Free Essay

Annontated Bibliography

In: Business and Management

Submitted By najc06
Words 366
Pages 2
Female Leaders vs Male Leaders

Female Leaders versus Male Leaders in Executive Administration- Annotated Bibliography

University of Phoenix

Annotated Bibliography
Birch, E.S. (2013). The Underrepresentation of Women Executive in the United States Defense
Industry: A Phenomenological Study. (Doctoral dissertation). Available from ProQuest Dissertation & Theses database. (UMI No. 3572921)
The study examines the theory that women in the United States are underrepresented at senior levels in organizations despite their qualifying education and experience. Women are better educated, better qualified, and have more work skills for senior positions. In the late 20th century, women experienced more problems in being advanced than men. Women progressing in their career remain a struggle for upper administration as a result of male-dominated industries, according to Birch.
Schulz, D. (2014). The Female Executive’s Perspective on Experience with Career Planning and Advancing in Organizations. The Exchange, 3(1), 57-67.
In the study, Schulz details that gender roles continue to play a role in the discrepancy at executive levels. Schulz designed a study to investigate the independence of female executives with career planning and advancement in organizations. Schulz recommendation was to create and maintain a level playing field for men and women who desire advancement to executive level organizations.

Brown, S.M. (1979). Male Versus Female Leaders: A Comparison of Empirical Studies. Sex Roles, 5(5).
In this study, Brown describes how the progress of placing women in management positions had achieved limited success in the late 70’s. Brown demonstrated a study that revealed managers were highly critical of women’s dependability and supervisory abilities. The study further revealed characteristics of managers were more congruent with male than female characteristics.
Stainback, Kevin., & Soyoung, Kavon (2012). Female Leaders, Organizational Power, and Sex Segregation. ANNALS, AAPSS. 639(1). 217-235. doi: 10.1177/0002716211421868.
Because men are overrepresented in position of organizational power, it is assumed that they will produce unequal opportunities between female and male subordinates. Women in leadership roles must have the motivation and power to help female subordinates. A study revealed that women may not desire to help female subordinates.

References
Birch (2013) – ProQuest Dissertations & Theses Database
Schulz (2014) – ProQuest
Brown (1979) – EBSCOhost
Stainback & Soyoung (2012) – SAGE Journals

Similar Documents

Free Essay

Busn311 Unit 2 Ip

...Unit 2 – Probability and Distributions Michelle Hartman American InterContinental University Abstract This is a single paragraph, no indentation is required. The next page will be an abstract; “a brief, comprehensive summary of the contents of the article; it allows the readers to survey the contents of an article quickly” (Publication Manual, 2010). The length of this abstract should be 35-50 words (2-3 sentences). NOTE: the abstract must be on page 2 and the body of the paper will begin on page 3. Memo To: American Intellectual Union From: Michelle Hartman Date: January 13, 2013 Subject: Data Set Dear American Intellectuel Union: Provide a brief introduction (2-3 sentences) to the email you are writing to provide a preview of what will be covered. Overview of the Data Set Provide an overview for the current data set. What variables does it include? Which are qualitative, which are quantitative? What categories are used and why are they used? Begin your e-mail to AIU by first providing an overview of the database, that is, a story about the characteristics that may include types of variables, etc. Use of Statistics and Probability in the Real World This is a great place for outside research. Be sure to include information about where statistics are being used in the workplace. The Value of Statistics Explain the value of statistics and its contribution to the success of an organization. This is a great place for outside......

Words: 632 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Mla Formatting

...Jane Smith Mr. Darnell English 11 Honors-AP: Paper #1 27 September 2010 Title is Required, and it is Centered: No Bold, No Underline Indent your first paragraph and begin your essay. Note that everything (including the heading) is double-spaced. Be sure that both the last name and the page number appear in the running-header, and that the running-header is all 12-point font. Also note that the paper identifier will appear in the heading after the course number and a colon. The date should appear in this form: day, month, year—no commas. All margins are one inch. All works cited (including both primary and secondary sources) should appear at the end of the paper on its own page. It will be called the Works Cited page, and the words “Works Cited” will appear at the top of the page, centered, with no other formatting. Then you will list the bibliographic information of all works cited, alphabetically by author or first word in the entry. The Works Cited page is also double-spaced, within and between each bibliographic entry. Be sure that each entry is left justified on the first line, and subsequent lines are indented five spaces (one TAB). Follow standard MLA practice for bibliographic entries. When you directly quote, or even if you paraphrase, the language of a primary or secondary source, you cite that source parenthetically. The following sentence is an example of an MLA-style parenthetical reference: A consideration of the importance of......

