Premium Essay

An Exploration of the Effects on Job Satisfaction and Performance Via Equity Sensitivity Construct


Submitted By shamitbarua
Words 4366
Pages 18
Selling Motivation:
An exploration of the effects on Job Satisfaction and Performance via Equity Sensitivity Construct

Managing People in Organization

Table of Contents

1. Purpose of the Document 4 2. Executive Summary 5 3. Introduction 6 3.1. Key Focus 6 3.2. Independent and Dependant Variables 6 3.3. Structure of the Paper/Document 6 3.4. Overview of the Organisations/Companies 6 4. Methodology 7 4.1. Secondary Data Collection 9 4.2. Primary Data Collection 9 5. Findings 10 5.1. Secondary Data Findings - Literature Review 10 5.2. Primary Data Findings - Survey Findings 16 5.3. Analysis 25 6. Conclusion 27 7. Recommendations 28 8. Bibliography 29 Appendices 30 8.1. Appendix 1 – Survey Questionnaire 30 8.2. Appendix 2 – xxxxxx 32

Table of Figures Figure 1: Equity Theory (Al-Zawahreh & Al-Madi 2012) 12 Figure 2: Predicted job satisfaction levels for equity sensitivity orientations (Huseman et al 1987) 15 Figure 3: Representation of the Preference Groups in Company X 17 Figure 4: Representation of the Preference Groups within the Total Sample 18 Figure 5: Motivation Level of company X 18 Figure 6: Total Motivation Level of three companies 19 Figure 7: Preference Groups vs Motivation Level in company X 19 Figure 8: Preference Groups vs Motivation Level in all three companies 20 Figure 9: Preference Groups vs Motivating Factors for company X 20 Figure 10: Preference Groups vs Motivating Factors for three companies 21 Figure 11: Preference Groups and Job Satisfaction for company X 21 Figure 12: Preference Groups and Job Satisfaction for three companies 22 Figure 13: Motivation Level vs Job Satisfaction for company X 22 Figure 14: Motivation Level vs Job

Similar Documents

Premium Essay


...Brand Equity – Insights from the Automotive Industry. Long Range Planning, 46(PLS applications in strategic management: Partial Least Squares modeling in strategy research), 125-148. doi:10.1016/j.lrp.2012.11.004 Introduction In the past decade, managers have endeavored to build brands by creating a strong identity and conveying this identity through consistently managing relevant touch points with customers (e.g., Aaker and Joachimsthaler, 2000; Keller and Lehmann, 2003). To this end, managers are striving to better understand consumer behavior and positively influence consumers' brand perceptions through marketing initiatives (e.g., Keller, 1993). However, the direction of influence on a brand's perception and image has become increasingly bilateral. Today, consumers are no longer simply “receivers” of company- and brand-related information. Instead, they operate as “senders” of this information, e.g., by giving brand recommendations, by expressing criticism, or by sharing information with others (Hennig-Thurau et al., 2010). For this reason, managers no longer have exclusive control over information circulating about a company or brand. Consumers therefore play an important role in forming a company's or brand's perception and value in the marketplace (Keller, 2007). Exchange of information about companies and brands between consumers is not a new phenomenon. However, today we are witnessing a new and rapid evolution of consumers interacting with each other via the Internet...

