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Annotated and Abbreviated List of Tompkins’ Literacy Instructional Procedures
Morgan Lewis
Grand Canyon University: RDG 512 June 17, 2015

Just as the needs of students vary teachers methods of instruction should vary. Meeting the literacy needs of students should be done through a wide variety of instructional strategies that meet the needs of students and meet the requirements of a balanced literacy program. The following information shares 12 instructional procedures to be used in a third grade classroom. The procedures are from the Tompkins’ Compendium shared in the text Literacy for the 21st Century: A Balanced Approach (6th ed.).


Meeting the literacy needs of diverse students can be an overwhelming task. Teachers need to have well organized and well prepared lessons that allow students to focus on developing their literacy skills. Literacy lessons that include specific strategies designed to support literacy instruction through a variety of approaches leads to successful readers. The goal of each lesson is to increase student’s literacy success while supporting their literacy needs. To help support third grade literacy skills a teacher can use several, if not all, of the instructional procedures shared in Literacy for the 21st Century: A Balanced Approach by Gail E. Tompkins, 2014.

Annotated and Abbreviated List of Tompkins’ Literacy Instructional Procedures

[All entries have been adapted from Tompkins (2014) Literacy for the 21st Century: A Balanced Approach (6th ed.). Boston: Pearson with the intent of applying the procedures in a third grade classroom]
Guided Reading
Uses: Explicit Instruction
Purpose: To support students with decoding and reading comprehension learn reading strategies and become independent readers.

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