Words: 284 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Homeschooling vs Public School

...SUBDOMAIN 105.2 - BASIC INFORMATION RETRIEVAL SKILLS SUBDOMAIN 105.3 - WRITING SKILLS Competency 105.2.3: Documenting Sources - The graduate documents sources consistently and accurately. Competency 105.3.2: Writing as a Process - The graduate applies a process approach to creating effective writings for different audiences and purposes. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Introduction: Writing a research paper gives you an opportunity to explore a topic of special interest, to research that topic, and to formally organize your research findings in writing for an academic audience. Through your preparation work, you have established an argumentative thesis statement and have planned a clear organization of your main points. Your research is complete, and the details have been worked into your writing plan. You have pulled it all together in a draft and have revised the paper’s organization, ideas, and words. In this task you will write the final draft of your paper. Aim for a polished, error-free submission. The writing tone for your research paper should be formal and appropriate for academic writing. The information in the essay should be based on credible source material. The paper must follow APA documentation guidelines, and any sources that you cite in the paper must be included in the reference list. Likewise, any source in the reference list must also be cited in your paper. This is to ensure...

Words: 547 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Vaccine

...Citation of Sources in APA Format • APA style requires two elements for citing outside sources: parenthetical (in-text) references, and a reference list. Together, these elements allow your reader access to the sources you consulted. • For the system to function, all authors cited in the text must appear in the reference list, and all authors listed must have been cited in the text. In-Text Citations The APA style calls for three kinds of information to be included in in-text citations. The author's last name and the work's date of publication must always appear. The page number is only in a citation to a direct quotation. Placement ▪ Place citations within sentences and paragraphs so that it is clear which material has come from which sources. o Example: Smith (1990) found that positioning influences ventilation. In her quasi-experimental study of 20 ICU patients, she used two methods to. . . However, her findings did not support the work of Kline (1987) and Ackers (1989) that used much larger samples to demonstrate that. . . Two or more authors: When a work has a single author or two authors, cite their names and the date of publication whenever you refer to their work in the text. (Exception: Within a given paragraph, do not include the date after the initial citation unless you are citing other publications elsewhere in your paper by the same author(s).) o Join two co-authors in the text with the word "and", but within...

Words: 1946 - Pages: 8

Premium Essay

Definition Essay

...Essay Three Important dates First draft: Begin prewriting and writing first draft in class on March 22. The first draft must be handwritten. Continue writing draft on April 1. Draft due: Upload as a rich text file via joule by April 3 no later than 11:00 a.m. (10 pts. draft) Peer review: In-class peer review on April 3. Bring two copies of your typed essay. (10 pts./peer review) Revise/edit: In-class revise/edit on April 5. Final draft and self-evaluation: Due on April 8. (100 pts./essay and 10 pts./evaluation) Topic: Select one of the following topics. 1. Compare and contrast your culture to another culture. Select at least three points to c/c. Make sure you are not making random or biased judgments but are exploring similarities, differences, and their significance. 2. Compare and contrast your work ethic to another individual’s work ethic. Select at least three to c/c. Make sure you are not making random or biased judgments but are exploring similarities, differences, and their significance. 3. Compare and contrast two potential places of employment. Select at least three points to c/c. Make sure you are not making random or biased judgments but are exploring similarities, differences, and their significance. 4. Discuss the advantages and disadvantages of living in an individual or collective society. Select at least three points to c/c. Make sure you are not making random or biased judgments but are exploring similarities, differences, and their......

Words: 642 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Sensory

...Week 2 Assignment 1 Submission . If you are using the Blackboard Mobile Learn IOS App, please click "View in Browser." Students, please view the "Submit a Clickable Rubric Assignment" in the Student Center. Instructors, training on how to grade is within the Instructor Center. Click the link above to submit your assignment. Assignment 1: "Sensory Perceptions" Can you really trust your senses and the interpretation of sensory data to give you an accurate view of the world? Describe and discuss the accuracy and the weaknesses of the human senses as they pertain to thinking in general and to your own thinking in particular. Write a two to three (2–3) page (approximately 500–750 word) paper that addresses the following: 1.Provide at least three (3) reasons for believing in the accuracy or inaccuracy of sensory information. 2.Identify and describe at least three (3) factors contributing to the accuracy or inaccuracy of sensory data. 3.Discuss the roles of “nature” and “nurture” with regard to the interpretation and evaluation of sensory data. 4.Use at least two (2) quality resources in this assignment. Your textbook may count as one (1) source. At least one (1) of your sources must be obtained from the collection of databases accessible from the Learning Resources Center Web page. The format of the paper is to be as follows: •Typed, double-spaced, Times New Roman font (size 12), one-inch margins on all sides, APA format. •In addition to the two to three......