Words: 36809 - Pages: 148

Free Essay

Momentum Effect

...disappears, without anyone quite realizing what has happened. The company is still growing, but not as strongly as before, not as efficiently. Everyone’s maxing out, but it seems like there’s molasses in the works. Sound familiar? Sooner or later, it hits you in the face. Imagine you are meeting up with a senior analyst whose opinion counts with some of your company’s biggest investors. You think you’re on safe ground—after all, your company is doing better than the competition. But the analyst is in full gimlet-eyed, illusion-killing mode. “That’s nothing to crow about,” she says. “Yeah, you’ve got reasonable growth, but it’s nothing exceptional. You’re a safe bet, nothing more. Okay, I might tell my mom to buy, but 3 The Momentum Effect then she’s happy with inflation plus one. The way we see it, you’re really grinding it out. We reckon the strain’s getting harder, too. There’s no impetus—no momentum.” Words like that can really take the gloss off a day. The next time you gather your team, you don’t congratulate them on beating their targets—you want more. Sure, our results are up, you say, but that’s not enough—where’s the impetus? When are we going to do something exceptional? With all the resources at your disposal, when are you going to start building some momentum? The team members look at their papers. Then Paul, an anxious member of your team, looks up and says: “Okay. Got any ideas about how?” What are you going to say?...

Words: 104474 - Pages: 418

Premium Essay

Cover Letter

...PART II Fundamentals of Human Resource Management [12:34 14/4/2009 5298-Wilkinson-Ch09.tex] Job No: 5298 Wilkinson: The SAGE Handbook of Human Resource Management Page: 133 133–154 [12:34 14/4/2009 5298-Wilkinson-Ch09.tex] Job No: 5298 Wilkinson: The SAGE Handbook of Human Resource Management Page: 134 133–154 9 Recruitment and Selection Filip Lievens and Derek Chapman RECRUITMENT AND SELECTION Few people question that recruitment and selection are key strategic domains in HRM. At the same time, recruitment and selection also have an image problem. First, recruitment and selection are often viewed as ‘old’ ingrained HRM domains. It seems like the traditional recruitment and selection procedures have been around for decades, which is at odds with the ever changing internal and external environment of organizations. Hence, practitioners often wonder whether there are any new research-based ways for recruiting and selecting personnel. Another image problem for recruitment and selection is that a false dichotomy is often created between so-called macro HR (examining HR systems more broadly) and micro HR (examining individual differences). It is further sometimes argued that organizations should value macro approaches and write off micro approaches as not being relevant to the business world. We posit that these image problems and debates only serve to distract and fracture the field and hide the fact that excellent HR research and practice needs...

Words: 12580 - Pages: 51

Premium Essay


...more than one country, rather than those posed by working for a foreign firm at home or by employing foreign employees in the local firm’ (Briscoe and Schuler, 2004; p1) ‘. . .how MNCs manage their geographically dispersed workforce in order to leverage their HR resources for both local and global competitive advantage’ (Scullion, 2005; p5) ‘. . . a branch of management studies that investigates the design of and effects of organizational human resource practices in cross-cultural contexts’ (Peltonen, 2006; p523) ‘. . . all issues related to the management of people in an international context [including] human resource issues facing MNCs in different parts of their organizations [and] comparative analyses of HRM in different countries’ (Stahl and Björkman, 2006; p1) ‘. . . complex relationship between globalization, national systems and companies [which provides us with] three distinct “levels of analysis” for interpreting and understanding HRM strategies and practices [the globalization effect, the regional and national effect, and the organization effect]’ (Edwards and Rees, 2008; p22) ‘. . . the subject matter of IHRM [must be] covered...

Words: 11695 - Pages: 47

Premium Essay


...well as how to design and implement change programs. It offers specific insights to improve a manager’s people skills. In times of rapid and ongoing change, faced by most managers today, OB can help managers cope in a world of “temporariness” and learn ways to stimulate innovation. Finally, OB can offer managers guidance in creating an ethically healthy work climate. Managers need to develop their interpersonal or people skills if they are going to be effective in their jobs. Organizational behavior (OB) is a field of study that investigates the impact that individuals, groups, and structure have on behavior within an organization, and then applies that knowledge to make organizations work more effectively. Specifically, OB focuses on how to improve productivity, reduce absenteeism and turnover, and increase employee citizenship and job satisfaction. OB studies three determinants of behavior in organizations: individuals, groups, and structure. OB applies the knowledge gained about individuals, groups, and the effect of structure on behavior in order to make organizations work...

