Premium Essay

Analyzing Managerial Decisions: Rich Manufacturing

In: Business and Management

Submitted By Paachig
Words 382
Pages 2
Analyzing Managerial Decisions: Rich Manufacturing
Cost plus pricing is used by many companies for various reasons. Companies first “calculate average total cost and then mark up the price to yield a target rate of return.” (Brickly, Smith, Zimmerman, p. 211). Companies use this approach to protect themselves from increase in production costs by adding their desired rate of return. This approach is also used by many companies because of its simplicity. With supply contracts, it guarantees reimbursement of cost and producing profit with no risk of loss. (, para. 2).
Potential problem with using cost plus pricing is that it ignores marginal cost and price sensitivity of customers. (Brickly, Smith, Zimmerman, p. 211). Price sensitivity is essential to pricing strategy in order to maximize profit. In addition, cost plus pricing is not responsive to market changes. (Magloff, para. 6). When customer demand and competition are not considered, companies can end up pricing their product too low where competition takes away potential profits or end up earning low profits by pricing their product too high. (, para. 3). Another problem with cost plus pricing is that it does not encourage supplier to limit expenditures. Hence, suppliers will have no incentive to reduce production costs. (, para. 3).
In this case, Gina should not contest the price increase because the current contract states that Rich manufacturing will pay production costs plus a $5 markup. Although this is true, Gina can request the supplier to provide valid reasons for increase in costs and to justify the price increase. Labor is an important part of production and the current contract states the wages and benefits however it does not specify the quantity of labor. Hence the supplier can justify price increase based on number of...

Similar Documents

Free Essay

Analyzing Managerial Decisions: Rich Manufacturing

...Rich Manufacturing So many firms use cost-plus pricing for supply contracts because it is the easiest method in order to calculate cost and eliminate error. Most of the time when firms are working with numbers, they must find ways that are efficient and not time consuming. What managers do is simply target a rate of return thus saving time and increase efficiency. In fact, it can be more useful in some occasions than others. As stated by Brickley, Smith, and Zimmerman (2009), “cost-plus pricing is more useful when the rate of return that yields the profit-maximizing price on the product is relatively stable over the relevant range of cost variation for a given product and varies little across a related set of products. (p. 212). One of the potential problems I envision with cost-plus pricing is the attention to consumer demand. For cost-plus pricing, this aspect is very much ignored. According to Brickley, Smith and Zimmerman (2009), cost-plus pricing ignores the rise in costs and neglects how the price sensitivity of consumers. Disregarding demand can be detrimental to a company and is a crucial factor. “If demand is slow, then the mark-up percentage may be lower in order to lure in customers. On the other hand, if demand for the product is high and economic conditions are good, then the mark-up percentage may be higher as the company feels they can get the higher price for their product” (Peavler, 2013). Both of these factors demand and pricing, are critical to......

Words: 682 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Analyzing Managerial Decision: Rich Manufacturing

...previous year. An increase of 200 additional students inquired to further their education at the college than the prior year. Most college presidents would attribute this to students believing the college is better if the cost is more. Like other major colleges such as Rice University, University of Richmond and University of Notre Dame, the perception is students of prestigious schools believe costs are related to a better education. To contrast this, 10 years ago, North Carolina Wesleyan College reduced it cost of tuition and fees by 22 percent and watched its number student application fall. Recommendations to resolve the school’s cash flow problems may include the future increase of tuition and fees. This case study deals with the managerial decision of setting tuition and financial. Many factors are associated with demand and price elasticity of demand. There is an economic relationship between demand and price? After reading this paper, student will have a better understanding of those things that may affect tuition and fees for colleges.   Introduction An individual can demand so many things. The concept of demand can be easily explained. Every person has a demand. The purchasing power of a demand satisfies the want. The amount of product or service that is needed by a person at a given price is the demand of that product or service. The demand of a product has many factors such as income, price, and availability of substitutes and compliments (Brickley, 2009). As......

