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Anatomy

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PH 104: ANATOMY I/IV
FIRST YEAR FIRST SEMESTER
Introduction: Anatomy is a basic science subject dealing with the knowledge of the structure of the human body in health. Mastery of the subject lays a foundation for understanding other basic science subjects, and clinical subjects in subsequent years. The pharmacy anatomy course consists of a single module of lectures and seminars.
Objectives: At the end of the course the students should be able to:-
Describe the structure of the human body as seen by the naked eye in health.
Identify different parts of the human body.
Use medical/anatomical terminology.
Describe physiological processes in health and disease using the anatomy terms.
Describe the processes involved in the development of the human body.
Describe congenital malformations and how they come about and the times when drugs can have teratological effect.

UNIT I
Introduction to Anatomy: Components of Anatomy, Methods for learning Anatomy, Anatomical terminology
Introduction to Cell Biology and Medical Genetics, General introduction to tissues of the body, Epithelial tissue, Connective tissue

UNIT II
Human skeletal system: Types of bone, Histology of bone, Individual bones, Human Anatomy of major joints, Applied anatomy
Human Muscular system: Histology of muscle tissue, Organization of different type of muscle, skeletal muscles

UNIT III
Human Alimentary system: Components and general organization; Gross anatomy, Histology of different components, Applied anatomy
Human Respiratory system: Gross anatomy , Histology respiratory passages and lungs, Applied anatomy
Human Cardiovascular system: Components and organization, Gross anatomy and Histology of the heart, Arterial system, Venous and lymphatic systems, Major vessels in the limbs, abdomen, head and neck. Applied Anatomy

UNIT IV
• Human Endocrine system: General feature of endocrine glands, Gross anatomy and Histology of endocrine glands, Applied anatomy
• Human Reproductive system: Organization and gross anatomy of male and female genital system, Histology of female genital organs, Histology of male genital organs, Applied anatomy
• Human Urinary system: Components and gross anatomy, Histology of the kidneys and ureters, Histology of the urinary bladder and urethra, Applied anatomy

UNIT V
Human Neurobiology: General organization, Neuron and glial cells, Gross anatomy of spinal cord and brain, Peripheral nervous system, Autonomic nervous system
Sensory system: Histology of sensory receptors, Gross anatomy and Histology of the eye and ear

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