Words: 81220 - Pages: 325

Premium Essay

Human Resources Terminologies

...|representation in the relevant labor market | |401(k) plan: |An agreement in which a percentage of an employee’s pay is withheld and invested in a tax deferred account | |Absolute |Measuring an employee’s performance against some established standards | |standards | | |Accept errors |Accepting candidates who would later prove to be poor performers | |Action |A training technique by which management trainees are allowed to work full time analyzing and solving problems| |learning |in other departments | |Active |The performance of job-related tasks and duties by trainees during training | |practice: | | |Adjective |A performance appraisal method that lists a number of traits and a range of performance for each | |rating scales | | |Adverse impact|The overall impact of employer practices that result in significantly higher percentages...

Words: 9818 - Pages: 40

Premium Essay

Hr Terms the relevant labor market | |401(k) plan: |An agreement in which a percentage of an employee’s pay is withheld and invested in a tax deferred account | |Absolute |Measuring an employee’s performance against some established standards | |standards | | |Accept errors |Accepting candidates who would later prove to be poor performers | |Action |A training technique by which management trainees are allowed to work full time analyzing and solving problems| |learning |in other departments | |Active |The performance of job-related tasks and duties by trainees during training | |practice: | | |Adjective |A performance appraisal method that lists a number of traits and a range of performance for each | |rating scales | | |Adverse impact|The overall impact of employer practices that result in significantly higher...

Words: 9818 - Pages: 40

Free Essay

Hoba Lala

...Delivery and growth Royal Dutch Shell plc Annual Report and Form 20-F for the year ended December 31, 2007 Royal Dutch Shell Our Business With 104,000 employees in more than 110 countries and territories, Shell plays a key role in helping to meet the world’s growing demand for energy in economically, environmentally and socially responsible ways. Our Exploration & Production business searches for and recovers oil and natural gas around the world. Many of these activities are carried out as joint venture partnerships, often with national oil companies. Our Gas & Power business liquefies natural gas and transports it to customers across the world. Its gas to liquids (GTL) process turns natural gas into cleaner-burning synthetic fuel and other products. It develops wind power to generate electricity and invests in solar power technology. It also licenses our coal gasification technology, a cleaner way of turning coal into chemical feedstocks and energy. Our Oil Sands business, the Athabasca Oil Sands Project, extracts bitumen from oil sands in Alberta, western Canada and converts it to synthetic crude oils. Our Oil Products business makes, moves and sells a range of petroleum-based products around the world for domestic, industrial and transport use. Its Future Fuels and CO2 business unit develops fuels such as biofuels and hydrogen and synthetic fuels made from natural gas (GTL Fuel) and potentially from biomass; and leads company-wide activities on CO2 management. With...

Words: 135221 - Pages: 541

Premium Essay

Hrm Notes

...Chapter 1: Strategic Role of HRM Strategic Role of Human Resources Management Human Resources Management (HRM): management of people in organizations to drive successful organizational performance and achievement of organization's strategic goals - Attract, retain, engage diverse talent - Hire best, develop talent, create productive work environment ** HR Strategy align with Company Strategy Better HR practices = Better Organizational performance Which practices? ○ Profit Sharing Result? Positive Relationship with turnover, productivity, corporate performance ○ Results Oriented Performance Appraisal ○ Employment Security Human Resource Management Responsibilities 1) Traditional: Operational (Administrative) Category - Hire/maintain employees - Offer advice - Plan future workforce requirements - Appraising performance - Disciplining/counselling - Health and safety - Complaints Handling Outsourcing: using outside vendors to handle specified functions on permanent basis Employee counselling, recruitment, payroll, training, benefits administration 2) Strategic Category - Strategic partner ○ Help achieve strategic objectives Strategy: company's plan on how it will balance internal strengths and weaknesses with external opportunities and threats to maintain competitive advantage • HR Challenge: building leadership pipeline (manage talent shortage) Role in Formulating Strategy - HR professionals + line managers do environmental scanning: identify and analyze...