Words: 303 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Computers

...[pic] [pic] Barnes and Noble Classic Editions Honors/Pre-AP Sophomore English Summer Reading Assignment 2013: Frankenstein Dear Students and Parents: Welcome to the Basha High School’s Honors/PreAP English program for 10th grade. Our goal is to prepare students for the Advanced Placement English Language and Composition program by exposing them to a variety of reading selections all the while developing the skills to recognize cultural and historical influences on literature. As part of the program, summer reading is required. The assignment based on the reading is due Monday August 5, 2013. If you have questions about the assignment, please contact the following honors 10 teacher by email: Ms. Audra Police at police.audra@cusd80.com . Directions for your literary exploration: Part 1 – Reading the book As you read the summer novel, highlight interesting, important or confusing passages; take notes in the margins about topics and questions you may have; this is called annotating. If the book is not yours and you do not plan to write in it, you can strategically annotate on sticky notes or type your notes. Just highlighting is not enough. We will be looking for evidence that the book was read in its entirety and that you understood the book. You will be graded on your effort to mark the text. While you are not required to annotate every page, use the guidelines below to help you: • Important plot events • Words unfamiliar or unusual –......

Words: 1207 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

Asd Fasd

...Why is note taking important? You become an active part of the listening and learning process. You create a history of your course content. You have a written record to view or study later. You reinforce what is communicated verbally. Examples of note taking methods     Outline I.        Preparing to Listen Effectively A.  Read assignments before class B.  Bring appropriate materials C.  Pay attention II.     Possible Listening Barriers A.  External 1.  Hunger 2.  Climate B.  Internal       1.  Distracting thoughts       2.  Stress Note Taking for a Research Paper Bibliography Cards and the Three Kinds of Note Cards Bibliography Cards 1. For each source you use in your research, you need one bibliography card, made from an index card. 2. A bibliography card records all the information from a source you will need to make your “Works Cited” page. 3. The card also contains all of the...

Words: 685 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Research Paper

...students increase their understanding of the concept of Protecting Personal Information (PPI) and other ethical issues related to the use of information technology through research, and 2) learn to correctly use the tools and techniques within Word to format a research paper including using Word’s citation tools. These skills will be valuable throughout students’ academic career. The paper will require a title page, 2-3 pages of content with incorporation of a minimum of 3 external resources from credible sources, and a References page. You are required to use APA format and utilize the References feature in Word for the required footnotes and for the creation of citations and the References list. Note that although MS Word used Bibliography or Works Cited as the title for the References list, you will need to change the words to “References.” Good resources include the UMUC Library website, the chapters on Microsoft Word in your hands-on textbook, the Williams/Sawyer textbook, and the resources that can be found under Course Content in your WebTycho classroom: Writing Resources, the Online Guide to Writing and Research, and the APA Tutorial. A list of topics from which students can choose is provided below. Topics for Research Paper 1. Personally Identifiable Information (PII) 2. Social Engineering 3. Employee Monitoring 4. Content Filtering 5. Information Privacy 6. Electronic Medical Records 7. Biometrics (in terms of ethical and privacy......

Words: 712 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Worksheet

...Skill One In an ideal world, a child's parent or guardian would teach them about personal finances. Unfortunately, the amount of credit card debt in America, along with the number of adults who cannot balance a check book, makes it clear that many adults do not have the knowledge needed to teach children about finances. It is the opinion of many that schools need to teach kids about personal finance, but piling this requirement to the current curriculum would mean that schools would need more teachers, which is unaffordable for many districts. Adding this requirement would also create an increase in the number of credits required for graduation. Skill Two 1. When students start college, they have to begin by getting themselves enrolled. It's kind of a hassle because there are all these rules that they have to follow even way ahead of when they actually find themselves sitting there in class. 2. After students have been on the job for eight hours, they are gonna feel dog tired. Their get up and go has got up and went. They are moving kind of slow, so it's super hard to hit the books and prepare for a college class. Skill Three Cornish, Edward. Futuring: The Exploration of the Future. Bethesda: World Future Society, 2004. Print. Bloch, Immanuel, Tilman Esslinger, Markus Greiner, Theodor W. Hänsch, and Olaf Mandel. “Quantum Phase Transition from a Superfluid to a Mott Insulator in a Gas of Ultracold Atoms.” Nature 415.6867 (2002): 39-44. Academic......

