assets of the banking sector, more than 51% of the aggregate deposits liabilities and more than 45%of the aggregate credits. The sector was characterized by small scale banks with high overheads; low capital base averaging less than $10 million; heavy reliance on the government patronage and loss making. Nigeria‘s banking sector was still characterized by a high degree of fragmentation and low level of financial intermediation up to 2004. This research work is motivated by the need to look into the Central bank (CBN)’s recent reform (consolidation) that employed certain measures to strengthen the Nigeria banking system by drastically increasing the minimum capital requirement from N2 million to N25 billion ($190 million-US). Through review of relevant literatures, analysis of policy documents,......

Words: 9356 - Pages: 38

Premium Essay

Strategic Analysis of Pz Cussons Nigeria

...Eugene Aniemeke Strategic Analysis of PZ Cussons Nigeria Plc. Annual Report 2013 R1403D66321  Table of contents 1. Introduction …………………………………………………………………………………………….3 2. Strategic Analysis of the Annual Report ………………………………………………………5 3. Conclusion …………………………………………………………………………………………………..14 4. References ……………………………………………………………………………………………………15 Introduction “Strategic management process is a method by which managers conceive of and implement a strategy that can lead to a sustainable competitive advantage” (StrategicManagementInsight.com, 2013). The structure of this report will focus on a Critical analysis of PZ Cussons most recent annual report based on the Strategic management process in play. The purpose of this study is to analyze PZ Cussons Nigeria PLC’s strategic management process with the aid of its annual report. The Nigerian fast moving consumer goods (FMCG) sector is evidently extremely competitive and as such requires a meticulous execution of strategic management process within its business environment. A business must be able to analyze its environment and make informed decisions that will not only guarantee its survival but profit. The fast moving consumer goods (FMCG) sector in Nigeria basically involves the manufacture as well as the marketing of soaps, detergents, home and personal care products, and electrical goods. This also includes food and nutritional products. The sector comprises of four major......

Words: 3357 - Pages: 14

Premium Essay

Internal Control System

...become of paramount importance today in Nigerian banks. The reason being that the control systems in any organization is a pillar for an efficient accounting system. The need for the internal control systems in the organizations, especially banks, cannot be undermined, due to the fact that the banking sector, which has a crucial role to play in the economic development of a nation is now being characterized by macro economic instability, slow growth in real economic activities, corruption and the risk of fraud. Fraud, which is the major reason for setting up on internal control system, has become a great pain in the neck of many Nigerian bank managers. It has also become an unfortunate staple in Nigeria’s international reputation. Fraud is really eating deep into the Nigerian banking system and that any bank with a weak internal control system, is dangerously exposed to bank fraud. The CBN reported that cases of attempted fraud and forgery in banks, as at half-year 2007 have surpassed what was recorded for the whole year 2006. The CBN half-year report for 2007, revealed a total of 741 cases of attempted fraud and forgery, involving 5.4 billion, $35,406.1, 150 Euros were reported as at June, 2007. In 2006, 1,193 cases were reported involving 4.6 billion, $1.8 million and 14,389.7 pound sterling. The CBN also reported that the backward development was attributable to weaknesses in the internal control systems of the banks. This has clearly pointed the picture of how......

Words: 5108 - Pages: 21

Premium Essay

Banking Reforms

...BANKING REFORMS IN NIGERIA AND ITS IMPLICATION FOR ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT A CASE STUDY OF ZENITH BANK PLC CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1 Background of the Study For more than two decades after independence, the Nigerian financial system was repressed, as evidenced by ceilings on interest rates and credit expansion, selective credit policies, high reserve requirements, and restriction on entry into the banking industry. This situation inhibited the functioning of the financial system and especially constrained its ability to mobilize savings and facilitate productive investment. In Nigeria, we have eighty-nine banks many of which have a capital base of less than US$ 10 million. This section will set out some of the factors that necessitated the need for major banking sector reforms. Through financial intermediation, banks are supposed to facilitate capital formation and promote economic growth by operating in a safe and sound manner. In the past, some financial institutions showed glaring inability to maintain an efficient flow of funds within the economic system. The sharp practices of some Banks together with the unsoundness of others led to a wide spread of financial sector distress and losses to depositors. It has been seen as a paradox that despite the size of the economy, the country’s reserves are still deposited in foreign Banks due to the low capacity of the local Banks. The sector has been highly concentrated structurally as the ten largest Banks account......

Words: 13391 - Pages: 54

Premium Essay

Financial Intermediation

...investment projects, successive governments in Nigeria have carried out reforms and institutional innovations in the banking sector. The overall intention of these reforms has been to ensure financial stability so as to influence the growth of the economy and also enhance banks to play a critical role of financial intermediation in Nigeria. However, despite the fact that Nigerian banks have undergone series of restructuring/reforms aimed at strengthening the banks’ ability to efficient service delivery and fund the real sector, problems such as; inefficiency in allocating funds to the real sector, lack of long-dated funding, neglect of the core private sector in terms of credit extension, weak capacity of the banks to fund the real sector, low-level activities of banks, and illiquidity still lingers. This study therefore, examines empirically the impact of financial intermediation on the development of the Nigerian economy with the aim of determining the importance of financial intermediaries and its influence. This study found out that the financial intermediaries (banks) in Nigeria exhibit inefficiency and weak capacity in the allocation of funds to finance the some sectors. On the overall therefore, the study found that the economy Nigeria rely heavily on the banking sector to finance its activities even though the desired expectation is not met by the banks. The study therefore, concluded that financial intermediaries (banks) are important in attaining financial......

Words: 9809 - Pages: 40

Premium Essay

Risk Management in the Nigerian Banking Sector

...RISK MANAGEMENT THE NIGERIAN BANKING SECTOR FOR ABI ALCHEMY BUSINESS INTELLIGENCE BY OYINDAMOLA OMOSEBI CONSULTANT ALCHEMY BUSINESS INTELLIGENCE 5TH MAY 2012 Table of Content 1.0 Overview of Risk Management 1.1 Principle of Risk Management 1.2 The Risk Management Process 1.2.1 Risk Identification 1.2.2 Risk Assessment/Measurement 1.2.3 Risk Mitigation 1.3 Risk Management Plan 1.3.1 Implementation 1.3.2 Review and Evaluation of Plan 2.0 A Review of Risks in Banking 2.1 Overview of Risk Management Practices in Nigerian Banks 2.1.1 Reputational Risk and Confidence Crisis in the Nigerian Banking Industry 2.1.2 Operational Risk 2.1.3 Credit Risk 2.1.4 Human Resources Risk 2.1.5 Risk Associated with Mergers and Acquisition 2.2 Current Regulatory and the Way Forward 3.0 Summary and Conclusion 1.0 Overview of Risk Management There is risk in every business because of uncertainty about future events and exposure, almost everything we do in the business world involves risk. This is the probability that organization or an individual will be unable to meet some expectations set for itself during a given period or could incur a financial loss because of some known or unknown threats or events outside his immediate control. Therefore, Risk Management is the identification, assessment, and prioritization of these risks followed by coordinated and effective application of resources to minimize, monitor, and control the probability and/or......

Words: 11311 - Pages: 46