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Analysis on M2 & Cpi of China, 1990-2014

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Submitted By fyxg212121
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Analysis on M2 & CPI of China, 1990-2014

The chart below demonstrates the broad money (M2) and Consumer Price Index (CPI) of China during the period of 1990 to 2014. The data is picked from the official website of the National Bureau of Statistics of China.

(Data source: National Bureau of Statistics of China)

According to the graph, both two figures show an uptrend in last three decades, and they shows a positive correlation. The M2 of 1990 was only about 1,500 billion yuan, and it increased gradually in the next decade. The growth rate of the CPI kept raising every year, and after the year of 2008 it witnessed a remarkable rise, reaching at 122,840 billion yuan in 2014, which is 80 times of the figure of 1990. At the same time, the CPI ascended from 216.4 in 1990 to over 600 in 2014. During 1993 and 1996, the increase was apparently more rapid than other years. However, in 2009 the number decreased slightly, and this is the only year in which it goes down.

The increase of paper money accelerates the raising speed of M2, and as a result the CPI goes up as well. During 1993 to 1996 the growth rates of CPI were almost 25%, which is incredibly high. Serious inflation was happened around that period, and it turned better between 2000s. In 2010s, however, the bad circumstance seems back again. The amount of M2 rocketed dramatically during the past few years, and it may cause another serious inflation in the near future if the government do not take effective measures soon. This may put some pressure on the government of China.

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