Words: 1584 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Chapter 5: Analyzing Managerial Decisions: Rich Manufacturing

...Chapter 5: Analyzing Managerial Decisions: Rich Manufacturing John Davis October 26, 2013   Case: Analyzing Managerial Decisions: Rich Manufacturing Writing Task: 1. Why do many firms use cost-plus for supply contracts? 2. What potential problems do you envision with cost-plus pricing? 3. Should Gina contest the price increase? Explain. 4. Is the increase more likely to be justified in the short run or the long run? Explain. 5. How will a $3 increase in the price of machine parts affect Gina’s own production decisions? Why do many firms use cost-plus for supply contracts? “Firms that use the technique calculate the total cost and then mark up the price to yield a target rate of return” (Brickley et al, 2009, p 211). “Often information on marginal revenue and marginal cost is difficult to obtain with precision, making it impossible to exactly determine the point of profit maximization. By using cost-plus pricing, you can simply include a desired rate of return in the mark-up” (Graham, 2013). The primary purpose is so highly used by firms is the ease. You do not have to be as accurate with your estimates, and you need to have knowledge of the market. Knowledge of the market will lead to the appropriate requirement for the actual cost of the product. What potential problems do you envision with cost-plus pricing? The potential problem with “cost-plus pricing is it focuses on average rather than marginal cost. Because profit maximization requires marginal......

Words: 735 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Accounting Information

...Sciences Vol. 1. No. 1. March 2011. Pp. 148 - 164 Significance of Management Accounting Techniques in Decision-making: An Empirical Study on Manufacturing Organizations in Bangladesh Farjana Yeshmin* and Md. Amran Hossan** Management accounting is concerned with gathering and reporting internal financial information to facilitate decision-making process. As management accounting is not required to conform to national accounting standards, it allows business to customize the management accounting techniques as per demand of company. As a process of this customization, some advanced quantitative as well as number of qualitative techniques accompany with the traditional techniques, have been emerged to cater the information need in decision making. This study attempts to measure the significance of management accounting techniques in decision making of the selected manufacturing organizations in Bangladesh. In doing so, a total of 74 manufacturing organizations have been surveyed with a structured questionnaire by using 5 point Likert Scale measurement from different categories of manufacturing organizations. Findings reveal that cash flow statement analysis, ratio analysis, budgetary control, CVP analysis, variance analysis and fund flow analysis have been frequently high-ranking techniques. Secondly, the authors have recognized five factors to calculate the variability in decision-making with the help of rotated component matrix which shows that 75.125 % of the total......

Words: 6527 - Pages: 27

Premium Essay

Accounting Paper

...How General Motors Poor Enterprise Risk Management & Managerial Decisions in the 21st Century has Effected Where They Stand Today Brittany M. Mendez North Greenville University Abstract This paper discusses the rise and fall of General Motors during the 21st century and documents many different managerial decisions that led to where the company is today. It also analyzes the enterprise risk management plan that General Motors was famous for. They were known for being a company that successfully implemented an ERM that was linked to its success after many failures. I will examine how an ERM was the framework to coming up with a plan of action to identify and mitigate risks, but ultimately it was up to supervisors to make the managerial decisions that now General Motors must face the consequences for. Keywords: General Motors, Enterprise Risk Management How General Motors Poor Enterprise Risk Management & Managerial Decisions in the 21st Century has Effected Where They Stand Today General Motors was once regarded as one of the best managed and most successful firms in the world, but between 1980 and 2009 its share of the U.S. market fell from 62.6% to 19.8%, and in 2009 the firm went bankrupt (Helper & Henderson, 2014). In this paper I will examine the decisions that General Motors made in regards to their Enterprise Risk Management Plan and how management decisions determined the fate of where General Motors is today. We all know General Motors......