Words: 534 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Paper

...referencing? Why should I reference? What should I reference? What is a citation? How do I write citations using the Harvard style? Citing one author Citing two or three authors Citing four or more authors Citing works by the same author written in the same year Citing from chapters written by different authors Secondary referencing Citing a direct quotation 2 2 3 3 4 4 4 4 5 5 5 6 5.8 Citing an image/illustration/ table/diagram/photograph/ figure/picture Citing from works with no obvious author Citing from multi-media works Citing from an interview or personal communication Tips on good quotation practice How do I write a reference? How do I write a reference list? Example of a reference list What is a bibliography? How to write references for your reference list and bibliography: Harvard style Sources of further help 6 5.9 5.10 5.11 5.12 6 7 8 9 10 7 7 7 8 10 14 14 16 Contents 17 25 11 What Is Referencing? There are many styles that can be used for referencing. When you are given coursework or dissertation guidelines, check which style of referencing your lecturer or department asks you to use. If you don’t check, and you use a style that is not the one stated in your guidelines, you could find you lose marks. This guide introduces you to the Harvard referencing style, which uses an ‘author-date’ approach. If your lecturer or department does not ask you to use any particular style, we would recommend using Harvard. It’s easy to learn,......

Words: 4770 - Pages: 20

Free Essay

Avoiding Plagarism

...How to Avoid Plagiarism Trent R. Hartzler Heartland Community College Abstract Plagiarism is a common problem in high schools, universities, and everyday life. The object of this paper is to help students of all ages understand how to avoid accidental plagiarism. The biggest mistake that students make when writing a paper, is taking information that isn’t their own, using it in a non-credible way in their paper. Most students don’t understand the proper way to cite information within their paper. This idea is called proper attribution. The original maker of the quote or idea you are using deserves to be credited within your own work. Although a student may be paraphrasing, this does not mean a source doesn’t have to be credited. To avoid accidental plagiarism, a student must understand how to properly site credible information. To better understand how to properly site information, use the purdue owl on the internet to show how to site sources. It gives thorough examples of all different types of citations. Another way to avoid accidental plagiarism is to put your paper into a plagiarism checker such as grammarly. Grammarly is a website designed to have papers uploaded to check for plagiarism. Students can easily upload their paper, and grammarly is synced with a web database of information to check for any types of plagiarism. Using these two methods will help decrease the percentage of plagiarism tremendously. Plagiarism is a huge problem in today’s society. The......

Words: 630 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Business Admin Now

...Many science experiments can be explained using mathematics. As you write your research paper, you'll want to make sure that you include as much relevant math as you understand. If a simple equation describes aspects of your science fair project, include it. Writing the Research Paper Note Taking As you read the information in your bibliography, you'll want to take notes. Some teachers recommend taking notes on note cards. Each card contains the source at the top, with key points listed or quoted underneath. Others prefer typing notes directly into a word processor. No matter how you take notes, be sure to keep track of the sources for all your key facts. How to Organize Your Research Paper The best way to speed your writing is to do a little planning. Before starting to write, think about the best order to discuss the major sections of your report. Generally, you will want to begin with your science fair project question so that the reader will know the purpose of your paper. What should come next? Ask yourself what information the reader needs to learn first in order to understand the rest of the paper. A typical organization might look like this: Your science fair project question or topic Definitions of all important words, concepts, and equations that describe your experiment The history of similar experiments Answers to your background research questions When and How to Footnote or Reference Sources When you write your research paper you might......

Words: 386 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Gm545

...Course Description Business Economics provides a basic understanding of managerial economics and the impact of the economic environment on business decision making. The course develops micro- and macroeconomic topics, with particular emphasis on marginal analysis and supply and demand considerations. No prerequisite   Terminal Course Objectives DeVry University course content is constructed from curriculum guides developed for each course that are in alignment with specific Terminal Course Objectives. The Terminal Course Objectives (TCOs) define the learning objectives that the student will be required to comprehend and demonstrate by course completion. The TCOs that will be covered in detail each week can be found in the Objectives section for that particular week. Whenever possible, a reference will be made from a particular assignment or discussion back to the TCO that it emphasizes. A | Given a demand function and a supply function, illustrate how the price mechanism, in response to changes in other demand or supply factors, leads to a new market equilibrium price and level of output. | B | Given appropriate marketing data, including price elasticity coefficients, demonstrate how to use this information in product pricing in order to maximize profits.  | C | Given knowledge of key cost and marginal revenue relationships, use marginal analysis to demonstrate shutdown, break-even and optimal output points, as well as the optimal amount of a resource to utilize. ...

Words: 2162 - Pages: 9

Premium Essay

Term Paper

...introductory paragraph. 3. The third part of a term paper is the body. Actually you are not limited to using only one paragraph. Depending on the discussions of the topic, you can expand the number of body paragraphs indefinitely. Some research term papers for school will have to contain discussions like methodology, literature review or pictures and diagrams. But always make sure that the body can support the thesis statement in a way that you are proving it to be valid. 4. The fourth part of the term paper is the conclusion. This is the summary paragraph of the entire article. You can compress the main ideas in this part and make sure that the problem statement was solved by putting your answer in it. 5. The last part follows as the bibliography page. You can use our guide materials in the archives...

Words: 352 - Pages: 2