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A Feature on Android Technology

Abstract
Android is a name that was introduced by Google Inc. It is a very popular technology in mobile phones these days, as it is an operating system which is capable of running multiple application programs. It is a complete revolution in the mobile technology industry after iPhones. This essay is a feature on Android technology.
Android is a revolutionary name which is an open-source software assemble of an operating system, middleware and key applications for mobile devices. In 2005, Google Inc. purchased the initial developer of the software; Android Inc and developed it. Android’s mobile operating system is based on a modified version of the Linux kernel. (Lee P.)
The introduction of the Android distribution on 5 November 2007 was announced with the beginning of the Open Handset Alliance which was a consortium of 80 hardware, software, and telecom companies devoted to advancing open standards for mobile devices. Google released most of the Android code under the Apache License, a free software and open source license. The Android Open Source Project (AOSP) is tasked with the maintenance and further development of Android. (Mark S.)
Google proclaimed the Android Market on 28 August 2008, and it was made available to users on 22 October 2008. Support for paid applications was accessible from 13 February 2009 for US and UK developers, with additional support from 29 countries on 30 September 2010. In February 2011, the Android Market was made fully accessible on the web, allowing users to browse and pick up applications using their PCs, send them to their mobile phone and make comments on them. All this functionality was previously accessible only from mobile phone devices.
Android has a large community of developers writing application programs (“apps“) that enlarge the functionality of the devices. There are currently over 150,000 apps available for Android. Android Market is the online app store run by Google, though apps can also be downloaded from third-party sites. Canalys reported that in Q4 2010 the Android operating system was the world’s best-selling smart phone platform. Jumping from 23.5 percent, Android now represents 31.2 percent of the U.S smart phone market.
The Android open-source software mass consists of Java applications running on a Java-based, object-oriented application framework running on a Dalvik virtual machine featuring JIT compilation on top of Java core libraries. Libraries written in C incorporate the surface manager, OpenCore media framework, SQLite relational database management system, OpenGL ES 2.0 3D graphics API, WebKit layout engine, SGL graphics engine, SSL, and Bionic libc. The Android operating system consists of 12 million lines of code including 3 million lines of XML, 2.8 million lines of C, 2.1 million lines of Java, and 1.75 million lines of C++. (Christopher T.)
HARDWARE RUNNING ANDROID
The Android Operating System can be used as an operating system for cell phones, notebooks and tablets, including the Dell Streak, Samsung Galaxy Tab, TV and other devices. The first commercially available phone to run the Android operating system was the HTC Dream, released on 22 October 2008. In early 2010 Google collaborated with HTC to launch its flagship Android device, the Nexus One. This was followed later in 2010 with the Samsung-made Nexus S. The Android technology is on evolution and its evolving day by day to provide its consumers with the best technology.

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