Words: 5435 - Pages: 22

Premium Essay

Managerial Accounting

...wiL1084x_fm_i-xxiv_1.indd Page i 1/10/11 7:53:00 PM user-f499 /Users/user-f499/Desktop/Temp Work/Don't Delete Job/MHBR231:Wild:203 Managerial Accounting John J. Wild University of Wisconsin at Madison Ken W. Shaw University of Missouri at Columbia 3 rd edition wiL1084x_fm_i-xxiv_1.indd Page ii 1/10/11 9:14:31 PM user-f499 /Users/user-f499/Desktop/Temp Work/Don't Delete Job/MHBR231:Wild:203 To my students and family, especially Kimberly, Jonathan, Stephanie, and Trevor. To my wife Linda and children, Erin, Emily, and Jacob. MANAGERIAL ACCOUNTING Published by McGraw-Hill/Irwin, a business unit of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc., 1221 Avenue of the Americas, New York, NY, 10020. Copyright 2012, 2010, 2007 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means, or stored in a database or retrieval system, without the prior written consent of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc., including, but not limited to, in any network or other electronic storage or transmission, or broadcast for distance learning. Some ancillaries, including electronic and print components, may not be available to customers outside the United States. This book is printed on acid-free paper. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 DOW/DOW 1 0 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 ISBN 978-0-07-811084-9 MHID 0-07-811084-X Vice president and editor-in-chief: Brent Gordon Editorial director: Stewart Mattson Publisher: Tim...

Words: 10500 - Pages: 42

Premium Essay

Corporate Law Assignment

...CORPORATE LAW ASSIGNMENT TASK1 Introduction The board meeting conducted by the board of directors of Juices Ltd in December 2010 revealed a new proposal for Juices Ltd to acquire the juice container manufacturing business owner by Fruit juice containers Pty Ltd, $48 million being the settlement price. The proposal was duly considered important as Juices Ltd operated an apple and pear juice producing business and owned ore hands around Australia and the juice container manufacturing business can provide Juice Ltd’s juice containers to the customer who already falls under Juice Ltd’s target market. In order to broaden the domain of its business the proposal was put forward by Chen who is a non executive director of the company though all the board members were suppose to be present in the board meeting else one of the non executive director could non- attend the meeting as on the same day and time she met with an accident and broke her arms and unable to receive treatment from the emergency department of the local hospital. The company managing director Uma was authorized the chairman Jack to acquisition within 10 minutes. Though the company’s chief financial officers Isaacs financial report was presented on the impact of the acquisition but unfortunately he was forbidden to participate in the board meeting and gain or deliver any views in regards to the business proposals. Though it was decided in the meeting to approve the acquisition and signing up of the contract by Uma to...

Words: 3710 - Pages: 15

Premium Essay

Historical Context

...Management Control of Project Portfolio Uncertainty: A Managerial Role Perspective Tuomas Korhonen, Cost Management Center (CMC), Department of Industrial Management, Tampere University of Technology, Tampere, Finland Teemu Laine, Cost Management Center (CMC), Department of Industrial Management, Tampere University of Technology, Tampere, Finland Miia Martinsuo, Department of Industrial Management, Tampere University of Technology, Tampere, Finland PAPERS ABSTRACT ■ This article presents empirical results on different managers’ viewpoints regarding the sources and management of project portfolio uncertainty. As a key result, this study demonstrates the versatility of uncertainties experienced by managers, the limited degree of perceived control over them, the use of an almost complete management control package in managing uncertainties, and the necessity of managers’ cooperation in the skilled use of the management control package when managing uncertainties. In addition, a further research agenda is proposed. KEYWORDS: project portfolio management; uncertainty; managerial roles; management control systems; product development INTRODUCTION ■ n their product development, large companies have adopted project portfolio management (PPM) as a means for prioritizing and selecting product development projects among various options as well as allocating resources with the value maximization, balance, and strategic alignment of the portfolio in mind (Cooper, Edgett, &......

Words: 11185 - Pages: 45

Premium Essay

Big Data

...O C T O B E R 2 0 11 m c k i n s e y g l o b a l i n s t i t u t e Are you ready for the era of ‘big data’? Brad Brown, Michael Chui, and James Manyika Radical customization, constant experimentation, and novel business models will be new hallmarks of competition as companies capture and analyze huge volumes of data. Here’s what you should know. The top marketing executive at a sizable US retailer recently found herself perplexed by the sales reports she was getting. A major competitor was steadily gaining market share across a range of profitable segments. Despite a counterpunch that combined online promotions with merchandizing improvements, her company kept losing ground. When the executive convened a group of senior leaders to dig into the competitor’s practices, they found that the challenge ran deeper than they had imagined. The competitor had made massive investments in its ability to collect, integrate, and analyze data from each store and every sales unit and had used this ability to run myriad real-world experiments. At the same time, it had linked this information to suppliers’ databases, making it possible to adjust prices in real time, to reorder hot-selling items automatically, and to shift items from store to store easily. By constantly testing, bundling, synthesizing, and making information instantly available across the organization— from the store floor to the CFO’s office—the rival company had become a different, far nimbler type of business...

