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Ancient Greece vs Ancient Rome

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Unit 1 Individual Project 1
Running Head: Humanities

Introduction to Humanities
Margaret McKay

Unit 1 Individual Project 2 Variables | Ancient Greece | Ancient Rome | Geography | Mediterranean country. Was divided into areas called cities. The land was very mountainous which made it difficult to travel. Ancient ruins provide a vivid testimony to the glory of Athens, hailed by many as the cradle of Western Civilization(Ancient Greece, 2008). | Mediterranean country. Rome was inland and didn’t have natural hilly borders to keep out intruders. Many Romans can see a river from their houses since Rome is located near the Tiber River (Fisher & Harlan, 1998). | Social Structure | Men and women had different roles and responsibilities. Men wore special clothes and were in charge of the family and home. A woman’s role was to have children, run the house, and manage the slaves (Fisher & Harlan, 1998). | Rome copied a lot of the same social structure from Greece. Men were masters of their homes, women wore make-up and jewelry and fixed their hair, they were also expected to maintain the house and take care of the children (Fisher & Harlan, 1998). | Philosophy | Greek philosophy consisted of a group of philosophers that used their scientific interest to investigate nature. They broke away from mythology and started an approach based on reason and evidence (IEP, 2001). | Roman philosophy was greatly influenced by people called Etruscans. They were a dominant civilization that were there before the Romans gained control. Roman philosophy was also influenced by Greek philosophy. Teachings of Plato and Aritotle were popular. | Religious Beliefs | Greece believed in many different gods and goddesses. They believed these gods & goddesses controlled everything. This type of belief was called polytheistic. Greeks believe each...

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