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Analyzing a Job

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Analyzing a job

Today's work environment requires employees to be skilled in performing complex tasks in an efficient, cost-effective, and safe manner. Training (a performance improvement tool) is needed when employees are not performing up to a certain standard or at an expected level of performance. The difference between actual the actual level of job performance and the expected level of job performance indicates a need for training. The identification of training needs is the first step in a uniform method of instructional design. A successful training needs analysis that will identify those who need training and what kind of training is needed. It is counter-productive to offer training to individuals who do not need it or to offer the wrong kind of training. A Training Needs Analysis helps to put the training resources to good use. One of the tools is called- Job Description. A job description is an internal document that lays out in detail the exact roles and responsibilities of a particular position. A job description can be used as a tool for new employee orientation by helping to set expectations, supervision and performance reviews. As it was discussed in the class, the primary purpose of a job description is to identify the essential functions of the position. According to the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC), essential functions are those tasks or functions of a particular position that are fundamental to the position. Knowing the essential functions of the job will help a manger in assuring compliance with legal requirements related to equal opportunity, equal pay, overtime eligibility, etc. Establishing a basis for recruitment, selection, and hiring. Writing appropriate interview questions. Determining whether a person is qualified to perform the essential functions. It also helps to identify reasonable

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