Words: 3952 - Pages: 16

Free Essay

Mat 300 Statictics Bottling Company Case Study

...Expert systems are computer applications that combine computer equipment, software, and specialized information to imitate expert human reasoning and advice. As a branch of artificial intelligence, expert systems provide discipline-specific advice and explanation to their users. While artificial intelligence is a broad field covering many aspects of computer-generated thought, expert systems are more narrowly focused. Typically, expert systems function best with specific activities or problems and a discrete database of digitized facts, rules, cases, and models. Expert systems are used widely in commercial and industrial settings, including medicine, finance, manufacturing, and sales. As a software program, the expert system integrates a searching and sorting program with a knowledge database. The specific searching and sorting program for an expert system is known as the inference engine. The inference engine contains all the systematic processing rules and logic associated with the problem or task at hand. Mathematical probabilities often serve as the basis for many expert systems. The second component—the knowledge database—stores necessary factual, procedural, and experiential information representing expert knowledge. Through a procedure known as knowledge transfer, expertise (or those skills and knowledge that sustain a much better than average performance) passes from human expert to knowledge engineer. The knowledge engineer actually creates and structures the......

Words: 2272 - Pages: 10

Premium Essay

Summary of Chapter

...Chapter 1: The business systems of Asia Variety in the regional and general features Civilizational traditions • Confucianism • Taoism • Buddhism • Islam • Catholicism Historical external influences • Colonies • India establishing trading connections, mostly in South East Asia • Chinese who left China and settled as business people in the countries around the rim of the South China sea Periods: 1. 1945-1975 After the retreat of colonial powers, countries needed to reestablish their identity and political structures → hostility + Maoist experiments in China 2. 1975-1997 Relative calm period, stable growth, export to foreign countries, rise in FDI a. Mao’s death: collapse of communism → socialist market economy b. Japanese miracle c. Impressive growth of the South-Korean economy 3. Ersatz capitalism → Asian crisis in 1997: inefficient use of capital was covered up by the availability of easy money from governments, optimistic foreign investors lured by the emerging markets. The system could not keep up the pretence as it became sensitive to a downturn in the economic cycle which hit the region in 1997. → End of easy money and beginnings of reforms. 4. After 1997, reforms: • Improvements to accountability and disclosure in the financing of industry • Reduction of favoritism and corruption during control of licenses and capital • Opening of markets to foreign competition • Adoption of international standards in accounting, trading, IPR • General......

Words: 9679 - Pages: 39

Premium Essay

Doc, Docx, Pdf, Wps, Rtf, Odt

...Chapter 1: Introduction Origin of the report Now a days education is not just limited to books and classrooms. From education the theoretical knowledge is obtained from courses of the study, which is only the half way of the subject matter. Practical knowledge has no alternative. The perfect coordination between theory and practice is of paramount of importance in the context of the modern business world in order to resolve the dichotomy between these two areas. Therefore, our honorable course instructor Mr.kamrul Hassan, assistant professor, department of business administration has verbally assigned us this report so that we can get practical knowledge and experience about HRM practice in an organization. Objective of the study To enhance the knowledge about the Human resource activities practiced in an organization and to relate them with the concepts of the texts of the course ‘Human Resource Management’. And other objectives are:  To learn Human Resource practice  To acquire knowledge on a topic  To get acquainted with journal paper  To learn how to make report on HRM  To acquire theoretical knowledge with practical knowledge Scope As we working with the practice of HRM in British American Tobacco, we got opportunity to learn different things of HRM namely recruiting & selection process, performance appraisal, training & development etc. Methodology of the study Both primary and secondary data have been collected for the......