Words: 21571 - Pages: 87

Free Essay

Advances in Management Accounting

...LIST OF CONTRIBUTORS Solomon Appel Robert H. Ashton Reza Barkhi Metropolitan College of New York, New York, NY, USA Fuqua School of Business, Duke University, Durham, NC, USA Pamplin College of Business, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Blacksburg, VA, USA School of Management, University of Michigan-Dearborn, MI, USA College of Business Administration, San Diego State University, San Diego, CA, USA Department of Accounting, University of Arkansas at Little Rock, AR, USA Zicklin School of Business, CUNY – Baruch College, New York, NY, USA Belk College of Business, University of North Carolina at Charlotte, NC, USA College of Business and Economics, West Virginia University, Morgantown, WV, USA RSM Erasmus University, Department of Financial Management, Rotterdam, The Netherlands Mohamed E. Bayou Chee W. Chow Cynthia M. Daily Harry Z. Davis Nabil Elias Arron Scott Fleming Frank G. H. Hartmann vii viii LIST OF CONTRIBUTORS Fred A. Jacobs Frances Kennedy James M. Kohlmeyer, III Leslie Kren John Y. Lee Michael S. Luehlfing Adam S. Maiga School of Accountancy, Georgia State University, Atlanta, GA, USA Department of Accountancy and Legal Studies, Clemson University, SC, USA College of Business, East Carolina University, Greenville, NC, USA School of Business, University of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, WI, USA Lubin School of Business, Pace University, Pleasantville, NY, USA School of Professional Accountancy, Louisiana Tech University, LA...

Words: 111886 - Pages: 448

Premium Essay

Well Done Bp What’s inside? 5 Business review 6 8 10 12 14 34 40 55 61 63 68 76 78 81 Chairman’s letter Board of directors Group chief executive’s letter Progress in 2010 Group overview Gulf of Mexico oil spill Exploration and Production Refining and Marketing Other businesses and corporate Liquidity and capital resources Corporate responsibility Research and technology Regulation of the group’s business Certain definitions 123 Additional information for shareholders 124 127 127 128 129 130 133 134 135 135 135 137 137 138 138 139 139 139 140 Critical accounting policies Property, plants and equipment Share ownership Major shareholders and related party transactions Dividends Legal proceedings Relationships with suppliers and contractors Share prices and listings Material contracts Exchange controls Taxation Documents on display Purchases of equity securities by the issuer and affiliated purchasers Fees and charges payable by a holder of ADSs Fees and payments made by the Depositary to the issuer Called-up share capital Administration Annual general meeting Exhibits BP Annual Report and Form 20-F 2010 83 Directors and senior management 84 87 Directors and senior management Directors’ interests 89 Corporate governance 90 105 106 106 107 108 Board performance report Corporate governance practices Code of ethics Controls and procedures Principal accountants’ fees and services Memorandum and Articles of Association 141 Financial statements 142 Consolidated financial...

Words: 215326 - Pages: 862

Premium Essay

Business Performance Measurement

...This page intentionally left blank Business Performance Measurement Drawing together contributions from leading thinkers around the world, this book reviews recent developments in the theory and practice of performance measurement and management. Significantly updated and modified from the first edition, the book includes ten new chapters that provide a comprehensive review of performance measurement from the perspectives of accounting, marketing, operations, public services and supply chain management. In addition to these functional analyses the book explores performance measurement frameworks and methodologies, practicalities and challenges, and enduring questions and issues. Edited by one of the world’s leading experts on performance measurement and management, Business Performance Measurement will be of interest to graduate students, managers and researchers who wish to understand more about the latest developments in this rapidly changing field. Andy Neely is Deputy Director of the ESRC/EPSRC AIM Research initiative, Professor of Operations Strategy and Performance at Cranfield School of Management, and Visiting Professor of Operations Management at London Business School. Business Performance Measurement Unifying theories and integrating practice Second edition Edited by Andy Neely CAMBRIDGE UNIVERSITY PRESS Cambridge, New York, Melbourne, Madrid, Cape Town, Singapore, São Paulo Cambridge University Press The Edinburgh Building, Cambridge...