Words: 3988 - Pages: 16

Premium Essay

Innovation Versus Complexity To get at the roots of profitdestroying complexity, companies need to identify their innovation fulcrum, the point at which the level of product innovation maximizes both revenues and profits. Innovation Versus Complexity What Is Too Much of a Good Thing? by Mark Gottfredson and Keith Aspinall Reprint R0511C To get at the roots of profit-destroying complexity, companies need to identify their innovation fulcrum, the point at which the level of product innovation maximizes both revenues and profits. Innovation Versus Complexity What Is Too Much of a Good Thing? COPYRIGHT © 2005 HARVARD BUSINESS SCHOOL PUBLISHING CORPORATION. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. by Mark Gottfredson and Keith Aspinall Walk into the In-N-Out Burger restaurant on Fisherman’s Wharf in San Francisco, and one of the first things that may strike you is the number four. Four colors: red, white, yellow, and gray; four cash registers with four friendly faces behind them; and just four items on the menu. You can buy burgers, fries, shakes, and sodas. All the ingredients are delivered fresh to the store, where they’re prepared in the open kitchen behind the cashiers. You’ll see a few folks eating at the restaurant’s tables or tucking into their food outdoors on patio benches, but most customers come in with a handful of cash—no credit or debit cards, thank you—and head back out with their meals. Four is In-N-Out Burger’s innovation fulcrum—the point at which...

Words: 5992 - Pages: 24

Free Essay

Business Organization

...The twenty-first century is a period of unprecedented change in organizations. The popular Business press constantly documents organizational restructuring, reengineering, downsizing, and other assorted changes. Even during the robust economy of the late 1990s, many large Companies were shedding jobs at an incredible pace. Terms such as downsizing and rightsizing may suggest a one-time fix, but many experts view this as an ongoing process for organizations of the future (Richman, LS, 1993). So what is organizational change? Organizational changes are departures from the status quo for smooth trends (Huber, GP, 1995). It is the process of altering or modifying the current state in terms of behaviors or functions (Harrington, N, 2008). The forces of change are everywhere, they can be found within the organization itself and they can be found in the external environment. The internal environment is affected by the organization’s management policies and styles, system and procedures as well as employee attitudes. The external environment is affected by political, social, technological and economic stimuli outside of the organization that causes changes (Benowitz, EA, 2011). Why do organizations change? Organizations change for many reasons but there are six broad forces that bring about change: workforce changes, such as diversity; technology changes, such as mobile computing; economic changes, such as stock market fluctuations; competitive factors, such as mergers and......

Words: 2351 - Pages: 10

Premium Essay

Envirmental Analysis on Huawei Device Company

...4 3. Poter’s Five Forces Analysis 4 3.1. Bargaining Power of Suppliers (medium) 4 3.2. Bargaining Power of Consumers (high) 5 3.3. Threat of Substitutes (low) 5 3.4. Threat of New Entrants (medium) 5 3.5. Industry Rivalry (high) 6 4. Strategic Recommendations 6 4.1. Differential Strategy of Technology 6 4.2. Differential Strategy of Product 6 4.3. Differential Strategy of Service 7 4.4. Differential Strategy of Brand 7 5. Conclusion 7 References 9 1. Introduction Huawei Device Co., Ltd which belongs to Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd., is one of the 4 big business groups of Huawei. The research and development of Huawei Device began in 1993, and rich experiences have been accumulated in several terminal technology fields, such as WCDMA, CDMA, GSM, video, access terminals, and application terminal. Huawei’s devices cover mobile phone, mobile broadband, fusion terminal and video etc. Now, Huawei Device serves 45th in "the world's top 50 telecoms operators" (Huawei, 2016), thus becoming the strategic partner of the world's leading operators, such as BT, Vodafone and Telefonica. With the rapid development of mobile broadband technology and mobile communication industry in China, due to its huge market potential, China has become world’s most competitive mobile phone markets where the famous mobile phone brands such as Apple, and Samsung in. Besides, more and more enterprises have......

Words: 2766 - Pages: 12