Words: 191452 - Pages: 766

Premium Essay

Annual Report

...Annual Report and Form 20-F 2013 Building a stronger, safer BP Who we are BP is one of the world’s leading integrated oil and gas companies.a We aim to create long-term value for shareholders by helping to meet growing demand for energy in a safe and responsible way. We strive to be a world-class operator, a responsible corporate citizen and a good employer. Through our work we provide customers with fuel for transportation, energy for heat and light, lubricants to keep engines moving and the petrochemicals products used to make everyday items as diverse as paints, clothes and packaging. Our projects and operations help to generate employment, investment and tax revenues in countries and communities around the world. We employ more than 80,000 people, mostly in Europe and the US. As a global group, our interests and activities are held or operated through subsidiaries, branches, joint arrangements or associates established in – and subject to the laws and regulations of – many different jurisdictions. The UK is a centre for trading, legal, finance, research and technology and other business functions. We have well-established operations in Europe, the US, Canada, Russia, South America, Australasia, Asia and parts of Africa. a On the basis of market capitalization, proved reserves and production. Annual Report and Form 20-F 2013 Front cover imagery Our second BP-operated development in Angola consists of four oil fields – Plutão, Saturno...

Words: 227661 - Pages: 911

Premium Essay

Research Method

... the latter of which might sometimes help to solve problems in the short  term, but might lead to systemic long‐term adverse consequences.  3. To create an appreciation in students that research is useful for solving problems in  ALL areas of business.  4. To help students develop an appreciation of the role of the manager in facilitating the  researcher or the consultant’s work.  5. To stress the importance of skill development in research, as opposed to mere  gathering of knowledge about research.  6. To emphasize that research and knowledge about research enhance managerial  effectiveness.  7. To sensitize students to ethical conduct in business research.    Discussion Questions   1. Why should a manager know about research when the job entails managing people,  products, events, environments and the like?  The manager, while managing people, products, events, and environments, will  invariably face problems, big and small, and will have to seek ways to find long  lasting, effective solutions. This can be achieved only through knowledge of research  even if consultants are engaged to solve problems.  2. For what specific purpose is Basic research important?  © 2009 John Wiley & Sons Ltd. 3 Basic research is important for generating and building upon the existing  knowledge in the areas of interest. It offers the foundation for applied research by  which one can circumvent reinventing the wheel.  3. When...

Words: 36635 - Pages: 147

Premium Essay

Antecedents of Commitment to an Import Supplier

...Antecedents of Commitment to an Import Supplier Submitted by Md. Abu Saleh B. Com (Honours), M. Com, M-Phil Dhaka A thesis submitted in fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy School of Advertising, Marketing and Public Relations Faculty of Business QUEENSLAND UNIVERSITY OF TECHNOLOGY Brisbane, Queensland 4000, Australia 2006 Title: Antecedents of Commitment to an Import Supplier Saleh @ 2006 Key Words: 1. Antecedents of commitment 2. Importer’ s commitment 3. Importer supplier relationship 4. Mediating role of trust 5. Cultural similarity 6. Communication 7. Knowledge and experience 8. Supplier’ s opportunism 9. Environmental volatility 10. Transaction-specific investment 11. Supplier’s competencies ii Abstract The concept of commitment has emerged recently in international business literature especially in explaining importer behaviour as a counterpart of the process of internationalisation. Importer commitment often plays a dominant role as one of the major factors influencing relationships in the exporter-importer dyad and facilitates the process of internationalisation by imparting access to the international market. This critical importer and supplier relationship and its animating factors are, however, overlooked and largely neglected in the literature. Accordingly, it is inconclusive as to which factors influence importer commitment and how they influence it. Drawing on the literature, this study strived to investigate...

Words: 40233 - Pages: 161